Accident Investigation (1)
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Accident Investigation (1)






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  • Remember: make it clear, that investigations are conducted solely to gather information to help prevent the recurrence of accidents.

Accident Investigation (1) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Accident Investigation and Reporting
  • 2. Why do we investigate?
    • Helps us find out what happened.
    • Helps us find ways to prevent the reoccurrence of the incident.
    • Helps us control the claim.
    • Helps us save money for the firm.
    • May keep us out of jail.
  • 3. Why should supervisors investigate?
    • Know job details / work conditions
    • Assist in training employees
    • Close to employees
    • Increase sense of responsibility
    • Learn about causes
    • Responsible for action and changing job procedures
  • 4. Keys to Success:
    • Being Prepared
    • Begin ASAP
    • Investigate all Near Misses
  • 5. What is a Near-miss?
    • An accident that could have caused a death or serious injury, should be investigated just like any other accident.
  • 6. Immediate Causes
    • Unsafe Acts:
      • Operating at unsafe speed
      • Using unsafe equipment
      • Horseplay
    • Unsafe Conditions:
      • Defective equipment
      • Improper housekeeping
      • Inadequate lighting
  • 7. What should you do when an accident occurs?
    • Assess the situation
    • Assist the injured and call for emergency medical services
    • Secure the accident scene
    • Keep by-standers away.
    • Don’t talk to the media.
    • Find any witnesses (people who actually saw the incident).
  • 8. Assess the situation
    • Look at the accident scene.
    • Find out what happened.
    • Determine who is injured, what property is damaged, where the fire is, what was spilled (chemical), etc......
  • 9. Get emergency help
    • Getting emergency help to the scene.
      • Call EMS for injured.
      • Call Fire or Police for fire, crowd control, chemical spills, etc......
      • Call Safety Department, and appropriate Supervisor
      • Inform Safety Department of what happened and request guidance.
  • 10. Help the injured, (con’t.)
    • - Have an employee direct emergency services to scene.
    • - Keep traffic out of area of incident scene.
  • 11. Secure the incident scene
    • Secure the area around the incident scene
    • Have an employee monitor the scene.
    • Photograph the area from all angles
  • 12. Keep by-standers away
    • Have employees keep by-standers away from the scene.
    • Instruct employees not to talk to by-standers, including media.
    • Use police to help if necessary.
  • 13. Do not talk to the media
    • When the media shows up do not talk to them.
    • Inform employees not to discuss the incident with media.
  • 14. Do not talk to the media (con’t )
    • If a statement is required, tell them that an official of the firm will give them the details as soon as they are assessed.
    • Take the name of the reporter and their firm for future contact.
    • If necessary, provide them the Safety Director’s name and phone number.
  • 15. The Investigation Process: Time is crucial...
  • 16. Benefits of the Accident Investigation?
    • Helps to determine direct and indirect costs
    • Locate potential problem areas
    • Prevent reoccurrence
  • 17. Important Note:
    • Always notify the Safety dept. ASAP
    • Never attempt to handle the claim yourself
    • Do not at any time offer a settlement or agree to pay for any repairs or replacement of property
  • 18. Which Accidents Should be Investigated?
    • All accidents resulting in:
      • Injury, illness or near-miss
      • Property Damage
    • Includes employees, or subcontractors
    • Remember: when in doubt, investigate and report
  • 19. Common problems
    • Accident not reported
    • Failure to identify basic causes
    • Accepting inadequate reports
    • Failure to implement corrective actions
    • Failure to report tends to spread and become a common practice
  • 20. Reasons Some Employees do not Report Accidents:
    • Fear of discipline
    • Concern about record
    • Concern for reputation
    • Fear of medical treatment
    • Desire to keep personal record clean
  • 21. Concentrate on the facts:
    • Who?
    • What?
    • Where?
    • Why?
    • How?
  • 22. Professionalism:
    • Search for all the facts
      • apparent and hidden
    • Remain unbiased, and free from prejudice
    • Fairness and impartiality are essential
    • Do not place blame or pass the buck
  • 23. A Good Report Provides:
    • Complete information
    • Sequence of events
    • Identification of all causal factors
    • Action Plan
  • 24. Incident documentation
    • An Incident report form must be completed immediately following an incident.
    • The report should be complete with as much detail as possible.
    • Include photographs and witness statements
  • 25. Find any witnesses (people who actually saw the incident).
    • Take statements from all witnesses.
    • Have them write down their statements, sign and date the statement.
    • Get these collected within 1 hour of the incident. Important!
    • Turn over written statements to the Safety Department.
    • Make copies if needed for your project files.
  • 26. Incident documentation (con’t)
    • Do not leave any entry blanks empty. If not applicable or none, state “none or N/A”.
    • Provide sketches of the scene if they might help.
  • 27. Don’t Procrastinate...
    • Forward the original incident report and photos or film to the Safety Department promptly. (within 24 hours of incident)
    • Keep a copy for job file.
    • If injury is OSHA recordable, enter on the OSHA Form 200.
  • 28. In Conclusion:
    • Remember if you do the incident investigation and incident report, you place the firm and yourself in a position to control our costs.