1. Presentation of :
Sir Asad Mobeen
Farwa Abdul Hannan
3. What is Hacker???
Hacker is a term used to mean "a
Especially those in popular media, to
mean “someone who tries to break
into computer systems”.
4. There are many definition of hacking as
well as varying ideas of what a hacker is
A hacker is a person of good taste.
People who hack computers are known as
5. Why Do Hackers Hack?
Just for fun
Hack other systems secretly
Notify many people their own
Steal important information
Destroy enemy’s computer network
6. How to translate the hackers’
1 -> i or l
3 -> e
4 -> a
7 -> t
9 -> g
0 -> o
$ -> s
| -> i or l
|| -> n
|/| -> m
s -> z
z -> s
f -> ph
ph -> f
x -> ck
ck -> x
7. How to translate the hackers’
–1 d1d n0t h4ck th1s p4g3, 1t w4s l1k3
th1s wh3n 1 h4ck3d 1n
–I did not hack this page, it was like this
when I hacked in
8. How can be a real Hacker ?
• Study C/C++
• Study computer architecture
• Study operating system
• Study computer network
• Examine the hacking tools
• Think the problem of the computer
9. Types of Hackers:
• Black hat
• White hat
• Grey hat
• Script Kiddie
• Blue hat
10. Black Hat Hacker
11. 1. Black hat:
Black hat hackers always do illegal work.
They work for black money.
They hack into bank websites, credit card
websites and stole money from account in
They are professionals in their fields.
They use their knowledge for illegal
A black hat hacker is the bad guy.
12. White hat hacker
13. 2. White hat:
breaks security for non-malicious reasons
perhaps to test their own security system
While working for a security company which
makes security software.
In fact, a large number of white hat hackers
are security experts themselves who want to
push the boundaries of their own IT security.
In fact, the National Security Agency (NSA)
offers certifications to these hackers.
14. Gray Hat Hacker
15. 3. Grey hat:
• A grey hat hacker is a combination of a
black hat and a white hat hacker.
• A grey hat hacker may surf the internet
and hack into a computer system for the
sole purpose of notifying the
administrator that their system has a
16. Script kiddie
17. 4. Script kiddie:
• A script kiddie is basically a non-expert hacker.
• A hacker who breaks into people's computer
systems not through his knowledge in IT
• Mostly kids/students
• User tools created by black hats
• To get free stuff
• Impress their peers
• Not get caught
19. 5. Neophyte:
• A neophyte means “newcomer” or
• someone who is new to hacking
• Has almost no knowledge or
experience of the workings of
technology and hacking.
20. Blue hat hacker
21. 6. Blue hat:
• A blue hat hacker is someone outside
computer security consulting firms.
• Who is used to bug test a system former
to its launch, looking for exploits so they
can be closed.
• Microsoft also uses the term Blue Hat to
represent a series of security briefing
23. 8. Hacktivist
• A Hacktivist is a hacker who utilizes
technology to announce a social,
ideological, religious, or political
• They use the same tools and techniques
as a hacker.
• They does so in order to disrupt services
and bring attention to a political and
25. World’s some famous
Hackers and their few
1. Albert "segvec"
2. Jonathan James
3. Ian Murphy
4. Phreaker John Draper
5. Robert Tappan Morris
6. Kevin Poulson
7. Gary McKinnon
27. Albert "segvec"
• Born in 1981
• An American Computer Hacker &
• ShadowCrew - screen name
Trafficked stolen credit and ATM card
• Hacked the databases of TJX
Companies - 45.6 million credit and
debit card numbers
• Heartland Payment
• Hacked computer systems of the
government of India
• Arrested on May 7, 2008 - was
sentenced to prison for 20 years
28. List of sites from which I collected data
related to Albert “segvec” Gonzalez
Born on December 12,
1983, United States of America
Hacked software of NASA
Hacked software of DOD -
Between August 23, 1999, and
October 27, 1999
Arrested and sentenced to six
Died on May 18, 2008
30. List of sites from which I collected
data related to Jonathon James
31. Ian Murphy
Name in Hacking World –
He also provided the
inspiration for the 1992
now the chairman of
Secure Data System (SDS)
- A data security Company
32. List of sites from which I collected
data related to Ian Murphy
33. Phreaker John
Born in 1943, also known
as Captain Crunch , Crunch
well known phone hacker/
How he hacked?
34. Tools Used by Phreaker John Draper
A Blue Box
Arrested for 2
times – in 1972,
35. List of sites from which I collected
data related to Phreaker John Draper
36. Robert Tappan
born on November 8,
An American computer
scientist, best known
for creating the Morris
Worm in 1988
About Worm – The
Lives in United States –
Age 48 years
37. List of sites from which I collected
data related to Robert Tappan Morris
38. Kevin Poulson
Among Hackers he is known as
“Dark Dante” – born on Nov. 30
Hacked FBI’s computers & phones
& stole Documents
hacked all phone lines running
into Los Angeles radio station
In April 1991, he was arrested
Released after paying more than
$50,000 (5,182,500 Rs) and serving
51 months in prison
. Today, he is the senior editor
of Wired magazine.
39. Kevin Poulson's Porsche 944 S2
40. List of sites from which I collected
data related to Kevin Poulson
41. Gary McKinnon
Born on 10 February 1966 –
a Scottishsystems administrator
In Hackers known as “solo”
hack military computers
Illegally gained access to 97
computers - 13-month period from
February 2001 to March 2002.
He deleted a number of critical files,
over 300 computers and resulting in
over $700,000(72,555,001 Rs) in
42. List of sites from which I collected
data related to Gary McKinnon
43. “PREVENTION FROM HACKERS”
44. Some common ways to prevent your device
from being hacked are:
1) OS Updates
2) Software Updates
3) Installing Anti-Virus Software
4) Installing Anti-Spyware Software
5) Stop using Hacker Controlled Websites
6) Use Firewall
7) Data Backup
8) Avoid Spam Emails
9) Password Policies
10) Clear the Cookies
11) Don’t use generic user names
12) Keep your identity safe
45. Operating System Updates:
• Where they find weakness.
• A system ( not updated ) has flaws.
• So update your system regularly.
46. Software Updates:
Get the latest fixes or versions of :
• Applications installed on your computer
• Web based software
47. Installing Anti-Virus Software:
Install anti-virus software as soon as you can, and always
confirm if its virus definitions are regularly updated.
48. Installing Anti-Spyware Software:
A type of intrusion that:
• Slows down your computer
• Put advertisements
• Put pop-ups on the screen
• And can lead to identity theft
• So install anti-spyware as
soon as possible!
49. Stop using Hacker Controlled Websites:
In World Wide Web, avoid from:
1) Sites containing free downloads.
2) Online games.
“They are mostly controlled by hackers!”
For ensuring a secure website:
• Check site-lock sign on Title bar
• https:// is written in caption below the title bar
instead of http://
51. Use Firewall:
• Outside threats (i.e. from hackers)
• Viruses from gaining access to your system.
• Control the traffic across connection
• Personalize your firewall settings
• Update it regularly
52. Continue.. (FIREWALL)
53. Data Backup:
The sensitive bits of
information can be wiped
clean from your hard
drive in the blink of an
“So it's best to always
have a backup at hand”.
54. Avoid Spam Emails:
Never click on an emailed link that looks
questionable. Delete them!
55. Password Policies:
• Multiple, intricate passwords
• Combinations of letters and numbers
• Make sure that your password is not too difficult for you to
56. Clear the Cookies:
Do not forget to
clear the cookies
and cache before
57. Don’t use generic user names:
Do not use usernames such as:
• Site Owner
Try to use unlimited range of combinations for
58. Keep your Identity Safe
1) Do not use official email ID to subscribe
to the public groups.
2) Do not share and post professional
information on Social networks.
“Learn new technologies and techniques
for protection against hackers and keep