Transcript of "Companion Planting Guide - United Kingdom"
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... TheGardenersCalendar.co.uk - Gardening techniques and advice for Vegetable Growers | rss button RSS NEWS FEED signup now for our FREE e-newsletter for advice and exclusive competitions -1 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... Back to companion planting Vegetables Common scientific Repels / Helps Helped by Attracts Avoid Comments name name Distracts Alliums Allium fruit trees, carrots slugs, aphids, beans, peas, Alliums include onions, garlic, leeks, shallots, nightshades carrot fly, parsley chives, and others (tomatoes, cabbage peppers, potatoes, worms etc), brassicas (cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, etc) carrots Asparagus Asparagus Tomatoes Aster Family flowers, Dill Onion, Garlic, Marigolds will deter beetles. officinalis ,Coriander, Tomatoes, Potatoes Parsley, Basil, Comfrey, Marigolds Brassicas Brassica geraniums, dill, alliums mustards, Brassicas are a family of species which (onions, shallots, garlic, nightshades include broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts, etc), rosemary, (tomatoes, kholrabi, and cauliflower. nasturtium, borage peppers, etc) Beans, Phaseolus Corn (see Three Eggplant, Summer California Tomatoes, chili Hosts nitrogen-fixing bacteria, a good fertilizer for Sisters), Spinach, savory beetles peppers, some plants, too much for others lettuce, rosemary, sunflowers, summer savory, dill, alliums (onions, carrots, brassicas, garlic, etc), kales beets, radish, (cabbage, strawberry and broccoli, etc) cucumbers Beets, Beta Vulgaris lettuce, kohlrabi, Catnip, Garlic, Mint Runner or pole Good for adding minerals to the soil through onions and beans composting leafs which have up to 25% brassicas magnesium. Runner or pole beans and beets stunt each others growth. Broccoli Brassica oleracea geraniums, dill, alliums, mustards, Rosemary repels cabbage fly, geraniums trap rosemary, nasturtium, Tomatoes, cabbage worms, same general companion profile borage peppers as all brassica (cabbage, kolhrabi, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc) Cabbage Brassica oleracea geraniums, dill, alliums, mustards, Rosemary repels cabbage flies, geraniums trap rosemary Tomatoes, cabbage worms, same general companion profile peppers as all brassica (cabbage, kolhrabi, brussels strawberries, sprouts, cauliflower, etc) and pole/runner beans Carrots Daucus carota Tomatoes, Alliums alliums (leeks, shallots, assassin bug, Dill, parsnip, Tomatoes grow better with carrots, but may stunt (onions, chives, etc), rosemary, lacewing, radish the carrots growth. Beans (which are bad for etc), lettuce wormwood, sage, beans, parasitic wasp, tomatoes) provide the nitrogen carrots need more flax yellow jacket than some other vegetables. Aromatic companion and other plants repel carrot fly. Sage, rosemary, and predatory radishes are recommended by some as wasps companion plants, but listed by others as incompatible. alliums interplanted with carrots confuse onion and carrot flies. For the beneficial insect-attracting properties of carrots to work, they need to be allowed to flower; Otherwise, use the wild carrot, Queen Annes Lace, for the same effect. Flax produces an oil that may protect root vegetables like carrots from some pests.2 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... Celery, Apium graveolens Cosmos, Daisies, corn, Aster Snapdragons flowers, these can transmit the aster yellows disease Corn / Maize Zea mays beans Sunflowers, legumes Tomato, Celery provides beans with a trellis, is protected from (beans, peas, soybeans predators and dryness by cucurbits, in the three etc), peanuts, curcubits sisters technique (squash, cucumbers, melons, etc), amaranth, white geranium, lambs quarters, morning glory, parsley, and potato Cucumber Cucumis Sativus Nasturtiums, radishes, Beneficial for Tomato, Sage marigolds, sunflowers ground beetles peas, beets, carrots, and Dill Common scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Avoid Comments name name Distracts Eggplant Solanum Beans, Marigolds, Runner Marigolds will deter nematodes. melongena Peppers tarragon, mints beans Leek Allium Celery, apple trees carrots cabbage Legumes Same companion traits as all alliums (onions, ampeloprasum v. worms, (beans, peas, garlic, shallots, chives, etc) porrum aphids, carrot etc) fly, others Lettuce Lactuca sativa Radish, Kohlrabi, beans, celery, cabbage, Mints (including hyssop, sage, and various carrots cress, parsley "balms") repel slugs, a bane of lettuce and cabbages Mustard Brassicaceae, Cabbage, various pests same general companion profile as all brassica Sinapis alba cauliflower, radish, (cabbage, kolhrabi, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, etc) turnips Nightshades Solanaceae carrots, alliums, mints beans, black Nightshade plants include tomatoes, tobacco, (basil, oregano, etc) walnuts, corn, chili peppers (including bell peppers), fennel, dill, potatoes, eggplant, and others brassica (broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, etc) Peppers Solanaceae, themselves, tomatoes, geraniums, beans, kale Pepper plants like high humidity, which can be Capsicum marjoram petunias (cabbage, helped along by planting with some kind of brussels dense-leaf or ground-cover companion, like sprouts, etc) majoram and basil; they also need direct sunlight, but their fruit can be harmed by it...pepper plants grown together, or with tomatoes, can shelter the fruit from sunlight, and raises the humidity level. Onion Allium cepa Tomatoes, Kales Carrots aphids, carrot beans, peas, Same companion traits as all other alliums (broccoli, cabbage, fly, other pests parsley (chives, garlic, shallots, leeks, etc) etc) Potato Solanum Horseradish Sunflower, horseradish increases the disease resistance of tuberosum Tomato, potatoes Cucumber Pumpkin Curcurbita spp corn, beans Buckwheat, catnip, tansy, Spiders, Flea Beetles are warded off by radishes, Squash radishes Ground Beetles Curcurbita can be used in the three sisters technique Spinach Spinacia oleracea Peas, Beans The peas and beans provide natural shade for the spinach Tomatoes Solanum roses, peppers, basil, oregano, parsley, asparagus Black walnut, Black walnuts inhibit tomato growth, in fact they lycopersicum asparagus carrots, marigold, beetle corn, fennel, are allelopathic to all other nightshade plants (chili Alliums, celery, peas, dill, pepper, potato, tobacco, petunia) as well, because Geraniums, Petunias, potatoes, it produces a chemical called juglone. Nasturtium, Borage beetroot, kales (kohlrabi, cabbage, etc), rosemary Back to companion planting3 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... Herbs Common scientific Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments name name Basil Ocimum tomato, chamomile, butterflies asparagus beetle, common is said to basilicum peppers, anise mosquitoes and rue, sage make oregano, flies tomatoes asparagus, taste better, petunias chamomile and anise are supposed to increase the essential oils in many herbs like basil Borage Borago Almost Predatory many pests Borage is the officinalis everything, insects, magic bullet especially honeybees of strawberry, companion cucurbits plants (cucumber, gourds), tomatoes Caraway Carum carvi Strawberries Parasitic wasps, parasitic flies Chamomile Matricaria Basil, Hoverflies, Growing recutita Wheat, wasps near herbs Onion, will Cabbage, increase Cucumber their oil production. Chervil Anthriscus Radish, aphids loves shade, cerefolium lettuce, fortunately it broccoli grows well with shade- tolerant food plants; will make radishes grown near it taste spicier Cilantro / Coriandrum spinach beans, tachinid fly aphids Coriander sativum peas chives Allium Apples, carrots cabbage worms, beans, Same schoenoprasum carrots, carrot fly, aphids peas companion tomatoes, traits as all brassica alliums (broccoli, (onions, cabbage, garlic, mustard, shallots, etc), many leeks, others etc)said to prevent apple scab after 3 years planting at base of apple trees Dill Anethum Cabbages, Hoverflies, Aphids, spider carrots, one of the graveolens Corn, Wasps, mites, squash bugs, tomatoes few plants Lettuce, Tomato cabbage looper said to grow Onions, Horn with fennel Cucumbers Worms, honeybees, Ichneumonid Wasps4 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... Fennel Foeniculum Dill Dill ladybugs, aphids Almost Fennel is vulgare syrphid fly, everything allelopathic tachinid fly to most garden plants, inhibiting growth, causing to bolt, or actually killing many plants Garlic Allium sativum Apple trees, Aphids, cabbage Deters Pear trees, looper, ants, rabbits, rabbits, Roses, cabbage maggot same Cucumbers, companion Peas, traits as all Lettuce, alliums Celery (onions, chives, shallots, leeks, etc) Hemp Cannabis sativa Brassica Repels many L. subsp. sativa (cabbage, types of brussels beetles which sprouts, attack other kales) cabbages. Hyssop Hyssopus Cabbage, honeybees, Cabbage moth Stimulates officinalis grapes butterflies larvae, Cabbage growth of Butterflies grapes. Lovage Levisticum Almost all beans Ichneumonid rhubarb Is thought to officinale plants Wasps, improve the ground health of beetles almost all (good) plants, like borage and geraniums, is considered a "magic bullet" of companion planting Oregano Origanum Tomatoes, basil aphids provides vulgare peppers, ground cover many other and plants much-needed humidity for pepper plants if allowed to spread among them Peppermint Mentha piperita Brassica cabbage fly, ants, Repels (cabbage, cabbage looper cabbage kholrabi, flies, has broccoli, same general and the companion other kales) properties as other mints Rosemary Rosmarinus sage, bean beetle Deters officinalis cabbage, cabbage beans, flies, repels carrots many bean parasites Sage Salvia rosemary, honeybees, cabbage flies, Deters officinalis cabbage, cabbage carrot fly, black flea cabbage beans, butterfly beetle, cabbage flies, repels carrots looper, cabbage many bean maggot parasites5 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... Southernw ood Artemisia Fruit trees Controls abrotanum cabbage moths and malaria mosquitoes. Spearmint Mentha spicata ants, aphids Controls ants and aphids, has same general companion properties as other mints. Summer Satureja Green also delays Savoury hortensis beans, germination onions, of certain foul herbs Tansy Tanacetum beans, honeybees flying Is reputed to vulgare cucurbits insects(Ichneumonid generally (cucumbers, Wasps), Japanese repel insects squash, beetles, striped (except for etc), corn, cucumber beetles, nectar-eating roses squash bugs and types). This ants herb should not be consumed, as it is quite toxic. Back to companion planting Flowers Common Helped Repels / Latin Name Helps Attracts Avoid Comments Name by Distracts Geraniums Pelargonium Roses, leafhoppers, A trap crop, attracting spp. tomatoes, Japanese pests away from roses peppers, beetles and grape vines, distracts grapes beet leafhoppers, carrier of the curly top virus, away from Solanaceous plants like tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and tobacco Marigold Asteraceae most plants, nematodes, Marigolds are a Calendula especially beet leaf wonder-drug of the officinalis tomatoes and hoppers, companion plant world, peppers, other pests invoking the saying "plant cucurbits them everywhere in your (cucumbers, garden". French marigolds gourds, produce a pesticidal squash), chemical from their roots, brassicas so strong it lasts years (broccoli, kale, after they are gone. cabbage) Mexican marigolds do the same, but are so strong they will inhibit the growth of some more tender herbs. Certain Varieties of marigolds (Tagetes) can help manage eelworms (Root-knot nematode) when planted the year before. Petunia Petunia x cucurbits leafhoppers, Is a trap crop almost hybrida (squash, Japanese identical to geraniums in pumpkins, beetles, function cucumbers), aphids, asparagus asparagus beetle Nasturtium Tropaeolum Many plants, predatory aphids, radish, Both work as trap crops majus especially insects cabbage cauliflower for aphids, is among the cucurbits looper, best at attracting predatory6 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12
Companion planting guide - The Gardeners Calendar http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/Companion_Planting/compani... (melons, squash bug, insects cucumbers, white fly, gourds), beans, cucumber tomatoes, beetles apple trees, brassicas (broccoli, cabbage, etc), radish Sunflow er Helianthus corn, tomatoes aphids Was grown as a annuus companion for corn(maize) before modern Europeans arrived in the Americas, supposedly increases their production, ants herd aphids onto sunflowers, keeping them off neighboring plants Tansy Tanacetum cucurbits sugar ants, Toxic to many animals, vulgare (cucumbers, Japanese dont plant it where squash, etc), beetles, livestock browse raspberries and cucumber relatives, roses, beetles, corn squash bugs, mice Yarrow Achillea many plants predatory May increase the essential millefolium wasps, oil production of some ladybugs, herbs. Also improves soil hoverflies, quality, use the leaves to damselbugs enrich compost, or as mulch. Back to companion planting7 of 8 21-3-2012 23:12