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Article-III, Section-3“The Privacy of communicationand correspondence shall beinviolable except upon lawfulorder of the court, or when publicsafety or order requires otherwiseas prescribed by law.”
Article-III, Section-3• Explanation: Every person has the right to keep his communication or correspondence a secret. His communication with others by phone or by letter is a personal or private matter that nobody should intrude upon. But this right can be lawfully suspended upon order of the court if the safety and security of the people is at stake.
Article-III, Section-3• Illustration: A telephone conversation between two (2) drug pushers secretly recorded by police officers by tapping its wire without court order is not acceptable. As evidence in court due to the privacy of communication enshrined in the Philippine Constitution. However, recording of conversation through telephone extension is not a violation of the Anti-Wire Tapping Law.
Article-III, Section-4“No law shall be passed abridgingthe freedom of speech, ofexpression, or of the press or theright of the people peaceably toassemble and petition thegovernment for redress ofgrievances.”
Article-III, Section-4Filipino dapat magpatibay ng batas na “Hindi Translation: nagbabawas sa kalayaan sa pananalita, pagpapahayag, o ng pamamahayag, o sa karapatan ng mga taong-bayan na mapayapang makapag-tipon at magpetisyon sa pamahalaan upang ilahad ang kanilang mga karaingan.”
Article-III, Section-4 our (4) Important Rights Embodied• inFreedom ofSection 4: Article III, Speech;• Right to a Free Press;• Freedom of Assembly;• The Right of Petition.
Article-III, Section-4• Freedom of Speech – means an individual is free to speak or utter whatever he wants without prior restraint.• Right to a Free Press – means an individual is free to write, publish, and circulate whatever he pleases without restraint. Speech and expression refer to any form of oral utterances, while press covers every sort of publication such as newspapers, magazines, books, leaflets, and the like. Radio and television are also included. Freedom of speech and expression and freedom of the press are collectively called Freedom of Expression.
Article-III, Section-4• Freedom of Assembly – refers mainly to peaceful demonstrations related to public affairs.• The Right of Petition - to take up one’s grievances with government without fear of persecution.
Article-III, Section-4 Freedom of Speech is not absolute, neither is a Free Press. Limitations to Freedom of Speech i. Severe calumny; ii. Anything lewd or obscene; iii. Anything that provokes violence or disorder; iv. Seditious messages; v. “Clear and present danger”.
Article-III, Section-4 Forms of Calumny • Libel - untruthful information/character assassination in written, and using print or broadcast media. • Slander - spoken untruthful information / character assassination . Clear and Present Danger – if the uttered threatseems serious (i.e. the intent appears to be serious),immediate, grave and realistic.
Article-III, Section-5“No law shall be made respecting anestablishment of religion, orprohibiting the free exercise thereof.The free exercise and enjoyment ofreligious profession and worship,without discrimination or preference,shall forever be allowed. No religioustests shall be allowed for the exerciseof civil or political rights..”
Article-III, Section-5 “Hindi dapat magbalangkas ng batas paraFilipino Translation: sa pagtatatag ng relihiyon, o nagbabawal sa malayang paggamit nito. Dapat ipahintulot magpakailanman ang malayang paggamit at pagtamasa ng pagpapahayag ng relihiyon at pagsamba nang walang pagtatangi o pamimili. Hindi dapat kailanganin ang pagsusulit pangrelihiyon sa paggamit ng karapatang sibil o pampulitika.”
Article-III, Section-5 This provision is an implement to the doctrine of separation of church and state. However, the members of a religious organization cannot use religious profession as a justification in committing crimes. Thus, a religious sect using human beings as sacrifice for their god is not immune from criminal suit.
Article-III, Section-6“The liberty of abode and ofchanging the same within thelimits prescribed by law shall notbe impaired except upon lawfulorder of the court. The right totravel shall not impaired except inthe interest of national security,public safety, or public health, asmay be provided by law ”
Article-III, Section-5Filipino Translation: “Hindi dapat bawalan ang kalayaan sa paninirahan at ang pagbabago ng tirahan sa saklaw ng mga katakdaang itinatadhana ng batas maliban sa legal na utos ng hukuman. Ni hindi dapat bawalan ang karapatan sa paglalakbay maliban kun para sa kapakanan ng kapanatagan ng bansa, kaligtasang pambayan, o kalusugang pambayan ayon sa maaaring itadhana ng batas.”