Conditional sentences article

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Conditional sentences article

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences Article If Clause-Simple Present, Simple Past and Past Perfect
  2. 2. Conditional Sentence Articles Conditional sentences The conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English. Notes: 1) Which type of the conditional sentences is used? 2) Where is the if-clause (e.g. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)? http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
  3. 3. Conditional Sentence Articles  There are three types of the if-clauses.  I condition possible to fulfill  II condition in theory possible to fulfill  III condition not possible to fulfill (too late)  Form  type if clause main clause I Simple Present will-future (or Modal + infinitive)  II Simple Past would + infinitive *  III Past Perfect would + have + past participle * http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
  4. 4. Conditional Sentence Articles Examples (if-clause at the beginning) type I II III if clause main clause If I study, I will pass the exam.. If I studied, I would pass the exam. If I had studied, I would have passed the exam http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
  5. 5. Conditional Sentence Articles Examples (if-clause at the end) Type  I  II  III main clause I will pass the exam I would pass the exam I would have passed the exam if-clause if I study. if I studied. if I had studied. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
  6. 6. Conditional Sentence Articles Examples (affirmative and negative sentences) Type  I + - II + - Examples If I study, I will pass the exam. If I study, I will not fail the exam. If I do not study, I will fail the exam If I studied, I would pass the exam. If I studied, I would not fail the exam. If I did not study, I would fail the exam. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
  7. 7. Conditional Sentence Articles Examples (affirmative and negative sentences)  Type  III + - Examples If I had studied, I would have passed the exam If I had studied, I would not have failled the exam. If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm
  8. 8. Conditional Sentence Articles * We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too). I would pass the exam. I could pass the exam. I might pass the exam. I may pass the exam. I should pass the exam. I must pass the exam. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm

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