Rotational Planting and Companion Planting Methods in the Vegetable Garden - Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens

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Rotational Planting and Companion Planting Methods in the Vegetable Garden - Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens

Rotational Planting and Companion Planting Methods in the Vegetable Garden - Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens

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  • 1. ROYAL TASMANIAN BOTANICAL GARDENS FAC T S H E E T Rotational Planting in the Vegetable GardenCrop rotation plays an integral role in companion planting andorganic gardening. The method is usually applied to growing ofvegetables but there are advantages to using this method whengrowing annual flowers.Common sense plays a large part in A leafy crop (silverbeet, cabbage, Further Readingits principles. If the same crops are lettuce) grows well in nitrogen richgrown in the same patch of soil year soil so should follow a legume crop. The Royal Tasmanian Botanicalafter year, there will be a gradual Gardens has the following fact The smaller the garden, the more sheets available:decline of health, loss of yield impractical it becomes to follow aand weeds and diseases will take • Planting for Success rotational plan rigidly, but the basicadvantage of the weakened crop aim is to satisfy the manurial needsand exhausted soil. of each vegetable and to help it • Organic GardeningIntroducing a rotational crop, in resist pests and diseases. • How to Garden withoutconjunction with organic gardeningand companion planting methods, Wasting Waterrestores the physical structure and Brassica (Cruciferae) • Peter Cundall’s Vegie Patchnutrient balance of the soil. Weedsare weakened and less likely to Brussel Sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, Whilst you are in the Gardens,establish if there is disruption to calabrese, cauliflower, kale, radish please visit Pete’s Vegie Patch, whichtheir cycle and the host plant is swede, turnip makes use of crop rotation andmoved around. organic gardening principles. The Legumes (Leguminosae) Visitor Centre has maps availableVegetable families Pea, bean (broad, French and and can provide directions.The groups of vegetables given runner)below are organised according to Potato family (Solanaceae)botanical families. When planninga crop rotation, keep vegetables Tomato, potato, capsicums,in the same family together and eggplant“rotate” them so they grow indifferent ground in subsequent Daisy family (Compositae)years. Lettuce, chicory, endive, salsifyA common crop rotation follows Onion family (Alliaicae)the sequence Onion, garlic, chives, shallots, leeks 1 leafy crop 2 root crop Cucurbits Cucurbitaceae) Cucumber, courgette, marrow, 3 legume squash, pumpkin 4 leafy crop Beetroot family (Chenopodiacae)Peas and beans, in association with Beetroot, spinach, Swiss Chard,micro-organisms, are able to extract spinach, beetnitrogen from the air and leave thesoil richer in nitrogen. The roots of Not related to any other vegetablea mature plant feature small beadsof growth called nodules where the Jerusalem artichokes, sweet comnitrogen is stored. Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens Queens Domain, Hobart