What is Motivation? Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an organism to act towards a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviours. There are two forms of motivation – Intrinsic and Extrinsic
Intrinsic MotivationThis is motivation from within, a desire to perform well and succeed. One of the mainintrinsically motivated motives are personal pride the thought of being able to betteryourself and beat the challenges that you set yourself.For Example : Someone who is intrinsically motivated doesn’t require much externalmotivation from fans, money and expectations of others. They are focused on theirown inner goals that they want to achieve and their personal reasons for being inthe sporting situation they are in at that moment.
With intrinsic motivation, goals become achievable.SmartMeasurableAgreedRealisticTime relatedExcitingRecorded
Extrinsic MotivationExtrinsic motivation comes from a source outside of the performer. The motivatingfactors are external, or outside, rewards such as money or grades. These rewardsprovide satisfaction and pleasure that the task itself may not provide.Rewards include:Tangible rewards: Physical rewards such as medals and money.Intangible rewards: Praise, recognition and achievements.
An extrinsically motivated person will work on a task even when theyhave little interest in it because of the anticipated satisfaction they willget from some rewardFor example : When I do something, I have to explain why I do it. If I ambeing rewarded extrinsically for doing it, then I can explain to myselfthat I am doing it for the reward. In this way, rewards can decreaseinternal motivation as people work to gain the reward ratherthan, because they like doing the work or believe it is a good thing todo.
Motivation, Arousal and Performance Motivation is related to the intensity and direction of behaviour. That is, the level of arousal and the way in which we behave that affects our motivation and hence performance. Theories: Hull’s Drive Theory Inverted U Law
Hull’s Drive Theory Inverted U Law Optimal Arousal LevelP HIGH PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC LOW CE LOW HIGH E AROUSAL AROUSAL
Motivation and Personality Some people are more naturally driven to achieve set goals than others. These people like to push and challenge themselves. It is thought that when it comes to motivation, there are two personality types: - Need to Achieve (NACH) - Need to Avoid Failure (NAF)
Experiences Bad or good experiences can affect ones motivation. Successes are often attributed to internal causes whereas failure is often blamed on external factors such as equipment and officials! This is called a self-serving bias. Repeated failures or disappointments often lead to the belief that failure is inevitable in certain situations, leading to feelings that the outcome is uncontrollable. This is known as learned helplessness.
Motives of Motivation Goals Performance Persistence Impression
Summary Motivation is a crucial aspect of performance and understanding the elements of motivation will help any coach with his athlete or team. The main objective is to use motivation to help improve performance.
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