E MPOWERMENTOSH   ACCOUNTABILITY      R ESPONSIVE       COSH 2011 – KLCC – 18 JULY 2011
EMPOWERMENT• Empowerment is defined as “freedom  and authority given to employees to  pursue their unique vision”. When th...
ACCOUNTABILITY• Accountability is a concept in ethics  and governance with several  meanings. It is often used  synonymous...
RESPONSIVE• Responsive is a comparative measurement  of the time taken to response to a particular  action. The measuremen...
EMPOWERMENT              5
EMPOWERMENT Personal empowerment and self  sufficiency. New opportunities and challenges  for today’s OSH practitioner....
EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITY (S.15)            “So far as is practicable…”• provision and                • provision of such  m...
WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS Responsibility and Ownership. Working independently towards common  objectives. Understanding “Wh...
WHAT EMPOWERMENT -           IS NOT Throwing out the rule book. Bypassing everyone who will say “No”. Doing the “Fun Pa...
GIVE POWER AWAY   “Power is an ‘expandable pie’… power is    not a zero-sum commodity, requiring that    for others to ha...
EMPOWERMENT TRIANGLE
Accountability                      Safety and                        Health                        Officer      Authority...
ACCOUNTABILITY                 14
WHO’s ACCOUNTABILITY                            Hazards &Legislation                              Risks              COMPL...
A safety management system shall clearly definelines of safety accountability throughout the[organization], including a di...
ACCOUNTABILITY Responsibility vs. Accountability OSH Committee    Sec 30 : Safety & Health Committee                    ...
WHAT IS ACCOUNTABILITY?• Most common responses refer to negative  consequences for failure to perform• Dictionary: Liable ...
RESPONSIBILITY FOR OSH :  TOWARDS SELF - REGULATION100 %RESPONSIBILITY                                PRIVATE SECTOR   FOR...
RESPONSIBILITY VS.            ACCOUNTABILITY• Responsibility is an obligation to perform duties  • It relies on personal i...
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY?                    Effective Accountability =     Authorized Behaviors + Objective Evalu...
WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY?Authority                                                 EvaluationAt least three types ...
FUNCTION OF OSH COMMITTEE            PART III ( OSHA 1994 ) Assist in development of Safety & Health rules  and safe syst...
SAFETY COMMITTEE
RESPONSIVE             25
RESPONSIVE
WHAT IS - RESPONSIVE1.Reacting quickly and positively2.Responding readily and with interest or enthusiasm3.Answering      ...
STRATEGY 2 : INCULCATING PREVENTIVE WORKPLACE       CULTURE PROGRAM 4 : DESIGN AND DEVELOP SAFE WORK    ENVIRONMENTS, SYST...
MESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER……..An enterprise implementing a good OSHmanagement system and integrating that into its ownovera...
Top Management               Conceptual /                                Policy /                                BudgetMid...
Adds Business Value and CompetitiveAdvantage …                 Ability to       Enhanced                 compete          ...
Iskandar Syahril (03-8922 1930), iskandar@ncsb.com.my    Asiah Nasution (03-8922 1926), asiah@ncsb.com.my
THANK YOUFor further information contact:Phone :         03 – 8922 1925Email     :     inquiry@ncsb.com.myURL       :     ...
ANY QUESTIONS?                 sharudins@gmail.com                        019-3226056
OSH EAR by Dr Sharudin NIOSH
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OSH EAR by Dr Sharudin NIOSH

  1. 1. E MPOWERMENTOSH ACCOUNTABILITY R ESPONSIVE COSH 2011 – KLCC – 18 JULY 2011
  2. 2. EMPOWERMENT• Empowerment is defined as “freedom and authority given to employees to pursue their unique vision”. When this is provided to safety committee, strong commitment and support is evident. 2
  3. 3. ACCOUNTABILITY• Accountability is a concept in ethics and governance with several meanings. It is often used synonymously with such concepts as responsibility, answerability, blameworthiness, liability and other terms associated with the expectation of account-giving. 3
  4. 4. RESPONSIVE• Responsive is a comparative measurement of the time taken to response to a particular action. The measurement could be concerned with the speed of emergency response to a critical situation but may equally be used to judge the behavior f an organisation towards, for example, an industrial incident or accident. 4
  5. 5. EMPOWERMENT 5
  6. 6. EMPOWERMENT Personal empowerment and self sufficiency. New opportunities and challenges for today’s OSH practitioner. Congruence between personal expectations, company’s priorities and societal changes.
  7. 7. EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITY (S.15) “So far as is practicable…”• provision and • provision of such maintenance of plant information, instruction, and systems of work that training and supervision are safe and without risks • maintenance of it in a to health; condition and means of access to and egress from it• ensuring safety and that are safe and without absence of risks to health such risks; in connection with the • working environment that is use or operation, safe, without risks to health, handling, storage and and adequate as regards transport of plant and facilities for their welfare at substances; work. © NCSB 2011 8
  8. 8. WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS Responsibility and Ownership. Working independently towards common objectives. Understanding “Why?” so that guidelines can be applied. Weighing the impact of decisions on all affected stakeholders. Making more trade -offs, not less. An earned privilege. It is not a given right!!
  9. 9. WHAT EMPOWERMENT - IS NOT Throwing out the rule book. Bypassing everyone who will say “No”. Doing the “Fun Parts” of someone else’s job. Freedom to unilaterally make decisions that impact others.
  10. 10. GIVE POWER AWAY “Power is an ‘expandable pie’… power is not a zero-sum commodity, requiring that for others to have more, the leader must have less.” “You have to give power to gain power.”
  11. 11. EMPOWERMENT TRIANGLE
  12. 12. Accountability Safety and Health Officer Authority OSH CommitteeTask Responsibility 13
  13. 13. ACCOUNTABILITY 14
  14. 14. WHO’s ACCOUNTABILITY Hazards &Legislation Risks COMPLIANCE Employees
  15. 15. A safety management system shall clearly definelines of safety accountability throughout the[organization], including a direct accountabilityfor safety on the part of senior management. 16
  16. 16. ACCOUNTABILITY Responsibility vs. Accountability OSH Committee Sec 30 : Safety & Health Committee ty o bili N ta y n et c ou Saf Ac No
  17. 17. WHAT IS ACCOUNTABILITY?• Most common responses refer to negative consequences for failure to perform• Dictionary: Liable or Answerable• It is the ability to account for or to measure• Obligation to fulfill a task…or else b No nta u o co y N y Ac ilit fet Sa
  18. 18. RESPONSIBILITY FOR OSH : TOWARDS SELF - REGULATION100 %RESPONSIBILITY PRIVATE SECTOR FOR OSH GOVERNMENT 0% NOW TARGET
  19. 19. RESPONSIBILITY VS. ACCOUNTABILITY• Responsibility is an obligation to perform duties • It relies on personal integrity • It does not necessarily have associated consequences• Accountability requires consequences • Consequences should be balanced• Someone is accountable when his/her performance is measured• When someone is responsible, his/her performance is not necessarily measured• The objective is to motivate performance
  20. 20. WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY? Effective Accountability = Authorized Behaviors + Objective Evaluation + Appropriate ConsequencesThe “condition” of effective accountabilityexists when an employee’s authorizedbehavior is objectively evaluated andresults in appropriate consequences.
  21. 21. WHAT IS EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY?Authority EvaluationAt least three types of authority are necessary for a Evaluation is a judgment.responsible person to perform assigned safety and • Judge the behavior, not the personhealth tasks effectively--these are: • Judgment should be based on facts, not 1. Authority over the work fiction (employee/supervisor) 2. Authority over needed resources Consequence (employee/supervisor) The result or effect caused by our behavior. 3. Authority over employees (supervisor) • Positive or negativeBehavior • Natural consequences – hurt or healthBehavior is an observable action. It’s something we do. • System consequences – discipline or positive recognition
  22. 22. FUNCTION OF OSH COMMITTEE PART III ( OSHA 1994 ) Assist in development of Safety & Health rules and safe system of work Review the effectiveness of Safety & Health Programmed To investigate any safety & health matter brought to attention of employer. Review Safety & Health policies and recommend to employer for revision of such policies.
  23. 23. SAFETY COMMITTEE
  24. 24. RESPONSIVE 25
  25. 25. RESPONSIVE
  26. 26. WHAT IS - RESPONSIVE1.Reacting quickly and positively2.Responding readily and with interest or enthusiasm3.Answering 27
  27. 27. STRATEGY 2 : INCULCATING PREVENTIVE WORKPLACE CULTURE PROGRAM 4 : DESIGN AND DEVELOP SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENTS, SYSTEMS AND PRODUCTS Source : DOSH
  28. 28. MESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER……..An enterprise implementing a good OSHmanagement system and integrating that into its ownoverall business management system will also tend tomake improvements management-wise which willtranslate into better efficiency and productivity. Thiswill contribute to the formation of a safe, healthy andproductive pool of human capital. That, I believe, willdovetail perfectly with our collective nationalaspirations of becoming a fully developed country inthe not too distant future.Datuk Dr. S. Subramaniam,Minister of Human Resources, Malaysia Source : DOSH
  29. 29. Top Management Conceptual / Policy / BudgetMiddle Management Plan / Review Follow- / Audit / Commit through Line Management Execution / Understanding / Focus / CommitteeExperience Outcomes
  30. 30. Adds Business Value and CompetitiveAdvantage … Ability to Enhanced compete Reputation Access to Cost and RiskGlobal Markets Safety and Reduction Health Employee Improved morale quality Improved Improved efficiency productivity CONCLUSION: ‘ BEST PARCTICE ‘
  31. 31. Iskandar Syahril (03-8922 1930), iskandar@ncsb.com.my Asiah Nasution (03-8922 1926), asiah@ncsb.com.my
  32. 32. THANK YOUFor further information contact:Phone : 03 – 8922 1925Email : inquiry@ncsb.com.myURL : www.ncsb.com.myFB : NIOSHcertificationTwitter : NIOSHcert
  33. 33. ANY QUESTIONS? sharudins@gmail.com 019-3226056

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