Breedinggoat Essentials


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Breedinggoat Essentials

  1. 1. Breeding Goat Essentials (Angora, Meat, Dairy) Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  2. 2. Topics to Discuss <ul><li>The following topics will be discussed: </li></ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities and Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Fitting and Showing </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  3. 3. Selection <ul><li>Breeds </li></ul><ul><li>Types of breeding goats – fiber (Angora, cashmere), meat (Boer, Kiko, pygmy, etc) and dairy (Alpine, LaMancha, Nubian, Oberhasli, Saanen, and Toggenburg) </li></ul><ul><li>Most major shows have Angora, Boer, and Dairy goat shows, however Dairy will not be discussed. </li></ul><ul><li>For information on Dairy goats contact Dr. Lou Nuti & Scott Horner - Prairie View A&M University (979/857 -3916) </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  4. 4. Selection <ul><li>Breeds </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development Shows Breeds Dallas (junior & open) Junior – Dairy Open – Angora, Boer, Cashmere, Dairy, Meat Goat Fort Worth (open) Boer and Dairy San Antonio (junior & open) Angora and Boer San Angelo (junior & open) Junior – Angora, Boer, Angora Wether Futurity Open – Boer and Pygmy Houston (open) Boer and Dairy Austin (open) Boer
  5. 5. Selection cont. <ul><li>Quality Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>The following considerations should be taken when selecting a goats: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural correctness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breed and sex characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approx. 50% of evaluation of Angora is evaluated on body conformation and 50% on fleece </li></ul><ul><li>Important mohair traits – lbs of mohair, grade and uniformity of grade, length, density, style and character, luster, completeness of cover, absence of kemp, absence of sheepy fleeces </li></ul><ul><li>Angora and Boer evaluated on structural correctness, growth, muscling, volume and capacity, and breed and sex character. </li></ul><ul><li>Disqualifications for Boer goats include: jaw defects, folder ears, blue eyes, wry tail, too little pigmentation, split testicles, teat and udder problems. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  6. 6. Selection cont. <ul><li>Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>All goats must be registered in the Handbook of their Association in the name of the Junior owner before they enter the ring. </li></ul><ul><li>Most shows will use November 1 st as deadline. </li></ul><ul><li>Open shows require ownership in Handbook of Association 30 days prior to the show. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  7. 7. Selection cont. <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Angora and Boer divided into classes based on age on registration papers. </li></ul><ul><li>Angora: kid, yearling, aged </li></ul><ul><li>Boer: kid, yearling, aged subdivided into more classes </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  8. 8. Selection cont. <ul><li>Shearing guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Angora goats must be machine shorn to the skin on or after August 1 st of the calendar year preceding the show </li></ul><ul><li>Health Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Most major shows require breeding goats to have health papers upon entering the show grounds. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  9. 9. Facilities and Equipment <ul><li>Minimum space of 400 ft 2 of pen space and 25ft 2 of shelter space per goat is recommended </li></ul><ul><li>Should be well drained. </li></ul><ul><li>Pen height should be at least 42 inches to discourage jumping and predators </li></ul><ul><li>Can be hand-fed or self-fed </li></ul><ul><li>If hand-feeding allow for 12-18 inches of trough space per goat </li></ul><ul><li>If self-feeding allow for 6 inches of trough space per goat </li></ul><ul><li>Access to clean water most important when feeding. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  10. 10. Nutrition <ul><li>No particular feed that should be fed </li></ul><ul><li>Goats must have basic daily nutritional requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamins </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  11. 11. Nutrition cont. <ul><li>If raising own lambs important to not only feed does but also creep feed young kids </li></ul><ul><li>Good creep feed contains 16-18% crude protein, proper mineral balance, not too much roughage or fiber, contain antibiotics (coccidiostat and ammonium chloride), palatable and be pelleted </li></ul><ul><li>After buying or weaning goats put on growing ration (14-16% protein), proper mineral balance, roughage, and antibiotics if necessary, palatable, and pelleted </li></ul><ul><li>Can either be self-fed or hand-fed </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended to hand-feed breeding goats to allow more accurate evaluation, however growing kids usually self-fed </li></ul><ul><li>Feed should be fresh and consistent </li></ul><ul><li>Should gain 3-4% of their body weight a day. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  12. 12. Health <ul><li>Keeping breeding goats healthy is very important! </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention is the key to a successful health program. </li></ul><ul><li>Administer vaccination program recommended by local veterinarian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaccinate for enterotoxemia and soremouth and treated for internal parasites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other diseases: urinary calculi, coccidiosis, polioencephalomalcia, ring worm, and pinkeye </li></ul><ul><li>Regular hoof trimming is also necessary </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  13. 13. Health cont. <ul><li>When administering drugs follow all directions on drug labels to Quality Assurance. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of drugs in manner unintended violates laws set by the Food and Drug Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Texas livestock shows have strict laws for illegal drug use and will disqualify animals if illegal drugs are used </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  14. 14. Fitting and Showing <ul><li>Angora goats are shown in their natural state, never washed. </li></ul><ul><li>Important that fleece contamination by hay, dirt, etc. be kept to a minimum </li></ul><ul><li>When mohair gets long Angora goats tend to urinate on themselves, trimming prevents this. </li></ul><ul><li>Mohair can be worked so it will open easier when being evaluated. </li></ul><ul><li>Important to do properly otherwise can cause more harm than good. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  15. 15. Fitting and Showing cont. <ul><li>No set rules for fitting Boer goats </li></ul><ul><li>Shorn slick a month or two before show </li></ul><ul><li>Boer goats generally washed before show </li></ul><ul><li>Both Angora and Boer should be halter broken and taught to lead. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  16. 16. Additional questions to address with Exhibitors <ul><li>What are the goals of the 4-H member and family? </li></ul><ul><li>What breeds of goats do you and your family have an interest in showing? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need assistance in locating and selecting your project? </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  17. 17. Additional Resources for Breeding Goats Meat Goat Production Handbook By Langston University Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  18. 18. Conclusions <ul><li>All aspects of the selection process should be understood. (breeds, quality, ownership, age, shearing guidelines) </li></ul><ul><li>Proper facilities should be available. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper diets and nutritional information about feeding goats should be identified. </li></ul><ul><li>Health is one of the most important aspects of raising breeding goats. </li></ul><ul><li>All rules should be followed in regards to fitting prior to show. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development