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Week 3 ppt

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  • 1. www.themegallery.com Liberalism Kelompok 9
  • 2. Pertama muncul setelah perang dunia I, untuk mencegah peperangan agar tidak terjadi kembali 14 points Woodrow Wilson, perang dapat diatasi dengan mengatur cara untuk membuat mereka berkomunikasi di dalam suatu wadah organisasi LBB Perang dunia II terjadi, LBB dinyatakan gagal Liberalisme kembali muncul dan berkembang pesat setelah perang dingin, karena anggapan bahwa AS (penganut liberalisme) memenangkan perang tsb.
  • 3. Basic Assumption Basic Assumption Basic Assumption Basic Assumption Philosophical basic assumption Human reason can triumph over human fear and the lust for power The happiness and contentment of individual human beings Positive view of human nature The belief that international relations can be cooperative rather than conflictual Basic Assumption Believe in Advance
  • 4. International System  The state as a constitutional entity  Establishes and enforces the rule of law that respects the rights of citizens to life, liberty, and prosperity.  Would respect and deal each other in accordance with norms of mutual toleration. (International law, Jeremy Bentham)  A world of such constitutional and mutually respectful states, republics, perpetual peace (Immanuel Kant)  Multipolar, giving rise to a collective security.
  • 5. www.themegallery.com Macam-macam Liberalisme: (Jackson & Sørensen) Liberalisme Interdepedensi Liberalisme Sosiologis Liberalisme Istitusionalisme Liberalisme Republikan
  • 6. Main Agenda
  • 7. www.themegallery.com State Actor Non-State
  • 8. General Variables Liberalism Actor (s) / Analytic Unit (s) State & Non-state Organizations View of Actor (s) State comprises of components which some operate across national borders Behavioral Dynamic Conflict, Bargaining, Compromise. State’s decisions are not always optimum Main Issues Varies, Social-Economic & Prosperity issues come first before National Security Processes Management of Global Problems (issues) Outcomes Rule-governed behaviour in a polyarchical society Structure of Int’l System Transnational – Multi Centric Structure Fundamental Principles Characterizing Int’l System Complexity & Interdependence Distribution of Power & Influence (The Relative Status of Main Actors) Relatively distributed equally among states & non-state actors (Dugis, 2013)
  • 9. Issues Liberalism Human Nature Self-restraint, share many interests Most important actors State & non-state State behavior Like human being, behave in a self-restraint manner allowing state to engage in collaborative & cooperation social action. Causes of state Behavior Interdependence & reciprocity; mutually beneficial cooperation can be achieved when - as people - state employs its reason. Nature of international system Collaborative & cooperation; state (human) reason can triumph over state (human) fear & the lust for power. Cooperation based on mutual interests will prevail (Dugis, 2013)
  • 10. www.themegallery.com

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