Hist&Goals4 Hlivestock&Horse

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Hist&Goals4 Hlivestock&Horse

  1. 1. History and Goals of 4-H Livestock & Horse Projects Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>The Growth of Livestock Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Life skill development through livestock and animal science participation </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  3. 3. The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition <ul><li>Limited written documentation on where and when livestock exhibition was introduced </li></ul><ul><li>Elkanah Watson “father of U.S. agricultural fairs ” (International Association of Fairs & Expositions, 2002) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First sheep fair in 1807 in Pittsfield, Mass. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to prove U.S. sheep produced equal quality wool to that of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today well over 3,000 fairs across the country annually. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  4. 4. The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition <ul><li>Provide industrial exhibits, demonstrations, and agricultural commodities aimed to increase quality of agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Provide competition for youth to exhibit livestock for show </li></ul><ul><li>Most importantly, raising and exhibiting livestock has proven to develop and enhance life skills in youth </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  5. 5. Growth of Livestock Projects <ul><li>Calf, swine, and dairy clubs increased significantly during World War I through 4-H due to increased support of private donors </li></ul><ul><li>1917 states began to have youth shows </li></ul><ul><li>First youth show in Minnesota (Wessel and Wessel, 1982) </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota State Livestock Breeders’ Association was first show to offer youth cash prizes to help counties hold calf and colt shows. </li></ul><ul><li>T.A. Erickson and W.A. McKerrow joined this livestock breeders association to establish first junior livestock show </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  6. 6. Growth of Livestock Projects <ul><li>2000, Texas 4-H and FFA members accounted for over 75,000 county livestock show entries for cattle, swine, meat goats, and sheep across the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly half were from the Texas 4-H program. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  7. 7. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects <ul><li>Six major benefits as a result of competition through showing livestock: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning new cultures and environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping finance the youth’s education </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  8. 8. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects <ul><li>Study done with 4-H alumni showed specific life skills that included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to make decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of a spirit of inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to relate to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining of records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public speaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give positive self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help accept responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4-H animals science programs have a positive influence on life skill development </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  9. 9. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects <ul><li>Boleman (2003) asked parents of youth exhibiting livestock projects their perceptions on life skill development </li></ul><ul><li>Parents stated life skills were enhanced and the following skills were increased: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepting responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop self-discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the livestock industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build positive self esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision making </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  10. 10. Conclusions <ul><li>Understanding the history of Livestock projects is important for County Extension Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Life skill development is an important topic that should be discussed with stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>The ultimate goal for County Extension Agents is to develop youth!! </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
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