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Breedinggoat Essentials

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  • 1. Breeding Goat Essentials (Angora, Meat, Dairy) Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 2. Topics to Discuss
    • The following topics will be discussed:
    • Selection
    • Facilities and Equipment
    • Nutrition
    • Health
    • Fitting and Showing
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 3. Selection
    • Breeds
    • Types of breeding goats – fiber (Angora, cashmere), meat (Boer, Kiko, pygmy, etc) and dairy (Alpine, LaMancha, Nubian, Oberhasli, Saanen, and Toggenburg)
    • Most major shows have Angora, Boer, and Dairy goat shows, however Dairy will not be discussed.
    • For information on Dairy goats contact Dr. Lou Nuti & Scott Horner - Prairie View A&M University (979/857 -3916)
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 4. Selection
    • Breeds
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development Shows Breeds Dallas (junior & open) Junior – Dairy Open – Angora, Boer, Cashmere, Dairy, Meat Goat Fort Worth (open) Boer and Dairy San Antonio (junior & open) Angora and Boer San Angelo (junior & open) Junior – Angora, Boer, Angora Wether Futurity Open – Boer and Pygmy Houston (open) Boer and Dairy Austin (open) Boer
  • 5. Selection cont.
    • Quality Considerations
    • The following considerations should be taken when selecting a goats:
      • Structural correctness
      • Growth
      • Muscle
      • Breed and sex characteristics
    • Approx. 50% of evaluation of Angora is evaluated on body conformation and 50% on fleece
    • Important mohair traits – lbs of mohair, grade and uniformity of grade, length, density, style and character, luster, completeness of cover, absence of kemp, absence of sheepy fleeces
    • Angora and Boer evaluated on structural correctness, growth, muscling, volume and capacity, and breed and sex character.
    • Disqualifications for Boer goats include: jaw defects, folder ears, blue eyes, wry tail, too little pigmentation, split testicles, teat and udder problems.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 6. Selection cont.
    • Ownership
    • All goats must be registered in the Handbook of their Association in the name of the Junior owner before they enter the ring.
    • Most shows will use November 1 st as deadline.
    • Open shows require ownership in Handbook of Association 30 days prior to the show.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 7. Selection cont.
    • Age
    • Angora and Boer divided into classes based on age on registration papers.
    • Angora: kid, yearling, aged
    • Boer: kid, yearling, aged subdivided into more classes
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 8. Selection cont.
    • Shearing guidelines
    • Angora goats must be machine shorn to the skin on or after August 1 st of the calendar year preceding the show
    • Health Papers
    • Most major shows require breeding goats to have health papers upon entering the show grounds.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 9. Facilities and Equipment
    • Minimum space of 400 ft 2 of pen space and 25ft 2 of shelter space per goat is recommended
    • Should be well drained.
    • Pen height should be at least 42 inches to discourage jumping and predators
    • Can be hand-fed or self-fed
    • If hand-feeding allow for 12-18 inches of trough space per goat
    • If self-feeding allow for 6 inches of trough space per goat
    • Access to clean water most important when feeding.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 10. Nutrition
    • No particular feed that should be fed
    • Goats must have basic daily nutritional requirements:
      • Water
      • Protein
      • Energy
      • Minerals
      • Vitamins
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 11. Nutrition cont.
    • If raising own lambs important to not only feed does but also creep feed young kids
    • Good creep feed contains 16-18% crude protein, proper mineral balance, not too much roughage or fiber, contain antibiotics (coccidiostat and ammonium chloride), palatable and be pelleted
    • After buying or weaning goats put on growing ration (14-16% protein), proper mineral balance, roughage, and antibiotics if necessary, palatable, and pelleted
    • Can either be self-fed or hand-fed
    • Recommended to hand-feed breeding goats to allow more accurate evaluation, however growing kids usually self-fed
    • Feed should be fresh and consistent
    • Should gain 3-4% of their body weight a day.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 12. Health
    • Keeping breeding goats healthy is very important!
    • Prevention is the key to a successful health program.
    • Administer vaccination program recommended by local veterinarian
      • Vaccinate for enterotoxemia and soremouth and treated for internal parasites
    • Other diseases: urinary calculi, coccidiosis, polioencephalomalcia, ring worm, and pinkeye
    • Regular hoof trimming is also necessary
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 13. Health cont.
    • When administering drugs follow all directions on drug labels to Quality Assurance.
    • The use of drugs in manner unintended violates laws set by the Food and Drug Administration
    • Texas livestock shows have strict laws for illegal drug use and will disqualify animals if illegal drugs are used
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 14. Fitting and Showing
    • Angora goats are shown in their natural state, never washed.
    • Important that fleece contamination by hay, dirt, etc. be kept to a minimum
    • When mohair gets long Angora goats tend to urinate on themselves, trimming prevents this.
    • Mohair can be worked so it will open easier when being evaluated.
    • Important to do properly otherwise can cause more harm than good.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 15. Fitting and Showing cont.
    • No set rules for fitting Boer goats
    • Shorn slick a month or two before show
    • Boer goats generally washed before show
    • Both Angora and Boer should be halter broken and taught to lead.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 16. Additional questions to address with Exhibitors
    • What are the goals of the 4-H member and family?
    • What breeds of goats do you and your family have an interest in showing?
    • Do you need assistance in locating and selecting your project?
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 17. Additional Resources for Breeding Goats Meat Goat Production Handbook By Langston University Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • 18. Conclusions
    • All aspects of the selection process should be understood. (breeds, quality, ownership, age, shearing guidelines)
    • Proper facilities should be available.
    • Proper diets and nutritional information about feeding goats should be identified.
    • Health is one of the most important aspects of raising breeding goats.
    • All rules should be followed in regards to fitting prior to show.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development

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