Purpose of the opening sequenceThe purpose of this opening sequence is.. To leave an enigma to the audience of what might happen to the people being attacked by the zombies It‟s kind of a trailer of the film, leaving the audience wanting more and more It gives away of what might happen in the film
ConventionsGeneral conventions of Conventions in Dawn of Similar filmsgenre the Dead1. Conflicts Death The last house on the left2. Innocent death Possession Paranormal activity3. Suspense Science lab The Amazing Superman4. Usually shot in an Transformation Hulkurban setting5. The hero is always the Authority in charge Batmanonly one to be able tosolve the problem
Camera Shots, Angles and Movement.The Camera section has been split up into three categories: Shots Angles Movement
SHOTS How did these people get to this mental state? What happened? Are they suicidal? What caused this? Is this contagious? Expressing facial expressions and the reactions to the problem. In the open sequence close ups were presented which added to the enigmas and expressing facial expressions.
Angles This shows a dominant image which the character plays as the characters look as if they have confidence and control over there issues. There are canted/oblique and low angles presented In the opening sequence of the film and therefore can create or show higher authority from another characters, therefore making them feel of a lower status or self esteem in the film.
Movement The camera movements presented which I have spotted are zoom and panning The camera zoomed right into the mouth to express the use of blood presented and potentially highlighting the torture. Panning is presented as the news reporter reports to the mass public the actions taken out to solve this deathly issue. The panning presented causes more tension and adds gravity and depth to the wording/reporting.
Mis-en-scene LIGHTING This is natural lighting. In this screen grab, you can notice that the lighting used is a low key artificial lighting. This is a natural lighting, however it seems like it has a low key lighting as well. However, when ever a zombie appears, it seems like there‟s sort of a red tone on the lighting.
Mis-en-scene: CharacterTerm Screen grab and AnnotationRepresentation The image shows a man transforming into a zombie. However, the lighting with a red tone connotes death; for him turning into a zombie it represents death.Body language The body language of the character beside is more of an authority body language. Just by the way he‟s standing up and looking towards the other characters demonstrates that he‟s in charge.Costume The costume the zombies wear is all torn and stained from blood from their victims. It looks really dirty and ripped.Props The circled area are camera‟s and microphone, showing the position the characters play in the film. E.G. being a news reporter or being in authority.
DiegesisDiegetic Non-Diegetic• The Characters within the scene can hear him • The sound coming from the zombie overlays the• The murmuring coming from the reporters interviewer talking• When the zombies are attacking they‟re screaming • Whilst it is transitions, the sound effects of the• The characters can hear the gunshots going off zombies encounter that only the audience can• The soldiers shooting the guns within the field of hear vision •Its not within the field of vision, but only to the audience and not the characters• Again within the field of vision, the zombies are • The score music drowns the diegetic encountering their attack• The characters are encountering the attack
Continuity Editing Sound Bridge Whilst these clips are You hear him continuously flowing and transitioning being questioned until it into each other, you hear gets to the actual clip, that male character is where you see who is he. being interviewedThis can be effective because its Also its effective because thecreates enigmas.. Who is continuous editing matches hisspeaking ? What are they talking speech and what he‟s talking,about etc.. giving the audience a small insight for what they should expect.
Continuity Editing A B A • As they transition they show how time goes • The eye line match cut is effective because you want to know in shot A what he‟s looking as you have a small glimpse of what it is • Shot A in the last glimpse, shows from the point of view of the camera
Pace Mid paced but it gradually gets faster This creates enigmas The quick cuts affects the audience as it thrills them and also gets them questioning Most of the shots are short and efficient
Time• Each of these shots are shown in an abstract form, differentiating the times that are passing.• It also shows that the different times that have taken place throughout the cuts• This type of time is a “story time”• The time is being stretched therefore showing the different segments that are taking place within the cuts/shots.
Cutting (Cutaway) • By the vital pieces of information you know that the film will be based on zombies. • The pictures above show that human race and their cells are being contaminated by whatever the disease is. • This could effectively answer the audiences enigmas as to why and what is causing the disruption throughout the sequence.
Transition Cross cutting is shown through the cuts. It goes from one cut to another with no special transitioning. The pace is quick and fast. This builds the enigmas as to what it is that‟s happening
Special Effects• The special effects is in a TV format, connoting the reality of the cuts• With the use of this effects this also shows that its non-diegetic• There‟s also a touch of colour filter. Some of the shots had a red/orange tone to it.• This connotes that a symbolism of death, violence, danger, aggression etc
Sound The category sound is split into three elements: Diegetic sound Non-diegetic sound Sound effects
Diegetic sound Diegetic sound are sounds of which is in the characters world and therefore can potentially effect the character or their actions. Diegetic sounds were presented throughout the opening sequences. A prime example of this are:The praying/chanting at the The man seen to be abeginning of the sequence. man in higher class (and of a higher status) answers questions from the worried public and publicity.
Non-diegetic soundNon-diegetic sounds are sounds of which only the audience canhear. This can also be used as a narration into a movie of overvoices.This is presented in the film with the over voice , addedmusic and score music.
Sound effects Sound effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds and are added on top of imagery. Again, many are presented throughout the opening sequence including between transitions. Sound effects were added such as 1. Zombie scream 2. Natural sounds inputted 3. Gun shot 4. Heart beating 5. Scream 6. Tv crackle
Other … Other Sound effects were added and created in many specific ways such as: 1. The use of sound bridging –between various clips shown 2. Volume Control- the soft music was altered to be like 3. Dialogue (American Accent)- background music to focus on interviewing the news the words being said. reporter/president.
Barthes Theory Barthes theory ; The audiences experience of the narrative involves ANTICIPATION and EXPECTATION of a resolution to disruption/conflict; Barthes theory of codes of encourage the audience to seek answers and clues to make them anticipate outcomes. These „codes‟ were identified as: Enigma Code Action code Semantic Code Symbolic Code Cultural Code
Barthes-Enigma Code Enigma codes are narratives set up as puzzles to be solved portraying a sense of mystery to engage the audience within a particular sense or sequence. Images such as the ones portrayed makes the audience questions like: How did they get into such state? Is it air-born? Is it deathly? Are they dead or alive? Can they recover? Etc.
Barthes-Action Code Action Codes are codes of behaviour which leads the audience to expect certain consequences based on other films or genres and their conventions. Opening title sequence-Dawn of the Dead- 2004 Horror Films Action- A possessed/infected person is held down on a hospital bed. Assumption- The nurses and doctors are going to use the captured person as experiments to try and cure or resolve this problem.
Barthes- Semantic Code Semantic codes shows connotative meanings of characters, objects, locations etc. The same features are presented in iconographic features and experience about these denotations and connotations. An example of this would be: Romance HorrorRed in romance films are Red in Horror films are deathly.seductive.
Barthes-Symbolic Code Symbolic codes can be seen as binary opposites. Symbolic features often signify oppositions and create juxtapositions. For example: Short and Tall, Day and Night. In this case, it’s between the sane people who are not infected and the people who are infected and therefore turned to zombies. The „zombies‟ The normal and sane people.
Barthes: Cultural Code Cultural codes are outside the text and often refers to things within popular culture within historical events. An example of this would be the health during the times of the war period and therefore there was a fascination about keeping alert and the constant watch of the news.
Narrative - Structure The opening sequence is structured in a non linear format. Its not a whole narrative but its an enigma It is presented in segments, showing the changes in time and the locations
Enigmas Why is this person like this? What caused this? How did they become like ? Were they contaminated ?
Narrative Theory –ProppPropp‟s theory couldn‟t be applied to ouropening sequence as many of his featureshadn‟t taken place within the openingsequence
Narrative theory CameronCameron‟s theory couldn‟t be linked into this openingsequence because:• It doesn‟t have split screens or flash backs or flash forwards