Back Injury Prevention
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Back Injury Prevention

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  • four out of five persons in the workforce will have a back injury in their working life near $600,000,000 in GNP lost annually due to back injuries Most Disabling Type of Industrial Injury Most predictive factor for permanent disability is previous back injuries
  • Vertabre
  • Functions of spine
  • Types of injuries
  • more types
  • close ou look at facet joints / nerve
  • nervous system
  • sketal system
  • back muscles
  • chest
  • steps to safer lifting
  • more lifting guidelines
  • two person lifts
  • Common mistakes
  • Review basic points

Back Injury Prevention Back Injury Prevention Presentation Transcript

  • Back Injury Prevention Basics Risk Factors and Primary Causes of Back Pain
  • Disabling Injuries
    • Back Injuries due to lifting and trauma
    • Head Injuries Including Auto Accidents
    • Limb - Machine & Auto
  • General Industry Injury Costs View slide
  • Strain/Sprain Injury
    • Average Annual Direct Cost of $ 6,803
    • Total Cost $ 2,952,303
    • Low Back Injuries Average Annual Direct Cost = 8,902
    • Total Cost of Low Back Inj. = $1,034,102
    View slide
  • R equired S ales to Cover Direct Costs ( assuming a 3% profit Margin) Strains will require $100,000,000 in sales Low Back Injuries will require $36,666,667
  • Required Sales to Cover Direct & Hidden Costs $400,000,000 for Strains $122,666,668 for Low Back Injuries alone
  • Functions of the Spine
    • Support your body
    • Protects your brain from shock
    • Pipe line for the Nervous System
  • TYPES of INJURIES
    • STRAINS & SPRAINS - Ligaments stretched or torn
    • MUSCLE SPASM - stress, weather or strain related
    • NEUROLOGICAL - nerve involvement
    • HERNIATED DISK - protrusion of a disk
  • TYPES of INJURIES
    • CONGENITAL - from birth
    • DEGENERATIVE - from aging, Osteroarthritis
  • Primary Causes of Low Back Pain 65% DISC DEGENERATION Including Aging & Lifting Stress 20 % INFLAMMATION - cold - spasm 10 % TRAUMA - falls - whip lash 5 % MISCELLANEOUS CAUSES
  •  
  • Some Common Terms
    • SCIATICA: Pressure on the Sciatic Nerve (L5 - S1)
    • SLIPPED DISK: Herniation of a disc and protrusion of the disc material
    • OSTEOPOROSIS: calcium degeneration of bone
    • SPONDYLOLISTHESIS: constricted disc space and fusion of vertebrae
  • The Nervous System
  •  
  •  
  • Major Chest Muscles
  • Risk Factors
    • Staying in one position for long periods
    • Excessive vibrations
    • Cigarette smoking
    • Overweight increases disk pressure
    • Sedentary Lifestyle
    • Improper Footwear
  • STEPS to SAFER LIFTING
    • KNOW YOUR LIMIT
    • ESTIMATE THE WEIGHT - lift a corner, read a label etc.......
    • MAKE SURE YOU HAVE FIRM FOOTING
    • GET A GOOD GRIP
    • BEND YOUR KNEES
  • With the weight on your mind the force is straight down- when you bend the weight is multiplied by the distance to your back Poor Form for Lifting
  • MORE HINTS
    • BRING THE WEIGHT CLOSE TO YOUR CENTER OF GRAVITY
    • TIGHTEN YOUR STOMACH MUSCLES
    • KEEP YOUR BACK IN A STRAIGHT COMFORTABLE POSITION
    • LIFT WITH YOUR LEGS
    • TURN YOUR BODY - DON’T TWIST
  • TWO PERSON LIFTS
    • Follow the steps for Safe Lifting &
      • Plan Your Moves Before You Start (doorways, steps, obstacles etc...)
      • Chose a Partner about the Same Size
      • COORDINATE YOUR ACTIONS
  • COMMON MISTAKES
    • Lifting with the Back Bent & Legs Straight
    • Using a Jerking Motion
    • Bending & Twisting
    • Poor Planning
    • Holding the Load far away
    • WILL GET YOU TO THE DOC
  • REMEMBER
    • Plan your lift
    • Bend your knees
    • Get a grip
    • Insure Good footing
    • Don’t Twist
    30 LB. Ouch!