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Singapore's Approach To Implementing The GHS of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals by Dr Lee Hock Siang
 

Singapore's Approach To Implementing The GHS of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals by Dr Lee Hock Siang

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COSH 2011

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    Singapore's Approach To Implementing The GHS of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals by Dr Lee Hock Siang Singapore's Approach To Implementing The GHS of Classification & Labelling of Chemicals by Dr Lee Hock Siang Presentation Transcript

    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceSingapore’s Approach to implementingthe Globally Harmonized System ofClassification and Labeling of Chemicals Dr Lee Hock Siang Director (OSH Specialists) Occupational Safety and Health Division A Great Workforce A Great Workplace © 2010 Government of Singapore 1
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Scope• Hazardous Chemicals• Globally Harmonized System• Singapore’s Approach• Key Success Factors• Challenges• Summary © 2010 Government of Singapore 2
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace • Two men were injured when a chemical spill occurred in a cargo lift • 7 July 2011 © 2010 Government of Singapore 3Source ST
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceWorker accidentally mixedsodium hypochlorite intohydrochloric acid tank © 2010 Government of Singapore 4
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceHazard Communication is a Key Element in the Safe Use and Handling of Chemicals Labeling Safety Data Sheets (SDS) © 2010 Government of Singapore 5
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceHazard communication 1. Policy & strategy 2. Procurement & procurementis an integral part of 3. Register and Safety DataSheetManagement of 4. Labelling and Warning SignsHazardous Chemical 5. Storage and TransportationProgramme 6. Risk assessments and control WSH guidelines on Management of 7. Safe work procedures and Personal Hazardous Chemicals Programme , Protective Equipment 2011 8. Workplace Monitoring and Surveillance 9. Information and Training 10. Emergency planning & first-aid 11. Waste disposal 12. Contract work (where applicable) 13. Programme review & audit © 2010 Government of Singapore 6
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceLife cycle of a Chemical © 2010 Government of Singapore 7
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Key StakeholdersChemical ManufacturersChemical SuppliersSingapore ChemicalIndustrial CouncilTrade AssociationsChemical usersService providersOthers © 2010 Government of Singapore 8
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Main Competent Authorities• MOM (Ministry of Manpower) safety & health aspects of hazardous chemicals at work• NEA (National Environment Agency) regulates prescribed hazardous substances of environmental concerns• SCDF (Singapore Civil Defence Force) regulates petroleum & flammable substances• SPF (Singapore Police Force) regulates explosives• MPA (Maritime & Port Authority) controls dangerous goods in ports © 2010 Government of Singapore 9
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Introduction to GHSWhat is the GHS ? A common and coherent approach • To define and classify hazards • To communicate information on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Objective of GHS To enhance the protection of human health and the environment. © 2010 Government of Singapore 10
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Benefits of GHS• Enhances protection of humans and the environment around the world.• Facilitates international trade in chemicals, whose hazards have been properly assessed and identified on an international basis © 2010 Government of Singapore 11
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace What is harmonised?• Hazard classification• Labels• Safety Data Sheets (SDS) © 2010 Government of Singapore 12
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace What is Hazard Classification?• Assignment to a chemical of both: – Hazard Class (nature of hazard); and – Hazard Category (degree of hazard).– Based on hazards: intrinsic properties.– Does not require additional testing © 2010 Government of Singapore 13
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Physical Hazards1. Explosives 9. Pyrophoric liquids2. Flammable gases 10. Pyrophoric solids3. Flammable aerosols 11. Self-heating substances4. Oxidizing gases 12. Substances which, in contact with5. Gases under pressure water, emit flammable gases6. Flammable liquids 13. Oxidizing Liquids7. Flammable solids 14. Oxidizing Solids8. Self-reactive substances 15. Organic peroxides 16. Corrosive to metals © 2010 Government of Singapore 14
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Health Hazards1. Acute toxicity2. Skin irritation / corrosion3. Eye irritation / serious eye damage4. Respiratory / skin sensitisation5. Germ cell mutagenicity6. Carcinogenicity7. Reproductive toxicity8. Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT)- single exposure9. STOT -multiple exposure10. Aspiration hazard Environmental Hazard• Hazardous to the aquatic environment © 2010 Government of Singapore 15
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceGHS (9) Pictograms Flammable substance Oxidizing substanceExplosives Self-reactive substanceSelf-reactive substance Pyrophoric and self-Organic peroxide heating substance Organic peroxides Corrosive to metal Environmental Compressed gas Skin corrosion hazard Serious eye damage Acute toxicity Sensitization (Respiratory) Acute toxicity Mutagenicity Skin irritation Eye irritation Carcinogenicity Sensitization (Dermal) Reproductive toxicity Target organ toxicity Target organ toxicity Aspiration hazard © 2010 Government of Singapore 16
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Container Package LabellingFor more information, please refer to SDS © 2010 Government of Singapore 17
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Safety Data Sheet (SDS)~ the main hazard communication tool between the chemical suppliersand the end users.1) Identity of the substance 8) Exposure controls and2) Safety and health information personal protection needed pertaining to the substance 9) Physical and chemical properties3) Composition of and ingredients 10) Stability and reactivity of used in the substance the substance4) First aid measures 11) Toxicological information5) Fire fighting measures 12) Ecological information6) Accidental release measures 13) Disposal considerations7) Precautions to be taken for safe 14) Transport information handling 15) Regulatory information 16) Other information © 2010 Government of Singapore 18
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Summary of Spore’s GHS Journey 2002 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Align- Align- Transfer of Launch of GHSEndorsement ment of custody of ACOP of by APEC Webpage Law SS 586 GHS TF to SS 586 MOM GHS Poster Launched & Post card MHCP Formation of GHS Road GHS GHS map Leaflets (GHS as an TaskForce by element) MTI GHS Guidebook GHS Awareness Seminars © 2010 Government of Singapore 19
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceEndorsement of GHS APEC Chemical Dialogue ….Ministers encouraged APEC members to work towards implementing the globally harmonized system (GHS) on hazard classification and labelling of chemicals and safety data sheets by 2006, including through capacity building…. 14th APEC Ministerial Meeting, 2002 ® All Rights Reserved © 2010 Government of Singapore 20
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace1. Inter-agency Collaboration Multi-agency government-industry collaboration in a taskforce on GHS implementation Lead by Co-chaired byInitially 2005, Ministry of Trade & Industry (MTI) Now (Sep 2010) Ministry of Manpower (MOM) Singapore Chemistry Industry Council (SCIC) ® All Rights Reserved © 2010 Government of Singapore 21
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceNational GHS Implementation Task Force Ministry of Manpower [MOM]Singapore Chemistry Industry Council [SCIC] Ministry of Trade and Industry [MIT] National Environment Agency [NEA] Singapore Civil Defence Force [SCDF] Singapore Police Force [SPF] Maritime and Port Authority [MPA] Standards Productivity and Innovation Board [SPRING] Health Science Authority [H S A] Workplace Safety and Health Council [WSHC] Singapore Institution of Safety Officers [SISO] © 2010 Government of Singapore 22
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Functions of Task Force• Oversee the adoption of GHS developed by the United Nations.• Develop strategies and action plan(s), and coordinate the implementation of GHS through capability building, engagement, promotional activities, and compliance assistance.• Provide advice to the Competent Authorities to align relevant legislation with GHS.• Monitor the progress of GHS implementation. © 2010 Government of Singapore 23
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace2. Industry – led Approach An official body representing the chemical industry of Singapore in the private sector. Affiliated to the ASEAN Chemical Industries Club (ASEAN- CIC) Participates actively in WSHC committees Co-chairs the National GHS Implementation Task Force Organises seminars and training workshops on GHS Publications include Guidebook on GHS Materials, pamphlets, announcements on GHS seminars found on website: www.scic.sg © 2010 Government of Singapore 24
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceStrategic Role of Chemical Manufacturers • Classify chemical products according to GHS • Prepare GHS safety data sheets (SDSs) for classified chemical products, • Prepare GHS labels for classified chemical products and • Ensure proper hazard communication of chemical products down the supply chain © 2010 Government of Singapore 25
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace 3. National Implementation Strategy 1. Promoting GHS 2. Building capability in GHS 3. Engaging stakeholders5 Strategies 4. Establishing an effective regulatory framework 5. Developing strong partnerships locally and internationally Strategic Outcome: Implementation of GHS for effective hazard communication through labeling and safety data sheets Vision: Safe use of chemicals © 2010 Government of Singapore 26
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace 4. Engagement of Stakeholders• Information and Promotion• Capability Building• Consultation in standard setting and implementation © 2010 Government of Singapore 27
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceGH S www.wshc.sg/ghs © 2010 Government of Singapore 28
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Guidance materials for GHS on Hazard CommunicationGHS Leaflets 1. Fact Sheet 2. Classification 3. Labelling of Chemical Containers 4. Safety Datasheet (SDS)• GHS Poster http://www.scic.sg/• Postcard http://www.siso.org.sg/www/ http://www.wshc.sg/ghs © 2010 Government of Singapore 29
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Guidelines and Courses• GHS Courses: User and Classifier• GHS Guidebook• Incorporating GHS into existing training courses © 2010 Government of Singapore 30
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Seminars, Forums and Workshops• Licensees of hazardous substances & flammable materials• GHS Awareness Seminars target audiences - chemical manufacturers & suppliers - users of chemicals - others © 2010 Government of Singapore 31
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace 5. Phased Implementation Plan (supported by Industry )Phase Deadline Target Industry Requirement 1A Feb 2012 All Chemical Preparation of GHS Manufacturers & SDSs & Labels for Suppliers Single Substances 2A End 2012 All Users of Chemicals GHS Labelling of Containers for Single Substances 1B Mid 2015 All Chemical Preparation of GHS Manufacturers & SDSs & Labels for Suppliers Mixtures 2B Mid 2015 All Users of Chemicals GHS Labelling of Containers for Mixtures © 2010 Government of Singapore 32
    • Singapore’s A Great Workforce A Great Workplace6. Supported by legislation and standardsWorkplace Safety and Health Act 2006 Section 16 (Duties of manufacturers / Suppliers of Hazardous Substances) Provide information about the safe use of hazardous substances (i) the precautions to be taken; (ii) the health hazards associated with the substance; (iii) the information relating to any tests or examinations of the substances © 2010 Government of Singapore 33
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Meaning of Hazardous Substances is in line with GHS classification1. Corrosive substances2. Flammable substances3. Explosives4. Oxidising substances5. Pyrophoric substances6. Gases under pressure7. Organic peroxides8. Self heating substances9. Self-reactive substances10. Substances which in contact with water, emit flammable gases11. Toxic substances12. Mutagens13. Carcinogens14. Teratogens15. Sensitizers16 Irritants17. Substances hazardous to aquatic environment © 2010 Government of Singapore 34
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceWSH (General Provisions) RegulationsRegulation 42 (Warning labels) Factory occupier shall ensure that every container of hazardous substance is affixed with one or more labels that (a) are easily understood by all persons at work (b) warn of the hazards involved with the hazardous substance; & (c) specify the precautionary measures to be taken when dealing with the hazardous substance © 2010 Government of Singapore 35
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceWSH (General Provisions) RegulationsRegulation 43 (Safety Data Sheet) (1) Where any hazardous substance is used, handled or stored in a factory, the occupier shall: (a) obtain a SDS of the substance; (b) assess the information in the SDS & take precautionary measures to ensure the safe use of the substance; (c) make available the SDS to all persons at work who are liable to be exposed to the substance © 2010 Government of Singapore 36
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceWSH (General Provisions) Regulations 2006Regulation 43 (Safety Data Sheet)(2) Where any hazardous substance is sold to any person for use in a factory, the seller or any agent of the seller who caused or procured the sale shall provide the buyer with a SDS for the substance, giving accurate & adequate information on the substance. © 2010 Government of Singapore 37
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceSDS information items are in line with GHS SDS1 Identity2 Safety and health hazard3 Composition& ingredient4 First – aid measures5 Fire – fighting measures6 Accidental release measures7 Precautions for handling and storage8 Exposure control & personal protection9 Physical & chemical properties10 Stability and reactivity11 Toxicological information12 Ecological information13 Disposal considerations14 Transport information15 Regulatory information16 Other relevant information © 2010 Government of Singapore 38
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Other Requirements under WSHA’s subsidiary legislation• Competent person to take charge of hazardous substances• Proper storage, usage, handling & disposal• Workers shall be warned of the hazards & precautions• Warning notices indicating the nature of danger• Measures to control exposure & to protect workers vs toxic dust, fumes & other contaminants• Regular monitoring of workplace where toxic substances are used, handled or given off.• Measures to ensure workers are not exposed to toxic substances exceeding the PEL• Risk assessment before commencement of work• Periodic medical examinations for exposure to certain chemicals © 2010 Government of Singapore 39
    • A Great Workforce A Great WorkplaceEnvironmental Protection and Management Act EPM (Hazardous Substances) RegulationsRequirements on 110 prescribed Hazardous Substances• A licence is required to import, sell or export any hazardous substance.• A permit is required to purchase, store or use any hazardous substance controlled under the Regulations.• A licence is required to transport any hazardous substance in quantities exceeding those specified in Regulations before applying for transport approval.• Containers, tankers and vehicles must be properly labelled and carry appropriate hazard warning panels. © 2010 Government of Singapore 40
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Fire Safety Act Fire Safety (Petroleum & Flammable Materials) Regulations• A licence is required to import, transport & store petroleum & flammable materials above the exemption quantity.• Petroleum (flash point below 61C), diesel & 237 flammable chemicals & their mixtures are subjected to licensing control.• Vehicle transporting, container containing & premises storing regulated petroleum & flammable materials must be labelled in accordance with SS 586 for hazard communication• SS 586 requires individual container (e.g. drum, package) for transportation & storage of hazardous chemicals be labeled in accordance with GHS; vehicle transporting & premises storing hazardous chemicals be provided with Emergency Information Panel. © 2010 Government of Singapore 41
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Approved Code of Practice on hazardcommunication for hazardous chemicals and dangerous goods Included in WSH (Singapore Standards and Code of Practices) Notification, effective 15 Feb 2011 © 2010 Government of Singapore 42
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Key Success Factors1. Strong Government and Industry Commitment2. Good collaboration among competent authorities3. Lead agency to champion or drive GHS4. Strong industry support5. A clear GHS implementation strategy and plan6. Supported by codes of practice and legislation7. Phased implementation8. Engagement and consultation of stakeholders © 2010 Government of Singapore 43
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Challenges1. Classification of mixtures2. Implementation particularly by SME3. Lack of service providers4. Keeping up with dynamic changes5. Small bottle and temporary container labelling6. Consumer products © 2010 Government of Singapore 44
    • A Great Workforce A Great Workplace Summary1. Recognise the key role of good hazard communications in chemical safety2. Work as a coordinated team with full industry participation and consultation3. Learn from one another particularly from other countries’ practices as well as international experts4. Flexibility in adapting to changes, local conditions and implementation approaches and timelines5. GHS implementation is a journey together © 2010 Government of Singapore 45