Jamal news 2003
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Jamal news 2003 Jamal news 2003 Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • INTERVIEW: THE RISE OF PRUSSIA
  • AUSTRIAN GROWTH
    • The Austrian Hapsburgs, an Austrian family , took several steps to become absolute monarchs:
    • First First, during the Thirty Years´ War, they reconquered Bohemia. They wiped out Protestantism there and created a new nobility that pledged loyalty to them.
    • Second, after the war, the Hapsburg ruler centralized the government and created a standing army.
    • Third, by 1699, the Hapsburgs had retaken Hungary from the Ottoman Empire.
    • In 1711, Charles VI became the Hapsburg ruler. Charles`s empire was a difficult one to rule.
  • Charles VI
  • They reconquered Bohemia and Hungary
  • PRUSSIA´S ARMY Frederick William I and Frederick II , made Prussia a major European power in the 18 th century. In 1740, Frederick II had doubled the army`s size from the initial number of people of the beginning of the 18 th century. It had the fourth-largest army after France, Russia and Austria. The army was the most important institution in the state. Frederick was a dedicated ruler, He enlarged the Prussian army by actively recruiting the nobility into civil service.
  • Frederick William I Frederick II of Prussia
  • MARIA THERESA OF AUSTRIA
    • She was born in 1717
    • She got married at age 18.
    • She remained devoted to her husband, Francis Stephen, throughout their 29-year marriage
    • . She bore 16 children.
    • When her father, Charles VI of Austria, died, she became the only woman to rule during the 650 -years Hapsburg dynasty.
    • She enacted some reforms during her reign, but she never wavered from her belief in the legitimate right of monarchs to rule.
    • Throughout her life, Maria Theresa showered her children with practical advice-especially her youngest daughter. This daughter would later fall victim to the anty-royalty hysteria of the French Revolution. Her name was Marie Antoinette .
  • Maria Theresa of Austria Marie Antoniette
  • WARS BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA
    • ● The Sucession War of Austria
    • ● The seven years´ war
  • THE SUCESSION WAR OF AUSTRIA Austria (Maria Theresa) & Great Britain VS France & Prussia (Frederick II)
  • THE SEVEN YEARS´WAR ● Treaty of Paris 1763 Austria & France VS Great Britain & Prussia