Privacidade e Proteção aos Direitos da Personalidade
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  • 1. IV Congresso Crimes electrônicos - Formes de Proteção São Paulo – 23 de Agosto de 2012Privacidade e proteção aos direitos da personalidade Conselho da Europa - Convenção 108 Sophie Kwasny Data Protection Unit Council of Europe
  • 2. Habeas data / data protection / privacy  Habeas data: ‘that you have the data’ : right of access, rectification, update, erasure  data protection and protection of invididuals: datenschutz or ‘protection of individuals’ with regard to the processing of personal data ?  Privacy: Article 12 UDHR 1948, Article 17 ICCPR 1966 .. Article 8 ECHR ‘private life’ (name, image, correspondence, physycalConvention 108 integrity, etc) Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 3. Challenges  cyberspace: an interconnected world with 2.3 billion users worldwide  ubiquity of data and profiling  global online transactions - $10 trillion annually / $24 trillion by 2020  data protection as a human right: ECtHR, EUCJ, constitutional courtsConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 4. Protection and Security Protection of the individuals and data security integrity and confidentiality: ‘Appropriate security measures shall be taken against accidental or unauthorised destruction or accidental loss as well as against unauthorised access, alteration or dissemination (Article 7 Convention 108) increasing role of technologies: PETs : technical and organizational concepts also focusing on securityConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 5. Seen from Europe… ‘direitos da personalidade’ : human personality serving both as the foundation and aim of human rights Early 60ies : rapid progress in the field of electronic data processing 70ies : first pieces of legislation and even fundamental right in some ConstitutionsConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 6. Convention 108’s key facts 28 January 1981 – 31st anniversary Drafted with the participation of non- European countries (Australia, Canada, Japan and the USA) Soon 44 parties Uruguay invited to accede, Marocco asked to be invited, next ?Convention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 7. Its potential universal basic principles legally binding force simple and technologically-neutral cross-cutting scope of application covering public and private sector frame for multilateral cooperationConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 8. Snapshot I Object and purpose: to secure in their territory for every individual, whatever his nationality or residence, respect for his rights and fundamental freedoms, and in particular his right to privacy, with regard to the processing of personal data (data protection). Definitions: personal data, data subjects, processing, etc.Convention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 9. Snapshot II Scope: horizontal - public and private sector. Duties of the parties: take necessary measures in domestic law to give effect to the basic principles for data protection set out in the Convention.Convention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 10. Snapshot III Basic principles:-fair and lawful collection and processing,-storage for specified legitimate purposes and no longer than is necessary-compatible use-data: adequate, relevant and not excessive (proportionality), accurate, kept up to date, not name-linked for longer than needed secureConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 11. Snapshot IV Basic principles:-information, right of access and rectification, right to a remedy.-outlawed : processing of "sensitive" data on a persons race, politics, health, religion, sexual life, criminal record, etc., in the absence of proper legal safeguards.Convention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 12. Snapshot V Restrictions on the rights laid down in the Convention are only possible when overriding interests (e.g. State security, defence, etc.) are at stake Flow of data: free between Parties and restrictions on transborder flows of data to States where legal regulation does not provide adequate protection (additional protocol - 2001)Convention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 13. Snapshot V Mutual assistance Consultative committee Supervisory authoritiesConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 14. Modernisation – trends I promote as a universal standard, with an open and multistakeholder approach preserve general, simple, flexible and pragmatic character- while addressing new ICT challengesConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 15. Modernisation – trends II ensure coherence with other relevant frameworks (EU, OECD, APEC) strengthen follow-up mechanismConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe
  • 16. Complements and interconnection Recommendations Declaration on Internet governance principles Cybercrime convention
  • 17. Conclusion Convention 108 – – robust, while at the same time flexible, resilient, enduring, evergreenConvention 108 Sophie Kwasny Council of Europe