Career Development A Fifty Year Process


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A self-help guide for career development.

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  • Purpose – research in the area of career planning points to the need of building a strong understanding of oneself before making a career choice. As far back as 1909 when Frank Parson began talking about vocational counseling and how to choose the career wisely, he said that the first step should be to have “a clear understanding of your aptitudes, abilities, interests, ambitions, resources, limitations, and their causes”. More recently in a research conducted by the Harvard Business School Club of N.Y., it was found that there is a high correlation between self understanding and career satisfaction (Burton & Wedemeyer, 1991). In addition, self assessment helps you identify where you are now in terms of skills and the background you will need to achieve your career goals. Types - Self assessment will help you identify your abilities (what you can do), your values (what is important for you), your interests (what you enjoy doing), and your personality type or traits. Examples – following transpareny
  • Societal Influence on Career Choice – Career planning does not happen in a vacuum. Your life situations influences the decisions you make. The society in which you group up (culture), your family background, your peers, your neighborhood, and the way you feel about yourself all influences your decisions. These factors can influence you in a positive, encouraging way or it may impact your decisions in a negative way, holding you back. The way you feel about yourself and what you can do plays a major role in your decisions, and the way you feel about yourself comes from your upbringing, your previous experiences. Gender Roles – gender roles have changed significantly in the past 30 years. Years ago, women’ s careers were concentrated in teaching, nursing. Today, women can enter any field they like, although in some of them, they are in the lower-paying jobs . Equity in pay is still an issue as women earn 75 cents for every dollar earned by man. There is still the old mentality that men have to earn more because they are the bread winners and providers. The women is not a stay-home mom anymore and the male is the only bread winner. Today, many single mothers are head of households and the only bread winner in the family. Man’s role is beginning to change. Many balance better their work and family schedules to take an active role in raising the children since the women is often working as well. Part of the problem is being able to afford day care , or in many cases, not wanting to leave the children with strangers. The New Job Market – You have to know what to expect in the new job market. It is quite different than what it was for our parents. Today the job market is knowledge and skill-based meaning that employers want people who are trained and ready to go. As organizations downsize or flatten, employees must possess multiple skills such as the ability to learn, to adapt to new changes, and to learn and use new technologies . Today, we depend so much on technology that we don’t stop to think about it anymore. Technology has affected where and how we do our work, or even take courses. Some of the careers you might be thinking about are directly related to technology, such as computer programmer; others are indirectly related and use technology on a daily basis. Today, there are very few jobs (maybe, low-paying jobs) that do not rely on the use of technology. These new trends require highly skilled workers and workers who are adaptable to different work schedules, to travel. This new job market is also global international ). Employees wishing to advance in this new international economy must have the ability to speak more than one language and understand the cultural customs of other countries. Today’s job market is more culturally diverse than ever, and it will increase further in the years to come. To remain competitive, companies are learning to view and respect diversity as an important component of the workplace. Many are offering training on diversity to enable workers of differing backgrounds, educational levels, physical abilities and cultures to accept and value one another. They are realizing that society in general, and their business in particular, can benefit from the fullest utilization of all its citizens and their many different talents. Need for Life-long Learning – More important than knowing what jobs will be available is being flexible – having the ability to adapt to a fast changing job market. It is estimated that 40% of the jobs that will be available in the year 2010 have yet to be created. Learning how to learn new skills will be crucial to maintain yourself competitive, whether you move to different jobs or remain in the same one, you will need to learn new technologies and skills. The days where formal education ended with the bachelor or graduate degree have disappeared.
  • Career Development A Fifty Year Process

    1. 1. Career Development: A Fifty Year Process Mitchell W. Manning, Sr.
    2. 2. Career Development: A Fifty Year Process <ul><li>How to use this presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Review the presentation </li></ul><ul><li>List key points and questions </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss with others </li></ul><ul><li>Decide your next steps </li></ul>
    3. 3. Integrated Career Development Design Execute Monitor/Control Design – determine what is really important Execute – translate into learning and doing Monitor/Control – translate into performance Continuous Improvement
    4. 4. Keys to Career Success <ul><li>Technical education and experience are required </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Skills are the true keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting Yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting Your Ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquiring and Transferring Knowledge and Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questioning Decisions and Actions </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Presenting Yourself <ul><li>My job is… </li></ul><ul><li>This is what I’m good at… </li></ul><ul><li>This is how I work best… </li></ul><ul><li>These are my values…( I value/believe …) </li></ul><ul><li>This is the contribution I plan to make… </li></ul><ul><li>These are the results I expect to deliver … </li></ul><ul><li>This is how I expect to be held accountable … </li></ul>
    6. 6. Process for Presenting Your Self Write your success stories for sharing using this outline... <ul><li>The situation (or task assignment) </li></ul><ul><li>Your observation </li></ul><ul><li>Your decision </li></ul><ul><li>Your action </li></ul><ul><li>The result of your action </li></ul><ul><li>How I feel about… </li></ul><ul><li>What I learned,,, </li></ul>
    7. 7. Managing Information Become expert at processing information. <ul><li>Question Process </li></ul><ul><li>What’s happening ? Situation Appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>What’s wrong ? Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>What are the options? Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>What can go wrong ? Potential Problem Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>What can be improved ? Potential Opportunity Analysis </li></ul>
    8. 8. Situation Appraisal What’s happening? <ul><li>Identify Concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Set Priority </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Next Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Involvement </li></ul>Managing Information Become expert at processing information.
    9. 9. Problem Analysis What’s Wrong? <ul><li>Describe Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Possible Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Possible Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm True Cause </li></ul>Managing Information Become expert at processing information.
    10. 10. Decision Analysis What are the options? <ul><li>Clarify Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Options </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Each Option </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Risks </li></ul><ul><li>Make Decision </li></ul>Managing Information Become expert at processing information.
    11. 11. Potential Problem Analysis What can go wrong? <ul><li>Identify Potential Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Likely Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Take Preventive Action </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Contingent Action </li></ul>Managing Information Become expert at processing information.
    12. 12. Potential Opportunity Analysis What can be improved? <ul><li>Identify Potential Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Likely Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Take Promoting Action </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Optimizing Action </li></ul>Managing Information Become expert at processing information.
    13. 13. Presenting Your Ideas Become expert using SOPPADA to present your ideas. Subject – I want to tell you about... Objective – This is why... Present Situation – This is how it is... Proposal – This is how it can be... Advantages (top 3) – These are the benefits... Disadvantages (top 2) – These are negatives... Action – This is how to do it...
    14. 14. Acquiring and Transferring Knowledge and Skills: Training <ul><li>What (in under 30 seconds) </li></ul><ul><li>Why (in under 90 seconds) </li></ul><ul><li>How (action planning) </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation (project management) </li></ul><ul><li>Summary and Next Steps </li></ul>
    15. 15. Addressing Performance Issues: Evaluating Others <ul><li>Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul>
    16. 16. Conflict Resolution Process: become expert at observing, orienting, deciding and acting to resolve conflict Observe Orient Decide Act
    17. 17. The Origin of Conflict Identify the origin of conflict before attempting to resolve. Values Facts Methods Objectives
    18. 18. Behavioral Choices for Conflict Learn to use the best choice to resolve conflict. Collaborate Confront Compete Avoid
    19. 19. Work Behavior Conflict Learn to address the origin of work conflict. Shared Goals and Values High High Sense of Control and Accountability Low Low
    20. 20. Stakeholder Conflict Balance Synergy Leverage Company & Shareholders - Profitability - Growth - Reputation Employee Groups -Equity -Consistency -Teamwork and Collaboration Individuals - Trust - Security - Fairness - Recognition - Contribution - Growth - Pay & Benefits Customers - Price/ Value - Service - New Products - Quality
    21. 21. Conflicts from the Hierarchy of Decision-Making <ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Systems and Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Major Impact/ Buy-In </li></ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Critical/Sensitive </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Functions and Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Routine/ Operational </li></ul>
    22. 22. Conflict Intervention <ul><li>Meet with the stakeholder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe what they did </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell them why it is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask them how they feel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask them what they will do differently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm their commitment to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agree on a schedule for follow-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thank them for their commitment </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Conflict Prevention <ul><li>Share thoughts, feelings, and rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain and enhance self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Listen and respond with empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify and Agree to Next Actions </li></ul>
    24. 24. Questioning Decisions and Actions <ul><li>1. Why are you doing this? making this commitment? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What are your objectives and desired outcomes? intentions? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How will you know it has been successful? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What have you done to prepare? </li></ul><ul><li>5. What can happen? worst case/best case/most likely case? </li></ul><ul><li>6. How do you plan to make it work? keep it working? </li></ul><ul><li>7. How important is it to you to be successful? </li></ul>
    25. 25. Career Development Success is... 85% Behavioral 15% Technical
    26. 26. Career Solutions Have a Finite Lifetime Today’s problems come from yesterday’s solutions. Peter M. Senge, “The Fifth Discipline”
    27. 27. Role of Academe: Building Capacity for Learning and Innovation Resource Investment Continuous Learning and Innovation Knowledge Integration Knowledge Creation Knowledge Transfer Education Research
    28. 28. The source of wealth is something specifically human: KNOWLEDGE Knowledge applied to tasks we already know how to do is PRODUCTIVITY Knowledge applied to tasks that are new and different is INNOVATION Managing for the Future: The 1990s and Beyond Peter F. Drucker, 1992 Innovation vis-a-vis Productivity `
    29. 29. How to do Develop contextual skill for enhancing immediate productivity How to think and create Develop conceptual skill for thinking beyond the prevailing paradigm Training Education Education vis-a-vis Training `
    30. 30. Distributed Intelligence Enables Human-Centered Systems for Career Long Development <ul><li>Digital libraries -- large, broadly accessible knowledge base </li></ul><ul><li>Data mining -- filtering, integrating, interpreting </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence of computing and communications </li></ul><ul><li>High-confidence systems -- privacy, security, reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery for predictability </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless, low-power, mobile systems </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation capability improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Biomedical informatics -- imaging, computational biology, computer-assisted decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding of human cognition and learning processes </li></ul>Empowering the Individual -- Augmenting the capacity to learn and create
    31. 31. Success in Career Development <ul><li>Gold-Collar Worker: </li></ul><ul><li>“a highly skilled multidisciplinarian who combines the mind of the white-collar worker with the hands of the blue-collar employee” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultivating the Gold-Collar Worker , M. A. Roe, May 2001 </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Career Long Development? <ul><li>Absolutely! The Economic Policy Institute reported in March of 2004 that for the first time the number of unemployed college graduates surpassed the number of unemployed high school drop outs. </li></ul>
    33. 33. 10 Cluster Foundation Knowledge and Skills Topics <ul><li>Academics </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving and Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Safety, Health and Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics and Legal Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Employability and Career Development </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Skills </li></ul>
    35. 35. Learning About Yourself: Your career is your life’s work. You have 5 decades to complete. <ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Skills/Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Personality attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Desired lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Needs & wants </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Vocation </li></ul>
    36. 36. Making Career Decisions: become better each decade <ul><li>It is a life-long process </li></ul><ul><li>There will be barriers to decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>You need decision-making strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing goals in the first decade is key </li></ul><ul><li>Always know your objectives </li></ul>
    37. 37. The World of Work and You: things for you to consider <ul><li>Societal influences on career choice </li></ul><ul><li>Gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>The new job market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge and skill-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High tech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need for life-long learning </li></ul>
    38. 38. Staying Career Oriented: <ul><li>Gain career-related experience </li></ul><ul><li>Develop broad, marketable skills </li></ul><ul><li>Always be looking and preparing </li></ul><ul><li>Attend career or professional school fairs </li></ul><ul><li>Attend Career Planning Workshops such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resume writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating Cover Letters & Business Correspondence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviewing Techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job Search Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Etiquette </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strive for outstanding job performance </li></ul><ul><li>Develop leadership skills </li></ul>
    39. 39. What Do Employers Look for in Work Performance? <ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty/Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal skills </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation/Initiative </li></ul>Strong work ethic Analytical skills Flexibility/Adaptability Computer skills Organizational skills
    40. 40. Professionalism: Let professionalism be your calling card and signature. <ul><li>Decide what it means for your career </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of professional behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrive at work on time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress appropriately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay current in the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accept responsibility for mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete tasks on time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect organizational norms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep personal business out of the office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid gossip and the grapevine </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. Career Development: Conclusion I hope your career to this point has been a personal success. I regret I’m unable to be in two places at the same time. I miss exchanging experiences and ideas with you. Hopefully, my thoughts, and your attention, have stimulated your thinking, confirmed your experiences, and given you new ideas for your future success. Best Wishes, Mitch Manning Sr. [email_address]