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Rio+20 A 10,000-foot OverviewFelix DoddsStakeholder Forum
How did we What will Rio+20 What Happens get here? achieve? on Monday? www.earthsummit2012.org
How did we get here? Lessons learnt from the last twenty years
Rio Outcomes• Agenda 21• Rio Declaration• Forest Principles• Commission on Sustainable Development• Stakeholder engagement• Local Agenda 21 (6000)• National Councils and Strategies on SD (100)• 2 conventions: climate and biodiversity
1992-2002 – Desertification Convention (1994) – Straddling Fish Stocks (1995) – Prior Informed Consent (1998) – Persistent Organic Pollutants: POPs,(2001) – Aid flows fell ($60 billion 92 back up to $60 billion 02) – New Global Deal (EU/USA 2001) – 9/11
2003-2012 – Climate talks increasingly gaining public attention – President Mbeki declares Sustainable Development dead (2006) – CSD falls on energy (2007) – President Lula (2007) – Copenhagen (2009) – CSD failure on SCP (2011)
What will Rio achieve? Building a more sustainable, safe, and secure world
Agenda for Rio+20 Objectives – Review of previous commitments – New Emerging issues – Renewed political will And themes – Green Economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication – Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development
Review of previous commitments – Review of Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration (SF) • Findings showed there was a huge lack of implementation • Successes: – Arguably the biggest success has come through driving ambition on what sustainable outcomes are achievable on a sector by sector basis, e.g. biodiversity. – Engendered a much stronger notion of participation in decision-making, e.g. Major Groups. – Local Agenda 21 has been one of the most extensive follow- up programmes.
A few conclusions from the review• Need Stronger implementation strategy e.g. guidelines for implementation• Lost chapter -> Convention on CSRA• Longer term thinking in institutions e.g. SD Council, UN High Commissioner for Future Generations• Long term thinking in integrating sustainability into the global economy e.g. sustainability in sovereign wealth funds, credit rating agencies, pension funds• Needed clear Sustainable Development Goals
New Emerging issues• Food Security• Water Security• Climate Security• Food Security• Resilience• Nexus: the inter-linkages between issues significantly advance the impact of the SD agenda• Planetary boundaries – social foundation
Renewed Political Will• 2006 President Mbeki – SD dead• 2009 climate/MEAs dead?• 2010 CBD agreement, Cancun, CMS agreement• 2012 Rio+20 120-130 Heads of State (so far)• 2012 50,000 stakeholders• Media interest again• 2013 MDG review, 2014 SIDS and Population Conference, 2015 MDG new targets, Beijing+20 2016 Habitat III
Sustainable Development Goals• MDGs – just developing countries• SDGs – universal application – Water – Energy – Oceans and Seas – Food Security – Green Cities – Resilience – Jobs and skills
Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication• Agree principles to guide a green economy• Address sovereign wealth funds - $7 trillion by 2012 – long term funds but no sustainability criteria. Potentially amend the Santiago principles• Knowledge Sharing Platform• Agree to develop and implement new measures of economic success• Agree to negotiate a convention on corporate sustainability – (Lost) Chapter 41 of Agenda 21
Energy EU Non Paper• SD Goal: By 2030 to provide sustainable energy for all.• Three interlinked Global Targets to be met by 2030: – Target 1: Achieve universal access to modern energy services. – Target 2: Double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency. – Target 3: Double the share of Renewable Energy sources in the global energy mix.
A challengeThe parallels of the ecological problems with thefinancial crisis are clear.The banks and financial institutions privatized thegains and socialized the losses.We are doing the same with the planet’s naturalcapital.Our present lifestyles are drawing down theecological capital from other parts of the world andfrom future generations.
Institutional Framework forSustainable Development Governance• New sustainable development body• UNEP reform• Intergovernmental Panel on sustainable development• National, sub-national and local multi- stakeholder platforms• Set up an INC for a P10 Convention
What else in Rio?• Three day dialogue on ten themes including energy, forests• Peoples’ Forum• Industry Days• Local and Regional Government• Personal Pledge campaign• Commitments register• 560 side events• 50,000 people inspired to make a change
What happens onMonday? Looking ahead and putting plans into action
The beginning not the end!!• 2012 CBD and UNFCCC• 2013 MDG review and UNFCCC• 2014 SIDS and Population Conference, CBD and UNFCCC• 2015 MDG new targets, Beijing+20, UNFCCC 2016 Habitat III, CBD and UNFCCC