Wudhu (Ablution for Prayer) The Holy Prophet (peace be on him) said,"Wudhu is the key to prayer as prayer is the key toParadise. Islam lays extreme stress on cleanliness .As external actions have deep impact upon internalfeelings, such as artificial crying makes a person sad as wellas artificial laughter makes one happy so is cleanliness andablution.Purified body lends to purity of mind, however, cleanlinesswhich is ablution, or wudhu, has been made compulsorybefore each prayer and in certain cases even a full bath hasbeen made obligatory before prayer.
How to Perform WudhuThe process of performing Wuzu is as follows: Mention the name of Allah by saying "Bismilla-Hir-Rahma-Nir-Rahim" (in the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful). Wash both hands up to the wrists together threetimes, ensuring that every part including between the fingersis wetted by water Taking a handful of water into themouth, rinse the mouth three times.
Take water in right palm and use the left handto wash both nostrils three times, taking freshwater each time. Wash the face, ear to ear, forehead tochin, three times.
Wash the right arm thoroughly from the wrist to theelbow three times. Repeat the same with the lefthand.•Run moistened hands over the head from foreheadto the back and back to forehead (once)
Run moistened fingers through the ears, the firstfinger of each hand going across the inside of thecorresponding ear, while the thumb runs across theoutside (once)•Run the back of your hands ( Four Fingers) over your neckThen, with your left hand wipe your right arm (From elbowtoward the Hand). Repeat this method on the left arm, using theright hand.
Wash both feet up to the ankles starting from theright and ensuring that all parts particularlybetween the toes are wetted.
The process ends with the recitation of the Kalma-Shahadat. ASHAHADO ANLAA ILAAHA ILLAL LAHO WA ASHHADO ANNA MOHAMMADAN ABDO HOO WARASOOLOHOO
Important information about Wudhu There are 4 Farz and 18 Sunnah in performingWuzu. The 4 Farz are : To wash both hands and arms up to the elbows. To wash the whole face (From forehead to chin andfrom ear to ear). Performing the Massah (Running wet hands overthe head). Washing both feet up to the ankles.
Things that break Wudhu Answering the call of nature Passing the water Passing the wind Sleeping or dozing off while leaning against asupport Unconsciousness Injury Drawing blood Vomiting