Plant a Healthy Vegetable Garden - AustraliaDocument Transcript
MItrePlAn PrOJeCt PlAnner Plant a healthy vegetable garden• An easy-to-follow guide to achieving a perfect result.• Outlines all the tools you will need for the job.• Includes a materials checklist. #50PLEASE NOTE:Before starting this project or buying any materials, it is worth your time toread all steps thoroughly first to be sure you understand what is required.Mitre 10 is proudly Australian owned. mitre10.com.au
TOOLS fOR ThE jOb ✓ MIGhTY hELPfuL chEckLIST Grow your own MIGhTY hELPfuL Plant a healthy Step 1: Locate your plot order hINTS TO MAkE vegies for ThE jOb EASIER vegetable garden All vegetables need plenty of sunshine. Morning sun is ideal, so find a spot with an easterly aspect. They also need protection Garden lime freshness and from strong winds, particularly during extremes of summer weather, so provide a wind break on the westerly side if possible. ■ Seeds should not be sown Mulch flavour – with a too deeply – sow about twice Locate away from large trees, too. Tree roots can steal moisture and nutrients form the growing area. It should also be located the depth of the seed’s own Compost little help from thickness. close to the house for practical reasons so you can easily pop out and pick what you need fresh off the plant. If you have young Fertilisers ■ A dull showery 10. the Mitre day or children or pets, you may need to fence it off in some way to Weedkillers late afternoon are the best protect the soil and crops from small feet or digging animals. Insecticides/pesticides (as required) times to transplant seedlings. Birds can be deterred with hawk kites, tying empty supermarket bags to the fence or to stakes, or by stringing pieces of Agi pipe, scoria or small stones Whether it’s luscious sun- ■ Keep taller plants on the aluminium foil among rows. “Keep Off” repellent is also available southripened tomatoes, a crisp side of any bed to avoid from most Mitre 10 stores which you spray around the perimeter (if drainage required) shading other vegetables. of baby lettuce, a handful of the plot to discourage cats, dogs and birds. Seeds or seedlings carrots or simply sprigs of Peat moss or vermiculite herbs, there’s something Step 2: Preparation The secret to successful vegetable growing is in the soil (if rasing from seed) particularly satisfying about preparation. Most suburban soils haven’t the essential nutrients Seed raising mix growing your own vegetables. needed. So it is important your soil be well prepared and It’s the pleasure of knowing nutrients added at least 4-5 weeks in advance of planting crops. you’ve produced it yourself IMPORTANT: This removing any debris or weeds produced to by hand Start by project planner has been and grasses provide When sowing seeds make a “drill” using or with weedkillers. Then dig over the soil to a depth of about and that you can’t put anything information and our experienced staff are available to answer any basic a straight stick. Press it lightly into the 30cm. With a pH Soil Test Kit, check the soil’s acid or alkaline fresher or tastier on the dinner soil to the depth required for sowing. questions you may have. However, this information is provided for use (“sour” or “sweet”) level – too acid or too alkaline restricts on the understanding that Mitre 10 is not liable for any loss or damage table than home grown. Verbal quotes are indicative only. Written quotes on materials which is suffered oruptake in the soil. If you prefer, your Mitreindirect or nutrients incurred (including but not limited to 10 store are available upon request from your Mitre 10 store. You don’t need to be a full-time consequential loss),this any personal injury or damage to soil samples from may do for testing for you if you take them property suffered or sustainedfoura result of usingspots in the plot. If the pHin this MitrePlan as to six different the information contained reading is below farmer, either, to grow a basket Project Planner. apply garden lime youthe rate in a qualified cups per square 6.0, Mitre 10 advises at to call of about 1-2 tradesperson, of fresh vitamin-filled goodies. as anmetre (250-500gms per where expert servicesin, and leave for such electrician or plumber, square metre), water are required, Step 6: Rotate crops but, as with all plants, your and to independently assess any pH again – a reading ofwill need to bethe 7-10 days. Check the safety precautions that 6.5 is ideal. If Next year, when preparing new beds, it is important to rotate followed prior to rather heavy and tendsin hold water after rain, try raising soil is using the information to results will only be really good if your crops to ensure healthier plants and to eliminate many Sow the seed sparingly in the drill. Once this MitrePlan Project by mounding them. the beds Planner. annual pest and disease problems. Rotation simply means not you provide the right conditions the seedlings grow, thin them out in the Soil ph test kit growing the same group of crops in the same bed year after row or and care. into prepared transplant them WARNING: There may be by drain or Excess water will laws away. Dig in well-rotted compost or year. For rotation purposes, crops can be divided into three regulations of councils many soil additives or animal manures available to beds to the distances specified on the one of the or other statutory Digging fork seed pack. if you follow the basic So bodies that a depth of 8cms to achieve a light crumbly soil type. Finally, you must comply with when main groups: Spade and shovel guidelines in this MitrePlan, following this MitrePlan Project Planner. of soil in which to sow seeds or you rake level, leaving a fine tilth Leafy Greens: cauliflower, cabbage, spinach, silver-beet, plant seedlings. lettuce, brussel sprout, tomato should be well rewarded with a IMPORTANT: Metal garden rake Not all Mitre 10 crop. have a bountiful stores Root crops: parsnip, potato, carrot, beetroot, turnip, onion Step 3: What to grow Plastic rake or leek garden centre. Your local MITRE 10climatic zones (Fig. 1) and the range of Australia has many Store is: Wheelbarrow Legumes: peas and beans Mitre 10 gratefully acknowledges variances is very wide. This handy guide shows you what the assistance of popular vegetables can be grown when, depending on the Garden hose and So, as an example, in Row I the first year, you might plant Mr Robert McMillan, zone you live in. cabbage, etc. The following year, you substitute it with fittings parsnip, etc. The next year you do the same and plant tomatoes. SDh, cert Public Parks hort And the fourth year, return to planting cabbage, etc. (Scotland), Dip TT, and Step 4: Planting Watering can Mr Ronald barrow, Most vegetables can be purchased as seedlings. Planted or Spray equipment Dip hort Sci, cert Sprinkler sown rows should run north/south to ensure all plants receive Design, DTT, MAIh maximum sunlight and minimal shading, with at least 50cm in the preparation of this MitrePlan. between rows to allow for a walkway and use of a wheelbarrow. If growing suitable vegetable species from seed, follow step 2 and bring the soil to a fine tilth 4-5 weeks before planting. Add a complete fertiliser such as Gro-Plus Complete, applying approx. 100gms per square metre. Visit mitre10.com.au for more S
Vegetable Tropical Sub Tropical Temperate Cold Companion Plants Rake lightly into the soil, then water in well. Make a furrow for the seeds and plant according to the instructions on the seed Summer Summer Summer Summer Autumn Autumn Autumn Autumn Spring Spring Spring Spring Winter Winter Winter Winter pack. Most packs provide information on seed spacing, depth to sow, and sowing times for climatic regions. Then cover the seeds with a light covering of friable soil to the depth Tomatoes, parsley, basil Asparagus Y Y Y Y recommended on the seed package. beans dwarf Potatoes, cucumbers, Beans, Dwarf Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y sweet corn, strawberries, Step 5: After-care celery, summer savory Water is important to vegetables for them to reach full size and Beans, Climbing Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y L Sweet corn, summer savoryA summer vegetable garden can have a flavour. A good deep watering is preferable to short shallow Potatoes, cucumbers, sweetvariety of vegetables. watering. Check the soil regularly and keep moist. Beans, Broad Y L Y L Y L L corn, strawberries, celery, summer savory feeding Beetroot Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E L Y Y E Y Onions, kohlrabi Vegetables require regular doses of either organic or artificial Onions, leeks, Broccoli Y Y E Y Y Y Y Y Y Y L celery, rosemary fertilisers to generate growth, especially in nutrient poor soils. Sage, thyme, Animal manures or Blood and Bone combined with regular Brussel Sprouts Y E Y Y rosemary, potatoes applications of liquid fertilisers such as Aquasol or Thrive Potatoes, celery, dill, Cabbage Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E Y chamomile, sage, mint, encourage healthy crops. rosemary, beetroot Organic Fertilisers include garden compost, Blood and Bone, Nasturtiums, tomatoes, Capsicum Y Y Y Y Y E Y E Y Y silverbeet Bone Dust and animal manures. They release nutrients slowly Peas, lettuce, chives, to the soil and help to improve soil structure and retain moisture. Carrots Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E L Y Y Y onions, leeks, rosemary, sage, tomatoesKeep the seedlings well spaced to give them They are not readily leached through the soil by watering or Pennyroyal, sage,room to grow. rain. Green manure crops, such as peas and beans (legumes) Cauliflower L E L E Y E Y thyme, onions also improve soil condition and fertility when dug back into the Leeks, tomatoes, French Celery Y E Y E L Y E Y L E beans, cauliflower, cabbage soil after cropping. Artificial or inorganic fertilisers are made Beans, sweet corn, peas, from naturally occurring minerals and provide nutrients in a Cucumber Y Y Y Y Y E Y Y L E L radishes, sunflowers concentrated form. Generally, plants respond quite rapidly to Leeks Y L Y E Y Y Y Y E L Onions, celery, carrots these fertilisers, but they are easily leached through soil by watering or rain. Carrots, radishes, Lettuce Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y strawberries, cucumbers Beetroot, strawberries, Pest and Disease Onions L E L E L Y L Y tomatoes, lettuce, summerIn winter raise garden bed to help drainage. savory, chamomile A whole range of insects and diseases can feed on or infect Cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Onions, Spring Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E Y Y Y E Y carrots vegetables but these can be controlled to a large extent with insecticides and pesticides (refer MitrePlan #49 Control Parsnip Y Y L Y Y E Y E L Y Y E Y Lettuce, chives, shallotsfig. 1 common garden pests). If using any spray for insect or disease Carrots, turnips, radishes, Peas (Dwarf) L Y L Y Y Y Y E control, always check the withholding period applicable on the cucumbers, sweet corn, beans container. This is the time between the last spray and the harvest Carrots, turnips, radishes, Peas (Climbing) L Y L Y Y Y Y E cucumbers, sweet corn, beans date and ensures there will be no harmful chemical residue. Beans, sweet corn, However, prevention through good garden hygiene is the best Potatoes Y Y E L Y Y E E E E Y cabbage, horseradish, marigold, eggplant strategy. Remove weeds by hand or with a garden hoe. Or use mulch to suppress weed growth. Inspect plants regularly for any Pumpkin Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E L E Sweet corn little leaf chewing insects or disease symptoms and dispose of Peas, nasturtiums, Radish Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y lettuce, cucumbers any spent crops that may be diseased. Shallots L Y E Y E Y E L Y E Cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli companion Planting Silver Beet Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E L Y Y L Y Onion family, parsnip, beetroot Tropical A great way to protect your plants from pests and diseases Spinach Y Y Y E Y Y E Y Y Strawberries Sub-Tropical and to have herbs for the kitchen is to use companion plants. These are plants that when planted with other plants in a group Squash Y Y Y Y L E L Y E L E L Nasturtiums, sweet corn Warm Temperate help each other to grow or deters pests and diseases. Not all plants grow together well though. For example Broad Beans Swedes Y Y L E L E E Temperate do not like to be planted with onions yet when planted with Sweet Corn Y Y Y Y Y E Y Y L Y L Potatoes, peas, broad beans, cucumbers, squash, pumpkins Cold cabbages and other leafy crops they, and their companions, Chives, onions, parsley, thrive. Use the Vegetable Planting Guide to select a suitable Tomato Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y E Y E L asparagus, marigolds, Highland Areas companion plant for your vegetables. nasturtiums, carrots Legend Y = Yes OK to plant all season E = Plant early in the season L = Plant late in the season Blank Space = Not a good time to plant
MIGhTY hELPfuL Plant a healthyhINTS TO MAkEThE jOb EASIER vegetable garden■ Seeds should not be sowntoo deeply – sow about twicethe depth of the seed’s ownthickness.■ A dull showery day or thelate afternoon are the besttimes to transplant seedlings.■ Keep taller plants on thesouth side of any bed to avoidshading other vegetables. IMPORTANT: This project planner has been produced to provideWhen sowing seeds make a “drill” using basic information and our experienced staff are available to answer anya straight stick. Press it lightly into thesoil to the depth required for sowing. questions you may have. However, this information is provided for use on the understanding that Mitre 10 is not liable for any loss or damage which is suffered or incurred (including but not limited to indirect or consequential loss), for any personal injury or damage to property suffered or sustained as a result of using the information contained in this MitrePlan Project Planner. Mitre 10 advises you to call in a qualified tradesperson, such as an electrician or plumber, where expert services are required, and to independently assess any safety precautions that will need to be followed prior to using the information inSow the seed sparingly in the drill. Once this MitrePlan Project Planner.the seedlings grow, thin them out in therow or transplant them into prepared WARNING: There may be by laws orbeds to the distances specified on the regulations of councils or other statutoryseed pack. bodies that you must comply with when following this MitrePlan Project Planner.IMPORTANT:Not all Mitre 10 stores have agarden centre. Your local MITRE 10 Store is:Mitre 10 gratefully acknowledgesthe assistance ofMr Robert McMillan,SDh, cert Public Parks hort(Scotland), Dip TT, andMr Ronald barrow,Dip hort Sci, cert SprinklerDesign, DTT, MAIhin the preparation of this MitrePlan.