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The Fruit Manual: A Guide To The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain; by Robert Hogg (1884)

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The Fruit Manual: A Guide To The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain; by Robert Hogg (1884) >>>>Contains wonderful lists of heritage apples! …

The Fruit Manual: A Guide To The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain; by Robert Hogg (1884) >>>>Contains wonderful lists of heritage apples!

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  • 1. FRUIT MANUAL
  • 2. y^^i^r-: ^iO^^:-^^:.m
  • 3. Digitized by the Internet Archive ^ in 2007 with funding from ^^ Microsoft Corporation[tp://www.archive.org/details/fruitmanualguideOO.
  • 4. Vr^iUNIVERSITY OP CALIF*- -»NIA LIBRARY
  • 5. i
  • 6. THEIF I^ UIT IMI^^lTTJ^^L " Fruit of all kinds, in coat, Bough or smooth rind, or bearded husk or ahelL"—MiLTOW.
  • 7. v.^^^^^5^ THE FRUIT MANUAL:THE FEUITS AND FEUIT TEEES OF GEEAT BEITAIN. Br EGBERT HOGG, LL.D., F.L.S., Viee-Prttident, and latt Secretary, of The Royal Horticultural Society ; Editor of the * Journal of horticulture," dtc, ±c., dte. FIFTH EDITION. JOURNAL OF HORTICULTUEE OFFICE, 171, FLEET STREET. 1884. p tfs i»^ flipfl i (^
  • 8. Co t^t pernor; of i^t htt MR. THOMAS RIVERS, OF BAWBKIDOEWORTH, THIS FIFTH EDITION OF THE FRUIT MANUAL;NOT THAT HE REQUIRES A MEMORIAL OTHER THAN THAT WHICH HEHIMSELF HAS RAISED; BUT FOR FORTY YEARS WE WERE KNIT TOGETHERBY THE CLOSEST FRIENDSHIP, WORKING TOGETHER AND STIMULATING ONEANOTHER IN THE STUDY OF POMOLOGY: AND NOW THAT HE HAS PASSED AWAY ITHUS CHERISH IN MY MEMORY A SINCERE FRIEND AND A GOOD MAN. HE 3DIEID OOTOBER. IVth, ia7"7. Aged 80 Years. y/j
  • 9. PREFACE.It is twenty-four years since this work was first published, andduring the first fifteen of that period it passed through threelarge editions. The fourth appeared nine years ago, and thathas long since been out of print. I have now finished the FifthEdition, in which will be found a great deal of new matter,enlarging the work to upwards of 150 pages more than therewere in the last. The increase in size is mainly due to the introduction ofadditional descriptions of Fruits which are actually existing inour Gardens and Orchards, as I have been desirous of putting onrecord a description of all the fruits generally cultivated in theUnited Kingdom so far as it was in my power to do so. I couldeasily have increased the size of this volume if I had been sodisposed by introducing fruits cultivated abroad or which aredescribed in foreign works; but this would have answered nouseful purpose, for until these have been grown in this countryw^e can form no idea of what their merits or demerits might be.Much harm has already been done and much disappointment hasbeen caused by the indiscriminate introduction and recommend-ation of foreign fruits with the merits they are reputed to possessin other soils and other climates. Fruits are so easily influencedby these two agencies that even in this country, in localities notfar distant from each other, we meet with the most conflictingresults. In the fertile valley of the Thames about Teddingtonand Twickenham every kind of hardy fruit might be expected to
  • 10. Vlll PREFACE.be produced in its greatest perfection ; but the reports furnishedby that experienced cultivator and acute observer, Mr. R. D.Blackmore, which will be found in the descriptions of Peachesand Pears, are quite staggering, and destroy the long-cherishedopinion which some of us have held respecting our favouritefruits. The new Classification of the Apple upon which I have forsome years been engaged is another additional feature in thisvolume, and I trust that, when its principles have been mastered,it will be found of service in the identification of the differentvarieties. The same success that has attended my Classification of theApple has been denied me in my attempt to do the same for thePear. I have merely given a sketch of a system which I hopeto be able some day more fully to elaborate. If one could everyyear, or even at short intervals of years, ensure a crop of fruit thework might soon be accomplished ; but in this uncertain climatewe must be content to proceed by slow marches and wait withpatience till our opportunities arise. I have consented to a request which has been frequently madeto introduce descriptions of the leading kinds of Pine-apples. Since the large importations of this fruit from the West Indies and the Azores, where it is extensively grown for the supply of the European markets, the cultivation of the Pine-apple has fallen off in British gardens. Nevertheless, it is all the more needful that some convenient record should be accessible for the identification of those varieties which have been grown in the pine-stoves of our large establishments.
  • 11. CONTENTS PAGEAlmonds 1 Classification of 1Apples 4 Classification of xi Lists of Select 253 The Best Dessert 257 The Best Kitchen 258 The Best Cideb 259Apricots 260 Synopsis of 260 Lists of Select 273Berberries 273Cherries 274 Synopsis of 274 Lists op Select 316Chestnuts 317Cranberries 317Currants 318 Lists of Select 322Figs 322 Synopsis of 322 Lists of Select 337Gooseberries 337 Synopsis of 337 Lists of Select 365 Table for Weights of 366Grapes 366 Synopsis op 366 Lists of Select 413Medlars 414Mulberries 414Nectarines 415 Synopsis of 415 List of Select 426Nuts and Filberts 426 Synopsis of 426 List of Select 433
  • 12. X CONTENTS.Peaches .----*- Synopsis op PAGE 43H 43B List of Select 464Pears 465 Classification of 465Pine-apples ... Lists of Select The Best - 670 673 675 Synopsis of 675Plums 680 Synopsis of 680 Lists of Select 733 The Best Desseet 733Quinces 734Raspbeeries 734 Synopsis of 734 List of Select 739Strawbeeeies -- 739 List of Select 758Walnuts 758
  • 13. CLASSIFICATION OF APPLES.Many attempts have been made to devise a classification for the Apple.Diel, Sickler, Dochnahl, Lucas, and others have each produced one,but they are all modifications or altered forms the one of the other,and the characters upon which they are constructed are too inconstantand indefinite to render their work of much practical utility. As theultimate design of classification is mainly to facilitate the identificationof the numerous objects that are the subject of inquiry, if it fails inthis, much of its usefulness is impaired. The systems to which Ihave alluded have all proved failures, and, with the exception ofDielsand Doehnahls, I am not aware that under either of them thenumerous varieties of Apples have ever been classified. In British Pomolof/y, which was published many years ago, Isuggested a classification for the Apple that was intended to lead tothe discovery of the names of the diflerent varieties described in thatwork, but its scope was too limited, and it consequently failed in itspurpose. Previous to this I had attempted to make use of Dielsarrangement, but without success, and then I resolved to search out formyself characters upon which to base a system that would accomphshwhat I had in view. In 1876 my earliest views of a new system were published in TheJournal of Horticulture. It appeared while I was absent from home,and was set up in so confused a manner that it called forth some well-merited criticism. I reconstructed it in what I conceived to be a bettershape, and it was printed in a tUstinct form as A New Classiji cation ofAjjples. This is the basis upon which my new and amended system isfounded. I find, however, that in this as in every other classificationof natural objects there are the usual difiiculties to contend with.Kature refuses to be bound, and will not submit to be confined, withinthe narrow limits that man would assign to her. There is still the debatable ground to deal with, where there arc no definite boundaries
  • 14. —XU THE FRUIT MANUAL.and we are met on every hand by the difficulties experienced by M.Milne-Edwards, who says, " We sometimes see the transition of oneplan of structure to an entirely different scheme of organisation takeplace by degrees so completely shaded one into the other that itbecomes very difficult to trace the line of demarcation between thegroups thus connected ; " and it must always be so. No classificationof natural objects has yet been constructed on perfectly fixed principles,and we were to wait, expecting to arrive at that state of scientific ifaccuracy, we should continue waiting. Every system now in use hasbeen crude in its beginning. The natural system of botany, forinstance, which is now almost universally in use, was evolved, and isstill being evolved, out of one which "abounded in errors and imper-fections." I am not discouraged, therefore, when I meet with difficultiesin applying my system. I feel assured that after it has been put intooperation, and some of its imperfections have been discovered andhave disappeared, it will eventually be found to answer the purpose forwhich it is intended ; for I am convinced that the principles uponwhich it is founded are sound. The structural characters on which this classification is based are1. The Stamens; 2. The Tube; 3. The Carpels; and 4. The Sepals. When we make a longitudinal section of an Apple through thecentre of the eye to the stalk we see these various organs. At the topof the section are the calycine segments, or what is technically calledthe eye, and immediately below them there is a cavity called bybotanists the flower-tube. Inserted in this tube is a ring of smallbristle-like organs, which are the remains of the stamens, and theseoccupy three difierent positions. In some fruits they are very nearthe top of the tube ; in others they are lower down, and occupy aposition about the middle ; whilst in others they are very near thebase. The tube itself is of two forms —the conical and the funnel-shaped. Just below the tube is the core, composed generally of fivecells or carpels, and these assume four difierent forms —round, ovate,obovate, and elliptical and each of these varies in its relation to the ;axis of the fruit, some extending close to it and forming symmetricalcells, while others are distant from it and are unsymmetrical. These being the principal characters with which we have to deal, Ishall now proceed to treat of them individually.
  • 15. CLASSIFICATION OF APPLES. XIU 1. The Stamens. — I have already stated that these occupy threedifferent positions in the tube, have adopted them as the primary and 1divisions of this system, having found by experience that they are onthe whole the most reliable characters where all are more or lesschangeable. The marjinal position is shown in Fim. 1, 2 a, 3, and4 a ; the median in Fif/s. 5 a, G a, and 7 and the basal in Figs. 8 a ;and 9 n. 2. The Tube. The tube— is of two distinct forms —the conical andhe funnel-shaped — and these are more or less modified in shape, as willbe seen on reference to the various diagrams. The outlines of theconical tube, as shown in F^s. 1, 2, 6, and 9, proceed from the baseof the sepals in a curved line downwards towards the core, forming aninverted cone. These curves are generally inwards, but occasionallythey are outwards, as in Fuj. 1, which has suggested to me the forma-tion of another division under the name of urn-shaped but it occurs;so seldom that no importance need be attached to it. The lines ofthe funnel-shaped tube proceed, like those of the conical, from thebase of the sepals, curving outwards in the same downward direction,and then, curving inwards, form a hump or shoulder which is higher orlower than the middle of the tube and this has the appearance of a ;funnel shape, as is shown in Figs. 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8. 3. The Cay-pels. — These constitute what is popularly called the coreof the apple. They are generally five, occasionally they are four,and I have seen only three, but this is very rarely met with. Thesecarpels or seed-cells vary in shape. If one is spht down the middleits walls or membranous lining will be either rounds as represented inFig. 2 b ; ovate, as in Fig. 6 b ; obovate, as in Fig. 9 6; or elliptical,as in Fig. 4 b. Then in relation to the axis of the fruit, they areeither axile or abaxile. When the walls extend to the axis, and thesecharacters will be best seen by making a transverse section of the fruit,the cells are symmetrical, as shown in Figs. 10 and 11, and then theyare said to be axile, whether they are open, as in Fig. 11, or closed, asin Fig. 10. When they are distant from the axis, and the cells areunsymmetrical, as shown in Fig. 12, they are called abaxile. 4. — The Sepals or Eye. These are a portion of the remains of theflower, which in their original form, when accompanied by the corolla,were uniformly expanded and spreading. After the petals drop, andas the fruit develops, they gradually assume various directions, andwhen it is perfectly matured we find them in four distinct forms.The first of these is shown in Fig. 13, where the segments are quitereflexed, frequently so much as to fall back flat on the fruit in tha
  • 16. XIV THE FRUIT MANUAL. m y Fig. 1. Fig. 2. F g. 3. Fig. 6. Fig. 4. Fig. 7. 6- Fig. 6. Fig. 9. Fix. 8.
  • 17. CLASSIFICATION OF APPLES. Fig. 10. Fig. 11. Fig. 12. Fi?. 14. Fig. i;?v"-r -"-W- Fig. 16. Fig. 18.
  • 18. ;XYl THE FBUIT MANUAL.form of a star; they are then said to be divergent. In Fig. 14 wehave another form, in which the segments are never reflexed, but areerect with their margins merely touching and their points divergentand these are erect convergent. Then there is the flat convergentposition [Figs. 15 and 16), in which the segments are flat, closing theeye, but with their margins merely touching and not overlapping eachother. And lastly we have the connivent form (Figs. 17 and 18), inwhich the segments are all close together, overlapping each other andforming a compact cone. The minor divisions require no great explanation. They classifythe fruit according to form as they are round or oblate, conical orovate, and these again are further divided according to their surfacecolouring. This latter character requires a little explanation. Whenfruit is said to be pale it signifies that it is of an uniform colour ofyellow or green, notwithstanding that it may be faintly tinged on theBun side with orange or pale red. It is said to be striped when theonly additional colour to that of the ground colour consists of distinctred stripes without any ground colour of red. It is said to be colouredwhen the skin is wholly or partially a decided red, and this may beaccompanied with stripes or with some russet. The 7usset skin is thatin which a russet coat prevails. When a russet coat has a brown orred cheek the fruit is not on that account to be classed in the colouredsection. In every case I have indicated the time of year during whichthe fruit is in use as a further help to the identification of it.
  • 19. SYNOPSIS OF THE CLASSIFICATION. ANALYTICAL KEY.In all Apples the stamens are inserted either near the margin, in themiddle, or at the base of the tube and these characteristics constitute ;the three primary divisions of this classification. Stamens marpnal A. Stamens median B. Stamens basal C. A. STAMENS MARGINAL. Tube conical I. Tube funnel-shaped . . . .II. I. Tube Conical. Cells round, axile. Group Calyx divergent 1 Calyx erect convergent 2 Calyx flat convergent 3 Calyx connivent 4 Cells round, abaxile. * Calyx divergent 5 Calyx erect convergent 6 Calyx flat convergent 7 Calyx connivent 8 Cells ovate, axile. Calyx divergent 9 Calyx erect convergent 10 Calyx flat convergent 11 Calyx connivent 12 Cells ovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 13 Calyx erect convergent 14 Calyx flat convergent 15 Calyx connivent 16 Cells obovate, axile. Calyx divergent 17 Calyx erect convergent 18 Calyx flat convergent 19 Calyx connivent 20 Cells obovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 21 Calyx erect convergent 22 Calyx flat convergent 23 Calyx connivent .24 b
  • 20. .Ill THE FRUIT MANUAL. Cells elliptical, axile. Group Calyx divergent 25 Calyx erect convergent 26 Calyx flat convergent 27 Calyx connivent 28 Cells elliptical, abaxile. Calyx divergent 29 Calyx erect convergent 30 Calyx flat convergent 31 Calyx connivent 32 II. Tube Funnel-shaped. Cells round, axile. Calyx divergent 3$ Calyx erect convergent 34 Calyx flat convergent 35 Calyx connivent 36 Cells round, at) axile. Calyx divergent 37 Calyx erect convergent 38 Calyx flat convergent 39 Calyx connivent 40 Cells ovate, axile. Calyx divergent 41 Calyx erect convergent 42 Calyx flat convergent 43 Calyx connivent 44 Cells ovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 45 Calyx erect convergent 46 Calyx flat convergent. iT Calyx connivent 48 Cells obovate, axile. Calyx divergent 49 Calyx erect convergent 50 Calyx flat convergent 51 Calyx connivent 52 Cells obovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 53 Calyx erect convergent 54 Calyx flat convergent 55 Calyx connivent 56 Cells elliptical, axile. Calyx divergent 57 Calyx erect convergent 58 Calyx flat convergent 59 Calyx connivent 60 Cells elliptical, abaxile. Calyx divergent 61 Calyx erect convergent 62 Calyx flat convergent 63 Calyx connivent 64
  • 21. SYNOPSIS OF THE CLASSIFICATION. XIX B. STAMENS MEDIAN. Tube conical I. Tube funnel-shaped . . . .II. I. Tube Conical. Cells round, axile. Group Calvx divergent 65 Calyx erect convergent 66 Calyx flat convergent 67 Calyx connivent 68 Cells round, abaxile. Calyx divergent 69 Calyx erect convergent 70 Calyx flat convergent 71 Calyx connivent 72 Cells ovate, axile. Calyx divergent 73 Calyx erect convergent 74 Calyx flat convergent 75 Calyx connivent 76 Cells ovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 77 Calyx erect convergent 78 Calyx flat convergent 79 Calyx connivent 80 Cells obovate, axile. Calyx divergent 81 Calyx erect convergent 82 Calyx flat convergent 83 Calyx connivent 84 Cells obovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 85 Calyx erect convergent 86 Calyx flat convergent 87 Calyx connivent 88 Cells elliptical, axile. Calyx divergent 89 Calyx erect convergent 90 Calyx flat convergent 91 Calyx connivent 92 Cells elliptical, abaxile. Calyx divergent 93 Calyx erect convergent 94 Calyx flat convergent 95 Calyx connivent 96II. Tube Funnel-shaped. Cells round, axile. Calyx divergent 97 Calyx erect convergent 98 Calyx flat convergent 99 Calyx connivent 100
  • 22. XX THE FKUIT MANUAL. Cells round, abaxile. Group Calyx divergent 101 Calyx erect convergent 102 Calyx flat convergent 103 Calyx connivent 104 Cells ovate, axile. Calyx divergent 105 Calyx erect convergent 106 Calyx flat convergent 107 Calyx connivent 108 Cells ovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 109 Calyx erect convergent 110 Calyx flat convergent Ill Calyx connivent 112 Cells ob ovate, axile. Calyx divergent 113 Calyx erect convergent 114 Calyx flat convergent 115 Calyx connivent 116 Cells obovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 117 Calyx erect convergent 118 Calyx flat convergent 119 Calyx connivent 120 Cells elliptical, axile. Calyx divergent 121 Calyx erect convergent 122 Calyx flat convergent 123 Calyx connivent 124 Cells elliptical, abaxile. Calyx divergent 125 Calyx erect convergent 126 Calyx flat convergent 127 Calyx connivent 128 C. STAMENS BASAL. Tube conical I. Tube funnel-shaped . . . .II. I. Tube Conical. Cells round, axile. Calyx divergent 129 Calyx erect convergent 130 Calyx flat convergent 131 Calyx connivent 132 Cells round, abaxile. Calyx divergent 133 Calyx erect convergent 134 Calyx flat convergent 135 Calyx connivent .136
  • 23. SYNOPSIS OF THE CLASSIFICATION. XX Cells ovate, axile. Group Calyx divergent 137 Calyx erect convergent 138 Calyx flat convergent 139 Calyx connivent 140 Cells ovate, abaxlle. Calyx divergent 141 Calyx erect convergent 142 Calyx flat convergent 143 Calyx connivent 144 Cells obovate, axile. Calyx divergent 145 Calyx erect convergent 146 Calyx flat convergent 147 Calyx connivent 148 Cells obovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 149 Calyx erect convergent 150 Calyx flat convergent 151 Calyx connivent 152 Cells elliptical, axile. Calyx divergent 153 Calyx erect convergent 154 Calyx flat convergent 155 Calyx connivent 156 Cells elliptical, abaxile. Calyx divergent 157 Calyx erect convergent 158 Calyx flat convergent 159 Calyx connivent 160II. Tube Funnel-shaped. Cells round, axile. Calyx divergent 161 Calyx erect convergent 162 Calyx flat convergent 163 Calyx connivent 164 Cells round, abaxile. Calyx divergent 165 Calyx erect convergent 166 Calyx flat convergent 167 Calyx connivent 168 Cellsovate, axile. Calyx divergent 169 Calyx erect convergent 170 Calyx flat convergent 171 Calyx connivent 172 Cells ovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 173 Calyx erect convergent 174 Calyx flat convergent 175 Calyx connivent 176
  • 24. —xxu THE FEUIT MANUAL. Cells obovate, axile. Group Calyx divergent 177 Calyx erect convergent 178 Calyx flat convergent 179 Calyx connivent 180 Cells obovate, abaxile. Calyx divergent 181 Calyx erect convergent 182 Calyx flat convergent 183 Calyx connivent 184 Cells elliptical, axile. Calyx divergent 185 Calyx erect convergent 186 Calyx flat convergent 187 Calyx connivent " . 188 Cells elliptical, abaxile. Calyx divergent 189 Calyx erect convergent 190 Calyx flat convergent 191 Calyx connivent 192 A. STAMENS MARGINAL. I. Tube Conical. Cells round, axile. (4) Calyx connivent. * Fruit round or oblate. (1) Calyx divergent. Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. Early Julyan, Aug. Pale. Coloured. Grosse Casseler Eeinette, Nov. — Bastard Foxwlielp, Oct. Dec. — ^Jan. Cornish Mother, Oct. Nov.— Striped. Kerry Pippin, Sep.— Oct. Haffners Gold Eeinette, Nov. Striped. Dec. Slack my Girdle, Oct. — Dec. ** Fruit conical or ovate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Coloured. Vale Mascal Pearmain, Dec- Beachamwell, Dec. —Mar. Feb. (2) Calyx erect convergent, Cells round, abaxile. * Fruit round or oblate. (5) Calyx divergent. Pale. None. Leyden Pippin, Aug. (6) Calyx erect convergent. Coloured. * Fruit conical or ovate. Lord Burghley, Dec. —May. Coloured. Melon, Dec. Corn Apple, Oct. — Dec. Sops in Wine, Oct. (7) Calyx flat convergent. Surrey Flatcap, Oct. —Jan. * Fruit round or oblate. (3) Calyx flat convergent. Pale. None. Hawthornden, Oct. — Dec.
  • 25. — — — — STAMENS MARGINAL. XXlll (8) Calyx connivent. Cells ovate, abaxile. * Fruit round or oblate. (13) Calyx divergent. Pale. None. New Hawthomden, Sep. —Oct. (14) Calyx erect convergent. Russian Transparent, Nov. None. Jan. Striped. (15) Calyx flat convergent. Frogmore Prolific, Sep. — Dec. None. (16) Calyx connivent. Cells ovate, axile. * Fruit round or oblate. (9) Calyx divergent. Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. Maidens Blush, Sep. —Oct. Pale. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Flat Nonpareil, Oct. Jan. — Pale. Coloured, Nanny, Oct. Dutch Codlin, Aug. Sep.— ** Fruit conical or ovate. — Lord Grrosvenor, Sep. Nov. Coloured. Striped. Royal Somerset, Nov. — Mar. Sheeps Nose, Oct. —Nov.(10) Calyx erect convergent. Cells obovate, axile. * Fruit round or oblate. (17) Calyx divergent. Pale. Keddleston Pippin, Nov. — May. * Fruit round or oblate. Striped. Pale. Nonesuch, Sep. Oct. — Burr-Knot, Oct. —Nov. Jiusset. Cambusnethan Pippin, Oct. Martin Nonpareil, Dec. — Mar. Nov. Christies Pippin, Dec. —Feb. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Coloured. Bringewood Pippin, Jan. Mar.— Reinette Blanche dEspagne, Tom Putt, Nov. — Dec. Apr.(11) Calyx flat convergent. Ronaldss Grooseberry Pippin, * Fruit round, roundish or oblate. Nov.—Feb. Smalls Golden Pippin, Dec. jRusset. Jan. St,Edmunds Pippin, Oct. Waltham Abbey Seedling, Sep. Acklam Russet, Nov. Mar. — —Dec.(12) Calyx connivent. Coloured. *Fruit round or oblate. Allens Everlasting, Nov. — Pale. May. Early Julyan, Aug. Cherry Apple, Oct. Nov.— Green Norman, Oct. Dec. — Uellners Gold Reinette, Jan. Ringer, Nov. Feb. — May. Russet. Striped. Ringer, Nov. Feb. — Caraway Russet, Nov. —Feb. Coloured. Pitmaston Nonpareil, Dec. Jan. Devonshire Quarrenden, Aug. Sept. Sam Young, Nov. —Feb. Busset. Screveton Golden Pippin, Dec. Royal Russet, Nov. —May. — Apr. ** Fruit conical or ovate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Colimred. Coloured. Handsome Norman, Oct. —Jan. Rosemary Russet, Dec. —Feb. Red Foxwhelp, Oct. —Nov. Tulip, Nov. —Apr.
  • 26. — —XXIV THE FRUIT MANUAL. (18) Calyx erect convergent. ** Fruit;conical, oblong or obovate. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Pale. Edmund Jupp, Sep.— Dec. Whiting Pippin, Oct. Jan. — Coloured. Gralloway Pippin, Nov. Jan. — Goose Apple, Oct. —Jan. Keddleston Pippin, Nov. Mar. — Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. — May. Coloured. Ords, Jan. De Neige, Nov. Jan. — Lord Burghley, Dec. May. — Cells obovate, abaxile. Marriage-maker, Oct. Dec. — (21) Calyx divergent. Teams Pippin, Nov. ^Feb. — * Fruit round or oblate. Russet. Pale. Ashmeads Kernel, Dec. —May. No Core, Sep. Sweeny Nonpareil, Jan. —^Apr. (22) Calyx erect convergent. ** Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit round, roundish or oblate. Coloured. Pale. Lewiss Incomparable. Shoreditch White, Sep. —Nov.(19) Caljrx flat convergent. (23) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit round or oblate. * Fruit round or ovate. Pale. Pale. Hunts Green Newtown Pippin, Hawthomden, Oct. — Dec. — Dec. Mar. North End Pippin, Apr. —May. (24) Calyx connivent. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Kadford Beauty, Oct. Dec. — Pale. — Kymer, Oct. Dec.— Jolly Beggar, Aug. Oct. Huntingdon Codlin, Aug. Sep. — ** Fruit conical or ovate. — Grenadier, Sept. Oct. Mark Pale. Marshall. Pottss Seedling, Sept. Oct. — . Curl Tail, Oct.—Jan.(20) Calyx connivent. Calville Blanche dHiver, Jan. * Fruit round or oblate. —Apr. Coloured. Pale. Malakovna, Oct. Dec. — Early Julyan, Aug. — Annie Elizabeth, Dec. Mar. — Ringer, Nov. Feb. — Dec. Early Nonpareil, Oct. Kentish Fillbasket, Nov. Jan. — ** Fruit conical or ovate. Striped. Dutch Mignonne, Dec. — May. Pale. Pomeroy of Hereford, Sep. Springrove Codlin, Sep. — Oct. Oct. Coloured. Winter Strawberry, Dec. —Mar. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. — May. Coloured. Cells elliptical, axile. Early Harvest, Aug. Hawkridge, Aug. (25) Calyx divergent. * Fruit conical or ovate. Mr. Gladstone, Aug. Irish Peach, Aug. Coloured. Kerry Pippin, Sep. Oct. — Ladys Finger of Hereford. Joeby Crab, Oct. Dec. — Oct. —Jan. Philip Maundy, Oct.— Dec. Brabant Bellefleur, Nov. —Apr. Api, Oct. —Apr. (26) Calyx erect convergent. Cherry Norman, Oct. Dec. — None. Musset. Pomeroy of Hereford, Sep. (27) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit conical or ovate. Oct. Greenwood Eusset, Nov. Feb. — Pale. New Rock Pippin, Jan. May. — Hunthouse, Dec. Mar.
  • 27. — STAMENS MARGINAL. XXV Coloured. (30) Calyx erect convergent. Bennet, Oct. — Dec. None.(28) Calyx connivent. (31) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit round or ovate. * Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Croft Peannain, Oct. — Dec. Melrose, Oct. —Jan. White Norman, Oct. — Dec. Coloured. (32) Calyx connivent. Handsome Norman, Oct. — Dec. * Fruit round or oblate. Royal Wildinf^, Oct. — Dec. Pale. Cells elliptical, abaxile. New Hawthornden, Sep. — Oct.(29) Calyx divergent. Grenadier, Sep. — Oct. None. II. Tube Funnel-shaped. Cells round, axile. Coloured.(33) Calyx divergent. Annat Scarlet. Aug.* Fruit round, roundish or oblate. Isle of Wight Pippin, Sep. Jan. — Siegende Reinette, Dec. Mar. — Pale. Frogmore Nonpareil, Oct. — London Pippin, Nov. Apr. — Nov. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Colo^ired. Pale. Lucombes Seedling, Oct. —Feb. Lucombes Pine, Oct. — Dec. Iiui(i<et. Queen Cells round, abajcile. of the Pippins, Oct. Dec. (37) Cal3rx divergent. ** Fruit conical or ovate. None. Pale. (38) Calyx erect convergent. Isleworth Crab, Oct. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Ruxset. Barchards Seedling, Oct. Buffcoat, Nov. May. —(34) Calyx erect convergent. •• Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Pale. Com Apple, Dec. Leyden Pippin, Aug. (39) Calyx flat convergent. CoUmred. None. Baumanns Reinette, Nov. Nonpareil, Jan. May. — (40) Calyx connivent. None.(35) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit round or oblate. Cells ovate, axile. Pale. (41) Calyx divergent. Oslin, Aug. — Sep. * Fruit round or oblate. Lord Clyde, Dec. —Mar. Pale. Coloured. Frogmore Nonpareil, Oct. — St. Albans Pippin, Oct. Nov. Vineyard Pippin, Oct. Dec. — — Golden Pippin, Nov. Apr,(36) Calyx connivent. — Golden Nonpareil, Jan. Feb. * Fruit round or oblate. Royal Somerset, Nov. — Mar. Pale. Coloured. Early Julyan, Aug. Scarlet Nonpareil, Jan. — Mar. Gennet Moyle, Oct. Dec. — Russet. Penhallow Pippin, Oct. Jan. — Nonpareil.
  • 28. — —XXVI THE FRUIT MANUAL. ** Fruit conical or ovate. (48) Calyx connivent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. Queen of Sauce, Nov. —Jan. Russet. (42) Calyx erect convergent. Burntisland Pippin, Oct. ** Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Pale. Keddleston Pippin, Nov. Mar. — Keswick Codlin, Aug. — Sep. Hughess Grolden Pippin, Dec. Coloured. Feb. Devonshire Queen, Oct. Coloured. Amassia, Oct. Jan.— Morning Pippin, Dec. —Mar. Northern Spy, Dec. May. — Russet. Cells obovate, axile. Byson Wood, Dec. Feb. — (49) Calyx divergent. ** Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Pale. Pigeonnet. Evargil, Sep.(43) Calyx flat convergent. Morriss Court of Wick, Oct.— None. Feb. Downton Pippin, Nov.— Jan.(44) Calyx connivent. Squires Pippin, Dec. May. — * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Pale. Early Red Calville, Oct.— Nov. Early Julyan, Aug. Orange Goff, Oct. Jan. — Striped. Golden Reinette, Nov. Apr. — Hoary Morning, Oct. — Dec. Brickley Seedling, Jan. Apr. — Nonesuch, Sep. —Oct. Russet. Coloured. Reddings Nonpareil, Oct. Dec. — Ked Astrachan, Aug. Screveton Golden Pippin, Dec. Devonshire Quarrenden, Aug, —Apr. Ten Commandments, Nov. Sitchampton Russet, Nov. — Feb. Knights Russet. Lemon Caraway Russet, Nov. —Feb. Royal Russet, Nov. Pippin. —May. Powells Russet, Nov. Jan. — ** Fruit conical or ovate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Red Norman, —Nov. Oct. King Harry, Oct. —Jan. White Astrachan, Aug. — Sep. Coloured. Barchards Seedling, Oct. Coloured. Frogmore Golden Pippin, Nov. Hutton Square, Nov. — Mar. — Jan. Cells ovate, alDaxile. Crimson Quoining, Dec. Mar. —(45) Calyx divergent. (50) Calyx erect convergent. None. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale.(46) Calyx erect connivent. Oakley Grove Pippin, Oct. * Fruit round or oblate. Dec. Pale. Dredges Fame, Dec. —Mar. Golden Noble, Sep. — Dec. Coloured.(47) Calyx flat convergent. — Algarkirk Beauty, Sep. Oct. Cowarne Red, Oct. Dec. — * Fruit round or oblate. Coxs Orange Pippin, Oct. — Pale. Feb. Woodleys Favourite, Oct. — — Lanes Prolific, Oct. Jan. Dec. Fearns Pippin, Nov. Feb.—
  • 29. — — — STAMENS MARGINAL. XXVll •• Fruit conical or ovate. • Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Coes Golden Drop, Nov. — May. Lincoln Codlin, Oct. Jan. — Hubbards Pearmain, Nov. Ncthcrton Late Blower, Oct. Apr. Dec. Striped. Doctor Harvey, Oct.— Jan. College Apple, Oct.— Dec. Cockpit, Nov. Dec. — Coloured. Winter Majetin, Jan. — May. Summer Pearmain, Sep. — Oct. Coloured. — New German, Oct. Dec. — Worcester Sep. Pearmain, Aug. Rosemary Russet, Dec— Feb. Busset. Upright French, Oct. — Dec. John Gidley Pearmain, Nov. Hunts Duke of Gloucester, Mar. Dec. — Feb. Hard Bearer, Oct.— Dec.(61) Calyx flat convergent. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. — May. Russet. Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Leathercoat, Nov. — Feb. Green Balsam, Oct. Feb. — Cells o"bovate, abaxile. Hunts Green Newtown Pippin, (63) Calyx divergent. Dec. — Mar. • Fruit round or oblate. Striped. Pale. Orange Pippin, Nov. — Dec. Gravenstein, Oct. Dec. — Coloured. Fruit conical or ovate. Redstreak, Oct. Nov. — Striped. Peasg<XKisNonesuch,Oct. — Dec. White Paradise, Oct. Haggerston Pippin, Dec. —Apr. (64) Calyx erect convergent. •• Fruit conical or ovate. • Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Pale. Pearmain, Oct. Dec. — Golden Noble, Sep.— Dec. Rugset. Striped. King Charles, Nov.— Mar. New — Dec. Cockpit, Oct. Coloured.(52) Calyx connivent. Northern Sweet, Oct. —Nov. Fruit round or oblate. •* Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Striped. Joaneting, July. Smarts Prince Arthur, Dec. Early Harvest, July— Aug. Mar. Early Julyan, Aug. Coloured. Early Nonpareil, Oct. Dec. — Cowans Seedling, Oct. Gennet Moyle, Oct.— Dec. Schoolmaster, Oct. Dec. — (65) Calyx flat convergent. None. Striped. Hoary Morning, Oct, Dec. — (68) Calyx connivent. • Fruit round or oblate. Winter Strawberry, Dec— Mar. Coloured. Coloured. — Dec. Izards Kernel, Oct. Oaken Pin, Oct. —Jan. Mabbots Pearmain, Oct. —Jan. •* Fruit conical or ovate. Northern Greening, Nov. — Apr. Pale. Forge, Oct. — Jan. Manks Codlin, Aug. Nov. — Browns Seedling, Oct. — Feb. Springrove Codlin, Oct, Sturmer Pippin, Feb. —June. Morgans Sweet, Nov. Dec. — Russet. Coloured. Redleaf Russet, Dec— Feb. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. — May.
  • 30. — THE FRUIT MANUAL. Cells elliptical, axile. ** Fruit conical or ovate.(v7) Calyx divergent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. Borden Pippin, Dec. —Jan. Pale. Court of Wick, Oct.— Mar. Cells elliptical, abaxile. Coloured. Court of Wick, Oct. Mar.— (61) Calyx divergent. Scarlet Nonpareil, Jan. Mar. — None.(68) Calyx erect convergent. (62) Calyx erect convergent. * Fruit round or oblate. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Greenups Pippin, Sep. —Jan. Pale. Alfriston, Nov. —Apr. Fox -whelp, Oct.—Jan. ** Fruit conical or ovate. (63) Calyx flat convergent. Russet. Cockles Pippin, Jan. —Apr. * Fruit conical or ovate.(59) Calyx flat convergent. Pale. * Fruit conical or ovate. — Melrose, Oct. Jan. Pale. Hunthouse, Dec. —Mar. (64) Calyx connivent. * Fruit conical or ovate.(60) Calyx connivent. Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. French Codlin, Aug. Coloured. Newland Sack, Oct. —Feb. Coloured. Styre, Oct. — Dec. Granges, Oct. — Jan. B. STAMENS MEDIAN. I. Tube Conical. (67) Calyx erect convergent. Cells round, axile. * Fruit round or oblate.(65) Calyx divergent. Russet. * Fruit round or oblate. Old Middlemas, Jan. Striped. Embroidered Pippin, Dec. —Jan. (68) Calyx connivent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. * Cellini, Oct.—Nov. Pale. Amphletts Favourite, Oct. Walsgrove Wonder, Oct. — Dec. Dec. Bascombe Mystery, Nov. — Dec. Russet. Busty Coat, Oct. —Nov. Coloured. Kerry Pippin, Sep. Oct. —(66) Calyx erect convergent. Eldon Pippin, Dec. Apr. — * ** Fruit conical or ovate. Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Striped. Leyden Pippin, Aug. Winter Marigold, Oct. — Dec. Coloured. Winter Colman, Nov. — ^Apr. Cells round, abaxile. Melon, Dec. (69) Calyx divergent. Lord Burghley, Dec. —May. None.
  • 31. — — — — STAMENS MEDIAN. XXIX(70) Calyx erect convergent. Coloured. * Fruit conical. Black Crab, Oct.—Jan. Pale. Black Norman, Oct. Jan. — Ten Shillings, Nov. Pine-apple, Oct. Russet.(71) Calyx flat convergent. Brownleess Russet, Jan. May. None. Royal Russet, Nov. Mar.—(72) Calyx connivent. ** Fruit conical or ovate. None. Pale. Cells ovate, axile. Green Wilding, Oct. — Dec.(78) Calyx divergent. Striped. * Fruit round or oblate. — Flower of Herts, Nov. Dec. Pale. — Longvilles Kernel, Aug. Sep. Golden Pearmain, Nov. — Mar. Coloured. StHped. Esopus Spitzenberg, Nov. — Feb. Prince of Wales, Oct. —Jan. Margil, Nov. —Feb. Coloured. Cells ovate, abaxile. Braddicks Nonpareil, Nov. Apr. (77) Calyx divergent. ** Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Wormsley Pippin, Sep. Oct. Cat«head, Oct. Jan. StHped. (78) Calyx erect convergept. Royal Somerset, Nov. — Mar. None. Coloured. Fox Kernel, Oct. Jan. — (79) Calyx flat convergent. First and Last, Sep. May. — * Fruit round or oblate. Winter Pearmain, Dec. Apr. — Pale. Russet. Murfitts Seedling, Oct.— Jan. Morriss Nonpareil Russet, May (80) Calyx connivent. —June. * Fruit round or oblate.(74) Calyx erect convergent. Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. Ecklinville, Oct.— Dec. Pale. Lord Derby, Oct. Dec. — Paradise, Aug. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Coloured. Pale. Queen, Oct. —Nov. Lord SuflSeld, Aug. Sep.— Calville —Nov. Rouge dAutomne, Oct. Keswick Codlin, Aug. Sep. — St. Sauveur, Oct. Russet. Royal Codlin, Oct. St. Edmunds Pippin, Oct. Coloured. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Warners King. Coloured. Cells obovate, axile. Emperor Alexander, — Dec. Sep. Kentish Pippin, Oct. —Jan. (81) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round or oblate.(75) Calyx flat convergent. None. Pale. White Whorle, Oct.— Dec.(76) Calyx connivent. Wyken Pippin, Dec. —Apr. * Fruit round or oblate. Winter Peach, Nov. —Apr. Striped. Striped. Sack and Sugar, July — Sep. Cooles Seedling.
  • 32. — —XXX THE FRUIT MANUAL. Coloured. Ribston Pippin, Nov. —Mar. Oct.—Nov. Cellini, Fairy, Dec. Apr. — Lamb Abbey Pearmain, Jan. Russet. Apr. Pomeroy, Sep. — Oct. ** Fruit conical or ovate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Golden Pearmain, Nov. — Dec. Sussex Mother, Aug. Waltham Abbey Seedling, Sep. Striped. —Dec. Winter Marigold, Oct. — Dec. Coloured. Loans Pearmain, Nov. — Feb. Coloured. Comey Norman, Oct. —Jan. Kosemary Russet, Dec. — Feb. Styre Wilding, Oct.— Dec. (82) Calyx erect convergent. Black Fox-whelp, Oct. —Jan. * Fruit round or oblate. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. — May. Watsons Dumpling, Oct. — Feb. Coloured. Coxs Pomona, Oct. Cells obovate, abaxile. Norfolk Bearer, Dec. Jan. — Norfolk Beefing, Jan. June. — (85) Calyx divergent. ** Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Pale. Sussex Mother, Aug. Gloria Mundi, Oct. Jan. — Striped. Lady Henniker, Oct. Feb. — Margaret, Aug. Coloured. Russet. Newtown Spitzenberg, Nov. Grolden Russet, Dec. —Mar. Feb. ** Fruit conical or ovate. (83) Calyx flat convergent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. Gilliflower, Oct. Coloured. — Adamss Pearmain, Dec. —Feb. Rymer, Oct. Dec. Millers Glory, Oct.— Feb. (86) Calyx erect convergent. Norfolk Beefing, Jan. June. — * Fruit round or oblate. Russet. Pale. Golden Knob, Dec— Mar. Stirling Castle, Aug. Sep.— * Fruit conical or ovate. Pomme Poire, Oct. Jan. — Pale. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Mark Marshall, Oct.— Dec. Pale. Striped. — Castle Major, Oct. Jan. Granges Pearmain, Nov. —Feb. Tower of Glammis, Nov. —Feb. Doctor Hogg, Nov. —Feb. (8i) Calyx connivent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. South Queening, Oct. —Nov. Pale. Beauty of Kent, Oct.—Feb. Early Harvest, July—Aug. Calyx flat convergent. (87) Early Julyan, Aug. Rhode Island Greening, Nov.— * Fruit round or oblate. Apr. Pale. Newtown Pippin, Dec—Apr. Hawthornden, Oct. —Dec. Striped. Striped. Pomeroy, Sep. Oct. — Yorkshire Greening, Oct. —Jan. Coloured, Calyx connivent. (88) Irish Peach, Aug. Maundy, Oct.— Dec. * Fruit round or oblate. Philip Winter Pippin, Oct.— Dec Pale. Cornish Aromatic, Oct. Jan. — Curl Tail, Oct.— Feb.
  • 33. — — STAMENS MEDIAN. XXXI striped. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Flanders Pippin, Oct. —Nov. Coloured. Coloured. Golden Bittersweet, Oct. —Jan. Malakovna, Oct. Dec. — Graham, Oct. Feb.— Cells elliptical, abazile. Hambledon Deux Ans, Jan. (93) Calyx divergent. May. * Fruit conical or ovate. Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Harveys Wiltshire Defiance, — Dec. Wilding BittersweetjOct. Oct. —Jan. Coloured. Stoup Leadington, Nov. —Jan. Winter Quoining, Nov. — May. (94) Calyx erect convergent. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. —May. * Fruit round or oblate. Cells elliptioal, azile. Pale. Winter Hawthomden, Nov.(89) Calyx divergent. Dec. Fruit conical or ovate. Coloured. Colo^ired. American Mother, Oct. Hunthouse, Dec. —Mar. (95) Calyx flat convergent.(90) Calyx erect convergent. None. Fruit conical or ovate. (96) Calyx connivent. Striped. * Fruit conical or ovate. Baron Ward, Jan. — May. Pale.(91) Calyx flat convergent. Sugar-loaf Pippin, Aug. None. Domino, Sep. Oct. — Royal Codlin, Oct.(92) Calyx conn i vent. St. Sauveur, Oct. Fruit round or oblate. Natural Pocket, Oct. Dec. — Pale. Coloured. Loddington, Oct. —Nov. — Summer Gilliflower, Sep. Oct. Striped. Ru^get. Summer Strawberry, Sep. Grey Leadington, Nov.—Jan. II. Tube Funnel-shaped. Cells ronnd, axile. (98) Calyx erect convergent.(97) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round or oblate. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Pale. Leyden Pippin, Aug. Eggleton Styre, Oct. —Jan. CoUmred. — Betsey, Nov. Jan. Bramleys Seedling, Oct. Jan. — Striped. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Formosa Nonpareil. Coloured. Coloured. Barcelona Pearmain, Nov. Cellini, Oct.—Nov. Mar, Russet. Herefordshire Pearmain, Nov. Guernsey Pippin, Dec. —Feb. — Mar. ** Fruit conical or ovate. (99) Calyx flat convergent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. Challenge Pippin, Oct. Jan. — Pale. Rosemary Russet, Oct. Dec. — Oslin, Aug. Herefordshire Pearmain, Nov. Lodgemore Nonpareil, Feb. —Mar. June.
  • 34. — — — —XXXll THE FRUIT MANUAL. Coloured. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Ked Splash, Oct. — Dec. Pale. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Headcrofts Seedling, Oct. Coloured. Dec. Eostocker, Nov. May. — Coloured. Holberts Victoria, Dec-(100) Calyx connivent. Firstand Last, Sep. May. — * Fruit round or oblate. — Winter Pearmain, Dec. Apr. Pale. Russet. Calville Blanche dEt^, Aug.— Formans Crew, Nov. —Apr. Sep. (106) Calyx erect convergent, Walsgrove Wonder, Oct. — Dec. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Hunts Early, Aug. Coloured. Kerry Pippin, Sep. Oct. — Black Taunton, Oct. Jan. — Cherry Pearmain, Oct. Jan. — ** Fruit conical or ovate. Koyal Shepherd, Nov. Dec. — Pale. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Bartods Incomparable, Oct. Pale. Feb. Lucombes Seedling, Oct. — Dec. Coloured. Margaret, Aug. Coloured. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec. —May. Emperor Alexander, Sep. Dec. — Herefordshii-e Costard, Nov. Jan. Cells round, abaxile. Bess Pool, Nov. Mar. —(101) Calyx divergent. (107) Calyx flat convergent. None. * Fruit round or oblate.(102) Calyx erect convergent. Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. White Nonpareil, Dec. —Feb. Striped. Strqjed. Shepherds Newington. Winter Whorle, Nov. —Mar. ** Fruit conical or ovate.(103) Calyx flat convergent. None. Coloured. Belle et Bonne, Oct. —Jan.(104) Calyx connivent. (108) Calyx connivent. * Fruit conical or ovate. * Fruit round or ovate. Coloured. Cornish G-illiflower. Pale. Yellow Ingestrie, Sep. Oct. — White Star, Oct.— Dec. Cells ovate, axile. Striped.(105) Calyx divergent. Duchess of Oldenburg, Aug. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Pale. Red Astrachan, Aug. Golden Pippin, Nov. Apr. — Russet. London Royal Russet, Oct. Duke of Gloucester, Dec. Marble Pippin, Nov. Jan. — Dec. — Royal Somerset, Nov. Mar. — Dundee, Dec. Jan. Wheelers Russet, Nov. —Apr. Coloured. Kingston Black, Oct. Dec. — Royal Russet, Nov. —May. Bulls Golden Reinette, Dec. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Jan. Striped. Russet. Granny Giffard, Nov. —Apr. Pitmaston Golden Pippin, Dec. Sams Crab, Oct. —Nov. —Feb. Hangdown, Nov. —Feb.
  • 35. — — STAMENS MEDIAN. XXXIU Coloured. Bustet. Haymaker, Aug. Burchardts Reinette,Oct. Dec. — Cluster Golden Pippin, Nov. Cells ovate, abaxile. Mar. Pine Golden Pippin, Oct. Nov. —(109) Calyx divergent. Robinsons Pippin, Dec. Feb. — * Fruit conical or ovate. Morriss Russet, Oct. Feb. — Pale. Golden Harvey, Dec. May. — — Catshead, Oct. Jan. Ross Nonpareil, Nov. Feb. — • Fruit conical or ovate.(110) Calyx erect convergent. Pale. * Fruit conical or ovate. — Betsey, Nov. Jan. Cohmred. Striped. Bess Pool, Nov. Mar.— Goodyear Pippin, Sep.(111) Calyx flat convergent. Coloured. None. Herefordshire Pearmain, Nov. — Mar.(112) Calyx connivent. Pignose Pippin, Oct. Dec. — * Fruit round or oblate. Rosemary Russet, Dec. Feb. — Pale. (114) Calyx erect convergent. Lord Derby, Oct. Dec. — * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Birdstowe Wasp, Sep. Oct. — Pale. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Smalls Admirable, Nov. — Dec. Pale. Striped. Warners King, Nov. — Mar. Cooks Kernel, Oct. —Jan. Coloured. Cells obovate, axile. Coxs Orange Pippin, Oct. Feb.(113) Calyx divergent. Mosss Incomparable, Jan. * Fruit round or oblate. Apr. Norfolk Bearer, Dec. —Jan. Pale. —Jan. — Premier, Oct. Dec. Downton Pippin, Nov. — Wareham Russet, Oct. Dec. Birmingham Pippin, Jan. — Sweet Lading, Oct. Dec. June. —July. — Wanstall, May June. Gooseberry, Nov. — Norfolk Beefing, Jan. June. Striped. Red Splash, Oct.— Dec. Formosa Nonpareil, Nov. —Jan. Russet. Coloured. — Corras Pippin, Oct. Jan. Broad-eyed Pippin, Sep. Jan. — Reinette Grise, Nov. May.— — Borsdorfer, Nov. Jan. Sykehouse Russet, Oct. Feb. — Blenheim Pippin, Nov, Feb. — *• Fruit conical or ovate. Court of Wick, Oct. — Mar. Pale. Duchesss Favourite, Nov. Jan. Lemon Pippin, Oct. — Apr. — Maggie, Oct. Dec. Hubbards Pearmain, Nov. Pearsons Plate, Dec. Mar. — Apr. Striped. Lamb Abbey Pearmain, Jan. Apr. Claygate Pearmain, Nov. — Mar. Margaret, Aug. Scarlet Golden Pippin, Nov. Apr. Coloured. Cellini, Oct.—Nov. Pomeroy of Somerset, Oct. Gipsy King, Oct. — Dec. Dec. Hermanns Pippin, Oct. —Jan. Herefordshire Pearmain, Nov. Betty Geeson, Apr. — May. —Mar. C
  • 36. —XXXIV THE FRUIT MANUAL.(115) Calyx flat convergent. Cells olDOvate, a"baxile. * Fruit round or oblate. (117) Calyx divergent, Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. Forester, Oct.—Jan. Pale. Hormead Pearmain, Oct.— Mar. Golden Ducat, Oct.—Nov. Lady Henniker, Oct.—Feb. Coloured. Fall Pippin, Oct. — Dec. Benoni, Sep. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Ked Royal, Oct.—Nov. Lord Lennox, Oct. Jan. — Colour-ed. Brockhead, Nov. Jan. — Adamss Pearmain, Norfolk Beefing, Jan.— June. (118) Calyx erect convergent. Busset. * Fruit round or oblate. Golden Knob, Dec— Mar. Coloured.(116) Calyx connivent. Longstart, Oct, Dec. — * Fruit round or oblate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Nelson Codlin, Sep.—Jan. Early Harvest, July— Aug. Doctor Hogg, Nov.— Feb. Early Julyan, Aug. convergent. (119) Calyx flat Edinburgh Cluster, Nov.— Jan. Winter Greening, Nov.—June. * Fruit round or oblate. Nonesuch Park, Nov.— Feb. Coloured. Coloured. Ribston Pearmain, Nov. —Jan. Irish Peach, Aug. Calyx connivent. (120) Royal Redstreak, Oct.—Nov. Chaxhill Red, Oct.— June. * Fruit round or oblate. Dredges Queen Charlotte, Dec. Striped. — Mar. Round Winter Nonesuch, Nov. Red Styre, Oct.— Dec. — Mar. Cornish Aromatic, Oct.— Jan. King of Tompkins County, Dec. Ribston Pippin, Nov.— Mar. —Mar. Maltster, Oct.— Dec. Coloured. Manningtons Pearmain, Nov. New Bess Pool, Oct.—Feb. — Mar, Malakovna, Oct. Dec, — — Forge, Oct. Jan. ** Fruit conical or ovate, Busset. Princess Royal, Oct. —Jan. Strqjed. Smarts Prince Arthur, Dec. Redleaf Russet, Dec— Feb. Mar. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Coloured. Cornish Gilliflower, Dec— May. Pale. Winter Quoining, Nov.— Mar. Pine-apple Russet, Sep.— Oct. Coloured. Cells elliptical, axile. Margaret, Aug. Calyx divergent. (121) Cornish Gilliflower, Dec— May. Herefordshire Spice, Oct.— Nov. * Fruit round or oblate. Jonathan, Dec—Apr, Pale. Skyrmes Kernel, Oct.— Dec. Court of Wick, Oct,— Mar. Spreading Norman, Oct,— Dec. Strijycd. Plum, Oct,— Dec. King of the Pippins, Oct.— Dec. Fishs Pippin, Nov, —Jan. ** Fruit conical or oblate. Busset. Pale. Fitmaston Pine-apple, Dec- —Mar. Claygate Pearmain, Nov. Jan.
  • 37. STAMENS BASAL. XXXV(122) Calyx erect convergent. Cells elliptical, abaxile. * Fruit round or oblate. (125) Calyx divergent. None. Coloured. Greenups Pippin, Sep. —Jan. (126) Calyx erect convergent. Winter Pomeroy, Dec. —Jan. * Fruit round or oblate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Winter Hawthomden, Nov.- Russet. Dec. — Rough Pippin, Oct. Jan. — Cockles Pippin, Jan. Apr. (127) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit conical or ovate.(123) Calyx flat convergent. Striped. * Fruit round or oblate. Kitchen Door, Oct. Jan. — Russet. (128) Calyx connivent. Brenchley Pippin, Nov. — May. * Fruit round or oblate.(124) Calyx connivent. Coloured. * Fruit round or oblate. Munns Red, Oct. — Dec. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Charlemagne, Aug. Domino, Sep. —Oct. Striped. — Dec. Deans Codlin, Nov. Feb. — Yellow Styre, Oct. Iron Pin, Jan. Feb. — Russet. Striped. Boston Russet. Hodgess Seedling, Oct. —Jan. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Coloured. July Pippin, Aug. Coloured. Grey Leadington, Nov. —Jan. Haymaker, Aug. Russet. Sack, Oct.—Nov. Grey Leadington, Nov. —Jan. London Pearmain, Oct. —Jan. Royale, Oct. — Dec. C. STAMENS BASAL. I. Tube Conical. Cells round, axile. (132) Calyx connivent. None.(129) Calyx divergent. Cells round, abaxile. * Fruit conical or ovate. (183) Calyx divergent. Striped. Shepherds Fame, Oct. — Mar. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale.(130) Calyx erect convergent. Gravenstein, Oct. — Dec. * Fruit round or oblate. (184) Calyx erect convergent. Pale. None. Devonshire Buckland, Oct.- (135) Calyx flat convergent. Feb. * Fruit round or oblate. Coloured. Winter Colman, Nov. —Apr. Coloured. Melon, Dec. Mere de Manage, Oct. Jan. — Russet. (136) Calyx connivent. Melcombe Russet, Oct. —Jan. * Fruit conical or ovate.(131) Calyx flat convergent. Pale. None. Sugar-loaf Pippin, Nov. — Dec.
  • 38. — — — — THE FRUIT MANUAL. Cells ovate, axile. Cells obovate, axile.(137) Calyx divergent. (145) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round or oblate, * Fruit round or oblate. ColouTed. Pale. Braddicks Nonpareil, White Musk, Oct.— Dec. Nov. Apr. Queen Caroline, Oct. Nov. — MinchuU — Crab, Nov. Mar.(138) Calyx erect convergent. Dumelows Seedling, Nov. Mar. * Fruit round or oblate. — Mar. Bringewood Pippin, Jan. Pale. Striped. Franklins Grolden Pippin, Oct. Green Woodcock, Oct. —Jan. —Dec. Coloured. Cellini, Oct.—Nov. Coloured. Calville Eouge dAutomne, Oct. (146) Calyx erect convergent. —Nov. * Fruit round or oblate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Franklins Golden Pippin, Oct. Coloured. —Dec. Emperor Alexander, Sep. Coloured. Dec. Duke of Bedford, Dec— Feb. Striped Beefing, Oct. — May.(139) Calyx flat convergent. None. DArcy Spice, Nov. —May. Pusset.(140) Calyx connivent. Ostrogotha, Oct. —Jan. * Fruit round or oblate. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Pale. Pale. Sussex Mother, Sep. Sack and Sugar, July — Sep. Coloured. Coloured. Cowarne Quoining, Oct. —Jan. Ten Shillings, Nov. Woodcock, Oct. Dec. — (147) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit round or oblate. Cells ovate, abaxile. Pale. Fair Maid of Taunton, Nov.(141) Calyx divergent. Feb. None. ** Fruit conical or ovate.(142) Calyx erect convergent. Striped. None. Roundway Magnum Bonum,(143) Calyx flat convergent. Nov. —Apr. None. Coloured. Tylers Kernel, Oct. —Jan.(144) Calyx connivent. DArcy Spice, Nov. —May. * Fruit round or oblate. (148) Calyx connivent. Pale. * Fruit round or oblate. Warners King, Nov. —Jan. Pale. Coloured. Clarkes Pippin, Oct. Dec. — Hollandbury, Oct. —Jan. Rhode Island Greening, Nov. Apr. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Eeinette de Canada, Nov. Pale. Apr. Transparent Codlin, Sep. Striped. Nov. Sack and Sugar, July Sep. —
  • 39. — — STAMENS BASAL. XXXVll Colmbred. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Dr. Hares, Nov. May. — Pale. Gloucestershire Quoining, Oct. — Jan. English Codlin, Aug. —Sep. Ribston Pippin, Nov. Mar. — Coloured. Cullen, Oct.— Dec. ** Fruit conical or ovate. Harveys Reinette, Oct. — Dec. Pale. Hanwell Souring, Dec. —Mar. Cells elliptioal, axile. Coloured. (153) Calyx divergent. Cullen, Oct.— Dec. None. Riverss Nonesuch, Nov. —Jan. (154) Calyx erect convergent. Cells obovate, abaxile. None.(149) Calyx divergent. (155) Calyx flat convergent. * Fruit round or oblate. None. Pale. (156) Calyx connivent. Breitling, Sep. Jan. — Gloria Mundi, Oct. Dec. — * Fruit conical or ovate. Dumelows Seedling, Nov.