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  • 1. Health Education & Health Promotion Fayza Rayes (MBBCh. Msc. MRCGP (UK Consultant Family PhysicianJoint Program of Family & Community Medicine – Jeddah www.fayzarayes.com fayzarayes@yahoo.com
  • 2. Health education: Objectives1. To improve your skills in health education2. To make use of all available aids in our clinics to deliver more effective health education messages
  • 3. : DefinitionHealth education is the process by which individuals and group of people learn to: Promote Maintain Restore health. Health Education is the primary and dominant measure in Health Promotion.
  • 4. : DefinitionHealth promotion is any combination of educational, organizational, economic and environmental support for behaviors and conditions of living conducive to health .”Health Promotion is a widely used term to encompass various activities e.g. : Behavior & lifestyle, Preventive health services, Health protection directed at environment, Health related public policy, Economic & regulatory measures.
  • 5. Health promotion
  • 6. Health promotion
  • 7. Health Education ((during consultation
  • 8. Find out the 10 mistakesDiabetes is a killing disease , it cause arteriosclerosis, myocardialinfarction and stroke. You need to take care of your diet and … body weight, do physical exercise and stop smoking
  • 9. Explanation Health EducationWhat for  Controlling the disease  Putting the patient in the picture  Improving compliance  Preventing complications  Involving patient in the management  Reassurance
  • 10. Health Education Skills Checklist1. Introduction 9. Organized & limited2. Exploration 10. Feedback3. Patient participation 11. Invite questions4. Empathy & listening 12. Response to cues5. positive attitude 13. Repeat if necessarily6. Simple & clear, 14. Use demonstration if7. Appropriate to patient’s education 15. Give hope and support8. Convincing message
  • 11. :Tips in Education Skills Health education & level of education Written materials & face to face Health care team 3 T Role 7 Message Role Dialogue not monologue
  • 12. T Role 3 Repeat important points:T1: Tell him what you will tell him (Introduction(T2: Tell itT3: Tell him what you have told them (Summery(
  • 13. Positive Attitudes towards the diagnosis Hypertension is a start for a healthy life style
  • 14. The basic skills for HealthEducation & Health PromotionEmpathy
  • 15. A good tip on motivating patient to exercise regularly Put it in writing TheMessageshould beSpecific &Organized
  • 16. The Patient Is the Headof the Treatment Team
  • 17. The patient has the right to know allimportant details
  • 18. Don’t use jargons“ It’s only a fungal infection
  • 19. Demonstration
  • 20. Demonstration
  • 21. Exercise Contents of the Health Education MessageWhat issues do you need tocover in patient with DM ??
  • 22. ExerciseDiabetes Mellitus: Health Education What is diabetes mellitus? How common and how controllable? Signs & symptoms Prognosis (in a positive way) Red flags Complications Management options Importance of compliance ……
  • 23. Role-PlayDM Health Education
  • 24. Using computer forhealth education Power point Animation Video …???
  • 25. The benefit of audiovisualUsingcomputerfor healtheducation
  • 26. The benefit of audiovisual ?? Why using audiovisual aids in HE1. “When I hear I forget , when I see I remember”2. To match with different types of learning ability3. Audiovisual aids convey more organized message4. It reflect care, respect & interest5. Picture can make very strong positive suggestions6. Picture convey message more clear, more exciting and with less effort7. Video is useful for demonstration of skills e.g. insulin injection8. …
  • 27. The Benefit of AudiovisualTo simplify the message
  • 28. ‫‪The benefit of audiovisual‬‬ ‫لماذا أنا أصاب بالسكري؟‬ ‫الجينات الوراثية‬ ‫السكري‬ ‫البيئة‬‫مناعة الجسم‬
  • 29. The benefit of audiovisual
  • 30. The benefit of audiovisual
  • 31. The benefit of audiovisual
  • 32. The benefit of audiovisual
  • 33. The Benefit of AudiovisualTo make strong positive suggestions
  • 34. ‫‪The benefit of audiovisual‬‬ ‫النظام الغذائي‬ ‫+‬ ‫الرياضة‬ ‫+‬ ‫الدواء‬ ‫=‬ ‫عل ج السكري‬
  • 35. The benefit of audiovisual I love healthy food
  • 36. The benefit of audiovisual Healthy food is lovely
  • 37. The benefit of audiovisual
  • 38. The benefit of audiovisual
  • 39. The benefit of audiovisual To make strong positive suggestions If children can do it I should be able to do it
  • 40. The Benefit of AudiovisualTo give more self awareto the patient’s behavior
  • 41. The benefit of audiovisual‫تصلب الشرايين‬
  • 42. The Benefit of Audiovisual For explainingcomplicated issues
  • 43. ‫‪The benefit of audiovisual‬‬ ‫مقاومة السنسولين‬ ‫الغلوكوز )السكريات(‬ ‫ل تذهب إلى خليا‬ ‫الجسم‬‫السكريات‬ ‫خليا الجسم‬ ‫مقاومة السنسولين‬ ‫السنسولين‬
  • 44. The Benefit of Audiovisual To practice healtheducation with less effort
  • 45. ‫‪The benefit of audiovisual‬‬ ‫كيف تعتني بقدميك؟‬ ‫* افحص قدميك جيدا كل يوم بحثا عن الخدوش، الجروح، التقرمحات، المحمرار‬ ‫* افحص دائما ما بين اصابع القدم.‬ ‫* اذا كاسنت رؤيتك ضعيفة فاستعن بأمحد افراد العائلة لفحص قدميك.‬ ‫* اغسل قدميك يوميا بالماء الدافئ والصابون وسنشفها جيدا.‬ ‫* تجنب استخدام الماء الحار جدا أو البارد جدا.‬ ‫* تجنب غمر القدام في الماء لمدة طويلة.‬ ‫* قلم أظافر قدميك بعناية على شكل مستقيم عرضي، وتجنب ترك محافة محادة.‬ ‫* امحرص على تدليك القدمين والساقين من وقت لخر.‬ ‫* ل تستخدم المواد الكيماوية لزالة القرون .‬ ‫* ل تستخدم رباطا لصقا على قدميك.‬ ‫* استخدم الكريم المطري لتنعيم مناطق البشرة الصلبة والخشنة.‬ ‫* تجنب المشي محافي القدمين‬‫* استخدم المحذية المريحة للقدمين وتأكد بأن تكون مصنوعة من مادة طرية وأكبر من‬ ‫الحجم المعتاد استعماله.‬ ‫* يفضل استخدام الجوارب القطنية أو الصوفية ويجب ان ل تكون ضاغطة.‬ ‫* عدم الجلوس قريبا من مصادر الحرارة لفترات طويلة أو تعريضها للبرودة الشديدة‬
  • 46. : Final Message & conclusion  Effective health education needs communication skills  using audiovisual aids makes health education more effective