The Austrian Hapsburgs, an Austrian family , took several steps to become absolute monarchs:
First First, during the Thirty Years´ War, they reconquered Bohemia. They wiped out Protestantism there and created a new nobility that pledged loyalty to them.
Second, after the war, the Hapsburg ruler centralized the government and created a standing army.
Third, by 1699, the Hapsburgs had retaken Hungary from the Ottoman Empire.
In 1711, Charles VI became the Hapsburg ruler. Charles`s empire was a difficult one to rule.
They reconquered Bohemia and Hungary
PRUSSIA´S ARMY Frederick William I and Frederick II , made Prussia a major European power in the 18 th century. In 1740, Frederick II had doubled the army`s size from the initial number of people of the beginning of the 18 th century. It had the fourth-largest army after France, Russia and Austria. The army was the most important institution in the state. Frederick was a dedicated ruler, He enlarged the Prussian army by actively recruiting the nobility into civil service.
Frederick William I Frederick II of Prussia
MARIA THERESA OF AUSTRIA
She was born in 1717
She got married at age 18.
She remained devoted to her husband, Francis Stephen, throughout their 29-year marriage
. She bore 16 children.
When her father, Charles VI of Austria, died, she became the only woman to rule during the 650 -years Hapsburg dynasty.
She enacted some reforms during her reign, but she never wavered from her belief in the legitimate right of monarchs to rule.
Throughout her life, Maria Theresa showered her children with practical advice-especially her youngest daughter. This daughter would later fall victim to the anty-royalty hysteria of the French Revolution. Her name was Marie Antoinette .
Maria Theresa of Austria Marie Antoniette
WARS BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA
● The Sucession War of Austria
● The seven years´ war
THE SUCESSION WAR OF AUSTRIA Austria (Maria Theresa) & Great Britain VS France & Prussia (Frederick II)
THE SEVEN YEARS´WAR ● Treaty of Paris 1763 Austria & France VS Great Britain & Prussia