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  • It is advisable that the CAG do not just limit themselves to their particular area only promoting their activities under the umbrella of the EFF Axis 4, but it is advisable that they opt for other grants as a group, making the most of their organized structure in the general network

Presentacion Rosapolish Farnet Presentacion Rosapolish Farnet Presentation Transcript

  • The Coastal Action Groups. New opportunities for coastal areas in Galicia Seminar for Polish Fisheries Local Action Groups November 17-18, 2009 Rosa Chapela Head of Socioeconomics Fisheries Department CETMAR (SPAIN)
  • The fishing sector in Galicia. Some data Area: 29.574 sq2 Population (2009): 2.794.796 GNP (2007; miles €): 55.850.325 Unemployment rate, annual average (2008): 8,7 % 79.265 Total 28.000 Auxiliary companies 8.000 Processing and Frozen Industry 12.000 Cannery Industry 6.730 Commercialization 24.535 Fisheries, Shellfish gathering and Aquaculture Number of Employments SUBSECTOR
  • aquaculture 53,26% 6.130 11.510 TOTAL % GALICIA/ Spain Galicia Spain FISHING FLEET 2
    • Molluscs
    3.515 Rafts 71
    • Polyculture
    107
    • Oysters culture
    1.190 Culture areas for molluscs (PARQUES DE CULTIVO (MOLUSCOS) 4.744 TOTAL 17 Hatcheries 20
    • Flat fish
    22 Marine Farms 3.337
    • Mussels culture
    Nº Activity
  • Small-scale fisheries in Galicia Problems
    • Overfishing and fisheries crises
    • Captures reduction
    • Increasing fuel cost
    • Fall prices on fish products
    • Fragmented sector (individualizing, endogamy: rejection to involve people beyond their fisheries group…
    • Poaching
    • Littoral use conflicts
    • Depopulation in coastal areas. Lack of generational relief
    • Lost of marine culture
  • Small-scale fisheries in Galicia strengths and opportunities
    • Strong innovative capacity
    • Support and aids for diversification and looking for complementary and alternative activities.
    • Tradition and maritime culture in coastal areas
    • Changes in fisheries sector: from a “pasive” model to an “active” model creating ideas and projects.
    • Collaboration with other entities (universities, centers of research, etc)
  • Key challenges for fisheries areas in Galicia
    • Encouraging economic diversification ( directing investments towards the tourist fishing sector, the cultural sector, the environmental sector, etc)
    • To maintain the population level and the rates of employment
    • This strategy is based on the promotion of alternative economic activities , like those of tourist-fishing (in which we have to act so that they can be set up and managed by the fishing organizations) and to promote the coordinated policies on tourism and the environment, as well as other activities that will allow diversification of this sector
    • Improve the systems that promote equal opportunities amongst men and women
    • To guarantee the conservation of the natural, cultural and historical heritage of these areas
  • Key challenges for fisheries areas in Galicia
    • Revitalization and management of all the integral development processes of the fishing areas in decline
    • Encouraging networking
    • The implementation of community and transnational networks which will unite all the protagonists of sustainable rural development areas together with those of the fisheries so as to manage and exchange their experience of good practices
  • Key challenges for fisheries areas in Galicia
    • A new and different vision of fisheries founds: both, the actions and the beneficiaries
    • Direct participation of entities or local groups representing different socioeconomic sectors
    • A land-sea strategy: looking for the socioeconomic development of fisheries communities where fisheries professional lives.
    Encouraging the innovation and diversification for fishermen and women professionals to promote a local development Coastal Action Group (CAGs)
  • CAGs Selection Criteria
    • Low population density
    • Small Fisheries villages
    • Application of “coefficient of growth”: (fleet, power, landings, fisheries population..)
  • Seven selected areas GALICIA 40 Million Euros 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 25% 25%
    • CAG nº5: Ria de Arousa
    • 13 municipalities
    • 157.000 inhabitants
    • 455 km2
    • 17% active population dedicated to fisheries
  • Gacs Composition: Participation model Local Action Group Social stakeholders Economic sector Fihseries sector Local administration 50%
  • CAGs Composition
    • As a consequence of the EFF rules, the fisheries sector will have a clear strong position in the CAG Executive Committee, representing up to 50% of the votes.
    • Legislation for CAG’s setting up process in Galicia establish -as mandatory- that fisheries sector (fisheries, aquaculture and shellfish gathering) representing up to the 50% of total votes in LAG
  • CAG composition
    • Each of the sectors with the following representation (example in Galicia):
    • a) Twelve representatives from the fisheries, shellfish and aquaculture sector.
    • b) Three social representatives:
      • i. Two representatives from the socio-cultural, sporting, ecological, leisure
      • and educative associations.
      • ii. A representative from the women´s associations
    • c) Six financial representatives
      • i. Three trade union representatives
      • ii. Three representatives from the businessmen´s and other financial agents
      • associations.
    • d) Three representatives from local Public Administrations and organizations dependent on the Public Sector.
    • The strategy and process of setting up axis 4 groups in Galicia. What worked well and what to avoid. Messages for Poland
  • The strategy and process of setting up axis 4 groups in Galicia
    • Phase 1:
    • Identification of stakeholders in coastal areas (fisheries, private companies, tourism, sport, cultural, women, associations…
    • Phase 2
    • setting up diffusion , communication and disclosure actions by the interested parties in the different sectors with the objective of detecting the necessary predispositions from other organizations who are interested in forming part of the future GAC.
    • Example: congresses communicating the initiative directed at letting people know about Coastal Action Groups and what their objectives are, sending out letters to organizations that are likely to take part, etc. send information about Axis 4th EFF and LAGs
    • To asses and encourage the process in order to set up one group in each eligible area and capacity building support
  • The strategy and process of setting up axis 4 groups in Galicia
    • Previous meetings with fisheries sector in order to inform them this new funding strategy and approach
    • Working with fisheries sector in workshops: capacity building support
    • Inform them about what kind of projects can be develop in Axis 4th EFF framework
  • The strategy and process of setting up axis 4 groups in Galicia
    • Phase 3
    • After the diffusion phase and once the interested parties in participating in the association process have been identified, they should formalize their relationship by signing an agreement so that they can formalize their identity as an association.
      • Example: In the case of associations, corporations, trade unions etc. these should adopt an agreement of a pledge of association ratified by their appropriate body. If this were the case of local administrations, (Councils, deputations, etc.), this agreement should be adopted at an appropriate full meeting, so that it can be ratified.
  • The strategy and process of setting up axis 4 groups in Galicia
    • Phase 4: Strategic Area Plan
    • Parallel to phases 2 and 3, it was useful to start the necessary actions to carry out the constitution of a mixed working team , made up from the representatives of the organizations that make up the association and technical staff with experience in the management and participation of European or of local development programmes, so that they can guarantee the elaboration of a Strategic Area Plan (SAP)
  • The strategy and process of setting up axis 4 groups in Galicia
    • Phase 5
    • constituent session which will give the association authority to approve the Strategic Area Plan (SAP).
    • Formal presentation of the candidature, which is the final step of this process.
    • CAGs are selected by Ministry of Fisheries
    Founding act Statutes Strategic Area Plan
  • CAGs: what can be done?
    • Promote and programme actions regarding with the diversification of activities through multiple promotion of jobs for the fishermen:
      • creation of additional jobs away from the fisheries sector, like for example tourist activities on board boats
    • To encourage, promote, programme and collaborate in actions directed at finding added value to fisheries, shellfish and aquaculture products
    • To promote informative and public awareness measures, the fisheries sector being promoted as the main group, and primarily aimed at women, young people and disadvantaged groups linked to this aforementioned sector
    • The CAG have a network of links and contacts with other associations or groups, so that they can promote synergy in the acting territory.
    • the CAG should be the ones who cooperate and coordinate with the Rural Development Groups (RDG), which are groups created under the umbrella of the European LEADER programme , which pursues similar aims in the rural areas
  • Priority axis for CAGs’ activities: mandatory
    • Boost the fisheries sector competitiveness: specially through the marketing improvement
    • Economic promotion: job creation through diversification
    • Improving natural environment and quality
    • Promotion of social cohesion
    • Promotion of new technologies
    • Promotion of cooperation and participation
    1.300.000€ 4.300.000€ 2.700.000€ 900.000€ 333.000€ CAG nº 3 :10.000.000€ 20% managing
  • Tools
    • Web page www.accioncosteira.es
    • Candidature Guide for CAGs
    • Guide for Project’ promoters
    • Communication and dissemination Guide
    • Guide for Law of data protection compliance .
    • Software for managing projects.
  •  
    • Example of initiatives
  • Iniciativas
    • AREAS
    restructuring Production and new products New models organization Marketing Fishing Tourism Maritime culture DIVERSIFICATION
  • Mar de Lira : integrated offer
    • Fisheries organization initiative
    • Fishing Tourism: self-confidence
    • Sustainable Fisheries
    • Marketing by fishermen: i.e. Shop market in an old and traditional market in Madrid: Mercado de San Miguel
    • Rebuilding an old ship scripping and used by nautical activities (training, cetacean watching, routes…)
    • Agreements with restaurants in the community: products of the sea
    • Agreements with travel agencies: Jubilee; Costa da Morte-Santiago de Compostela
  • Mar de Lira: integrated offer
    • Andar ao mar (Going to the sea): Rutas
      • Shellfish gathering women route
      • Marine Protected Area Route
      • Harbour Route
      • Shipwreck Route
      • Ethnographic Route
    2. Workshops for children: Fisheries workshop
  • Mar de Lira: integrated offer
    • 3.- Fishing tourism
      • Participating in a fishing day
      • Working with fishermen from 7:00 am to 15:00 pm
    • 4.- Sports fishing
      • Knowing the fishermen skills
      • Know the species of the area.
      • To respect strictly sizes, forbidding places, catches.
      • Enjoying the sport fishing taking care with the marine environment.
      • Cooperating in fisheries conservation
    Sustainable fisheries and Coastal community development
  • Marine Protected Area Sea urchin fishing Women cooperative Organization Marketing Fish Shop “San Miguel’ Market” Fishing - Tourism Lira Economic development in Coastal communities Quality brand Marine protected Area Fish
  • New products: barnacle pâte and barnacle canned
    • Integral management of barnacle fisheries
    • Cofradías of Baiona, A Guarda y Bueu
      • Increase the added value of no king-size barnacle in markets
      • New market search and new exploitation models
    • New exploitation plan (co-management)
    • Set up a company (integrated by fishermen and fisherwomen)
    • Elaboration of recipes with barnacle
    • Brand creation
    • Rent/Buy a processed factory for canning and barnacle pâte
  • Lonxanet
    • Company for direct selling and distribution of Galician fisheries products. Integrated by 4 Galician Cofradias and using Internet as selling channel.
        • Fisheries Association of Cedeira; lira, Cangas and Muxía.
        • Private investors
    • 50% of the benefits are used to social, economic and environmental projects into the small-scale fisheries sector
    • Why lonxanet and why online sales?
      • Ports far away from markets
      • Collusion in First-Price Auctions
      • Fall prices in fisheries products
      • Business opportunity
  • Lonxanet
  • Lonxanet
    • Objectives:
      • Dignify the fishermen profession
      • Promoting a sustainable fisheries
      • Boosting the responsible marketing
      • Working for a more healthy and biodivers sea
    • Results :
    • Improving the marketing, reducing the number of links in the chain between producer and consumers
    • Improving the incomes in first sales by fishermen
    • Open new markets
    • Job creation (5)
    • Creation of a Sustainable Fisheries Foundation
    • More high prices
    • Traceability, quality and freshness on products
    Ano Volume de vendas Facturaci ó n Incremento 2006 50.000 kg 600.000 € 2008 640.000 € 7% Lonxanet
  • Restauration and recovery of ships
    • “ Un barco tradicional es inseparable de la historia local a la que pertenece y es testigo de las aguas en las que ha navegado, por lo que la zona en la que navegó el barco tendría inseparábel da historia local á que pertence i é testemuña das augas nas que ten navegado”
      • Conferencia Europeo Maritime Heritage
      • Enkhuizen 2003
      • “ Carta europea para a conservación dos barcos tradicionais”
  • Actions
    • Alternatives to fisheries activity: socioeconomic diversification
    • Marketing and increasing added value of fisheries products
    • Tourism and fisheries services
    • Environmental protection
    • Experiences to reinforce the coastal community and its identity
    • Maritime and cultural heritage conservation
    • Projects focused on cooperation land-sea
    • Positive interaction with other economic, social and cultural activities in the community
    • Interregional and transnational cooperation.
    • Collective capacities for preparing local development strategies.
  • Type of projects in Galician GACs
    • “ Flavours of our Sea”
    • Maritime and Fisheries initiatives
    • Platform for promotion and dissemination of fishing-tourism activities in coastal area
    • Routes and Gastronomic offer
    • Maritime sports services: diving, restaurant/gastronomy industry or services, sightseeing, cultural services
    • Restoring a fish canning industry for fisheries training centre
    • Restoring fishermen houses for tourism houses or accommodation
    • Setting up a company to offer cultural and leisure services linked with fisheries and maritime culture (routes, birds and cetacean watching, diving, surfing, etc…
    • Gastronomy or food school or training: restaurant specialized in fisheries products….
    • Infrastructures to arrange the littoral for walking…
    • Infrastructures for fishing and storing fish
    Elegible Non elegible
  • Good Strategic Action Plan with actions to be develop Participatory process to engage coastal community: ensuring a balanced representation of other local interest Use the EFF funds for investment projects in public infrastructure Encourage the fisheries sector participation Political instrumentalization Leading to concrete projects Up-bottom strategy instead of bottom-up strategy Training for LAGs Leadership by local authorities Training courses for Group’s promoters of CAG Too fast setting up process Meetings and workshops with fisheries sector TO AVOID TO DO
  • Rosa Chapela Pérez Head of Socioeconomic Fisheries Department CETMAR [email_address] www.cetmar.org Thank you for your kind attention Dziękuję za uwagę