The final page of a treatise on themedicinal uses of opium by ‘Imadal-Din Mahmud Shirazi (fl. mid-16th century). According to thecolophon, written diagonallyalongside the bottom 9 lines of text,the copy was completed in the cityof Kirman in the month of Rajab999 (= April-May 1591). Thecopyist is not named. It is possiblethat this copy was made during theauthors lifetime or shortlythereafter. At the bottom left of thepage there is the impression of anundated oval owners stamp whichreads: al-hakim (doctor) and al-Qur ..[?]. There are also recipeswritten vertically at the lower right.
Razis paperAl-Shahid bin al-Hossein al-Balkhi wrote a letter to Razi (865-925 AD) asking about the reason of the illness of Abu-Zeid binAhmad bin Sahl al-Balkhi al-Katib. Razi replied to him:In the name of God, the Beneficient, the Merciful"`I understood all that you asked about his illness, as to the causeof the disease and why it becomes worse during pollinisation(Spring season) when the smell Of flowers amplifies the illness.So I shall concentrate on the prophylaxis and treatment of thedisease very briefly (Figure 2).
Reflecting his own experience, ‘Imad al-Din Mahmud Shiraziwrote a treatise in Persian on the medical and addictiveproperties of opium and its use in compound remedies. TheNational Library of Medicine has a copy of this treatise that wasmade in Kirman in the month of Rajab 999 [= April-May 1591],possibly during the authors lifetime or shortly thereafter; itappears to