The Story of the Shannon Estuary

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The Story of the Shannon Estuary

  1. 1. October 18th 2005 Limerick City Library Story of the Shannon Estuary
  2. 2. Map showing Adare
  3. 3. Cruising down the River The Shannon Estuary in the 19th Century
  4. 4. Cruising down the River The Shannon Estuary in the 19th Century • Transport
  5. 5. Cruising down the River The Shannon Estuary in the 19th Century • Transport • Tragedy
  6. 6. Cruising down the River The Shannon Estuary in the 19th Century • Transport • Tragedy • Transformation
  7. 7. Shannon Folklore
  8. 8. Shannon Folklore • Name from Sinnan daughter of Lear
  9. 9. Shannon Folklore • Name from Sinnan daughter of Lear • Lear was Sea King of Tuaithe de Danann
  10. 10. Shannon Folklore • Name from Sinnan daughter of Lear • Lear was Sea King of Tuaithe de Danann • Sinnan drowned searching for salmon of knowledge
  11. 11. Shannon Folklore • Name from Sinnan daughter of Lear • Lear was Sea King of Tuaithe de Danann • Sinnan drowned searching for salmon of knowledge • Cata the monster
  12. 12. Shannon Folklore • Name from Sinnan daughter of Lear • Lear was Sea King of Tuaithe de Danann • Sinnan drowned searching for salmon of knowledge • Cata the monster • John Paul Jones
  13. 13. Shannon Folklore • Name from Sinnan daughter of Lear • Lear was Sea King of Tuaithe de Danann • Sinnan drowned searching for salmon of knowledge • Cata the monster • John Paul Jones
  14. 14. Shannon in History
  15. 15. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century
  16. 16. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century • Luimneach applied to whole Estuary
  17. 17. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century • Luimneach applied to whole Estuary • Vikings settled in city in 9th century
  18. 18. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century • Luimneach applied to whole Estuary • Vikings settled in city in 9th century • Thereafter Limerick synonomous with city
  19. 19. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century • Luimneach applied to whole Estuary • Vikings settled in city in 9th century • Thereafter Limerick synonomous with city • Limerick Mayor had authority over Estuary
  20. 20. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century • Luimneach applied to whole Estuary • Vikings settled in city in 9th century • Thereafter Limerick synonomous with city • Limerick Mayor had authority over Estuary • Confirmed by Royal charter in 1609
  21. 21. Shannon in History • Ptolemy mapped river Senus in 1st century • Luimneach applied to whole Estuary • Vikings settled in city in 9th century • Thereafter Limerick synonomous with city • Limerick Mayor had authority over Estuary • Confirmed by Royal charter in 1609 • Mayor known as Admiral of the Shannon
  22. 22. Military Defences
  23. 23. Military Defences • Estuary gave access to heartland of country
  24. 24. Military Defences • Estuary gave access to heartland of country • Defensive forts at Tarbert Scattery etc
  25. 25. Military Defences • Estuary gave access to heartland of country • Defensive forts at Tarbert Scattery etc • Napoleon aware of placenames on estuary
  26. 26. Military Defences • Estuary gave access to heartland of country • Defensive forts at Tarbert Scattery etc • Napoleon aware of placenames on estuary • Military meant increased trade for locals
  27. 27. Military Defences • Estuary gave access to heartland of country • Defensive forts at Tarbert Scattery etc • Napoleon aware of placenames on estuary • Military meant increased trade for locals • Dover passes Stromboli lashes
  28. 28. Pirates and Smugglers
  29. 29. Pirates and Smugglers • 1505 – tri-oared armed galley with 150 men
  30. 30. Pirates and Smugglers • 1505 – tri-oared armed galley with 150 men • Privateers attacked merchant ships
  31. 31. Pirates and Smugglers • 1505 – tri-oared armed galley with 150 men • Privateers attacked merchant ships • Wreckers on land using lanterns
  32. 32. Pirates and Smugglers • 1505 – tri-oared armed galley with 150 men • Privateers attacked merchant ships • Wreckers on land using lanterns • Attacks at small ports from land
  33. 33. Pirates and Smugglers • 1505 – tri-oared armed galley with 150 men • Privateers attacked merchant ships • Wreckers on land using lanterns • Attacks at small ports from land • Tobacco smuggling mainly west of estuary
  34. 34. Pirates and Smugglers • 1505 – tri-oared armed galley with 150 men • Privateers attacked merchant ships • Wreckers on land using lanterns • Attacks at small ports from land • Tobacco smuggling mainly west of estuary • Revenue Police patrol for this & illicit stills
  35. 35. Development of River Transport
  36. 36. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic
  37. 37. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic • Early 19th century turf boats and military
  38. 38. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic • Early 19th century turf boats and military • Paterson saw potential in Kilkee
  39. 39. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic • Early 19th century turf boats and military • Paterson saw potential in Kilkee • 1812 – 2 boats plying from Kilrush
  40. 40. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic • Early 19th century turf boats and military • Paterson saw potential in Kilkee • 1812 – 2 boats plying from Kilrush • 1817 – Lady of the Shannon (Steamer)
  41. 41. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic • Early 19th century turf boats and military • Paterson saw potential in Kilkee • 1812 – 2 boats plying from Kilrush • 1817 – Lady of the Shannon (Steamer) • Paddle steamers Garryowen Erin go Brath
  42. 42. Development of River Transport • Today car ferry and large ships main traffic • Early 19th century turf boats and military • Paterson saw potential in Kilkee • 1812 – 2 boats plying from Kilrush • 1817 – Lady of the Shannon (Steamer) • Paddle steamers Garryowen Erin go Brath • Problems with tides and wind
  43. 43. Emigration • Agents in most towns for Liners • Back load from US and Canada • Emigrants outward and food inward–famine • Emigrants rowed out to join ships in estuary • Coffin ship stories exaggerated
  44. 44. Commercial Fishing • Salmon weirs & oyster beds on both shores • Landlords controlled the fishing rights • Scotsmen brought in for salmon fishing • Dispute in 1867 fishermen v Knight • Ice houses built for storing fish • Sent to Billingsgate market in London • Spin off industry – nailors coopers etc
  45. 45. Decline of River Transport • Competition - lower prices & standards • Improved and new roads • Bianconi coaches • Foynes Railway opened in 1858 • West Clare rail access to Kilkee • Goods inward meant less need to travel
  46. 46. Perils on the Shannon • Wind and swelling Tides • Currents – Tarbert Races • Rocks and dumped ballast • Barriers at low tide • Poor boats and inexperienced boatmen • Collisions between craft
  47. 47. Pilots • 1823 – pilots licensed by Bridge Comms • Family tradition – father to son – part time • Based at Carrigaholt, Kilbaha & Scattery • Windsor Castle salvaged by pilots 1830s • Lighters at Beigh Castle • Dispute between Limerick and Clare pilots
  48. 48. Safety on Shannon • Code on river to avoid collisions • To Limerick via Kerry and Limerick shore • From Limerick via Clare coast. • Pollution & Fire Plan uses same code • Collisions – steamy windows • Sugar Boat – not wreckers!!!
  49. 49. Accidents • 1836 Intrinsic sank at Kilkee-all aboard lost • 1836 11 Kildysart people drowned at Beigh • 1840 4 more Kildysart men drowned • 1847 “Paupers coming from Kilrush” • 1850 Edmond sank at Kilkee- 98 lives lost
  50. 50. Shannon Commissioners • Set up to develop whole Shannon • Built piers along Estuary at Foynes etc • English contractors brought in • Workers lodged in Glin as Foynes not built • Glin lost out Monteagle got pier for Kilteery • Cited as reason for famine boating tragedy
  51. 51. Glin Drowning Tragedy • Sunday November 21st “Mermaid” sank • 11 people drowned near the shore • Cargo of butter and corn • Peg Devine Knight’s mistress drowned • Knight met her at Galway regatta • All drowned from Glin except two
  52. 52. Tarbert Drowning Tragedy • August 15th 1893 17 people crossed to Clare • Only one old boat which got into trouble • On way back boat drifted towards Beale • Two palatines named Bovenizer drowned • Boatman and his son included in dead • One girl missed boat as she had breakfast
  53. 53. Coleen Bán • June 1819 Ellen Hanley eloped from Croom • Sham marriage to Scanlan in Limerick • Went to Glin by boat • Matthew Scanlan lived at Hiphall House • Ellen murdered by Sullivan at 2nd attempt • Scanlan tried November and hung on March 1820 • Sullivan was captured in Tralee & hung July 1820 • Gerald Griffin & Scanlan neighbours in Loughill
  54. 54. Coleen Bán Mysteries • Parson Dicks account is fanciful • Book written in 1860s when in debt • No evidence to back his account • Shanagolden connection ??????????? • Initial reluctance to pursue Scanlan • Subject not discussed in Glin area even now • Play on saga broken up by riots in 1930s
  55. 55. Changes on Estuary • 2 power stations Moneypoint & Tarbert • Foynes Harbour development • Alcan & Shannon Airport • Decline of Limerick Docks • Cargoes differ – mainly tankers • Regattas and pleasure craft seldom seen
  56. 56. Discussion • ??????????????????????????????????????? • ??????????????????????????????????????? • ??????????????????????????????????????? • ??????????????????????????????????????? • ??????????????????????????????????????? • ??????????????????????????????????????? • ???????????????????????????????????????
  57. 57. END

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