Pest Control and Companion Planting - Veggie Village
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Pest Control and Companion Planting - Veggie Village

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Pest Control and Companion Planting - Veggie Village

Pest Control and Companion Planting - Veggie Village

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Pest Control and Companion Planting - Veggie Village Pest Control and Companion Planting - Veggie Village Document Transcript

  • Pest Control and Companion Planting Workshop Veggie Village1. IntroductionNow that we have established our gardens the question arises as to how we can control pests and diseaseswithout resorting to harmful sprays and other killers, and, how do we improve our success rate in the garden.Fortunately nature, through a great variety of herbs, has provided us with many safe and effective ways oftackling this problem. As well as pest control planting herbs provides a ready supply of delicious and fragrantfoods. A quote from Bill Mollison: “I believe that there is no pest problem that will not yield to our applied commonsense and an integrated natural approach”. A quote from Janet Millington “The whole concept has to be that when you start a garden you are putting food out for the pests... they will come… some would be tempted to poison them and kill them… you don’t want to do that because if you poison them the birds that come to help you will be killed too”. “So plant the garden, wait for the pests to notice… they are the enemy. Now you need to make friends with the enemy of your enemies. Wait till the birds and beneficial insects notice the food – the pests. Make them welcome and they will control, as well as confusing the pests”.In a nutshell Janet suggests that you attract the birds and beneficial insects which will eat the pests.Also, experience has shown that nature has developed plants which like one another’s company and this hasimproved success with plant propagation. This method is called “Companion Planting” - among other names.These practices are in line with our Permaculture principle of CARE OF THE EARTH: Provision of all lifesystems to continue and multiply.2. Aims • To be able to select and cultivate herbs which repel insect and bug pests in our gardens • To be able to place plants together to improve success in our gardens • To benefit from the experiences of others3. Insect & Bug Repellant PlantsFlying Insects:Plant Repellant Method Insect/Pest Other BenefitGarlic Pungent Aroma Flying Insects, Aphids Disinfects & Cleans SoilTansy Pleasant Aroma Flying Insects Potted – room air freshenerMint/Sage Aroma White Cabbage Fly Dried – place with clothes to repel mothsThyme Aroma Cabbage Root FlyC:/my documents/barry mcphee/veggie village/pest control & companion planting hand-out
  • Marigolds Aroma Insects Colour to the garden also encourage beesMarigolds Root Secretion Root Eating Nematodes (eelworm)Marigolds among Aroma White FlyTomatoesBasil among Aroma Disease & Pests, Flies Flowers attract beesTomatoes & MosquitoesRosemary/Onions Aroma Carrot FlyNasturtiums Aroma Cabbage White Moth, Flowers attract bees Aphids, Cucumber BeetleSlug/Snail:Plant/ Product Repellant Method Insect/Pest Other BenefitSawdust/ Sand Rough Surface Slug/ SnailHollowed Out Half Night Hiding Place SlugOrangeNight Search Pick up, exterminate Slug/ Snail and dispose of in Compost bin.Native Snail Cannibal Snail Imported Snail More research required.Leopard Slug Eats decaying Garden Cleanup More research required. vegetation4. Companion PlantingA method of planting which groups plants which like each others company.Plant Planting Month Likes Dislikes *SC Planting GuideAsparagus August/September Parsley, tomatoes PotatoesBroad Beans May/June Carrots, Onion, Fennel, Garlic, Chives, Cauliflower,Red Shallots Beets, Cucumber, Cabbage, Potatoes, Leeks, Lettuce, Celeriac, CeleryPeas – climbing & April Carrot, Corn, Radish, Onions, Shallots & Garlicdwarf Cucumber, BeansBeets Feb to November Kohlrabi, Dwarf Climbing & Dwarf Beans, Lettuce, Beans, Onion, Chives Silverbeet, Leaf MustardBroccoli February to June Dill, Celery, Tomato, Climbing Beans, Chamomile, Sage, Strawberries, Oregano Rosemary, Potatoes, Beetroot, OnionC:/my documents/barry mcphee/veggie village/pest control & companion planting hand-out
  • Beetroot, OnionCabbage May to October Potatoes, SageCarrots April to July Chives, Onions, Dill, Parsnips, Sage, Rosemary, Leeks, Sage, Peas & Radish Lettuce, TomatoCauliflower February to May Celery, Celeriac, Strawberries, Peas, Potatoes, Beans, Oregano NasturtiumCelery Mar to September Dwarf Beans, Peas, Parsnips, Potato, Wheat Potatoes, Dill, Leeks, Cabbage, TomatoCucumber September/ October Chives, Beans, Peas Potato, Sage, Cauliflower, Basil Cabbage, Potatoes, Carrot, Radish, CeleryChives Carrots, Tomato, Broad Beans Parsley, Parsnips, Fruit TreesEggplant August to February Beans, Potatoes, MarjoramGarlic March Beans, PeasLeeks January to July Celery, Carrot, StrawberriesLettuce March to October Carrots, Radishes, Parsley, Beans, Beetroot, Parsnip Strawberries, Cabbage, Onion, CucumberOnions May & June Carrots, Cabbage, Beans, Peas, Parsnip, Parsley, Leek BeetrootParsley March to June Asparagus & TomatoesPeas March & April Turnips, Beans, Sweet Onion, Garlic, Shallots Corn, Radishes, Carrots Cucumber, PotatoPotatoes April to July Beans, Sweet Corn, Tomatoes, Sunflower, Pumpkin, Peas & Cabbage Squash, Cucumber, Dill, Eggplant, RaspberriesPumpkin Sept to November Sweet Corn, Potatoes MarjoramRadish March to November Most Plants Squash, Peas, NasturtiumsSilverbeet February to September Beetroot, OnionsSpinach March to August Broad Beans, Strawberries, Fruit TreesTomatoes Feb to May, Aug to Parsley, Asparagus, Potatoes, Beetroot, Fennel, Kohlrabi, October Basil Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cauliflower, Rosemary, Dill, Onions, ParsnipSwedes March to May PeasTurnip May & JuneC:/my documents/barry mcphee/veggie village/pest control & companion planting hand-out
  • Zucchini August to November Corn, Marjoram, Nasturtium5. Contributions From AttendeesThe soap used in the following sprays will help the mixture ‘stick’ to the leaves. If you don’t use a smallamount of soap, the mixture will probably have a shorter life-span on the plant. • Molasses spray – Helps stop bugs/grubs from eating leaves o 1tblspn molasses, 1ltr water, 1tspn liquid soap o Mix all ingredients together thoroughly o Apply (spray) to top and bottom of leaves o Must be re-applied after it rains • Chili spray – Helps stop bugs/grubs from eating leaves; Bush turkey deterrent o Wear plastic gloves when making this recipe. Avoid contact with eyes and sensitive areas! o 20 chilies, 1ltr water, 1tspn liquid soap o Whiz chilies and small amount of water in a food processor o Pour this water/chili mix through a strainer to remove solids o Add the strained water/chili mix to the remaining water o Add liquid soap and mix thoroughly o Apply (spray) to top and bottom of leaves for bugs and grubs o Apply (spray/watering can) to area around plants to deter bush turkeys o Must be re-applied after it rains • Garlic spray – Helps stop bugs/grubs from eating leaves o 10 cloves garlic, 1ltr water, 1tspn liquid soap or 30 grams of grated pure soap o Whiz garlic and small amount of water in a food processor o Pour this water/garlic mix through a strainer to remove solids o Add the strained water/garlic mix to the remaining water o Add soap and mix thoroughly o Apply (spray) to top and bottom of leaves o Must be re-applied after it rains • McLeod’s Agriculture – Red Spot Foliar Microbes o Available from Eumundi Markets. Ph: 1800 062 6166. ConclusionIn this workshop we have examined • safe and harmless methods of controlling insects and pests and improve visual appeal; • companion planting - a method for improving our success in the garden; • and benefited from the experiences of others.7. ReferencesC:/my documents/barry mcphee/veggie village/pest control & companion planting hand-out
  • • “No Dig Gardening and Leaves Of Life” – Esther Dean – Publisher Harper Collins • Permaculture – A Designers Manual – Bill Mollison – Publisher Tagari • *Permaculture Noosa – Sunshine Coast Planting Guide • “Organic Growing Methods – Companion Planting” – Lydia Waldron – Published in COGS Quarterly, Spring 1994 • “Celtic-Nordic Eightfold Year – Seasonal Garden Chart for the Subtropics” – Robyn Francis – Published by Djanbung Gardens Permaculture Education Centre.8. Acknowledgements:Janet Millington – PDC;Permaculture Noosa – planting guide;Phil Cook – input and assistance;All - who contributed their experiences and recipes;All – who listened so patiently.C:/my documents/barry mcphee/veggie village/pest control & companion planting hand-out