OSH EAR by Dr Sharudin NIOSHPresentation Transcript
E MPOWERMENTOSH ACCOUNTABILITY R ESPONSIVE COSH 2011 – KLCC – 18 JULY 2011
EMPOWERMENT• Empowerment is defined as “freedom and authority given to employees to pursue their unique vision”. When this is provided to safety committee, strong commitment and support is evident. 2
ACCOUNTABILITY• Accountability is a concept in ethics and governance with several meanings. It is often used synonymously with such concepts as responsibility, answerability, blameworthiness, liability and other terms associated with the expectation of account-giving. 3
RESPONSIVE• Responsive is a comparative measurement of the time taken to response to a particular action. The measurement could be concerned with the speed of emergency response to a critical situation but may equally be used to judge the behavior f an organisation towards, for example, an industrial incident or accident. 4
EMPOWERMENT Personal empowerment and self sufficiency. New opportunities and challenges for today’s OSH practitioner. Congruence between personal expectations, company’s priorities and societal changes.
WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS Responsibility and Ownership. Working independently towards common objectives. Understanding “Why?” so that guidelines can be applied. Weighing the impact of decisions on all affected stakeholders. Making more trade -offs, not less. An earned privilege. It is not a given right!!
WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS NOT Throwing out the rule book. Bypassing everyone who will say “No”. Doing the “Fun Parts” of someone else’s job. Freedom to unilaterally make decisions that impact others.
GIVE POWER AWAY “Power is an ‘expandable pie’… power is not a zero-sum commodity, requiring that for others to have more, the leader must have less.” “You have to give power to gain power.”
Accountability Safety and Health Officer Authority OSH CommitteeTask Responsibility 13
A safety management system shall clearly definelines of safety accountability throughout the[organization], including a direct accountabilityfor safety on the part of senior management. 16
ACCOUNTABILITY Responsibility vs. Accountability OSH Committee Sec 30 : Safety & Health Committee ty o bili N ta y n et c ou Saf Ac No
WHAT IS ACCOUNTABILITY?• Most common responses refer to negative consequences for failure to perform• Dictionary: Liable or Answerable• It is the ability to account for or to measure• Obligation to fulfill a task…or else b No nta u o co y N y Ac ilit fet Sa
RESPONSIBILITY FOR OSH : TOWARDS SELF - REGULATION100 %RESPONSIBILITY PRIVATE SECTOR FOR OSH GOVERNMENT 0% NOW TARGET
RESPONSIBILITY VS. ACCOUNTABILITY• Responsibility is an obligation to perform duties • It relies on personal integrity • It does not necessarily have associated consequences• Accountability requires consequences • Consequences should be balanced• Someone is accountable when his/her performance is measured• When someone is responsible, his/her performance is not necessarily measured• The objective is to motivate performance
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY? Effective Accountability = Authorized Behaviors + Objective Evaluation + Appropriate ConsequencesThe “condition” of effective accountabilityexists when an employee’s authorizedbehavior is objectively evaluated andresults in appropriate consequences.
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY?Authority EvaluationAt least three types of authority are necessary for a Evaluation is a judgment.responsible person to perform assigned safety and • Judge the behavior, not the personhealth tasks effectively--these are: • Judgment should be based on facts, not 1. Authority over the work fiction (employee/supervisor) 2. Authority over needed resources Consequence (employee/supervisor) The result or effect caused by our behavior. 3. Authority over employees (supervisor) • Positive or negativeBehavior • Natural consequences – hurt or healthBehavior is an observable action. It’s something we do. • System consequences – discipline or positive recognition
FUNCTION OF OSH COMMITTEE PART III ( OSHA 1994 ) Assist in development of Safety & Health rules and safe system of work Review the effectiveness of Safety & Health Programmed To investigate any safety & health matter brought to attention of employer. Review Safety & Health policies and recommend to employer for revision of such policies.
WHAT IS - RESPONSIVE1.Reacting quickly and positively2.Responding readily and with interest or enthusiasm3.Answering 27
STRATEGY 2 : INCULCATING PREVENTIVE WORKPLACE CULTURE PROGRAM 4 : DESIGN AND DEVELOP SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENTS, SYSTEMS AND PRODUCTS Source : DOSH
MESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER……..An enterprise implementing a good OSHmanagement system and integrating that into its ownoverall business management system will also tend tomake improvements management-wise which willtranslate into better efficiency and productivity. Thiswill contribute to the formation of a safe, healthy andproductive pool of human capital. That, I believe, willdovetail perfectly with our collective nationalaspirations of becoming a fully developed country inthe not too distant future.Datuk Dr. S. Subramaniam,Minister of Human Resources, Malaysia Source : DOSH
Top Management Conceptual / Policy / BudgetMiddle Management Plan / Review Follow- / Audit / Commit through Line Management Execution / Understanding / Focus / CommitteeExperience Outcomes
Adds Business Value and CompetitiveAdvantage … Ability to Enhanced compete Reputation Access to Cost and RiskGlobal Markets Safety and Reduction Health Employee Improved morale quality Improved Improved efficiency productivity CONCLUSION: ‘ BEST PARCTICE ‘
Iskandar Syahril (03-8922 1930), firstname.lastname@example.org Asiah Nasution (03-8922 1926), email@example.com
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