Cristin Dorgelo: "Engaging Citizen Solvers to Address 21st Century Grand Challenges"

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Cristin Dorgelo: "Engaging Citizen Solvers to Address 21st Century Grand Challenges"

  1. 1. Grand Challenges and Open InnovationCristin DorgeloAssistant Director for Grand ChallengesOffice of Science and Technology PolicyExecutive Office of the President
  2. 2. President Obama’s Innovation StrategyInnovation for Sustainable Growth and Quality JobsInvest in the Building Blocks of American Innovation• Restore American leadership in fundamental research• Educate the next generation with 21st century knowledge and skills while creating a world-classworkforce• Build a leading physical infrastructure• Develop an advanced information technology ecosystemCatalyzeBreakthroughsfor NationalPriorities• Unleash a clean energy revolution• Support advanced vehicle technology• Drive breakthroughs in health IT• Address the “grand challenges” of the 21stcenturyPromote Competitive Markets that SpurProductive Entrepreneurship• Promote American exports• Support open capital markets thatallocate resources to the mostpromising ideas• Encourage high-growth andinnovation-based entrepreneurship• Improve public sector innovationand support community innovationSource: www.whitehouse.gov
  3. 3. 3Materials Genome InitiativeGoal: Decrease the time-to-market by 50 %To help businesses discover, develop, and deploy newmaterials twice as fast, we’re launching what we callthe Materials Genome Initiative. The invention ofsilicon circuits and lithium ion batteries madecomputers and iPods and iPads possible, but it tookyears to get those technologies from the drawingboard to the market place. We can do it faster.-President Obama, Carnegie Mellon University, June 2011Initiatives•Develop a Materials InnovationInfrastructure•Achieve National goals in energy, security,and human welfare with advanced materials•Equipping the next generation materialsworkforceThemes• Incentivizing open paradigms of sharing& access of tools• Facilitating the development ofinnovation ecosystems & access to allstakeholders• Driving innovative techniques acrosscomputation, informatics &experimentation• Catalyzing shift in culture across theentire materials continuum & scaling themovement
  4. 4. National Robotics Initiative (NRI)The realization of co-robots acting in direct support ofindividuals and groups…manufacturing, exploration, discovery,agriculture, security, …..USDANIHNRLTHEMES• Fundamental research• Controls and dynamical systems• Computational models of humancognition• Application-inspired topics• Micro- and nano-robotics, neuro-robotics, humanoid robotics, &networked multi-robot team• Understanding of the long termsocial, behavioral and economicimplications of co-robots across allareas of human activity• Use of co-robots for STEM learning
  5. 5. ConvergenceBiomaterialsTissueengineeringFeed thePlanetSyntheticbiologySystemsbiologyYour idea hereHuman GenomeprojectMedicalimagingBiofuelsCancernanotechnology“The possibilities of where thisresearch might lead areendless. Imagine a newtreatment that kills cancer cellsbut leaves healthy onesuntouched; regenerativemedicine that ends theagonizing wait for an organtransplant… intelligentprosthetics that can enable awounded veteran to play thepiano again.”- President Obama, 2010BioinformaticsEnvironmentalremediation
  6. 6. 6US Ignite PartnershipGoal: Create a national testbed for next-gen apps and networks“Building a nationwide broadband network will strengthenour economy and put more Americans back to work. Byconnecting every corner of our country to the digital age, wecan help our businesses become more competitive, ourstudents become more informed and our citizens becomemore engaged.”-President Obama, June 2012Initiative•Stitching together communities that havealready deployed 100Mbps+ to allow next-gen applications to be demonstrated.•Leveraging existing high-speed researchnetworks.•Sharing best practices in infrastructuredeployment, service creation and delivery,application development, and R&D.•Goal: deliver over 60 next-gen apps to anational network of 200 communitiesCurrent Partners• 9 agencies, including NSF as lead• 15 companies• 25 communities• 60 campuses
  7. 7. BIG DATA•“The future of computing is not just big iron. It’s bigdata.”•March 29th – agencies announce $200 million inadditional investments in R&D related to Big Data(volume, variety, velocity and veracity)• NSF and NIH joint solicitation• DARPA XDATA program• Accelerate “data to knowledge toaction.”
  8. 8. • Improve servicesfor the Americanpeople• Fuel the opendata ecosystem tospur innovationand create jobs• Increase gov’tefficiency,interoperability,and reduce costsWhy Open Data?8
  9. 9. Powered By Open DataMany entrepreneurs are now building new products andbusinesses fueled by government open dataFor example:Saved customers$50M+300 jobs +100 jobs9Market Cap $900M Market Cap $1.8B
  10. 10. Open Data: Managing Info as an AssetOn May 9th, the President released the OpenData Executive Order and accompanying OMBOpen Data Policy on Managing Information asan AssetObjectives•Increase operational efficiencies at reduce costs•Improve services & support mission needs•Safeguard personal information•Increase public access to valuable governmentinformation10
  11. 11. “Educate to Innovate” Launched in 2009Public-Private Campaign to Spur STEM; Over $700M in direct/in-kind raised• “100Kin10”• Change the Equation• Annual White House Science Fair• NMSI AP Initiative• Digital Promise• Maker Education Initiative• “Equal futures” partnership“Through these efforts, we goingto expand the scope and scale ofscience and math education allacross America.”–President Barack Obama, November 3rd, 2009Some Key Partnerships
  12. 12. • Growing movement to give moreopportunities to children to be able tomake things – not just consume.• Over 60+ “Maker Faires” plannedthis year. San Mateo Faire gets over100,000 visitors.• With support from Cognizant, Pixar,Make and Intel, Maker EducationInitiative launched earlier this month,with goal of building a movement tothousands more children a makingexperience.
  13. 13. “…We’re pursuing…grand challenges like makingsolar energy as cheap as coal or making electricvehicles as affordable as the ones that run on gas.They’re ambitious goals, but they’re achievable.And we’re encouraging companies and researchuniversities and other organizations to get involvedand help us make progress.”- President ObamaApril 2, 2013
  14. 14. 1. Significant impact in areas of national and global priority2. Ambitious yet achievable3. Compelling, motivating, capture the public imagination4. “Goldilocks” level of specificity and focus5. Able to harness innovation and advances in science andtechnologyAttributes of Grand Challenges
  15. 15. Sequencing the Human Genome
  16. 16. 1. Help solve important economic and societal problems2. Serve as a “North Star” for high-impact, multi-disciplinarycollaborations and public-private partnerships3. Create the foundation for the industries and jobs of thefuture4. Capture public imagination and increase support forpublic policies that foster science, technology andinnovation5. Inspire the next generation of scientists, engineers, andentrepreneursBenefits of Grand Challenges
  17. 17. 1. Help solve important economic and societal problems2. Serve as a “North Star” for high-impact, multi-disciplinarycollaborations and public-private partnerships3. Create the foundation for the industries and jobs of thefuture4. Capture public imagination and increase support forpublic policies that foster science, technology andinnovation5. Inspire the next generation of scientists, engineers, andentrepreneursBenefits of Grand Challenges
  18. 18. • Google – self-driving car (outgrowth of DARPAChallenge)• IBM – AI that beats Gary Kasparov at chess, KenJennings at Jeopardy – Watson may create hugecommercial markets• Qualcomm – Tricorder X Prize• Elon Musk/SpaceX – humanity should become amulti-planetary species – “I want to die on Mars”• Pronutria – 10x or more increase in productivity fornutrition (output/acre)Private Sector Grand Challenges
  19. 19. 1. Foundations and donors: 0rganize philanthropic giving around GrandChallenges2. Universities: organize research initiatives to meet ambitious Grand Challengegoals3. Companies:– Identify a Grand Challenge they can contribute to– Sponsor major incentive prizes designed to address a Grand Challenge– Be early customers, provide capital, or provide mentoring to startups pursuing aGrand Challenge4. Angel, venture, and impact investors can back startups that are pursuingGrand Challenges5. Media companies and America’s storytellers can help make engineers andentrepreneurs pursuing Grand Challenges the rock stars of the 21st centuryAll Hands on Deck
  20. 20. “No matter who you are,most of the smartest peoplework for someone else.”- Bill JoyCofounderSun Microsystems
  21. 21. 1919 Orteig PrizeCharles Lindbergh: Non-Stop Flight NY-Paris0501001502002503003504001970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005Aggregate Prize Purses over $100k“[T]otal funds from large prizeshave more than tripled over the lastdecade to surpass $375 million.”- And the winner is…McKinsey 2009Long Track Record of Spurring Innovation
  22. 22. : 250+ Challenges, 50+ Agencies
  23. 23. 1. Shine a spotlight on a problem or opportunity2. Pay only for results3. Target an ambitious goal without predicting which teamor approach is most likely to succeed4. Reach beyond usual suspects to tap top talent5. Stimulate private sector investment many times greaterthan the prize purse6. Bring out-of-discipline perspectives to bear7. Inspire risk-taking by offering a level playing field8. Establish clear target metrics and validation protocolsBenefits of Prizes
  24. 24. • Target: 2500 gpm at70% efficiency, 2xtoday’s standard oilrecovery rate• 350+ narrowed down to10 finalist teams• $1,000,000 First PlaceWinner Elastec(Illinois)• Achieved 4x today’sstandard oil recoveryrate in <6 monthsproduct development• 4670 gallons per minuteat 89.5% efficiencyWendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup X Challenge
  25. 25. Thank Youchallenges@ostp.govcdorgelo@ostp.eop.gov

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