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  • 1. History and Goals of 4-H Livestock & Horse Projects Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 2. Objectives
    • The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition
    • The Growth of Livestock Projects
    • Life skill development through livestock and animal science participation
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 3. The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition
    • Limited written documentation on where and when livestock exhibition was introduced
    • Elkanah Watson “father of U.S. agricultural fairs ” (International Association of Fairs & Expositions, 2002)
      • First sheep fair in 1807 in Pittsfield, Mass.
      • Wanted to prove U.S. sheep produced equal quality wool to that of England
    • Today well over 3,000 fairs across the country annually.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 4. The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition
    • Provide industrial exhibits, demonstrations, and agricultural commodities aimed to increase quality of agriculture
    • Provide competition for youth to exhibit livestock for show
    • Most importantly, raising and exhibiting livestock has proven to develop and enhance life skills in youth
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 5. Growth of Livestock Projects
    • Calf, swine, and dairy clubs increased significantly during World War I through 4-H due to increased support of private donors
    • 1917 states began to have youth shows
    • First youth show in Minnesota (Wessel and Wessel, 1982)
    • Minnesota State Livestock Breeders’ Association was first show to offer youth cash prizes to help counties hold calf and colt shows.
    • T.A. Erickson and W.A. McKerrow joined this livestock breeders association to establish first junior livestock show
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 6. Growth of Livestock Projects
    • 2000, Texas 4-H and FFA members accounted for over 75,000 county livestock show entries for cattle, swine, meat goats, and sheep across the state.
    • Roughly half were from the Texas 4-H program.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 7. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects
    • Six major benefits as a result of competition through showing livestock:
      • Social relations
      • Character
      • Family
      • Competition
      • Learning new cultures and environments
      • Helping finance the youth’s education
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 8. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects
    • Study done with 4-H alumni showed specific life skills that included:
      • Ability to make decisions
      • Development of a spirit of inquiry
      • Ability to relate to others
      • Maintaining of records
      • Public speaking
      • Give positive self-esteem
      • Help accept responsibility
    • 4-H animals science programs have a positive influence on life skill development
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 9. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects
    • Boleman (2003) asked parents of youth exhibiting livestock projects their perceptions on life skill development
    • Parents stated life skills were enhanced and the following skills were increased:
      • Accepting responsibility
      • Setting goals
      • Develop self-discipline
      • Self motivation
      • Knowledge of the livestock industry
      • Build positive self esteem
      • Decision making
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 10. Conclusions
    • Understanding the history of Livestock projects is important for County Extension Agents
    • Life skill development is an important topic that should be discussed with stakeholders.
    • The ultimate goal for County Extension Agents is to develop youth!!
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development