Family Tree DNA Conference -- Administrators' Library

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Family Tree DNA Conference -- Administrators' Library

  1. 1. How to Research Deep Native Ancestry with Big Y DNA Marie Rundquist, Author, Genealogist, and DNA Specialist Family Tree DNA Conference November 2016 M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  2. 2. Books, Articles & Historical Markers • Revisiting Anne Marie (2009) Cajun By Any Other Name (2012) • “Finding Anne Marie: The Hidden History of Our Acadian Ancestors” (2006) Unama’ki College, Cape Breton University, Essays • Certificate of Completion attained for Learning from the Knowledge Keepers of Mikm’aki, Cape Breton University, Unama’ki College. (2016) • “Autosomal DNA Results Test Hundreds of Years of Genealogy Records in ‘Proof of Ancestry (SCGS, 2015); • “mtDNA Topples Genealogist's Adobe Walls," with Patricia Sanchez Rau (SCGS, 2014) • “On a Quest for an Ancient Bloodine” with Earl J. David (SCGS, 2013) • “Doucet DNA” with Keith Doucet (2010); “C3b Y Chromosome DNA Test Results Point to Native American Deep Ancestry” (2012) • Acadie, Then and Now (2014) by Warren Perrin, Mary Perrin, Phil Comeau (Winner Prix France Acadie 2015) – contributing author • Maryland Tourism Website Initiative: AcadiansWereHere.org with Greg Wood, R. Martin (Marty) Guidry. (October, 2015) ; Heritage Monument Initiative: Acadians in Maryland Historic Marker (Installed July 28, 2013) M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  3. 3. Native American DNA Acadian- Native DNA Surname DNA Studies DNA Research DNA Research Projects A2 mtDNA Project Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project American Indian Project C P39 Y DNA Project Haplogroup A mtDNA Project X2b4 mtDNA Project A4 mtDNA Project Germain Doucet b. ca1641 Pierre Lejeune b. ca 1599 Francois Gautreau b. ca 1613 Jean Pierre David dit St. Michel b. ca 1699 Big Y DNA Study Knowledge of Ancestry M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  4. 4. DNA Genealogy History Culture Organizations & Activities International Society of Genetic Genealogy Southern California Genealogical Society Association des Acadiens-Métis Souriquois (AAMS) University of Maryland College Park Alumni Association Edward H. Nabb Research Center for Delmarva History and Culture Metis Eastern Tribal Indian Society of Maine Compassion International Knowledge Keepers of Mi’kma’ki National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) Knowledge of People and Society M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  5. 5. Unama’ki College (CBU) Certification M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  6. 6. Y DNA for Surname-based Genealogy •Correlate paternal line ancestries and presumed family origins of its members with Y DNA test results •Prove or disprove genealogy assumptions about paternal- line ancestry •Male descendants of the same grandfather will show few differences when Y DNA results are compared Review: Y DNA for Genetic Genenalogy Grandfather Son Son Son Son Son Y Chromosome DNA Y Chromosome DNA Tips for Y DNA studies: • Recruit paternal-line, male descendants of your family’s “person of interest” The more the better! • Conduct 37-marker Y DNA test to ascertain haplogroup assignment. • Conduct SNP test(s) necessary to confirm the haplogroup subclade. • Extend test results to 67 – 111 markers to determine genetic distance • Compile test results. Establish baselines and “signatures” • Compare, contrast, and group • Identify trends and outliers • Qualify haplogroups and paternal genealogy lines (watch for paper trail errors) • “Feel lucky !” M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  7. 7. Y DNA Matches Y DNA: Markers and Matches • Y DNA test results show locations on the Y chromosome, the markers that define them – called Short Tandem Repeats (STRs), and the number of times that code repeats itself (allele value) • Y DNA matches (all men) will have the same allele values at the same locations (with little differences) – up to 111 markers • While haplogroup types may be common, Y DNA sequences may be unique to specific family groups (and surnames) even at 12 markers! • Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) are useful for distinguishing among haplogroups and now, terminal SNPs define them M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  8. 8. Y DNA Matches M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com Y DNA has Real Answers • Do two males share a common paternal ancestor? • How long ago did two males share a common paternal ancestor? • Are our families related? • Did the line survive surname variations? Examples: Lejeune  Young; Gautreaux  Gouthro, Guthrow, Gotrot • Was a paternal line ancestor Native American? • Is my genealogy correct?
  9. 9. 2008: The Case of Germain Doucet b. 1641 • Consider Germain Doucet, Sieur de La Verdure born ca 1595 near Couperans en Brye. He was a French commander in the French colony of Acadia Assumption 1: He was the father of Germain Doucet b.1641 (and all Doucet/Doucette Acadian men) Assumption 2: This line was French M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  10. 10. 2008: The Case of Germain Doucet b. 1641 • QUESTION: Does Keith Doucet’s “Doucet” surname relate to Germain Doucet Sieur de La Verdure, b. ca 1595 in France? Is he a direct, male descendant of this line? • November 30, 2008: Keith Doucet agreed to have a Y chromosome DNA test to find out. • December 3, 2008: Keith received and returned his Y DNA test kit to FTDNA and waited for results. M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  11. 11. 2008: The Case of Germain Doucet b. 1641 Keith Doucet’s Documented Paternal Line Ancestry: Acadian Chapter ( 1641 – 1755 in Nova Scotia) • Generation 14: Germain Doucet dit Laverdure (wife was unknown.) [GENERATION 14 IS AN ASSUMPTION] • Generation 13: Germain Doucet b. 1641 + Marie Landry • Generation 12: Laurent Doucet + Jeanne Babin • Generation: 11: Laurent Doucet + Marie Pellerin • Generation 10: Michel Doucet + Marguerite Martin • Generation 9: Joseph Doucet dit Hilaire + Anne Landry Louisiana Chapter (Post Acadian Explusion from Nova Scotia in 1755) • Generation 8: Joseph Doucet + Celeste Bellard • Generation 7: Joseph Doucet + Carmelite Richard • Generation 6: Charles Doucet + Caroline LeBleu • Generation 5: Gregoire Doucet + Amelie Lejeune • Generation 4: Laurent Doucet + Lesimaine Lejeune • Generation 3: Leonce Doucet + Ada Opry • Generation 2: Floyd Doucet + Ann Arledge • Generation 1: Keith Doucet M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com; Doucet DNA c. 2013
  12. 12. 2009: A Native Y DNA Result was Discovered in a Man of Acadian Ancestry ! • February 2, 2009: Keith Doucet’s test results arrived: Haplogroup “C!” (Native American???) M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com; Maps Courtesy Family Tree DNA
  13. 13. Early 2010: Native C P39+ Confirmed for 2 Amerindian Ancestry Members • February 25, 2010: Keith Doucet’s Great Uncle (from Louisiana) matched at 0 genetic distance • February 28, 2010: A Native American Y DNA Test result (C-P39+!) was confirmed • C-P39+ SNP result arrived at the same time for a Status Mi’kmaq man out of Gaspe, QC., Canada • Haplogroup C-M217 (parent of C-P39) is found in indigenous Siberians,Mongols and Kazakhs • C-P39 is found among the Na-Dene with the highest frequency found among Athabaskans • In our C-P39 Y DNA study, the type has been found in all regions of North America M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com Heat map Wikipedia.org public domain
  14. 14. 2011: C3b Y DNA Study Begins • Test kits comprised of two swabs, used for scraping cells from the inside of the cheek, two test tubes, and consent forms were ordered from the Family Tree DNA Genetics by Genealogy, LTD., company of Houston, Texas • Following genealogy review, Y DNA test kits were mailed by the company to pre-qualified, consenting candidates – all volunteer test participants from across North American and Canada • Field monitors assisted in the completion and return of tests in rural areas of Nova Scotia and Louisiana • On 100% return, test results were initially posted to the Amerindian Ancestry project and subsequently published on the project website M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  15. 15. 2012: Initial C3b Findings and Results M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  16. 16. 2012: Initial C3b Findings and Results M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  17. 17. 2013: C P39 Y DNA Project Begins • 2013: Second wave of recruitment and sponsorship of Y DNA tests and C P39 SNP qualification: The C P39+ trend continues! • 2014-2015: 12 Big Y DNA Tests are sponsored in coordination with FTDNA Project Administrators: blogger Roberta Estes and David Pike, and individual project donors M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  18. 18. 2014-2016: Big Y Project Launch • Big Y is a Y Chromosome DNA test (for paternal line ancestry) • Useful for deep ancestry investigation – not recent history • Big Y results may add new markers to haplogroup branches • Big Y analysis may reveal possible deep ancestry links among Big Y candidates overlooked by Big Y matching, prior reporting, and haplogroup assignments • Big Y exposes new and sampled SNPs useful for future project research and comparison • Research of Big Y results may reveal trends, outliers for shared Big Y SNPs among project members • An 8/28/2014 “Big Y White Paper” has more details M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  19. 19. How significant are Big Y Shared SNPs to our story of deep ancestry? Methodology: • Select and export 12 candidate Big Y SNP files from the Family Tree DNA P39 Y DNA Study database into a single repository • Filter Big Y data for high confidence, positively derived (+) SNPs • Compare and contrast Big Y SNPs among candidates -- by SNP, by country, by region, and count and where paternal place of birth is known • Research pedigrees of unique and shared SNPs referencing the National Genographic database when available (Important: Earliest ancestry / ethnicity may or may not have anything to do with the birthplace of a Y DNA test participant!) • Note locations of upstream and downstream SNPs on the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) Haplogroup C Y DNA Tree when available • Filter data for trends and outliers -- limit exploration to a “slice” of humanity – and not “all” of humanity! • Important: Our “slice of humanity” for purposes of this study is generally comprised of Native and Indigenous peoples of the C-M130, C-M217, C-P39+, CF4015+ and C-F3985 Y DNA shorthand haplogroups and other C haplogroups out of Canada, South and Central America , the 48 contiguous and non-contiguous United States as represented in the data • Map results to known geographic regions / possibly tribal areas • Let the SNPs tell the story M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  20. 20. Nat Geo SNP Pedigree P39+ (Native) • Y-Chromosome DNA Haplogroups are based on SNPs, Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms, that occur in the non recombining region of the Y-chromosome • Haplogroup C-P39 is defined by the SNP P39. This mutation is believed to have occurred at least 15,000 years ago. C-P39 is found in the Americas • SNPs that are characteristic of this project include, thus far, the C- P39+ (our project baseline) and the C-M217+ and F4015+ and the F3985+ SNPs. • Studies show that low percentage Y chromosome DNA findings for Tanana (Alaska), Cheyenne, Sioux, Apache, Navajo, and Wayu, include Haplogroup C. Haplogroup “Q” is far more prevalent among Native American men M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com Haplogroup Chart Courtesy Family Tree DNA
  21. 21. Conclusions • Trends for the F4015+ and the F3985+ shorthand Y haplogroups were in fact common among shared SNPs, revealing a shared genetic history among the Native (C-P39+) men in North America and the (C-P39-) control man of European origins. • Outlier ethnic groups surfaced repeatedly among shared SNPs, for men of Hawaiian, Polynesian, Tongan, Maori and Samoan ethnicities, revealing unexpected links among these men, Native (C-P39+) men in North America and the (C-P39-) control man of European origins. • National Genographic data validated, expanded upon and added to our knowledge of shared SNPs and pedigrees among the men in the Big Y study • …and added to our story of deep ancestry and genetic links among peoples … with more investigation and sampling of the data to follow! M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  22. 22. References • Stephen L. Zegura, Tatiana M. Karafet, Lev A. Zhivotovsky, and Michael F. Hammer High-Resolution SNPs and Microsatellite Haplotypes Point to a Single, Recent Entry of Native American Y Chromosomes into the Americas Mol Biol Evol (2004) 21 (1): 164-175 first published online October 31, 2003 doi:10.1093/molbev/msh009 • M. Rundquist, “C3b Y Chromosome DNA Test Results Point to Native American Deep Ancestry, Relatedness, among United States and Canadian Study Participants (2012). Published August, 2012. http://www.familyheritageresearchcommunity.org/uploads/2/7/0/9/2709414/amerindian_ancestry_c3b_y_dna_analysis.pdf • C-P39 Y-DNA Haplogroup Project: https://www.familytreedna.com/public/ydna_C-P39 (Big Y DNA Data) • The Genographic Project (Research Database): http://geno-web.nationalgeographic.com/geno2/dist/ (SNP Analysis) • Miguel G. Vilar, PhD, Science and Exploration, National Geographic • Family Tree DNA Project Co-Administrators: Roberta J. Estes and David Pike • Family Heritage Research Community: http://familyheritageresearchcommunity.org M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com
  23. 23. How to Research Deep Native Ancestry with Big Y DNA Marie Rundquist, Author, Genealogist, and DNA Specialist Family Tree DNA Conference November 2016 M.A. Rundquist Presentation FTDNA Admin Conference: 11/13/2016 Graphics Design SmileTemplates.com

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