Leagal research methods

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Leagal research methods

  1. 1. Meaning and objectives of legal research • Advancement of knowledge • Testing knowledge • Testing existing theory • Exploring new facts • Fact finding • Throwing light on legal issues • To explain and explore social and legal phenomena • To establish relationship between two factors/ variables (dependent, independent)
  2. 2. • To study cause- effect relationship • To verify the facts • To make suggestions and recommendations
  3. 3. Types of Research
  4. 4. Types of Research 1. Basic Research 2. Applied Research Basic Research 1. Fundamental research 2. Theoretical Research 3. Pure Research 4. To expand knowledge 5. No commercial purpose
  5. 5. Applied Research 1.Deals with a problem 2.With find solutions 3.Commercial advantages 4.Marketing research Three forms Basic research To discover information To acquire knowledge b. Applied research Application of knowledge Solution of problems
  6. 6. Fact gathering research To gather data Start from data collection Adhoc Research When one faces a problem To find a solution When he finds solution Research ceases
  7. 7. Continuous research Separate research department to conduct research activities Exploratory research Problem not defend clearly Real scope not clear To familiarize with problem Quite informal To review literature Qualitative approaches Informal discussions Formal approaches In-depth interviews Focus groups Case studies Pilot study
  8. 8. Conclusive research • To get information • To research conclusions • Quantitative in nature • To test hypothesis • Divided into two categories Descriptive research Majority studies descriptive Issues described Causal research Cause and effect relations Experiential research
  9. 9. Observation of research Different observation methods Participant and non participant Natural and artificial settings Structured and unstructured Direct and indirect Quantities and qualitative research Measurement of quantity Qualitative research To Discover motives and desires Quantities research in terms of number and quantity
  10. 10. Types of Research 1. Pure Research * Theoretical Research * To Contribute to Theory
  11. 11. Literature on the Subject 2. Empirical Research • Field Primary data • To study conditions in society • To discover facts • Root causes of the problem • Illiteracy and Crime • Study in a Prison
  12. 12. Objectives of Research • Development of Knowledge • Scientific study • Welfare of Humanity • Classification of Facts • Social control and Prediction • To Understand Human Behavior • To improve Knowledge • To reject old theory • To modify old theory • To propound new theory • To Identify gaps in Knowledge
  13. 13. Research Design • Plan of Research Study • Logical strategy to answer a question • Blue print for House construction
  14. 14. Types of Design 1. Exploratory or Formulate design • Studies of a new field • Experience survey • To study practical cases 2. Descriptive Studies • To describe characteristics 3. Diagnostic Studies • For Discovering a problem
  15. 15. 4. Analytical Studies • How and Why • To ascertain causality • Basic to all scientific analysis 5. Experimental design • Experimental Groups • Control Group • Stimulus Groups • Non -Stimulus Groups • To conduct experiment Under controlled conditions
  16. 16. Research process and Steps in Research 1. selection of the topic 2. Problem formulation 3. Identification of variables 4. dependent variable 5. independent variable 6. Hypothesis 7. Testing Hypothesis 8. Selection of the sample
  17. 17. 9. collection of data 10. tools of data collection 11. interview schedule 12. Analysis of data 13 Interpretation of data 14. Major findings 15. Conclusions and recommendations

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