A report on lions
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A report on lions

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This was a report that I wrote about the lion.I wrote this report for someone that works at my school library and her name is Dr.Dray. The other people that I wrote this to was my friend Lesley, and ...

This was a report that I wrote about the lion.I wrote this report for someone that works at my school library and her name is Dr.Dray. The other people that I wrote this to was my friend Lesley, and ms.Jennie and the last person that I give this report to was my art teacher and her name is Kim

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A report on lions A report on lions Document Transcript

  • Customer: Dr. Dray Animal: Lion Report by: Felicia Ferentinos Lion Report Lions are carnivores which mean that they can only eat meat. The animals that they prey on are wildebeests, Zebras, impala, antelopes, gazelles, giraffes, buffalo, wild hogs. They can sometimes eat carrion; Lions can take down their prey by working as a team. The lioness (female) does most of hunting. A lioness will bend in with her tan colored coat so that she can blend in with the long brown grass, so that the prey animal does not see her. A group of lions are easier to catch an animal then a single lion can. Lions have to ambush their prey because they are not first enough to catch up to their prey that they are trying to caught. The animals that lions often prey on are antelope, zebra and other hoofed animals. If the lions can’t find the food that they usually eat then they will eat small animals like hares, tortoises, and even a porcupine. When a lion is really hungry then it will eat almost anything that it can find, Such as snakes, insects, peanuts fruit and sometimes they can even eat wood. When a female is 50 feet away from her prey then she will start to attack sometimes lionesses can hunt alone but if they hunt in a group then they can catch an animal easier. A Big animal can feed the whole pride for seven days. Lions are predators that mean the animal has to kill for the animals to live. Lions are on the top of the food chain that means that they do not have any natural predators. Sometimes if the lion does not find any food then it will scavenge on other predators like hyenas, cheetahs and leopards. Lionesses miss more animals then they caught. A hunt will begin when the lionesses are spread out in a fan. Some members can walk towards their prey forcing the animal to walk towards the other lionesses that are hiding in the grass. When the prey is close enough to the lioness then the ambush will begin. The females can kill their prey by biting the animal’s neck so that the animal
  • can stop breathing. Lions usually take down the sick, weak and injure animals because those animals are easy to cash then a healthy animal is because they can easily kill a lion. Lions must hunt almost everyday and night so that they can look for food for 2 or 3 days. A lion can eat about 75 pounds of food in one meal. A lion can go for a week with no food. The lionesses will spread into two groups. One group circles around so that she can get ahead of the prey animal. When the first group is in position then the second group will show itself and scares the prey then the prey stampedes right into the first group of lions. A lion can leap about 35 feet in the air in a single jump. Lions can hold down their prey by using their sharp claws and teeth to grab the animal. A lion can even take down a three times bigger animal then itself they can even hold and knock down a three pound animal. The male lion always eat first after the males eat then the females can have their turn and then finally the cubs can have their turn the cubs eat last because if they move to close to the adults then they can get hurt. When the lionesses have got a meal then it is time to eat. The pride is always hungry and always ready to eat they always rush to get a peace of meat. They will hiss and fight with each other when each lion tries to eat as much as it can. A big male lion can eat about 90 pounds (40 kg) of food in one time. After a very big meal then the family will lick their paws and their faces. Lions can also clean each other with each others tongue. The tongue kind a works like a brush. Lions can also eat a baby elephant and a rhino. After the lions are done with their meal then it is time for a cat nap. Lions have to get a enough sleep to inshore their enemy for hunting. They usually rest with their heads on each other. Lions can also eat a warthog. An adult male can eat about 15 pounds (7 kilograms) of meat even though lions can sit about for 60 pounds (27 kilograms) a meal in one sitting. Lions can also eat a topi, impala and an eland to. A lion has the best eyes then any other predator on earth. A lion can eat about 90 pounds (40 kilometers) of food a day. That is like us eating 360 quarter pound of hamburgers. A lioness can sneak up on the prey by hiding in the long tall
  • brown grass. A lion will continue to pause, crouch and hide until it is close enough so that the lioness can make a good chase. If the prey outruns the lioness like about 300 feet then the lioness will give up. A male lion can also eat about 88 pounds of meat in one sitting. Lions live in some parts of Africa and in the Gir forest that is in India. The habitats that the lions live on are the grassy plains, savannahs, open woodland, and in Scrubland. Lions usually live on the African plains and on grasslands. Today lions can only be found in some parts of the world. Lions live in very small locations in Africa and in a very small place in India. The African lion can be seen on the African plains. Lions also live on the African Savannah in an open country which is called a Shrub. They can also be seen near trees or in reebeds. They can also be found in South Africa in Sahara. They used to be around the world except for Antarctica and in Australia. They usually live were there is easy places to look for food and there is enough prey animals for them to hunt. The African lion used to live in every part of Africa. But today they can only be found in the South of the Sahara desert and in the parts of Southern and eastern Africa. The Asian lion used to live in the Middle East though India now they only live in a small forest called the Gir forest that is in India. Lions live on grasslands and on the plains because so that their tan colored coats will blend in with the grass so that it can be a great camouflage. The height of a lion is about 4 feet (1.2 m) this is the height for a male lion. The length for a male is 5-8 feet (1, 5-2.4m). The weight for a male lion is 330-550lbs (150-227kg). A male lion can also weight about 400 to 500 pounds (180-225 kilograms) and a male can be over 9 feet (2.8 meters) long too. A lioness are smaller then the males. A lioness can weigh about 275-135kg). The other length of a male lion is 2.7 m to 90 cm to the tail. A male lion can also weight about 440 pounds and the lioness can weigh about 330 pounds. The male lion with his mane can weigh about between 150-225 kg (330 -500lb) and the average weigh for a lioness is 150kg (260-330 lb). A full grown male can weigh around 330 and 550 pounds (150 and 259 kilograms). The body length of a male lion is 56 to 8.3ft (1.7 to 2.5 meters). The
  • body length of a lioness is 4.6 to 5.7 ft (14 to 1.7 meters). A lions length is 27 to 41 inches (70 to 105 centimeters) to the shoulder. The shoulder height of a male lion is 4 feet (1.2 meters); and the females shoulder height is 3.5 feet (one meter). The other weight for a male lion is 330 to 550 pounds (150 to 250 kilograms) and the female can weight about 265 to 400 pounds (120 to 180 kilograms). The lion’s body can grow about 57 -78 in (1.4-2m); to the tail 26, 3 – 40in (63-100 cm). A lion can also grow about 6 feet (1. 8m) long and they can weigh for 420 pounds (190 kg). A lion’s body can grow about 2. 3 – 3. 5 feet long to the tail. A lion can grow about 45 – 8 ft long. They can also weigh about 3 .5 -4 feet to the shoulder. The pounds of the shoulder is 285 -550 pounds. The lion’s body can grow about 8ft (2.9m). A lion in captivity can live about 30 years. A lion can live about 15 years in the wild. A lion can also live about 10 to 14 years in the wild to and they can live about 20 years in captivity. Lions are not like any other big cat because they live in a group that is called a pride. All the other big cats are usually solitary which means that the animal lives alone. No other cat lives like this. A pride of lions can have 20 adults. Mostly all adults in the pride are usually lionesses. Their cubs also live in the pride too. A lion’s territory can be very small but it holds enough food to feed the whole pride. If there is not enough food then the would have to travel in far distances to find food. Most lions in the pride are usually females. But the male lion has the most important job in the pride which is to protect the pride from other males that want to take over the pride. A pride can hold about 3 or 30 lions. The females in the pride are really mothers, sisters and cousins. Male lions that are not related to the females. A pride of lions have a very close bond with each other. All of the females stay in the same pride forever but the male lions will only stay with the pride for about a few years. A pride can hold up to 4 to 6 lionesses. The other females in the pride are also daughters and grandmothers. A pride can also hold 15 to 40 animals in the pride. Lions will do everything together. They take care of each other and they raise their young together, they hunt together. The best
  • teamwork is a pride of lions. They can even protect the pride together. In the pride everyone has a job. The female’s job is to hunt for prey and to raise their young. But the male has the most important job in the pride and this is to protect the pride. The male lion is usually the leader of the pride. All the females in the pride are usually related to each other. Every pride must have no more than two male lions in the pride. Only the pride male can mate with the females. No animal knows about teamwork then lions do. When all of the females are hunting. The male usually watches over the cubs and always make sure that the cubs get enough food to eat. When it gets night or day that is the time a roar of a lion can be heard all over the savanna. By lions roaring this is how they stay in contact with each other. The males will roar to warn other males to stay away. Lionesses can use their roars to call their cubs, Lions can make lots of sounds to communicate then roaring they can moan, grunt, snarl, and they can also growl. A lion’s roar can be heard over 5 miles away. Both male and female can roar but the male’s roar is much deeper. A male lion will usually roar after the sunset. A male can roar about five miles (eight kilometers) away. They can also use their roar to warn intruders and round up the stray member of the pride. Lions are really good at climbing they can sometimes can go up a tree for a good view or place to get away. From the heat and flies. Lions spend most of their day sleeping and relaxing. Al lion can lay around for 21 hours of the day. When lions get tried during the day. The pride will often lick each other this is called grooming. This helps keep their fur clean they can do this by licking and fleeing. They can also use serve a social interaction to each other. Lions are also known as king of beasts because they are so powerful and strong predators. Human hunters think that they are competing with them. The lion is also on top of Africa’s food chain lions share their land with hyenas, Gravy’s zebras, leopards, African wild dog, African elephant, Impala, Black rhinoceros, and the cheetah. The male lion wears a mane because it can protect the male’s neck when he is batting other males that want to take over the pride. The most
  • important job of a male lion is to make sure that there is no new males that want to take over the pride. When there is a new male in the current lion’s territory then the 2 males will battle each other. These battles can cause injures and deaths. If the current male lion wins then he gets to stay in the pride. But if the new lion wins then the new male can easily kill the cubs of the current male so that the lionesses can be ready to mate with him and have cubs his own and so that they can raise his cubs. A lion can be a very fast runner they can run about 36 miles (58 kilometers) in an hour. A lion can also run about 37 miles per hour. The lion is the symbol of power, courage and nobility on family crests, coasts of arms and national flags, in the lots of civilizations. Some lions can hold 25 lions in a pride. Their territory can reach over 100 square miles (260 square km). A lioness will be ready to mate when she is ready she will walk up to the pride male. The pride male will be the cub’s father. A lion cub can weight about 3 pounds (1.5kg). In three months the lioness is ready to have her babies when she is ready she will leave the pride to have her young. She will hide near a big rock or bushes. After the lioness is done with mating process then the lioness will be pregnant for 15 weeks. Cubs are very small. A newborn cub can weight about 4 ½ pounds the moment that the cub is born. A lioness will have only two or three cubs in a litter. The first food for a cub it’s the mother’s milk. When the mother goes out to hunt she will hide her cubs to keep them safe. In every few days the mother will remove them from their old hiding spot into a different hiding place. The mother has to hide the cubs because so that a predator does not see them there is one thing that is different about a lion cub then the adults. Cubs have spots on them to help them blend in with the land. So that they can hide from predators when their mother goes hunting. A newborn cub will weight about one- hundredth pounds. A lion cub will need a lot of loving care the moment that the cub is born. When they are born they can be blind and it is really hard for them to crawl. A newborn cub can also weight about less then five pounds. In the first few weeks the cubs will hide from the rest of the pride. When the cubs are
  • 2 months old then it is ready to meet the rest of the pride and the mother will let the rest of the pride meet her cubs. The male will be ready to show amazing tolerance towards the cubs. This will allow the cubs to tug at his mane and play on the black tuft that is on the back of the male’s tail, the cubs will practice their hunting skills. They will also practice pouncing on anything that moves. This is what kittens do to. When the mother goes out to hunt then the rest of the pride will watch over the cubs. All of the females in the pride all give birth at the same time. A cub will nurse with the other females and with their own mother to. When a cub is really hungry then they will ran over to one of the lionesses so that the cub can suckle her milk. When a new male has toke over the current males pride then the new male will kill the cubs. So that the future cubs will have his gene instead of the current males. Cubs usually come together in a nursing group. A lioness will be pregnant for 95 to 120 days. A lioness will give birth to 1 or 2 cubs. A cub will not be able to roar until it reaches 2 weeks old. Cubs are born throughout the whole year. All of the pride usually gives birth at the same time. A lioness can have 3 or 4 cubs in a litter. She will give birth to them in every 2 years. The weight of a baby lion cub is 2.5 pounds. For 2 years the cubs will learn how to survive on their own. Cubs are ready to open their eyes in 2 weeks. When their eyes start to open then they will began to walk and play with the other cubs. In often the mother will not always be there to protect her babies so they would have to be quiet until the mother returns. When the cubs are two months old then the cubs legs will start to grow strong then they will follow their mother back to the pride. The mother will let her cubs meet the other cubs in the pride to. All the members in the pride all help take care of the cubs. In six months the cubs will grow about one-fourth that is kind of the size of an adult lion. But they are still not ready to hunt yet so till then the cubs do hunting games that can train the cubs for the a real hunt. When cubs play they are doing their school time. The training lessons that they do are jumping on each other. They will play games of wrestle, they can even bite and grab leaves that are high in the air and hey can
  • chase them. They can also chase the tails of the adults. Lions used that to live in eight thousands years ago. Lions used to live in North and South America. In 2,000 years ago lions used to live in Europe to. In 200 years lions used to roam all over Africa and in India. The reason is that there are no lions in north and South America and in Europe any more that are in other places because they become extinct by human hunters. Human hunters started to kill them in 1913. There are about 20 Asian lions left in India. But they are now being protected in only in one part of India. There are not a lot of Asian lion cubs being born. The African lion is okay for now. There are some parts of the savannah that are being protected in national parks and in game reserves. But people are still making a big problem for the African lion because people are building houses and farms over their homes. People will let cattle eat on the grass that is on the savannah. If there is not enough space for the lions hunt then they will have a hard time looking for zebras or buffalo. The savannah is running our of grass to feed the zebras and the buffalo and the other wild herds that live in Africa because the cattle is eating all of their grass. If there is not enough food to fed the wild grazing animals in Africa then the wild herds will die out and if there is not enough food then the lions would have start to eat the cattle and other livestock. Then people will get mad and start to kill the lion. Lots of people have hurt the African lion in many different ways. Sometimes human hunters will kill the African lion for sport. Sometimes people have hanged up a lion’s head. This threat is called poaching this is when poachers illegal hunt animals this is against the law. Both species of lion are both endangered. They are endangered because people have been taking over their homes. The growth of the human population is starting to be a problem in Africa and in Asia. If there is no space for lions to live on which means they will have a hard time looking for food. This will also mean that there is not enough food to feed the lions. But there are some people that want to help save the lion and try to stop the poachers. Some want to stop spreading the sickness that or among the lions. People all over the world want to help the lion
  • and the pride of the savannah. People want to help keep the savannah big enough for the lions to live on. Now only this will help the lions still rule as king of the animals. The lion’s only natural habitats are in protected reserves they are doing very good in there. There are a lot of lions that do genetic diversity and also prevent in breeding the movement between different prides are starting to move limited. There are still being hunted in reserves. There are a lot of lions and so little space for rangers. Rangers often put females on birth control to reduce the numbers of cubs that are being born. Ranchers will even poison lions that try to kill their livestock. Lions have also been hunted for trophies and for medicinal and magic powers. That is what I know about lions.
  • and the pride of the savannah. People want to help keep the savannah big enough for the lions to live on. Now only this will help the lions still rule as king of the animals. The lion’s only natural habitats are in protected reserves they are doing very good in there. There are a lot of lions that do genetic diversity and also prevent in breeding the movement between different prides are starting to move limited. There are still being hunted in reserves. There are a lot of lions and so little space for rangers. Rangers often put females on birth control to reduce the numbers of cubs that are being born. Ranchers will even poison lions that try to kill their livestock. Lions have also been hunted for trophies and for medicinal and magic powers. That is what I know about lions.