By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
When and Where do you
think lies the milestone when
the ever more affordable
alternativ...
Energysources and economics
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 2
Seminar Objectives
• Appreciate current state of the energy market
in Pakistan.
• Identifying responsibilities of the cons...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 4
Prevalent Pattern
• 86.2% from Fossil Fuels that are only to get more
and more expensive
• Electric supply (grid) offering...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 6
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 7
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 8
0
1,000,000,000
2,000,000,000
3,000,000,000
4,000,000,000
5,000,000,000
6,000,000,000
7,000,000,000
8,000,000,000
-5.00%
0...
Action
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 10
Reaction
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 11
Invitation
Mr. Bostan By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 12
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 13
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 14
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 15
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 16
Appreciating your requirement
• 1W=8.766kWh/yr.
• Your electricity bill lets you know how much
money you pay for how many ...
Typical Diurnal Variation in a Household’s Consumption
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 18
In the cooler localities...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 19
Annual Variation
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 20
Energy Sources Discussed
• Prevalent
sources
• Solar
• Wind
• Ocean Current
• Ocean Thermal
• Geo Thermal
• Mist
• Artific...
SOLAR OPTIONS
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 22
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 23
Geographical
Availability
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 24
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 25
Assembly Types
• Solar Panels
– Electricity generation anywhere under the sun
• Sunlight Intensification
– Detour the cost...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 27
Solar 101
• At the smallest level, you would rather buy solar
cells rather than panels. This substantially
reduces cost an...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 29
Solar 102
• Solar water heaters are already quite
economically available in Pakistan and elsewhere.
Don’t try to compete w...
Liquid water / solution
(at pressure)
Steam / with any dust –
driving any turbine
DC electricity
Steam at pressure
pretty ...
Solar 103
• Larger installations should be hybrid – harnessing
Solar AND Wind/Mist.
• Automate tasks such as filling your ...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Average Sunlight in Karachi: hours per day: source ...
Solar 104
• Let’s assume you consume 2000kWhs (ie
units) of electricity a month, and you install a
2400W solar electricity...
Solar 105
• You saved Rs. 7748/ a month in your
electricity bill: 16.14%/month.
• Ask your bank what it would have given y...
WIND OPTIONS
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 36
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 37
Geographical
Availability
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 38
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 39
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 40
Recent Improvements
• More wind at higher altitudes, modern wind
turbines are kites rather than towers.
• An Aziz Hussein ...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 42
Wind Speed Control
Ability to increase and decrease the
radius of the funnel kind structure
means ability to increase / de...
From Aziz Hussein
Township Lahore
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 44
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 45
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 46
Kites
• KiteGen has begun selling around 20MW onto
the Italian grid.
• Dozens of other teams elsewhere reaching for
the en...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 48
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 49
The American attempt
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 50
Pakistani kites are exclusively being developed as
missile silos and for other military applications
As we have better ene...
OCEAN CURRENT
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 52
Geographical Distribution
• Kites, only heavier, tapping continuous or tidal
currents.
• Even more affordable than wind en...
OCEAN THERMAL
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 54
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 55
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 56
Interesting Aspects
• Carnot cycle between ocean surface and
ocean bed.
• Cycles secondary product – distilled water,
cool...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 58
Temperature Difference between
surface and Ocean bed
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 59
GEO THERMAL
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 60
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 61
Aspects
• Requires water (fresh, dirty, brackish, or sea)
as raw material.
• Carnot cycle between earth’s surface and
unde...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 63
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 64
MIST
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 65
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 66
Introduction
• Achieve temperature difference by spraying
mist in air.
• Run a Carnot cycle between this temperature
diffe...
Mist
Low Pressure RegionTurbines Fans
Dynamo
Mist Energy Schematic
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 68
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 69
Suggested Prototype (for Karachi)
• 5gpm / 150 psi mist / average net 14.475kW
• Carnot efficiency and Karachi average wea...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
kW
Power Output
0 to 6
6 to 12
12 to 18
18 to...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 72
Remaining Specifications
• Radius 4.76m. Length 15m.
• Estimated cost, Rs. 300,000/- (~Rs. 20/W or
Rs.0.32/kWh) plus human...
/ WIND HYBRID
Mist / Solar
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 74
Minimizing storage in a grid free small
enterprise
• Mist Turbine peak production comes with an
approximately π/2 phase la...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24
kW
Daily Variation
Rs. 300,000 Mi...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
kW
Annua...
ARTIFICIAL RAIN
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 78
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 79
Recent Developments
• A certain industrial process produces reduced
silica: as a waste product, with a grain
structure tha...
Artificial Rain
• Technology not economically advisable in the
absence of over head clouds or in the
presence of strong wi...
Reduced Boiling Point
As a means of tapping evaporation
82By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
Concept
• Reduce the pressure above water, it will boil at
a much lower temperature.
• The water vapor introduced by the b...
Valve to fill
water and
remove air
Monatomic tensile
membranes to let out
the vapor. Argon in
air (10mbar) leaks in
from h...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Average Vapor Pressure in Karachi (m...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Reduced Boiling Point Karachi Celsius
0 to...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Ambient Temperature Karachi Celsius
Averag...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Maintainable Room Temperature in Karachi by RBP:...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 89
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
oC
R...
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Ambient Temperature minus RBP: Celsius
0 to 6
6 to 12...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Pressure difference available: if temperature dr...
Best Solution (Electricity / Air
Conditioning) for the Apartment.
• For the entire year, can provide electricity to an
apa...
AIR CONDITIONING
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 93
Air Conditioning as an Energy Source!
• Ambient Temperature changes diurnally.
• Insulation means that our buildings tend ...
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
oC
Monthly Average Temperatures for Karach...
Air Conditioning as an Energy Source!
• In the winter, we can run such a cycle in the
day, generating a small amount of el...
Air Conditioning as an Energy Source!
• A little mist turbine in the area will solve the
problem of some nights also being...
BREEDER REACTORS
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 98
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 99
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 100
When the Sun is Not Enough
• Enormous growth potential of this family of
technologies needs to be appreciated.
• We cannot...
GOVERNMENT
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 102
Government Level Recommendations
• Ocean bed water to air condition coastal
cities: fresh water and electricity as by
prod...
Government Level Recommendations
• Hydroelectric dams controlling the floods and
cashing in on the increased rains.
• Kite...
BUSINESS
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 105
To the Investor
• Intensified sunlight is a distinct form of energy,
like heat and electricity, that is often best used
di...
CITIZEN
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 107
To the Citizen
• Ambient heat and dirty / saline water are not
things to complain about.
• No one not consuming solar ener...
Know thy Enemy
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 109
Know thy Enemy
• Pakistan maintains the ability to sterilize India
while taking sustainable damage (Prithvi I is
India’s o...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 111
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
Know thy Enemy
• NADRA and our Police serve their objective of
sabotaging our design an...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
Short Course on Keeping Pakistan
from its Energy
• Identify
habitual
scientists
• Steal...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
Short Course on Energizing
Pakistan
• Go to one of
the Jihad
fronts: learn
how to survi...
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 115
• It is only YOUthat
needs electricity / energy / Pakistan.
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 116
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 117
Don’t Worry About Me
I am
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 118
By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 119
To the Citizen
• Appreciate how many jobs and business
opportunities are to show up: choose your
stride in time.
By Mr. Bo...
Dr. Faisal Tajir
Coming Seminars on:
• Water: sources and
economics
• Climate Control
• Space: how & why
• Anti Strategic ...
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Energy

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Dramatic changes in the Energy Market.

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Transcript of "Energy"

  1. 1. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir When and Where do you think lies the milestone when the ever more affordable alternative energy sources will be more affordable than the ever more expensive fossil fuels. Wake up to be advised that such a day was folded into history while you were seeking profit elsewhere. Spending Energy is Fun. Spend it! Allah does not punish you for a crime you have not committed. Stop torturing yourself in the dark. Stop burning your money. 1
  2. 2. Energysources and economics By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 2
  3. 3. Seminar Objectives • Appreciate current state of the energy market in Pakistan. • Identifying responsibilities of the consumer. • Pointing to more cost effective sources of energy in the market. • Identify upcoming technologies and opportunities. • Discuss various energy sources separately. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 3
  4. 4. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 4
  5. 5. Prevalent Pattern • 86.2% from Fossil Fuels that are only to get more and more expensive • Electric supply (grid) offering an ever decreasing uptime • $6.7billion of foreign exchange being lost in importing oil – each year • Strategic dependency on imported fuel and shipping lanes • The psychological impact of knowing one is damaging the environment for his/her children By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 5
  6. 6. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 6
  7. 7. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 7
  8. 8. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 8
  9. 9. 0 1,000,000,000 2,000,000,000 3,000,000,000 4,000,000,000 5,000,000,000 6,000,000,000 7,000,000,000 8,000,000,000 -5.00% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% Consequences • Decreasing Demand Growth Rate!!! By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 9
  10. 10. Action By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 10
  11. 11. Reaction By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 11
  12. 12. Invitation Mr. Bostan By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 12
  13. 13. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 13
  14. 14. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 14
  15. 15. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 15
  16. 16. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 16
  17. 17. Appreciating your requirement • 1W=8.766kWh/yr. • Your electricity bill lets you know how much money you pay for how many kWhs. • Your demand fluctuates, you can calculate your maximum possible demand by summing the power rating on all appliances. • Before arranging for your electricity, you want to eliminate pointless wastages such as loose connections and magnet attracting wiring. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 17
  18. 18. Typical Diurnal Variation in a Household’s Consumption By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 18
  19. 19. In the cooler localities... By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 19
  20. 20. Annual Variation By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 20
  21. 21. Energy Sources Discussed • Prevalent sources • Solar • Wind • Ocean Current • Ocean Thermal • Geo Thermal • Mist • Artificial Rain • Reduced Boiling Point • Nuclear Energy By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 21
  22. 22. SOLAR OPTIONS By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 22
  23. 23. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 23
  24. 24. Geographical Availability By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 24
  25. 25. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 25
  26. 26. Assembly Types • Solar Panels – Electricity generation anywhere under the sun • Sunlight Intensification – Detour the cost of the panels, if there is room for the heliostat – Most cost effective means of heating • Hybrid Installations – typically harnessing wind AND solar energy By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 26
  27. 27. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 27
  28. 28. Solar 101 • At the smallest level, you would rather buy solar cells rather than panels. This substantially reduces cost and gives you options such as making flexible panels: upon your clothes. • Instead of crying about there being no sunlight at night, consider how comfortable life would be if your mobile phone recharged automatically. Appreciate limitations, yet search for applications. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 28
  29. 29. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 29
  30. 30. Solar 102 • Solar water heaters are already quite economically available in Pakistan and elsewhere. Don’t try to compete with the economies of scale of mass production – just buy the complete product! • If your choice of electricity for your premises is solar. – Double and triple check the geographical distribution of solar energy. – Hire an engineer for the acrylic Fresnel lens and heliostat rather than bringing in truck loads of panels. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 30
  31. 31. Liquid water / solution (at pressure) Steam / with any dust – driving any turbine DC electricity Steam at pressure pretty good at cooking! If this lens has to get large, it also has to be an un- oriented wind turbine! By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 31
  32. 32. Solar 103 • Larger installations should be hybrid – harnessing Solar AND Wind/Mist. • Automate tasks such as filling your rooftop water tank to happen when the sun is at work. • The high temperatures that you can achieve at the focus of the lens mean that you can set up a cottage industry – for example extracting oxidized aluminum from soil. • This is a global revolution. Even if you can’t save yourself, someone else will! By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 32
  33. 33. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Average Sunlight in Karachi: hours per day: source BBC weather By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 33
  34. 34. Solar 104 • Let’s assume you consume 2000kWhs (ie units) of electricity a month, and you install a 2400W solar electricity supply on your roof. • In Karachi you will save an average of 596 kWhs (units) on your electricity bill. • Your solar electricity supply cost you Rs.48,000/- (plus human resource) By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 34
  35. 35. Solar 105 • You saved Rs. 7748/ a month in your electricity bill: 16.14%/month. • Ask your bank what it would have given you on Rs. 48,000/- • Should all consumers reduce their demand by 29.8% ‐ the country will have excess electricity and no load shedding. • Excess supply will force prices down By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 35
  36. 36. WIND OPTIONS By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 36
  37. 37. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 37
  38. 38. Geographical Availability By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 38
  39. 39. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 39
  40. 40. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 40
  41. 41. Recent Improvements • More wind at higher altitudes, modern wind turbines are kites rather than towers. • An Aziz Hussein in Township Lahore developed turbine blades optimized for all wind speeds. • A funnel type structure around the turbine can adjust the wind speed across the blades to give a consistent generation. • NEPRA has taken over the “risk factor” of the wind energy industry. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 41
  42. 42. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 42
  43. 43. Wind Speed Control Ability to increase and decrease the radius of the funnel kind structure means ability to increase / decrease wind speed across the turbine! By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 43
  44. 44. From Aziz Hussein Township Lahore By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 44
  45. 45. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 45
  46. 46. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 46
  47. 47. Kites • KiteGen has begun selling around 20MW onto the Italian grid. • Dozens of other teams elsewhere reaching for the energy from the sky. • Electricity has become more affordable. • Electricity has become relatively more affordable. • This is the essence of this address: advise all sleeping beauties of this stud that is yawning in their vicinity. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 47
  48. 48. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 48
  49. 49. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 49
  50. 50. The American attempt By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 50
  51. 51. Pakistani kites are exclusively being developed as missile silos and for other military applications As we have better energy sourcesBy Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 51
  52. 52. OCEAN CURRENT By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 52
  53. 53. Geographical Distribution • Kites, only heavier, tapping continuous or tidal currents. • Even more affordable than wind energy. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 53
  54. 54. OCEAN THERMAL By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 54
  55. 55. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 55
  56. 56. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 56
  57. 57. Interesting Aspects • Carnot cycle between ocean surface and ocean bed. • Cycles secondary product – distilled water, cooling / air conditioning. • Most aggressive air conditioning technology known. Cool largest coastal city, while generating both electricity AND fresh water. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 57
  58. 58. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 58
  59. 59. Temperature Difference between surface and Ocean bed By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 59
  60. 60. GEO THERMAL By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 60
  61. 61. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 61
  62. 62. Aspects • Requires water (fresh, dirty, brackish, or sea) as raw material. • Carnot cycle between earth’s surface and underlying hot crust. • By-product steam/hot water/distilled water. • Very cost effective and environment friendly source of energy and fresh water. • The default climate control tool when you want to warm up a locality. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 62
  63. 63. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 63
  64. 64. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 64
  65. 65. MIST By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 65
  66. 66. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 66
  67. 67. Introduction • Achieve temperature difference by spraying mist in air. • Run a Carnot cycle between this temperature difference. • Hybridize with wind energy. • Use directly to cool / pre-cool. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 67
  68. 68. Mist Low Pressure RegionTurbines Fans Dynamo Mist Energy Schematic By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 68
  69. 69. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 69
  70. 70. Suggested Prototype (for Karachi) • 5gpm / 150 psi mist / average net 14.475kW • Carnot efficiency and Karachi average weather conditions (from BBC weather) used for calculations. • Minimum generation 3.89kW at midnight to 0600 hrs in August. • Maximum generation 30.4kW at 1200 hrs to 1800 hrs in December. • Cooling: a consistent 712kW, or a 203 ton AC. • Consumes water: 316g/s. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 70
  71. 71. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec kW Power Output 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 71
  72. 72. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 72
  73. 73. Remaining Specifications • Radius 4.76m. Length 15m. • Estimated cost, Rs. 300,000/- (~Rs. 20/W or Rs.0.32/kWh) plus human resource • Doesn’t get better than this… • Energy Consuming Air Conditioners (203 ton) cost way more. • Compare with our grid’s distribution cost of Rs 0.50/kWh • Taps Mist AND Wind Energy. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 73
  74. 74. / WIND HYBRID Mist / Solar By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 74
  75. 75. Minimizing storage in a grid free small enterprise • Mist Turbine peak production comes with an approximately π/2 phase lag as compared to Solar. • Distributing your investment in Solar/Wind and Mist/Wind you should need only 6 hours of storage. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 75
  76. 76. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 kW Daily Variation Rs. 300,000 Mist/Wind Turbine Rs. 300,000 Solar Electric Supply Sum 76
  77. 77. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec kW Annual Variation Mist Solar Total 77
  78. 78. ARTIFICIAL RAIN By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 78
  79. 79. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 79
  80. 80. Recent Developments • A certain industrial process produces reduced silica: as a waste product, with a grain structure that leaves it as good as a flare: only that this burned silicon then flies up to bring down clouds! • Rain can be started but not stopped: threat of floods, use will remain limited to hilly areas where there is no drainage issue. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 80
  81. 81. Artificial Rain • Technology not economically advisable in the absence of over head clouds or in the presence of strong winds. • Considered the strongest climate control technology: drop the clouds every sunset and you will cool down your locality, drop them only at dawn and you will heat up your vicinity. The more cloud cover you have, the more you control your climate. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 81
  82. 82. Reduced Boiling Point As a means of tapping evaporation 82By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  83. 83. Concept • Reduce the pressure above water, it will boil at a much lower temperature. • The water vapor introduced by the boiling can leave the system via a filter: that only allows monatomic molecules to pass through. 83By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  84. 84. Valve to fill water and remove air Monatomic tensile membranes to let out the vapor. Argon in air (10mbar) leaks in from here. The pressure above this water is greatly reduced. It boils at a much reduced temperature: often lower than the ambient temperature Instead of utilizing the low temperature of the water, we can have the vapor passing across turbines, giving mechanical energy. 84By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  85. 85. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Average Vapor Pressure in Karachi (mbar) 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 85By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  86. 86. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Reduced Boiling Point Karachi Celsius 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 86By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  87. 87. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Ambient Temperature Karachi Celsius Average Min Max 87By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  88. 88. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Maintainable Room Temperature in Karachi by RBP: Celsius 88By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  89. 89. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 89 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec oC RBP Min Average Max
  90. 90. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Ambient Temperature minus RBP: Celsius 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 90By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  91. 91. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Pressure difference available: if temperature drop is compromised (mbar) 0 to 6 6 to 12 12 to 18 18 to 24 91By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  92. 92. Best Solution (Electricity / Air Conditioning) for the Apartment. • For the entire year, can provide electricity to an apartment that may not harness solar or wind energy: nor has the space for a Mist Turbine. 18 hrs of storage will however be required. • Does not eliminate but does reduce air conditioning requirements: 34C down to 27C. • Unlike Mist Energy, does not inflict any too low temperatures in the winters. This superiority could prove decisive. 92By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir
  93. 93. AIR CONDITIONING By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 93
  94. 94. Air Conditioning as an Energy Source! • Ambient Temperature changes diurnally. • Insulation means that our buildings tend to maintain the average inside them. • This means that every day we may run a Carnot cycle between the air in the room and outside: while improving conditions in the room! By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 94
  95. 95. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec oC Monthly Average Temperatures for Karachi as per BBC weather Average Min Max By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 95
  96. 96. Air Conditioning as an Energy Source! • In the winter, we can run such a cycle in the day, generating a small amount of electricity, and heating up our cold dwelling. • In the summer, we can run such a cycle every night, generating a small amount of electricity, and beating the heat in our rooms. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 96
  97. 97. Air Conditioning as an Energy Source! • A little mist turbine in the area will solve the problem of some nights also being too hot. • The amount of energy from such an installation is going to be small, yet hybridization with other energy sources always results in the most cost effective air conditioning AND lower cost for one’s electricity. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 97
  98. 98. BREEDER REACTORS By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 98
  99. 99. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 99
  100. 100. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 100
  101. 101. When the Sun is Not Enough • Enormous growth potential of this family of technologies needs to be appreciated. • We cannot afford to suffice on fission based detonation. • We cannot afford to trust the government that failed in Thar with such a task. • The private technocrat will have to come forward, develop: and then deploy the design and technology. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 101
  102. 102. GOVERNMENT By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 102
  103. 103. Government Level Recommendations • Ocean bed water to air condition coastal cities: fresh water and electricity as by products. • Geo Thermal Power Stations in permafrost areas: melt the glaciers and permafrost. • Mist and Rain also as climate control tools: electricity as by product. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 103
  104. 104. Government Level Recommendations • Hydroelectric dams controlling the floods and cashing in on the increased rains. • Kites for military, law enforcement, and communication. • Waste to Energy plants. • Breeder Reactors in cooler areas. • When and if even more energy is required: raise more kites. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 104
  105. 105. BUSINESS By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 105
  106. 106. To the Investor • Intensified sunlight is a distinct form of energy, like heat and electricity, that is often best used directly. • Pakistan can best generate around 1.5-2TW of Mist/Wind Energy. Solar will determine the price of electricity in our foreseeable future: 160TW capacity. • Do not miss out on the cooling from OTEC and Mist or the heating from Solar and GeoThermal. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 106
  107. 107. CITIZEN By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 107
  108. 108. To the Citizen • Ambient heat and dirty / saline water are not things to complain about. • No one not consuming solar energy is in any position to complain about load shedding or the economy. • China is consuming ~360GW and the USA ~30TW: you are consuming around 20GW: have to consume >160TW, you have a lot of work to do: stop checking out the girls! By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 108
  109. 109. Know thy Enemy By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 109
  110. 110. Know thy Enemy • Pakistan maintains the ability to sterilize India while taking sustainable damage (Prithvi I is India’s only in service strategic delivery vehicle). • Pakistan also maintains the ability to sterilize the United States, while being sterilized in response. • The ease with which a government employee may be tipped in Pakistan remains the enemies weapon of choice. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 110
  111. 111. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 111
  112. 112. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir Know thy Enemy • NADRA and our Police serve their objective of sabotaging our design and development projects. • PEC / HEC serve to misguide you as to who is literate and who is not. • AEDB / KESC / WAPDA try to convince you that every possible effort is being made. • Yes I did just challenge all these entities, what are they going to do? 112
  113. 113. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir Short Course on Keeping Pakistan from its Energy • Identify habitual scientists • Steal their CNICs • Tip NADRA into simply not listening when they ask for a copy • Tip the police into going deaf when they complain • Tip any lawyers they hire • Send infantry in civil clothes to break up any prototypes: and beat up whomever tried to make them • You find anyone guilty of prototyping, focus on his source of income and his habitat 113
  114. 114. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir Short Course on Energizing Pakistan • Go to one of the Jihad fronts: learn how to survive in the face of hostility • Prefer working on technologies that you know the developed world will be little interested in • The enemy will isolate you: use it to give time to your mission • The enemy will sabotage your resources: make your project even more economical • Hold on to your ego, nothing else • Because… 114
  115. 115. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 115
  116. 116. • It is only YOUthat needs electricity / energy / Pakistan. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 116
  117. 117. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 117
  118. 118. Don’t Worry About Me I am By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 118
  119. 119. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 119
  120. 120. To the Citizen • Appreciate how many jobs and business opportunities are to show up: choose your stride in time. By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 120
  121. 121. Dr. Faisal Tajir Coming Seminars on: • Water: sources and economics • Climate Control • Space: how & why • Anti Strategic Delivery Vehicles • Highest IQ Level of all SAARC and all OIC • Ph.D. Electronic Engineering • Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering • In excess of 300 inventions • +92-313-2088531 • ftajir@gmail.com By Mr. Bostan and Dr. Faisal Tajir 121
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