Jamal news 2003

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Jamal news 2003

  1. 2. INTERVIEW: THE RISE OF PRUSSIA
  2. 3. AUSTRIAN GROWTH <ul><li>The Austrian Hapsburgs, an Austrian family , took several steps to become absolute monarchs: </li></ul><ul><li>First First, during the Thirty Years´ War, they reconquered Bohemia. They wiped out Protestantism there and created a new nobility that pledged loyalty to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Second, after the war, the Hapsburg ruler centralized the government and created a standing army. </li></ul><ul><li>Third, by 1699, the Hapsburgs had retaken Hungary from the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1711, Charles VI became the Hapsburg ruler. Charles`s empire was a difficult one to rule. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Charles VI
  4. 5. They reconquered Bohemia and Hungary
  5. 6. PRUSSIA´S ARMY Frederick William I and Frederick II , made Prussia a major European power in the 18 th century. In 1740, Frederick II had doubled the army`s size from the initial number of people of the beginning of the 18 th century. It had the fourth-largest army after France, Russia and Austria. The army was the most important institution in the state. Frederick was a dedicated ruler, He enlarged the Prussian army by actively recruiting the nobility into civil service.
  6. 7. Frederick William I Frederick II of Prussia
  7. 8. MARIA THERESA OF AUSTRIA <ul><li>She was born in 1717 </li></ul><ul><li>She got married at age 18. </li></ul><ul><li>She remained devoted to her husband, Francis Stephen, throughout their 29-year marriage </li></ul><ul><li>. She bore 16 children. </li></ul><ul><li>When her father, Charles VI of Austria, died, she became the only woman to rule during the 650 -years Hapsburg dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>She enacted some reforms during her reign, but she never wavered from her belief in the legitimate right of monarchs to rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout her life, Maria Theresa showered her children with practical advice-especially her youngest daughter. This daughter would later fall victim to the anty-royalty hysteria of the French Revolution. Her name was Marie Antoinette . </li></ul>
  8. 9. Maria Theresa of Austria Marie Antoniette
  9. 10. WARS BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA <ul><li>● The Sucession War of Austria </li></ul><ul><li>● The seven years´ war </li></ul>
  10. 11. THE SUCESSION WAR OF AUSTRIA Austria (Maria Theresa) & Great Britain VS France & Prussia (Frederick II)
  11. 12. THE SEVEN YEARS´WAR ● Treaty of Paris 1763 Austria & France VS Great Britain & Prussia

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