How to be Professional English Teacher by: Febrian Sururi Fricilia Pradanjani Nurul Rizki Amaliyah
Introduction In teaching English there are some approaches, methods, and technique which the teacher must have it to teach in the class. Based on Edward Antony (1963) that: Approach is a set of assumptions about language teaching which involve the nature of language, learning, teaching.
IntroductionEdward Antony states Method: The plan selected to present language in a systematic way Technique: Specific activities consistent with the method and approach
Based on Richard and Rodgers´definitions:1. Approach: Beliefs, assumptions and theories of learning2. Design: Defines the relationship between theory and practice3. Procedure: Techniques and practices derived from approach and design
Richards and Rodgers´ connections: Objectives syllabus1. Their approach brought objectives2. Their design brought the need of a syllabus Instructional activities materials3. Their procedure brought activities, roles for teacher and learner and instructional materials roles
A. ApproachThere are many approach in teaching English language, they are :1. Communicative approach Based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language.
Approach2. Lexical approach The lexical approach is a method of teaching foreign languages described by M. Lewis in the 1990s. The basic concept on which this approach rests is the idea that an important part of learning a language consists of being able to understand and produce lexical phrases as chunks. Students are thought to be able to perceive patterns of language (grammar) as well as have meaningful set uses of words at their disposal when they are taught in this way.
B. MethodA good teachers must have match method when they teach the student in the class.There are some method which can used in the class, they are :1. Direct Method a technique of foreignlanguage teaching in which only the targetlanguage is used, little instruction is given concerning formal rules ofgrammar, and language use is often elicited in situational contexts.
Method2. Grammar-Translation Method In grammar-translation classes, students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating sentences between the target language and their native language. The method has two main goals: to enable students to read and translate literature written in the target language, and to further students’ general intellectual development.
Method3. Total Physical Response (TPR) In TPR, instructors give commands to students in the target language, and students respond with whole-body actions. It is based on the coordination of language and physical movement.4. Audio-Lingual Method (ALM) Like the direct method, the audio-lingual method advised that students be taught a language directly, without using the students native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language. However, unlike the direct method, the audio- lingual method didn’t focus on teaching vocabulary. Rather, the teacher drilled students in the use of grammar.
Technique Good English teacher know what will they done with their teaching technique. Herethe technique which can applied in the classDirect MethodDictationTeachers using the direct method read aloud to students in the target language.Question and AnswerEmphasis is placed on speech, rather than reading and writing, when ESL teachers use the directmethod.Reading Out LoudWhen using the direct method, the teacher wants students to speak as much as possible in thetarget language, but a students ability to do so on their own may be limited.Self-CorrectionRather than correct students outright, a teacher using the direct method leads students to thinkthrough their own mistakes while speaking.
TechniqueGrammar Translation Method: Translation of a literary passage Fill-in-the-blanks Reading comprehension questions Memorization Antonyms/Synonyms Use words in sentences Cognates Composition Deductive application of rule
TechniqueTotal Physical Response (TPR)(1) The teacher directs and students "act" in response - "The instructor is the director of a stage play in which the students are the actors" (Asher, 1977:43).(2) Listening and physical response skills are emphasized over oral production.(3) The imperative mood is the most common language function employed, even well into advanced levels. Interrogatives are also heavily used.(4) Whenever possible, humor is injected into the lessons to make them more enjoyable for learners.(5) Students are not required to speak until they feel naturally ready or confident enough to do so.(6) Grammar and vocabulary are emphasized over other language areas. Spoken language is emphasized over written language.
TechniqueAudiolingual MethodThe DialogueALM activities are anchored in dialogues presented at the beginning of each teachingunit.Repetition DrillsTo aid in dialogue memorization, students attempt to repeat exactly what the teachersays.Backward BuildupIn this type of imitation drill, the teacher models language segments to berepeated, starting at the end of the sentence and working back, adding a chunk at atime until the entire phrase can be repeated fluentlyChain DrillsThe teacher starts a question-and-answer chain by asking one student a question.
ConclusionThere are some point to be good English teacher which must have , they are : Approach Method TechniqueThe teacher can choose the best approach and method which match with thestudents ability. Before it choose the