Born in NigeriaMoved to USA in elementary schoolGrew up in KentucyWas lucky to go to a school that taught and encouraged learning computer scienceWent on to study it in college, worked as intern at Microsoft, Apple, and went on to work at Facebook and Dropbox after graduationAfter “retiring” from Facebook, spent a year in Kenya working on software to help analyze satellite images, to assist in planning where to build new schools in Kenya, to improve education in Africa.Last year, total African American high school students in Kentucy taking AP CS: 5. Passing: 2
Everybody in this countryshould learn how toprogram a computer……because it teaches youhow to think.Steve Jobs
“STEM”But this old story masks a new and possibly biggerproblem...
THE JOB/STUDENT GAP IN COMPUTER SCIENCESources: College Board, Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Science Foundation• Less than 2.4% of college students graduate with a degree in computerscience…. That’s fewer than 10 years ago
$500billionover 10years!!THE NUMBERS ADD UP FAST!• The highest-paying salaries in the US, job growth 2x the national average• 67% of software jobs are in other industries: manufacturing, retail, banking, gov’t• Each software job yields 4.3 more neighborhood jobsSources: BLS, NSF, Bay Area Council Economic Institute
• 67% of “software” jobs are outside the tech industry – inbanking, retail, government, entertainment, etc• We need our future doctors, lawyers, politicians,astronauts learning the basics.THIS ISN’T JUST ABOUT TECH COMPANIES
“Knowledge of computer programmingis as important as knowledge of anatomywhen it comes to medical research orclinical care”Larry Corey,Fred HutchinsonCancer Research Center
• Only 10% of schools teach computer science, and it’s decliningIn 9 out of 10 schools, it’s not even on the menu!• This skill is a fast-track to the best jobs in the country, but it’sonly taught in the “best” schools in the country• We have an opportunity to fix the American dreamWE CAN FIX THE AMERICAN DREAMobligation
BUT OUR STATE LAWS MAKE IT HARDER• In 40 of 50 states, computer science doesn’t even counttowards graduation requirements. (in China: it’s required tograduate)• CS not even categorized in STEM(science, tech, engineering, math)• In states that recognize it, C.S. enrollment is 54% higherSources: ACM, College Board
• Politicians (Democrats, Republicans, Independents)– Bill Clinton, Al Gore, Governors of Colorado, Washington. Mayor CoryBooker, Mayor Bloomberg, Marco Rubio, Thune, Eric Cantor• Business leaders– Richard Branson, Steve Ballmer, Sheryl Sandberg, and CEOs/founders ofLotus, AOL, Salesforce.com, and many many others• Educators– Presidents/deans of Stanford, Harvard, U of Washington, Harvey Mudd.Sup’t of LA USD.– Heads of Teach For America, KIPP schools, Aspire schools.– Union leaders: Randy Weingarten (AFT), Dennis Van Roekel (NEA).– NGSS/Achieve.org• Doctors, lawyers, scientists, astronauts– Leland Melvin (NASA), Lee Hood (modern genomics), Leroy Corey (FredHutch), Stephen Hawking, Dr. Oz• Celebrities– Bono, Ashton Kutcher, Linkin Park, Enrique Iglesias, Snoop DoggRECRUITED SUPPORT FROM DOZENS OF LEADERS
INCREDIBLE RESULTS• #1 video on YouTube for a day. (Over 20,000,000 views)• More than 3,500,000 students tried learning online• More than 650,000 signed petitions (with ZIPs) and growing• Over 10,000 schools want help setting up coding classes or clubs• More than 25,000 software engineers already volunteered to helpteach/mentor.• CS enrollment in high schools that promoted the video tripled !!!
• Anybody can learn to code• http://code.org/learnANYBODY CAN LEARN
1. Educate: Get CS into schools– Create e-curriculum that can be delivered at high scale to thelargest number of schools– Develop programs/partnerships for teacher training– Create a mentorship network for CS teachers2. Advocate: change the rules.– Get all 50 states to count computer science towardgraduation– Get the Common Core / NextGen standards to include CS3. Celebrate: inspire youth (and parents) to learn– Continue using social media, celebrities, videos, to inspirestudents– Run regional, state, and national competitions toreward/recognize CS in K-12, including for women andminoritiesTHE NEXT DECADE: 3 MAIN AREAS OF ACTIVITY