Artificial Elements Of GardenName : FairuzRoll Number : Barch/8008/10Subject : SeminarDate : 19th May 2013
Introduction• Garden is a planned space.• It is set aside for the display, cultivation, andenjoyment of plants and other f...
• To cater the needs which could not be accommodated by natural elements• To provide complimentary effect and to enhance t...
 Garden Furniture are also called patiofurniture and outdoor furniture Is a type of furniture specifically designedfor o...
Types Of Garden Furniture Garden furniture is often sold as :1. Patio set consisting of a table, four or six chairs, and ...
 Design / Materials of Garden furnitures depend uponthe following :a. Length of use – Comfort is the main criteria indesi...
Garden Shelter Garden Shelter is a simple structure which is usedto provide shade and shelter to the people. Functions O...
Types Of Garden ShelterGazebo Pergola Garden Bowers
Garden Bridge Garden bridge is a structure built to span physicalobstacles such as a body of water, valley, path Located...
Planters Planter is a decorative container in which plants aregrown. They are used in urban areas for aesthetic purpose...
Planters Design / Materials Of Planters :-a. Water drainage – Should have properdrainage holesb. Size/scale – Planters sh...
Water Feature Water feature plays an important role in gardenThe available sources used for water features includes them...
Types Of Water Feature Different types of water features are :1. Fountain is a structure which jets water into the air fo...
Art work Artwork plays an important role in garden They are used to provide a good view They act as a focal point Are ...
 Garden lighting refers to the use of outdoor illumination ofprivate gardens Functions Of Lighting Fixtures :-a. To illu...
Types Of LightingSpotLightingSilhouette Shadowing SignLightingMoonLightingUp lighting Walkway Path & Spread
Types Of LightingFountainLightingPondLightingGrazing DownLightingStep lighting Security Lighting
 Pavement is basically a walkway or footpathon which people walk. Functions Of Pavement :-a. To indicate direction – by ...
 Choice Of Materials:-a. Cost and availabilityo Expensive but low maintenanceo Easily available from nearest supplierb. F...
 A fence is a freestanding structure Designed to restrict or prevent movement across aboundary. Used more frequently to...
Signage & Sign Board Signage is a kind of visual graphics Created to display information to a particularaudience. Manif...
Conclusion The principles of Garden design are to composethe elements of into a sound organization, focusingon activities...
Artificial Elements Of GardenTHANK YOUDate : 19th May 2013
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Artificial elements of garden

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Garden Furniture
Garden Shelter
Garden Bridge
Planters
Water features
Art work
Lighting Fixtures
Pavement
Fences
Signage And Sign Boards

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Artificial elements of garden

  1. 1. Artificial Elements Of GardenName : FairuzRoll Number : Barch/8008/10Subject : SeminarDate : 19th May 2013
  2. 2. Introduction• Garden is a planned space.• It is set aside for the display, cultivation, andenjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.• The garden can incorporate both naturaland artificial element.• Natural elements are those element createdby nature such as soil, rock, light, water, plantsetc.• Artificial elements are those element createdby man such as pathways, pool, fences,sculpture, lighting etc.
  3. 3. • To cater the needs which could not be accommodated by natural elements• To provide complimentary effect and to enhance the aesthetic of the gardenArtificial Elements Of Garden• Garden Furniture• Garden Shelter• Garden Bridge• Planters• Water features• Art work• Lighting Fixtures• Pavement• Fences• Signage And Sign BoardsFunction Of Artificial ElementsArtificial Elements :• Structures that are added to enhance and make the space complete are asfollows:
  4. 4.  Garden Furniture are also called patiofurniture and outdoor furniture Is a type of furniture specifically designedfor outdoor use. It is typically made of weather-resistantmaterials.Following point has to be noted whilelocating a seating area:a. Proper shade has to be maintained such astrees, canopies, foliage etc.b. Windy areas should not be obstructed byother landscape elementsc. Should provide pleasant view to peopled. Avoid noisy pedestrian routeGarden Furniture
  5. 5. Types Of Garden Furniture Garden furniture is often sold as :1. Patio set consisting of a table, four or six chairs, and a parasol.2. A picnic table is used for the purpose of eating a meal outdoors.3. Long chairs, referred to as chaise longue, are also common items.Patio Set Chaise LonguePicnic Table
  6. 6.  Design / Materials of Garden furnitures depend uponthe following :a. Length of use – Comfort is the main criteria indesignb. Maintenance – Materials used should be easilycleaned or repainted– Design should avoid intricate corners & spacesc. Impairment – Structure of materials should bedurabled. Cost – Construction & maintenance costsshould compliment the surrounding construction costand landscape designe. Scale – Scale or size should be able toaccommodate load as well as relate to thesurrounding landscape scalef. Context – Materials chosen: modern ortraditional, to be used in the urban or countrysideGarden Furniture Design
  7. 7. Garden Shelter Garden Shelter is a simple structure which is usedto provide shade and shelter to the people. Functions Of Garden shelter :-a. Provide shelter for relaxing and gatheringb. Act as a viewing placec. Act as a focal point / node / centre attraction ingarden Design/Material :-a. Architecture – Design should be related to existinglandscape or buildingb. Material – Are easily available and easier toconstruct– Should be weather proof
  8. 8. Types Of Garden ShelterGazebo Pergola Garden Bowers
  9. 9. Garden Bridge Garden bridge is a structure built to span physicalobstacles such as a body of water, valley, path Located at suitable areas or height, not vulnerable todamages Functions Of Garden bridge :-a. To link access from one place to anotherb. To avoid dangerous or disturbing elementc. To provide aesthetic value to landscape designd. To provide passage over the obstacle. Design/Material :-a. Architecture – Design should be related to existinglandscape or building but comfort is the main criteriab. Material – Should be durable, weatherproof or vandalproof such as wood, concrete, stone, bricks etc
  10. 10. Planters Planter is a decorative container in which plants aregrown. They are used in urban areas for aesthetic purpose They are also used when the soil is unsuitable forplanting Functions Of Planters :-a. Placement:– Used in areas where there are lots of light– Used in noisy areas where plants are able to absorbnoise, purify air or bad odorb. Subdivision :– Subdivide spaces into different areasc. Direction indication :– Can be arranged to show direction or accessd. Scale
  11. 11. Planters Design / Materials Of Planters :-a. Water drainage – Should have properdrainage holesb. Size/scale – Planters should be proportionateto the surroundings for aesthetic purposesc. Cost – expensive, should be suitablewith landscape maintenance and designd. Material – easily available, vandalproof, suitable with other landscape elementse. Construction – durable with aestheticvalue, easily constructedf. Moisture contain – able to contain enoughwater or moisture
  12. 12. Water Feature Water feature plays an important role in gardenThe available sources used for water features includes themunicipality water and recycled water from rainwater andgrey -water. Can be of various shape, sizes & colors Functions Of Water features :-a. Adds ambience to the spaceb. Creates a focal pointc. Delivers a soothing sound,d. Provides home for fish and water plants, etc. Design/Materials :-a. Material – Should be easily available and durable suchas stone, granite, stainless steel, resin, and glassb. Architecture – Design should be related to existinglandscape or building
  13. 13. Types Of Water Feature Different types of water features are :1. Fountain is a structure which jets water into the air for a decorative purpose.2. Pond is a body of standing water created for habitat restoration & ornamentation3. Pool is a container filled with water intended for water-based recreation4. Cascade is a place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream oFountain Pond Pool Cascade
  14. 14. Art work Artwork plays an important role in garden They are used to provide a good view They act as a focal point Are expensive & can be found in various shape, sizes& colors Principle Of Artwork :-a. Avoid using symbols or forms that offend the owner /culture /religionb. Should be placed at safe and strategic placec. Relates to the scale of park or garden Design/Materials :-a. Concept / Theme – Design should be related toexisting landscape or gardenb. Material – Should be easily available and durablesuch as concrete, aluminum, fiber glass, timber, glass,Perspex
  15. 15.  Garden lighting refers to the use of outdoor illumination ofprivate gardens Functions Of Lighting Fixtures :-a. To illuminate in dark and insecure areasb. To provide suitable mood for occasionsc. To illuminate and enhance a focal element or dangerousobjects Design/Materials :-a. Material – Durable material ,weather proof & vandalproofb. Maintenance – Alternative route for pedestrian usersduring maintenance to avoid mischiefc. Horizontal shields –Should be provided to reduce verticallight above the fixture.d. Lamps – Metal halide, high & pressure sodium, fluorescent& incandescent lamps are commonly usedLighting Fixtures
  16. 16. Types Of LightingSpotLightingSilhouette Shadowing SignLightingMoonLightingUp lighting Walkway Path & Spread
  17. 17. Types Of LightingFountainLightingPondLightingGrazing DownLightingStep lighting Security Lighting
  18. 18.  Pavement is basically a walkway or footpathon which people walk. Functions Of Pavement :-a. To indicate direction – by usingsuitable, comfortable surfaces forpedestrian, compared to surfaces of otherareab. To differentiate access – vehiclesand pedestrian, by using different surfacefinishesc. Hazard indicator – At junctionsor meeting points of pedestrians andvehicles.d. Stopping point – Act as a focal point fortemporary stopping point/pausePavement
  19. 19.  Choice Of Materials:-a. Cost and availabilityo Expensive but low maintenanceo Easily available from nearest supplierb. Furnishing & maintenanceo Surface finishes relate to thesurrounding or functionc. Safety, sound and light reflectiono Rough finish to avoid and prevent slipo Soft material with rough finish couldreduce and absorb noise/sound sources-o Dark colored surface finishes absorblightPavement
  20. 20.  A fence is a freestanding structure Designed to restrict or prevent movement across aboundary. Used more frequently to provide visual sectioningof spaces Functions Of Fence :-a. Spaces or areas divisionb. To hinder unpleasant viewc. Security from intruderd. To prevent soil erosion Design/Materials :-a. Material – easily available, water proof anddurableb. Architecture – Design should be related toexisting landscape or buildingFences
  21. 21. Signage & Sign Board Signage is a kind of visual graphics Created to display information to a particularaudience. Manifested in the form of way finding informationMaterials of sign board depends oncost, design, durability & maintenancePrinciple:o Standardized design, color & lettering should be usedo Location of each signageo Suitable size should be used to convey informationo Signage should not obstruct aesthetic of otherlandscape elementsTypes of information:o Informativeo Preventive /prohibiting / warning
  22. 22. Conclusion The principles of Garden design are to composethe elements of into a sound organization, focusingon activities especially in intensive areas The characters of the components used, could beorganic or inorganic, are determined bybalance, basic organization as wellas gradient(whether casual or control urban format). Artificial element of garden describes:1. the practical need for reinforcement andintensive2. the aesthetic need for control, permanent andcivic
  23. 23. Artificial Elements Of GardenTHANK YOUDate : 19th May 2013
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