E:\Ch Power Point Presentations\Chapter One Jesus Christ And The Founding Of The ChurchPresentation Transcript
Chapter One Jesus Christ and the Founding of the Church
3) Explain the role of the Holy Spirit in the beginning of the Church, and demonstrate, using examples, how Christians cooperated with the Spirit to help spread Christianity (28-29, 34 etc.).
Use Peter as an example in your answer . READ Mark 14:22-31, (skim 32-65), 66-72
Reflection Questions ( To think about, not to write down )
What did Jesus predict about Peter (Mk 14:27-31)?
Does Jesus’ prediction come true? What does Peter do? How does he feel about his decisions? (14:66-72)
SEE Acts 2 (also on pg. 34).
Describe the scene in this chapter. Who emerges as the leader of the disciples and addresses the crowd?
Individually: Read the assigned text & answer the questions in your notebook under OBJ # 3.
2) Acts 4:1-16
3) Acts 4:17-42
Summarize what happens in this chapter. (1 sentence)
B) How is Peter involved? (1 sentence)
C) List 3 adjectives that describe his behavior. (For example, exceptional, cowardly etc.)
Lord, Liar, or Lunatic?
What does Jesus say regarding his identity?
Luke 4:16-24, 28-30
John 3:1-2, 12-18
Mark 14:53, 60-65
Lord, Liar, or Lunatic cont…
A few sandwiches short of a picnic?
Lord, Liar, or Lunatic cont…
OBJECTIONS to the argument:
The scriptures were tainted by those who wanted badly to believe that Jesus was God!
Jesus’ message was misunderstood by his disciples.
Read pg. 33 --- The Four Gospels
Answer the following questions in your notebook.
What does the word “gospel” mean?
Why are Matthew, Mark & Luke known as the Synoptic Gospels?
Who was likely the primary source for Mark’s Gospel?
A person --- Jesus Christ, the “founder” of Christianity.
A people --- that God has formed on earth (US!), and that was prefigured in the covenants. Recall Gn 12:1-3, Ex 19:5-6 & 1 Pt 2:9-10.
A way of life --- that God has given His people; i.e. to be holy.
Church means --- T HING BELONGING TO THE Lord /
Both a spiritual and physical reality --- What’s the difference?
THE “Four Marks” of the CHURCH: ONE, HOLY, CATHOLIC & APOSTOLIC
One body, faith, Lord & baptism (Eph 4:3-6)
One in Love (Jn 13:35).
God’s will is unity (Jn 17:21)
ONENESS --- Visible & Invisible
Visible: Bishop, creed, sacraments, moral life.
The Pope is our supreme pastor.
THE “Four Marks” of the CHURCH: ONE cont. & HOLY
ONENESS --- Invisible
Invisible: Unity in the Holy Spirit.
The means to salvation…Eucharist, Word of God, other Sacraments.
God’s people are called to be…
Holiness =‘s gift & an honor.
THE “Four Marks” of the CHURCH: HOLY cont. & Catholic
Visible: A people who honor God/neighbor in the world.
Invisible: called and set apart for God’s purposes by Jesus Christ.
Universal : People of all languages, cultures…She must embrace all to be universal.
Visible: gathered around the bishop.
Invisible: gathered around the Lord Jesus Christ.
THE “Four Marks” of the CHURCH: APOSTOLIC
Apostolic =‘s beginning with the apostles
Missionary: The Great Co-mission (Mt 28:19-20).
Empowered: Acts 1:8
Visible: The bishops --- feeding (teaching), guiding, shepherding (protecting) God’s flock (the Church).
Task: Cooperating w/God in building the kingdom.
10. Identify three instances in the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, where Peter is singled out as the head of the apostles .
Read pg. 41 --- together.
Acts 2:14-41 & 10:1-48. Read p. 46 together.
The Conversion of St. Paul The Conversion of Saint Paul, c.1600/01 Caravaggio Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy
11. Compare Peter’s ministry with that of St. Paul. Give your opinion of who you think did more to spread the Gospel, support your answers with examples from scripture .
+ Leader of the apostles
+ Ministry to the Gentiles
+ Leadership in decision making
+ Apostle to the Gentiles
+ Missionary extraordinaire - founded numerous churches
+ Theologian (13 epistles in the NT)
12. Retell the highlights of St. Paul’s conversion and missionary career in your own words (see p. 48-49).
Saul’s conversion & early ministry : Acts 9:1-6, 19-26.
+ With whom does Jesus identify himself?***
+ Where does Paul begin proclaiming the Gospel to the Jews? + What trials does Paul undergo as he begins his preaching ministry?
Sent to Tarsus by the church for 3 yrs...then, Antioch.
First Missionary Journey w/Barnabas: 13:2-5; 14:8-18. + Where does Paul begin proclaiming the Gospel to the Jews? + What language do you think Paul preached in? Why?
Paul in Athens: 17:16-34. Is Paul successful in Athens? Describe his approach to ministry.
12. Paul’s conversion and missionary career cont...
Second Missionary Journey: “To the Gentiles.” + Acts 18:1-10 + Why does Paul begin to focus on ministering to the Gentiles?
Paul’s trials: 2 Cor 11:23-33.
13. Identify the obstacles the Apostles faced in their call to evangelization, and compare their challenges with the challenges Christians face today.
Persecution: + (Stephen: Acts 6:8-15; 7:54-60) + 5:17-20, 25-33ff, 40-42. + 8:1-3 + The death of St. James in 44 A. D. by Herod Agrippa. - see 12:1-5. + Recall Paul’s trials --- 21:27ff; 22:22ff
MARTYRS: Peter, Paul, Andrew, James (the Greater) and John (sons of Zebedee), Bartholomew (Nathanael), Matthew, Thomas, James, Philip, and Judas Thaddeus (James the Less)
The Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew
Practice Test Questions
Part II. True or False. FOLLOW THESE DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY! 1)
Read the scripture passage listed. 2) Answer the TRUE and FALSE
question by writing the correct response in the blank provided (2 pts).
Correct the false statements in the space below the sentence, using
complete sentences (2 pts).
1. _________ Acts 9:23-30. The apostles eagerly embraced Paul after his conversion to Christianity.
2. _________ Acts 15:1-21. The Council of Jerusalem declared that Gentile converts needed to be circumcised, enter into no unlawful marriage, and avoid the meat of strangled animals and blood.
3. _________ Mark 14:53-65. Jesus was sentenced to death because of his on-going disputes with chief priests, elders, and scribes.
Thesis Statement: The thesis statement is the main idea of the essay is stated in a single sentence. You must limit your entire essay to the topic you have introduced in your thesis statement.
Sample Essay Question : Explain C. S. Lewis’ argument that Jesus Christ must be the Lord, a liar or a lunatic. Provide at least three examples from scripture to support your argument.
Sample Thesis Statement ( the first sentence in the essay! ): Jesus Christ must either be a liar, a lunatic, or the Lord God Himself. ( Sentences supporting the thesis) Jesus said that he was divine, and therefore we must not make the mistake of claiming him to be a good moral teacher or prophet. A sound moralist or prophetic figure would not claim to be someone he is not, for the man must not be separated from his message…
Essay Writing Exercise
Choose a Topic: For example, Michael Jackson, Hannah Montana, or the Pittsburgh Steelers.
Think of what you want to say…
Compose Your Thesis Statement: Example: The Steelers are the most successful team in the National Football League.
Compose Sentences Supporting the Thesis: Pittsburgh has won more Super Bowl titles (6), won more AFC Championship Games (7) and hosted more conference championship games (10) than any other AFC or NFC team. The Steelers are also the defending Super Bowl champions.
Essay Questions for the Test
You will be able to choose between two of these questions on the test, so you’ll need to prepare to answer two of them to be safe.
Write an essay entitled: “The Holy Spirit: The Primary Factor of the Church’s Growth.” Demonstrate, using at least four examples from the Acts of the Apostles, how the Holy Spirit empowered Jesus Christ’s followers to spread the Gospel.
Explain C. S. Lewis’ argument that Jesus Christ must be the Lord, a liar or a lunatic. Provide at least three examples from scripture to support your argument.
Compare Peter’s ministry with that of St. Paul. Give your opinion of who you think did more to spread the Gospel, support your answers with examples from scripture