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Energy Environment Economics
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Energy Environment Economics

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Dramatic changes in the Energy Market. We list all those that will compete: including our own

Dramatic changes in the Energy Market. We list all those that will compete: including our own

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  • 1. By Dr. Faisal Tajir When and Where do you think lies the milestone when the ever more affordable alternative energy sources will be more affordable than the ever more expensive fossil fuels. Wake up to be advised that such a day was folded into history while you were seeking profit elsewhere. Spending Energy is Fun. Spend it! Allah does not punish you for a crime you have not committed. Stop torturing yourself in the dark. Stop burning your money. 1
  • 2. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 2
  • 3. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 3
  • 4. Energysources and economics By Dr. Faisal Tajir 4
  • 5. Seminar Objectives • Appreciate current state of the energy market in Pakistan. • Pointing to more cost effective sources of energy in the market. • Identify upcoming technologies and opportunities. • Discuss various energy sources separately. • Identifying responsibilities of the consumer. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 5
  • 6. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 6
  • 7. Prevalent Pattern • 86.2% from Fossil Fuels that are only to get more and more expensive • Electric supply (grid) offering an ever decreasing uptime • $6.7billion of foreign exchange being lost in importing oil – each year • Strategic dependency on imported fuel and shipping lanes • The psychological impact of knowing one is damaging the environment for his/her children By Dr. Faisal Tajir 7
  • 8. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 8
  • 9. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 9
  • 10. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 10
  • 11. 0 1,000,000,000 2,000,000,000 3,000,000,000 4,000,000,000 5,000,000,000 6,000,000,000 7,000,000,000 8,000,000,000 -5.00% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% Consequences • Decreasing Demand Growth Rate!!! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 11
  • 12. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 12
  • 13. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 13
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  • 15. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 15
  • 16. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 16
  • 17. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 17
  • 18. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 18
  • 19. Action By Dr. Faisal Tajir 19
  • 20. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 20
  • 21. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 21
  • 22. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 22
  • 23. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 23
  • 24. Reaction By Dr. Faisal Tajir 24
  • 25. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 25
  • 26. Can Things Really Be This Bad? Have We Checked Everything? By Dr. Faisal Tajir 26
  • 27. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 27
  • 28. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 28
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  • 30. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 30
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  • 33. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 33
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  • 36. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 36
  • 37. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 37
  • 38. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 38
  • 39. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 39 International Cost Cents/kWh Our Quote Paisa/kWh Water Required? Water Offered? Local Effect Global Effect Grid Dependency PV 10 No No - Heating No Lens 5 93 Yes Desalination - Heating No Tower 2 160 No No - Heating Little Kite 0.4 No No - Heating Yes Ocean Current ? - No - Cooling Yes Ocean Thermal 11 - Yes Cooling Heating Yes Geo Thermal 3 Yes Desalination Heating Cooling Yes Bio Mass 5 Yes Desalination Heating ? No Mist 32 Yes No Cooling Heating Little RBP 138 Yes No Cooling Heating No Nuclear 5.5 Optional Desalination Heating Heating Yes
  • 40. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 40 850 425 170 34 933 255 425 468 1,900 1,100 600 1,300 93 160 32 138 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 Paisa/kWh Our Best Competitors Our Quote
  • 41. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 41
  • 42. Worried about the Environment? By Dr. Faisal Tajir 42
  • 43. Global Effect Heat Cool Warm Areas: Local effect = cooling 1. Mist 2. RBP 3. OTEC 1. Artificial Rain 2. Brackish Groundwater: Permanganate Cycle No local effect 1. Wind 2. Wave 3. Hydro 4. Solar 1. Ocean Current Cool Areas: Local effect = heating 1. Artificial Rain 2. Water Cooled Thermal / Nuclear power stations 3. Exothermic Release of other greenhouse gases 1. Geothermal 43By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 44. SHOPPING! It is ALL a matter of By Dr. Faisal Tajir 44
  • 45. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 45
  • 46. Appreciating your requirement • 1W=8.766kWh/yr. • Your electricity bill lets you know how much money you pay for how many kWhs. • Your demand fluctuates, you can calculate your maximum possible demand by summing the power rating on all appliances. • Before arranging for your electricity, you want to eliminate pointless wastages such as loose connections and magnet attracting wiring. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 46
  • 47. Typical Diurnal Variation in a Household’s Consumption By Dr. Faisal Tajir 47
  • 48. In the cooler localities... By Dr. Faisal Tajir 48
  • 49. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 49
  • 50. Annual Variation By Dr. Faisal Tajir 50
  • 51. SOLAR OPTIONS By Dr. Faisal Tajir 51
  • 52. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 52
  • 53. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 53
  • 54. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 54
  • 55. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 55
  • 56. Geographical Availability By Dr. Faisal Tajir 56
  • 57. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 57
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  • 77. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 77
  • 78. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 78
  • 79. Assembly Types • Solar Panels – Electricity generation anywhere under the sun • Sunlight Intensification – Detour the cost of the panels, if there is room for the heliostat – Most cost effective means of heating • Hybrid Installations – typically harnessing wind AND solar energy By Dr. Faisal Tajir 79
  • 80. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 80
  • 81. Solar 101 • At the smallest level, you would rather buy solar cells rather than panels. This substantially reduces cost and gives you options such as making flexible panels: upon your clothes. • Instead of crying about there being no sunlight at night, consider how comfortable life would be if your mobile phone recharged automatically. Appreciate limitations, yet search for applications. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 81
  • 82. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 82
  • 83. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 83
  • 84. Solar 102 • Solar water heaters are already quite economically available in Pakistan and elsewhere. Don’t try to compete with the economies of scale of mass production – just buy the complete product! • If your choice of electricity for your premises is solar. – Double and triple check the geographical distribution of solar energy. – Hire an engineer for the acrylic Fresnel lens and heliostat rather than bringing in truck loads of panels. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 84
  • 85. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 85
  • 86. Liquid water / solution (at pressure) Steam / with any dust – driving any turbine DC electricity Steam at pressure pretty good at cooking! If this lens has to get large, it also has to be an un- oriented wind turbine! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 86
  • 87. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 87
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  • 99. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 99
  • 100. Solar 103 • Larger installations should be hybrid – harnessing Solar AND Wind/Mist. • Automate tasks such as filling your rooftop water tank to happen when the sun is at work. • The high temperatures that you can achieve at the focus of the lens mean that you can set up a cottage industry – for example extracting oxidized aluminum from soil. • This is a global revolution. Even if you can’t save yourself, someone else will! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 100
  • 101. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 101
  • 102. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 102
  • 103. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 103
  • 104. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Average Sunlight in Karachi: hours per day: source BBC weather By Dr. Faisal Tajir 104
  • 105. Solar 104 • Let’s assume you consume 2000kWhs (ie units) of electricity a month, and you install a 2400W solar electricity supply on your roof. • In Karachi you will save an average of 596 kWhs (units) on your electricity bill. • Your solar electricity supply cost you Rs.48,000/- (plus human resource) By Dr. Faisal Tajir 105
  • 106. Solar 105 • You saved Rs. 7748/ a month in your electricity bill: 16.14%/month. • Ask your bank what it would have given you on Rs. 48,000/- • Should all consumers reduce their demand by 29.8% ‐ the country will have excess electricity and no load shedding. • Excess supply will force prices down By Dr. Faisal Tajir 106
  • 107. WIND OPTIONS By Dr. Faisal Tajir 107
  • 108. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 108
  • 109. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 109
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  • 112. Geographical Availability By Dr. Faisal Tajir 112
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  • 118. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 118
  • 119. Recent Improvements • More wind at higher altitudes, modern wind turbines are kites rather than towers. • An Aziz Hussein in Township Lahore developed turbine blades optimized for all wind speeds. • A funnel type structure around the turbine can adjust the wind speed across the blades to give a consistent generation. • NEPRA has taken over the “risk factor” of the wind energy industry. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 119
  • 120. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 120
  • 121. Wind Speed Control Ability to increase and decrease the radius of the funnel kind structure means ability to increase / decrease wind speed across the turbine! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 121
  • 122. From Aziz Hussein Township Lahore By Dr. Faisal Tajir 122
  • 123. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 123
  • 124. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 124
  • 125. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 125
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  • 127. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 127
  • 128. Kites • KiteGen has begun selling around 20MW onto the Italian grid. • Dozens of other teams elsewhere reaching for the energy from the sky. • Electricity has become more affordable. • Electricity has become relatively more affordable. • This is the essence of this address: advise all sleeping beauties of this stud that is yawning in their vicinity. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 128
  • 129. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 129
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  • 133. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 133
  • 134. The American attempt By Dr. Faisal Tajir 134
  • 135. Pakistani kites are exclusively being developed as missile silos and for other military applications As we have better energy sourcesBy Dr. Faisal Tajir 135
  • 136. OCEAN CURRENT By Dr. Faisal Tajir 136
  • 137. Geographical Distribution • Kites, only heavier, tapping continuous or tidal currents. • Even more affordable than wind energy. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 137
  • 138. OCEAN THERMAL By Dr. Faisal Tajir 138
  • 139. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 139
  • 140. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 140
  • 141. Interesting Aspects • Carnot cycle between ocean surface and ocean bed. • Cycles secondary product – distilled water, cooling / air conditioning. • Most aggressive air conditioning technology known. Cool largest coastal city, while generating both electricity AND fresh water. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 141
  • 142. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 142
  • 143. Temperature Difference between surface and Ocean bed By Dr. Faisal Tajir 143
  • 144. GEO THERMAL By Dr. Faisal Tajir 144
  • 145. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 145
  • 146. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 146
  • 147. Aspects • Requires water (fresh, dirty, brackish, or sea) as raw material. • Carnot cycle between earth’s surface and underlying hot crust. • By-product steam/hot water/distilled water. • Very cost effective and environment friendly source of energy and fresh water. • The default climate control tool when you want to warm up a locality. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 147
  • 148. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 148
  • 149. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 149
  • 150. MIST By Dr. Faisal Tajir 150
  • 151. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 151
  • 152. Introduction • Achieve temperature difference by spraying mist in air. • Run a Carnot cycle between this temperature difference. • Hybridize with wind energy. • Use directly to cool / pre-cool. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 152
  • 153. Mist Low Pressure RegionTurbines Fans Dynamo Mist Energy Schematic By Dr. Faisal Tajir 153
  • 154. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 154
  • 155. Suggested Prototype (for Karachi) • 5gpm / 150 psi mist / average net 14.475kW • Carnot efficiency and Karachi average weather conditions (from BBC weather) used for calculations. • Minimum generation 3.89kW at midnight to 0600 hrs in August. • Maximum generation 30.4kW at 1200 hrs to 1800 hrs in December. • Cooling: a consistent 712kW, or a 203 ton AC. • Consumes water: 316g/s. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 155
  • 156. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec kW Power Output 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 By Dr. Faisal Tajir 156
  • 157. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 157
  • 158. Remaining Specifications • Radius 4.76m. Length 15m. • Estimated cost, Rs. 300,000/- (~Rs. 20/W or Rs.0.32/kWh) plus human resource • Doesn’t get better than this… • Energy Consuming Air Conditioners (203 ton) cost way more. • Compare with our grid’s distribution cost of Rs 0.50/kWh • Taps Mist AND Wind Energy. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 158
  • 159. / WIND HYBRID MIST / SOLAR By Dr. Faisal Tajir 159
  • 160. Minimizing storage in a grid free small enterprise • Mist Turbine peak production comes with an approximately π/2 phase lag as compared to Solar. • Distributing your investment in Solar/Wind and Mist/Wind you should need only 6 hours of storage. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 160
  • 161. By Dr. Faisal Tajir0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 kW Daily Variation Rs. 300,000 Mist/Wind Turbine Rs. 300,000 Solar Electric Supply Sum 161
  • 162. By Dr. Faisal Tajir0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec kW Annual Variation Mist Solar Total 162
  • 163. ARTIFICIAL RAIN By Dr. Faisal Tajir 163
  • 164. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 164
  • 165. Recent Developments • A certain industrial process produces reduced silica: as a waste product, with a grain structure that leaves it as good as a flare: only that this burned silicon then flies up to bring down clouds! • Rain can be started but not stopped: threat of floods, use will remain limited to hilly areas where there is no drainage issue. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 165
  • 166. Artificial Rain • Technology not economically advisable in the absence of over head clouds or in the presence of strong winds. • Considered the strongest climate control technology: drop the clouds every sunset and you will cool down your locality, drop them only at dawn and you will heat up your vicinity. The more cloud cover you have, the more you control your climate. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 166
  • 167. Reduced Boiling Point As a means of tapping evaporation 167By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 168. Concept • Reduce the pressure above water, it will boil at a much lower temperature. • The water vapor introduced by the boiling can leave the system via a filter: that only allows monatomic molecules to pass through. 168By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 169. Valve to fill water and remove air Monatomic tensile membranes to let out the vapor. Argon in air (10mbar) leaks in from here. The pressure above this water is greatly reduced. It boils at a much reduced temperature: often lower than the ambient temperature Instead of utilizing the low temperature of the water, we can have the vapor passing across turbines, giving mechanical energy. 169By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 170. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Average Vapor Pressure in Karachi (mbar) 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 170By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 171. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Reduced Boiling Point Karachi Celsius 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 171By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 172. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Ambient Temperature Karachi Celsius Average Min Max 172By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 173. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Maintainable Room Temperature in Karachi by RBP: Celsius 173By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 174. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 1740 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec oC Min Average Max RBP
  • 175. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Ambient Temperature minus RBP: Celsius 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 175By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 176. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Pressure difference available: if temperature drop is compromised (mbar) 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 176By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 177. Best Solution (Electricity / Air Conditioning) for the Apartment. • For the entire year, can provide electricity to an apartment that may not harness solar or wind energy: nor has the space for a Mist Turbine. 18 hrs of storage will however be required. • Does not eliminate but does reduce air conditioning requirements: 34C down to 27C. • Unlike Mist Energy, does not inflict any too low temperatures in the winters. This superiority could prove decisive. 177By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 178. AIR CONDITIONING By Dr. Faisal Tajir 178
  • 179. Air Conditioning as an Energy Source! • Ambient Temperature changes diurnally. • Insulation means that our buildings tend to maintain the average inside them. • This means that every day we may run a Carnot cycle between the air in the room and outside: while improving conditions in the room! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 179
  • 180. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec oC Monthly Average Temperatures for Karachi as per BBC weather Average Min Max By Dr. Faisal Tajir 180
  • 181. Air Conditioning as an Energy Source! • In the winter, we can run such a cycle in the day, generating a small amount of electricity, and heating up our cold dwelling. • In the summer, we can run such a cycle every night, generating a small amount of electricity, and beating the heat in our rooms. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 181
  • 182. Air Conditioning as an Energy Source! • The amount of energy from such an installation is going to be small, yet hybridization with other energy sources always results in the most cost effective air conditioning AND lower cost for one’s electricity. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 182
  • 183. BREEDER REACTORS By Dr. Faisal Tajir 183
  • 184. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 184
  • 185. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 185
  • 186. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 186
  • 187. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 187
  • 188. When the Sun is Not Enough • Enormous growth potential of this family of technologies needs to be appreciated. • It maintains a monopoly at submarines. • We cannot afford to suffice on fission based detonation. • We cannot afford to trust the government that failed in Thar with such a task. • The private technocrat will have to come forward, develop: and then deploy the design and technology. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 188
  • 189. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 189 International Cost Cents/kWh Our Quote Paisa/kWh Water Required? Water Offered? Local Effect Global Effect Grid Dependency PV 10 No No - Heating No Lens 5 93 Yes Desalination - Heating No Tower 2 160 No No - Heating Little Kite 0.4 No No - Heating Yes Ocean Current ? - No - Cooling Yes Ocean Thermal 11 - Yes Cooling Heating Yes Geo Thermal 3 Yes Desalination Heating Cooling Yes Bio Mass 5 Yes Desalination Heating ? No Mist 32 Yes No Cooling Heating Little RBP 138 Yes No Cooling Heating No Nuclear 5.5 Optional Desalination Heating Heating Yes
  • 190. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 190 850 425 170 34 933 255 425 468 1,900 1,100 600 1,300 93 160 32 138 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 Paisa/kWh Our Best Competitors Our Quote
  • 191. Climate Change and Control 191By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 192. Climate Chronology • The well established ice ages and interglacials offer a horrific tale of our planets climate. 192By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 193. Global Warming • Scientists the world over are advising that it is already too late to bring down carbon emissions etc and that the planet is going to go on warming up for the next 500 years even if carbon emissions immediately drop to zero. • Receding glaciers are now accepted as part of everyday life. 193By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 194. The threat of another Ice Age • An increasing number of scientists believe that this planet is not capable of housing the kind of temperatures that are being extrapolated and that this excess heat will be released in a big storm sending the planet into its next Ice Age. • This theory is a bit new, and hence requires some degree of discussion. 194By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 195. The Role of Water • Global warming will indeed result in more water (vapor) in the atmosphere. • H2O is our planets primary greenhouse gas. • The diffusivity (ability to mix / dissolve) of H2O falls exponentially with temperature. • The uneven heat capacity and absorption spectrum of the atmosphere translates to active weather. • Stronger winds will mean more dust eroding and being blown up into the atmosphere. 195By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 196. The Role of Wind • More dust in the atmosphere will reduce the amount of sunlight reaching the surface. • Recall that this variation (water’s diffusivity vs temperature) is exponential. • The dust in the atmosphere suddenly takes over, the temperature of the atmosphere falls for a global rain storm to start. • With the vapor out of the atmosphere before the dust, an ice age starts. 196By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 197. What we know • We know that shorter wavelengths are getting through, as the ozone layer recedes. • We know that sunlight in general is decreasing because of more dust in the atmosphere. • We know that the planet is heating up, yet the higher the temperature the more unstable it is. • The temperature that is stable is what we call an ice age. 197By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 198. Summary • Temperature Increase – Vapor Pressure Increase • Temperature Increase – Diffusivity Decrease • Weather / Wind Activity Increase • Dust Increase • Temperature Reduction • Precipitation • Vapor Pressure Collapse (Before Dust Decrease) • Temperature Collapse (Very Stable Climate) 198By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 199. WE TAKE CHARGE OF THE CLIMATE So what do we do? 199By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 200. Climate Control • We know very well already that a list of energy sources will alter the climate in one way or another. • By air conditioning our cities and our plantations, we prepare for any major climatic disaster as well. 200By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 201. Global Effect Heat Cool Warm Areas: Local effect = cooling 1. Mist 2. RBP 3. OTEC 1. Artificial Rain 2. Brackish Groundwater: Permanganate Cycle No local effect 1. Wind 2. Wave 3. Hydro 4. Solar 1. Ocean Current Cool Areas: Local effect = heating 1. Artificial Rain 2. Water Cooled Thermal / Nuclear power stations 3. Exothermic Release of other greenhouse gases 1. Geothermal 201By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 202. Conclusion • Mist for energy and Permanganate for water are indispensible. Both of these will cool the locality. • Of the alternatives, solar (lens) and artificial rain are the cost effective and grid free options. • Once artificial rain is deployed (in conjunction with Mist), the only remaining environmental issue is the ozone layer. 202By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 203. GOVERNMENT By Dr. Faisal Tajir 203
  • 204. Government Level Recommendations • Ocean bed water to air condition coastal cities: fresh water and electricity as by products. • Geo Thermal Power Stations in permafrost areas: melt the glaciers and permafrost. • Mist and Rain also as climate control tools: electricity as by product. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 204
  • 205. Government Level Recommendations • Hydroelectric dams controlling the floods and cashing in on the increased rains. • Kites for military, law enforcement, and communication. • Waste to Energy plants. • Breeder Reactors in cooler areas. • When and if even more energy is required: raise more kites. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 205
  • 206. BUSINESS By Dr. Faisal Tajir 206
  • 207. To the Investor • Intensified sunlight is a distinct form of energy, like heat and electricity, that is often best used directly. Do NOT miss out on… • Pakistan can best generate around 1.5-2TW of Mist/Wind Energy. Solar will determine the price of electricity in our foreseeable future: 160TW capacity. • Do not miss out on the cooling from OTEC and Mist or the heating from Solar and GeoThermal. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 207
  • 208. CITIZEN By Dr. Faisal Tajir 208
  • 209. To the Citizen • Ambient heat and dirty / saline water are not things to complain about. • No one not consuming solar energy is in any position to complain about load shedding or the economy. • China is consuming ~360GW and the USA ~30TW: you are consuming around 20GW: have to consume >160TW, you have a lot of work to do: stop checking out the girls! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 209
  • 210. Know thy Enemy By Dr. Faisal Tajir 210
  • 211. Know thy Enemy • Pakistan maintains the ability to sterilize India while taking sustainable damage. Please advise if you have problems with this claim. • Pakistan also maintains the ability to sterilize the United States, while being sterilized in response. Please advise if you have problems with this claim. • The ease with which a government employee may be tipped in Pakistan remains the enemies weapon of choice: ask NADRA about CNIC# 17201-1557832-9. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 211
  • 212. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 212
  • 213. By Dr. Faisal Tajir Know thy Enemy • NADRA and our Police serve their objective of sabotaging our design and development projects. Each plays a critical role in neutralizing “the threat” from a Pakistani scientist. • PEC / HEC serve to misguide you as to who is literate and who is not. Ask Dr. Fida Younas Khattak why Dr. Faisal Tajir walked out of GIKI: after four years: without any accreditation. • AEDB / KESC / WAPDA try to convince you that every possible effort is being made. Ask AEDB when it was first advised about Mist Energy. 213
  • 214. By Dr. Faisal Tajir Short Course on Keeping Pakistan from its Energy • Identify habitual scientists. • Steal their CNICs. • Tip NADRA into simply not listening when they ask for a copy. • Tip the police into going deaf when they complain. • Tip any lawyers they hire. • Send infantry in civil clothes to break up any prototypes: and beat up whomever tried to make them. • You find anyone guilty of prototyping, focus on his source of income and his habitat. 214
  • 215. By Dr. Faisal Tajir Short Course on Energizing Pakistan • Go to one of the Jihad fronts: learn how to survive in the face of hostility. • Prefer working on technologies that you know the developed world will be little interested in. • The enemy will isolate you: use it to give time to your mission. • The enemy will sabotage your resources: make your project even more economical. • Hold on to your ego, nothing else. • Because… 215
  • 216. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 216
  • 217. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 217 It is only That needs electricity, energy, or Pakistan
  • 218. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 218
  • 219. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 219
  • 220. Don’t Worry About Me I am By Dr. Faisal Tajir 220
  • 221. Nuclear War The kind of war Man is yet to fight 221By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 222. Aspects • Overwhelming firepower. • Delivery and intercepting delivery vehicle: yet what if the latter fails? • Built from money and technology. • Results into a “cold war”: each adversary sabotaging the other’s technology and economy. 222By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 223. Pakistan • Created by civilians. • For civilians. • Defended by civilians. • Ruled by civilians. • Run by civilians. • Full of civilians. • Civilian grows beard, becomes more of the enemy’s nightmare than our nukes. 223By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 224. Fighting the Nuclear War • Grow a beard. • Tell everyone “your most secret secrets”: – you know how to make a bomb (only won’t tell ‘cause it’s classified) – You are on your way to Amrica: for establishing peace. • Very strictly obey the law: so that the authorities don’t get a chance to interview / interrogate you. • Send nonsense messages across the internet to whomever in Amrica! 224By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 225. Your Contribution • You now have half a dozen CIA agents, at the other end of the planet, closely keeping their eyes on not a “terrorist”. • You just added (substantially as well) to the cost of their war! • You qualified as a mujahid in the eyes of Allah: by inflicting such a cost upon the enemy. Jazakallah Kher! 225By Dr. Faisal Tajir
  • 226. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 226
  • 227. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 227
  • 228. To the Citizen • Appreciate how many jobs and business opportunities are to show up: choose your stride in time. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 228
  • 229. Permanent Losses of Pakistan • Some technologies will deliver sufficient benefit to the developer even if used by an arch enemy. • Some technologies will only be made available when and if anyone pays: first. • Some technologies will only be shared with friends. • Some technologies will NOT be shared. • NADRA and the Police have cost Pakistan the permanganate cycle. Someone else will have to develop it now, and until then: we will look upon brackish water as a problem!!! By Dr. Faisal Tajir 229
  • 230. Assessing These Proposals • If you want the opinion of any HEC / PEC recognized really cool and learned chap on this document: do not forget to ask him for his proposals as well. After all, isn’t he the one who should have written this document in the first place? • Consider the amount of money to be invested in each plan, and the returns that you are confident of. Is cooling Karachi’s air with 4oC water really going to be difficult? By Dr. Faisal Tajir 230
  • 231. Word of Caution! • These sciences are evolving at high pace, and too many suppliers are offering obsolete technology. Make sure you conduct a survey thorough enough, yet rest assured that what you employ will be redundant before it starts serving you! • Remember to ask how many kWhs are expected from the investment per year. By Dr. Faisal Tajir 231
  • 232. Dr. Faisal Tajir Coming Seminars on: • Water: sources and economics. • Space: how & why. • Terra-Farming: Earth, Venus, and Mars. • Anti Strategic Delivery Vehicles. • FTL SETI. • Highest IQ Level of all SAARC and all OIC • Ph.D. Electronic Engineering • Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering • In excess of 300 inventions • CNIC# 17201-1557832-9 • +92-313-2088531 • ftajir@gmail.com By Dr. Faisal Tajir 232

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