View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
PLANNING A VEGETABLE GARDEN Tips for the Home Gardener Vegetable gardening allows you to enjoy truly ripe produce picked at the peak of perfection. Bountiful harvests cansupplement a family’s food supply as well as provide gourmet vegetable varieties available only in specialty markets.Though vegetable gardening does not need to be time consuming, the more time you put into your garden, the greaterthe harvest will be in the end.Site Selection and Design Tips for Healthy Soil Whether you have a large open plot or a small Soil Testing – Test your soil at least everycontainer garden, planning allows you to make the most 3 - 4 years to determine its fertilizer andof the space available. Begin by choosing a site for your lime needs. Obtain a test kit from yourvegetable garden, keeping in mind that nearly all local Cooperative Extension Service.vegetables require full sun and well-drained soil.Positioning your garden close to a water source makes Compost – Incorporate finished compostsupplemental irrigation much easier. into the bed to loosen and improve the Next, decide on a garden design. The layout can be soil, and to attract beneficial earthworms.formal or informal, with vegetables planted in rows or Mulch – To help retain soil moisture,clumped in various shapes. Plants with similar inhibit weeds, and maintain soilrequirements and complementary colors, textures and temperature, apply organic materials suchhabits can be combined attractively in container as straw, compost, ground-up corncobs,plantings. Regardless of your design, be sure to include and shredded leaves.walking space that will allow you to move easily amongthe plants for weeding and harvesting. Crop rotation – Rotate crops through different areas of the garden to reduce the build up of plant-specific pests and disease,Choosing the Right Plants as well as discourages uneven reductions of When selecting vegetables for your garden, look for certain nutrients in the soil. Rotate plantsdisease-and-pest resistant cultivars that have performed that use up nitrogen (such as corn) withwell in your area. Your local Cooperative Extension can those that replenish it (such as beans andprovide advice on selecting the appropriate varieties. peas). If you have a small garden plot or garden incontainers, consider growing bush varieties of your Cover crops – Cover crops sown in the fallfavorite vegetables. Bush varieties stay compact with help control erosion in the winter andmulti-branched stems and usually do not need support. improve soil fertility when they are plowed under in the spring. Popular choicesGrowing Vegetables from Seed include winter rye (Secale cereale), hairy Starting plants from seed will give you access to a wide vetch (Vicia villosa), field pea (Pisumvariety of cultivars and hybrids. In addition, you can sativum), and crimson clover (Trifoliumcontrol the size of the plant, sow in succession for a incarnatum).continual harvest, and keep viruses out of your garden Raised beds – For sites with poor soil, trythat might arise in nursery-grown crops. Read the growing vegetables in raised beds that haveinstructions on the seed packet to determine if the seeds been filled with a nutritious soil mix.are best started indoors or planted directly in the bed.Copyright 2007 Longwood Gardens, Inc. ~ Page 1 of 2 ~ www.longwoodgardens.org/EducationalResources.html
When to Plant Cool Season Crops Warm Season Crops Part of the planning process involves establishing a Asparagus Beanstimeline for planting. Rather than planting all at once Beets Cornand harvesting more produce than your family andfriends can possibly eat, stagger your planting times Broccoli Cucumbersover several weeks to ensure a steady harvest of Brussel sprouts Eggplantsvegetables throughout the summer and early fall. Cabbage Melon Cool season plants should be planted in earlyspring, a few weeks before the last average frost. Many Carrots Okraleafy vegetables will bolt (go to seed) when the weather Cauliflower Potatoesgets too warm, resulting in a crop that is tough and Lettuce Peppersbitter. For a fall harvest, plant cool season plants inlate summer or early fall. Radishes Squash Warm season plants cannot tolerate cold spells and Peas Tomatoesshould be planted after the last average frost date foryour area. For effective use of garden space, plant coolseason and warm season crops in succession. Longwood’s Vegetable GardenVisit Longwood’s Idea Garden from March to November to explore a living catalog of vegetable crops thatare easy to grow and delicious to eat. The Children’s Vegetable Garden will engage the youngestgardeners with a Sunflower House and a maze of colorful plantings. “Plant a Row for the Hungry”Did you know that you can use your vegetable garden to help fighthunger in your local community? “Plant a Row for the Hungry” is anational grassroots campaign that calls for gardeners to plant an extrarow of produce and donate it to a local food bank or soup kitchen.When planning your garden this year, make room for an additional rowof vegetables that you can donate to a charitable food distributor in yourarea (see www.secondharvest.com for a list of local food banks). Longwood Gardens participates in theprogram by donating its Idea Garden produce to the Kennett Food Cupboard in Kennett Square, PA.For more information about “Plant a Row for the Hungry,” visit www.gardenwriters.org/par/.Copyright 2007 Longwood Gardens, Inc. ~ Page 2 of 2 ~ www.longwoodgardens.org/EducationalResources.html