ROBERT OWEN
Name : FAIRUZ
ROLL NO : BARC/8008/10
SUBJECT : PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN SETTLEMENT AND URBAN DESIGN
SEMESTER : VII
ROBERT OWEN : INTRODUCTION
Robert Owen as a Welsh social reformer
He was one of the founders of Utopian
Socialism and the ...
ROBERT OWEN : CAREER EXPERIENCES
In 1781 , Robert Owen was forced leave school at the age of 10 to seek his fortune in Lon...
UTOPIANS
The depressed condition of housing for the poor
impressed some of the 19th century industrial leaders
They recogn...
ROBERT OWEN : PHILOSOPHY
Robert Owen was a Utopian theorist who was moved by the
conditions of industrial workers which wa...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Lanark Mill
In 1799 he married Caroline Dale, whose father
owned the New Lanark Mills located in ...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Lanark Mill
When Owen arrived at New Lanark he found that the workers
had many problems such as :...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Lanark Mill
Owen established a model factory which has following characteristics such as :
Paid f...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City

Owen constructed a plan to connect communities world wide
He dreamt of a community ...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City

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ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City

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17

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ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City
His most famous attempt to make this work, happened in New Harmony, Indiana.
Communa...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City
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Consists of Brew Houses, Bakery, Laundr...
ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City
Owen hoped that there would be lots of “utopian” communities like this.
In reality, ...
CONTRIBUTION BY ROBERT OWEN
His work inspired infant education, humane working
practices, the Co-operative Movement, trade...
JAMES SILK BUCKINGHAM
MODEL TOWN :
Designed for a temperance
community which will
accommodate about 10,000
inhabitants

Ou...
CONCLUSION
Robert Owen was a generous man who not only thought of
improving the life of workers but also wanted to connect...
ROBERT OWEN
THANK YOU
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Robert owen

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1. Introduction
2. Career Experiences
3. Philosophy
4. Works : New Lanark Mill, Scotland
5. Works : New Harmony, Indiana
6. Contribution to the Urban Design
7. James Silk Buckingham : Similar Utopian theorist
8. Conclusion

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  • They all try to space or distribute what you have or can have or should have had. Only a few think about spacing the MIND. The next thing that happens after you've 'had' , in your mind, is what if you had'nt 'had'?. Think. ADWAITISM helps to evaluate.:)
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Robert owen

  1. 1. ROBERT OWEN Name : FAIRUZ ROLL NO : BARC/8008/10 SUBJECT : PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN SETTLEMENT AND URBAN DESIGN SEMESTER : VII
  2. 2. ROBERT OWEN : INTRODUCTION Robert Owen as a Welsh social reformer He was one of the founders of Utopian Socialism and the Cooperative Movement. Born on the 14th May 1771, in Newton, Wales. Robert was the sixth of seven children His father Robert Owen was a saddler and ironmonger His mother came from one of the prosperous farming families of Newtown. He was an intelligent boy who read avidly, loved music and was good at sports. On November 17, 1858 Owen died in the Bear Hotel, next door to the house in which he was born.
  3. 3. ROBERT OWEN : CAREER EXPERIENCES In 1781 , Robert Owen was forced leave school at the age of 10 to seek his fortune in London with his eldest brother, William. After few weeks, he was apprenticed to a draper named McGuffey where he gained knowledge of fabrics and began his career in the textile industry. After three years he served under another draper. In 1788 , He moved to Manchester which was known as the epicenter of the Industrial Revolution There he formed a partnership with a mechanic to open a factory that made cotton spinning machinery. By the time he was 21 he was a mill manager in Manchester In 1790 , His entrepreneurial spirit, management skill and progressive moral views were emerging In 1793 , he was elected as a member of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society where the ideas of reformers and philosophers of the Enlightenment were discussed. He also became a committee member of the Manchester Board of Health which was set up to promote improvements in the health and working conditions of factory workers.. During 1794-1795 Owen formed the Chorlton Twist Company in which two old and established firms 1794took part.
  4. 4. UTOPIANS The depressed condition of housing for the poor impressed some of the 19th century industrial leaders They recognized that their present privileged state was connected with the masses of workers on whom they directly or indirectly depended. They sensed the problems and conditions of the poor presented to the future of the industrial economy. These industrial leaders grouped together to form a community or society known as Utopian society. They are known for their perfect qualities A number of Utopian communities were proposed.
  5. 5. ROBERT OWEN : PHILOSOPHY Robert Owen was a Utopian theorist who was moved by the conditions of industrial workers which was made worse by increasing unemployment He identified the flaws taking place in his society He hoped for a world free of human suffering Owen was against “Noninterference” unlike other theorists Noninterference means the government will not help workers’ life conditions He believed a company’s earnings should be used to improve the community He thought the wealth brought buy the industrial revolution should help more people rather than the few it was enriching He called for “Public Ownership of Property” which was later known as “Utopian socialism” Utopian
  6. 6. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Lanark Mill In 1799 he married Caroline Dale, whose father owned the New Lanark Mills located in Scotland. The mill consist of approx. 2000 employees In 1800, he became the manager of the mills. It was at this mill that he was able to put into practice some of his ideas on how to treat workers and children better. He believed that if workers were happy in their lives then they would be much happier at work. This would mean that they would work harder and produce much more. He was going to introduce changes that would improve the lives of those living and working in the village.
  7. 7. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Lanark Mill When Owen arrived at New Lanark he found that the workers had many problems such as : Poverty, drunkenness etc Workers were illiterate and did not clean themselves. Some were so poor they could only afford to live in a one room house People did not eat well which affected their health. This was because the shop where they bought their food often mixed unhealthy products into the main foods sold. Sugar, flour and tea would all be mixed with shoddy goods. This meant the shop made lots of money but the people were sold bad goods.
  8. 8. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Lanark Mill Owen established a model factory which has following characteristics such as : Paid fair wages Employed no child under age ten Free medical services Built affordable workers' housing Established schools Provided religious instruction and recreational facilities As a Result : Visitors to the mill would comment about the excellent manners of the children, the happiness of the workers, and how well the mill runs. The other owners of the mill were always moaning that Owens's ideas cost so much money
  9. 9. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City Owen constructed a plan to connect communities world wide He dreamt of a community that would stop crime and violence and other immoral acts Owen believed the way to put his plan into action was through education In Owens's communal society : Everyone would share equal rights. He wanted groups of families to live There would be no division of labor. within the communities and help each out There would be no wage system. in their day to day lives. Everyone would work in peace and harmony He believed this would end poverty
  10. 10. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City 20 20 20 20 20
  11. 11. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City 7 8 9 3 3 3 16 10 3 17 4 3 1 6 14 13 2 12 3 11 18 15 5 19
  12. 12. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City His most famous attempt to make this work, happened in New Harmony, Indiana. Communal building consisted of rows of square dwellings surrounding large gardens. Each community was surrounded by an agricultural area of about 1000-1500acres to supplement industrial employment. New Harmony, Indiana designed by Robert Owen includes : 1. Public Building 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Gymnasium or covered placed for exercise attached to infant school Lodging houses meant for the married couples and their 2 children Public kitchen, mess-rooms, and all the accommodation required for cooking and eating Consists of Infant school , Infirmary , lecture room and place of worship Consists of school for the elder children & committee-room on the ground floor while library, detached reading room & printing offices are placed above Ball room & Music Room Theatre for lectures, exhibition, discussion etc. & small laboratory Museum with Library of description & reference, rooms for preparing specimens.
  13. 13. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Consists of Brew Houses, Bakery, Laundry etc arranged at the base of towers Dormitories for all the children exceeding two in a family, or above three years of age. Apartments for general superintendents, clergyman, schoolmasters, surgeon etc Accommodation for strangers who may come from a distance to see their friends and relatives Store-rooms for all the articles required for the use of the establishment. Esplanade 100 feet wide, above 12 feet above the natural surface Building for manufacturing & mechanical purposes & slaughter house etc Arcade and its terrace, giving both a covered & an open communication with every part of building Subway leading to Kitchen & Loading /Unloading space Paved Footpath Factories and workshops were located along the outside boundary of the community.
  14. 14. ROBERT OWEN’S WORK : New Harmony City Owen hoped that there would be lots of “utopian” communities like this. In reality, the utopian community only lasted for two years because it cost so much. Therefore his dream of communal building was just a dream. Still, Owens's accomplishments would leave an impact on society and lead the way to a new way of thinking for workers
  15. 15. CONTRIBUTION BY ROBERT OWEN His work inspired infant education, humane working practices, the Co-operative Movement, trade unionism, and garden cities. Even today New Lanark attracts visitors from all over the world who come to see the historic buildings and visit the award-winning Visitor Centre. Robert Owens's legacy continues to inspire New Lanark Trust, the independent Scottish charity which is dedicated to restoring and caring for the historic village of New Lanark in Southern Scotland. The site is now a World Heritage Site.
  16. 16. JAMES SILK BUCKINGHAM MODEL TOWN : Designed for a temperance community which will accommodate about 10,000 inhabitants Outer Square : 1,000 Houses and Gardens, 20 feet frontage, 100 feet deep. Second Square : Covered Arcade for Workshops, 100 feet wide. Third Square : 560 Houses and Gardens, 28 feet frontage, 130 feet deep. Fourth Square : Covered Arcade for Retail Bazaars, 100 feet wide. Fifth Square : 296 Houses and Gardens, 38 feet frontage, 160 feet deep Sixth Square : Covered Arcade for Winter Promenade, 100 feet wide. Seventh Square : 120 Houses and Gardens, 54 feet frontage, 200 feet deep. Central Square : 24 Mansions and Gardens, 80 feet frontage, 250 feet deep. Churches or Places of Public Worship, 200 feet by 130.
  17. 17. CONCLUSION Robert Owen was a generous man who not only thought of improving the life of workers but also wanted to connect communities. Architecturally New Harmony City was not feasible to construct. It had many flaws when it comes to zoning of spaces Entire city was designed in the form of a square surrounded by dwellings and central buildings placed at the corners and midpoint. There is no connectivity between any spaces. Children of age above 3 where placed in dormitories which was located far away from their families. Placement of industries far away from dwellings was a good idea but too far was a bad one. Overall connectivity of communities worked fine but architecturally it was not feasible in terms of cost and zoning. In spite of its failure, Robert Owens's idea was later used in the development of garden city
  18. 18. ROBERT OWEN THANK YOU

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