OSH EAR by Dr Sharudin NIOSH

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COSH 2011

COSH 2011

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  • 1. E MPOWERMENTOSH ACCOUNTABILITY R ESPONSIVE COSH 2011 – KLCC – 18 JULY 2011
  • 2. EMPOWERMENT• Empowerment is defined as “freedom and authority given to employees to pursue their unique vision”. When this is provided to safety committee, strong commitment and support is evident. 2
  • 3. ACCOUNTABILITY• Accountability is a concept in ethics and governance with several meanings. It is often used synonymously with such concepts as responsibility, answerability, blameworthiness, liability and other terms associated with the expectation of account-giving. 3
  • 4. RESPONSIVE• Responsive is a comparative measurement of the time taken to response to a particular action. The measurement could be concerned with the speed of emergency response to a critical situation but may equally be used to judge the behavior f an organisation towards, for example, an industrial incident or accident. 4
  • 5. EMPOWERMENT 5
  • 6. EMPOWERMENT Personal empowerment and self sufficiency. New opportunities and challenges for today’s OSH practitioner. Congruence between personal expectations, company’s priorities and societal changes.
  • 7. EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITY (S.15) “So far as is practicable…”• provision and • provision of such maintenance of plant information, instruction, and systems of work that training and supervision are safe and without risks • maintenance of it in a to health; condition and means of access to and egress from it• ensuring safety and that are safe and without absence of risks to health such risks; in connection with the • working environment that is use or operation, safe, without risks to health, handling, storage and and adequate as regards transport of plant and facilities for their welfare at substances; work. © NCSB 2011 8
  • 8. WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS Responsibility and Ownership. Working independently towards common objectives. Understanding “Why?” so that guidelines can be applied. Weighing the impact of decisions on all affected stakeholders. Making more trade -offs, not less. An earned privilege. It is not a given right!!
  • 9. WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS NOT Throwing out the rule book. Bypassing everyone who will say “No”. Doing the “Fun Parts” of someone else’s job. Freedom to unilaterally make decisions that impact others.
  • 10. GIVE POWER AWAY “Power is an ‘expandable pie’… power is not a zero-sum commodity, requiring that for others to have more, the leader must have less.” “You have to give power to gain power.”
  • 11. EMPOWERMENT TRIANGLE
  • 12. Accountability Safety and Health Officer Authority OSH CommitteeTask Responsibility 13
  • 13. ACCOUNTABILITY 14
  • 14. WHO’s ACCOUNTABILITY Hazards &Legislation Risks COMPLIANCE Employees
  • 15. A safety management system shall clearly definelines of safety accountability throughout the[organization], including a direct accountabilityfor safety on the part of senior management. 16
  • 16. ACCOUNTABILITY Responsibility vs. Accountability OSH Committee Sec 30 : Safety & Health Committee ty o bili N ta y n et c ou Saf Ac No
  • 17. WHAT IS ACCOUNTABILITY?• Most common responses refer to negative consequences for failure to perform• Dictionary: Liable or Answerable• It is the ability to account for or to measure• Obligation to fulfill a task…or else b No nta u o co y N y Ac ilit fet Sa
  • 18. RESPONSIBILITY FOR OSH : TOWARDS SELF - REGULATION100 %RESPONSIBILITY PRIVATE SECTOR FOR OSH GOVERNMENT 0% NOW TARGET
  • 19. RESPONSIBILITY VS. ACCOUNTABILITY• Responsibility is an obligation to perform duties • It relies on personal integrity • It does not necessarily have associated consequences• Accountability requires consequences • Consequences should be balanced• Someone is accountable when his/her performance is measured• When someone is responsible, his/her performance is not necessarily measured• The objective is to motivate performance
  • 20. WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY? Effective Accountability = Authorized Behaviors + Objective Evaluation + Appropriate ConsequencesThe “condition” of effective accountabilityexists when an employee’s authorizedbehavior is objectively evaluated andresults in appropriate consequences.
  • 21. WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY?Authority EvaluationAt least three types of authority are necessary for a Evaluation is a judgment.responsible person to perform assigned safety and • Judge the behavior, not the personhealth tasks effectively--these are: • Judgment should be based on facts, not 1. Authority over the work fiction (employee/supervisor) 2. Authority over needed resources Consequence (employee/supervisor) The result or effect caused by our behavior. 3. Authority over employees (supervisor) • Positive or negativeBehavior • Natural consequences – hurt or healthBehavior is an observable action. It’s something we do. • System consequences – discipline or positive recognition
  • 22. FUNCTION OF OSH COMMITTEE PART III ( OSHA 1994 ) Assist in development of Safety & Health rules and safe system of work Review the effectiveness of Safety & Health Programmed To investigate any safety & health matter brought to attention of employer. Review Safety & Health policies and recommend to employer for revision of such policies.
  • 23. SAFETY COMMITTEE
  • 24. RESPONSIVE 25
  • 25. RESPONSIVE
  • 26. WHAT IS - RESPONSIVE1.Reacting quickly and positively2.Responding readily and with interest or enthusiasm3.Answering 27
  • 27. STRATEGY 2 : INCULCATING PREVENTIVE WORKPLACE CULTURE PROGRAM 4 : DESIGN AND DEVELOP SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENTS, SYSTEMS AND PRODUCTS Source : DOSH
  • 28. MESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER……..An enterprise implementing a good OSHmanagement system and integrating that into its ownoverall business management system will also tend tomake improvements management-wise which willtranslate into better efficiency and productivity. Thiswill contribute to the formation of a safe, healthy andproductive pool of human capital. That, I believe, willdovetail perfectly with our collective nationalaspirations of becoming a fully developed country inthe not too distant future.Datuk Dr. S. Subramaniam,Minister of Human Resources, Malaysia Source : DOSH
  • 29. Top Management Conceptual / Policy / BudgetMiddle Management Plan / Review Follow- / Audit / Commit through Line Management Execution / Understanding / Focus / CommitteeExperience Outcomes
  • 30. Adds Business Value and CompetitiveAdvantage … Ability to Enhanced compete Reputation Access to Cost and RiskGlobal Markets Safety and Reduction Health Employee Improved morale quality Improved Improved efficiency productivity CONCLUSION: ‘ BEST PARCTICE ‘
  • 31. Iskandar Syahril (03-8922 1930), iskandar@ncsb.com.my Asiah Nasution (03-8922 1926), asiah@ncsb.com.my
  • 32. THANK YOUFor further information contact:Phone : 03 – 8922 1925Email : inquiry@ncsb.com.myURL : www.ncsb.com.myFB : NIOSHcertificationTwitter : NIOSHcert
  • 33. ANY QUESTIONS? sharudins@gmail.com 019-3226056