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Limerick City and its Boundaries
A special event to mark the 400th
anniversary of Limerick City becoming an
administrative...
Four periods of Irish urban
government
• Viking 841-1169
– Dublin, Limerick, Waterford, Wexford
• Medieval 1169-1603
– 330...
Foundation of Limerick Corporation
• Viking local government 922-1195
• Normans capture city 1195
• Limerick Corporation f...
King John
First boundary
• Set by King John 1216
– 40 ploughlands
– At least 5,000 acres
• 57 acres enclosed by walls
• Liberties
– ...
Charter 1609
• Limerick became an administrative county
• Only eight county boroughs in Ireland
1609-1841
• Only five citi...
King James I
Second boundary
Set by Charter of King James I 1609
• 25,000 acres
• Perambulation
• Mayor stones/ Mayorstone
• North and ...
Form of government
• Court d’Oyer Hundred consisting of
Freemen
• Common Council
• Mayor, two Sheriffs
• Other officials, ...
The Hourglass City 1740
Functions of Limerick Corporation
• Defence. Walls and militia.
• Law and order. Police and prisons.
• Law courts.
• Contr...
Freemen
• Politically active citizens
– Birth
– Marriage
– Apprenticeship
– Gift of Common Council
• Non-resident freemen
...
Problems affecting Limerick
Corporation 1691-1841.
• Penal Laws excluded Catholics from
local government
• Corporation bec...
Other Service Providers.
• Grand jury 1609-1853
• Improvement commissions
– St Michael’s Parish Commissioners 1807-53
– Ha...
1840 Municipal Corporations
(Ireland) Act.
• Old council (self-electing) abolished
• New councils elected on a very limite...
Daniel O’Connell
Third Boundary
• Municipal Corporation (Ireland) Act 1840
– Reduction from 25,000 to 2,400 acres (90%)
– North and South L...
1853 reforms
• Grand Jury abolished
• St Michael’s Parish Commissioners
abolished
• All their powers transferred to Corpor...
Municipal Socialism
• 1878 Municipal fire brigade
• 1878 Gas company
• 1883 Waterworks
• 1887 Social housing
• 1893 Free p...
New responsibilities since
independence.
• Housing Revolution 1932-87
• Planning (1934 and 1963)
• Environment
• Urban ren...
Fourth Boundary
• Minister for Local Government
– Timothy J Murphy (1948-49)
– Michael Keyes (1949-51)
• Boundary set 1950...
Michael Keyes
Fifth Boundary
• 1974-2007 applications for boundary
extension
• 2007 Fitzgerald Report
• Increase in area of the city
– A...
Comparison of city boundary
• Area 2009 = 7,675 acres
• Area 1840 = 25,000 acres
• Area 2009 is only 30% of area 1840
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Limerick City and its Boundaries

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Transcript of "Limerick City and its Boundaries"

  1. 1. Limerick City and its Boundaries A special event to mark the 400th anniversary of Limerick City becoming an administrative county an illustrated lecture by Dr. Matthew Potter, Dept. of History, University of Limerick
  2. 2. Four periods of Irish urban government • Viking 841-1169 – Dublin, Limerick, Waterford, Wexford • Medieval 1169-1603 – 330 towns founded by Normans • Early Modern 1603-1800 – 117 borough corporations • Modern 1800-Present – 85 urban authorities in the State
  3. 3. Foundation of Limerick Corporation • Viking local government 922-1195 • Normans capture city 1195 • Limerick Corporation founded 1197 • 12 charters 1197-1609 – First charter 1197 – Second charter 1292 – Charter a written constitution • Unwritten elements in civic constitution – City Council – Aldermen
  4. 4. King John
  5. 5. First boundary • Set by King John 1216 – 40 ploughlands – At least 5,000 acres • 57 acres enclosed by walls • Liberties – North – South • Scattery Island 1578
  6. 6. Charter 1609 • Limerick became an administrative county • Only eight county boroughs in Ireland 1609-1841 • Only five cities currently enjoy this status in the State • Grand Jury of Limerick City 1609-1853 • Mayor became Admiral of the Shannon • Boundary set out
  7. 7. King James I
  8. 8. Second boundary Set by Charter of King James I 1609 • 25,000 acres • Perambulation • Mayor stones/ Mayorstone • North and South Liberties
  9. 9. Form of government • Court d’Oyer Hundred consisting of Freemen • Common Council • Mayor, two Sheriffs • Other officials, such as town clerk, recorder, chamberlain • Small ruling class
  10. 10. The Hourglass City 1740
  11. 11. Functions of Limerick Corporation • Defence. Walls and militia. • Law and order. Police and prisons. • Law courts. • Control of trade and industry. Markets, fairs, port, fisheries. • Environment. Fire brigade, refuse, street cleaning, wandering animals. • Infrastructure. Walls, streets, bridges, quays. • Administration of charities. Almshouses, Blue School.
  12. 12. Freemen • Politically active citizens – Birth – Marriage – Apprenticeship – Gift of Common Council • Non-resident freemen • Corruption
  13. 13. Problems affecting Limerick Corporation 1691-1841. • Penal Laws excluded Catholics from local government • Corporation became increasingly oligarchic – Corporation Roches 1714-1762 – Smyth/Verekers 1776- 1841 • Political activities predominant • Abandonment of functions • Corruption
  14. 14. Other Service Providers. • Grand jury 1609-1853 • Improvement commissions – St Michael’s Parish Commissioners 1807-53 – Harbour Commissioners 1823-1997 • Turnpike trusts • Central government • Private and voluntary sector
  15. 15. 1840 Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act. • Old council (self-electing) abolished • New councils elected on a very limited franchise (all adult males, in possession of property worth £10 or more per annum) • Mayor continued to be elected annually by the council • Very limited powers. • The judicial role of the corporation abolished • Borough boundary drastically reduced
  16. 16. Daniel O’Connell
  17. 17. Third Boundary • Municipal Corporation (Ireland) Act 1840 – Reduction from 25,000 to 2,400 acres (90%) – North and South Liberties absorbed into Counties Limerick and Clare – Scattery Island lost
  18. 18. 1853 reforms • Grand Jury abolished • St Michael’s Parish Commissioners abolished • All their powers transferred to Corporation • Rates introduced
  19. 19. Municipal Socialism • 1878 Municipal fire brigade • 1878 Gas company • 1883 Waterworks • 1887 Social housing • 1893 Free public library
  20. 20. New responsibilities since independence. • Housing Revolution 1932-87 • Planning (1934 and 1963) • Environment • Urban renewal (1986) • Arts (1973)
  21. 21. Fourth Boundary • Minister for Local Government – Timothy J Murphy (1948-49) – Michael Keyes (1949-51) • Boundary set 1950 • Area of city doubled – 2,395 acres – 5,155 acres • Limerick City Management Act 1950 – Number of councillors increased from 15 to 17
  22. 22. Michael Keyes
  23. 23. Fifth Boundary • 1974-2007 applications for boundary extension • 2007 Fitzgerald Report • Increase in area of the city – Area : 5,155 to 7,675 acres (50%) – Population: 52,560 to 59,811 (14%)
  24. 24. Comparison of city boundary • Area 2009 = 7,675 acres • Area 1840 = 25,000 acres • Area 2009 is only 30% of area 1840
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