HajjHajj ...Allah made it compulsory for every Muslim male and female to perform Hajj once in a life time, provided they have the means and are physically able to do so. It is one of the five pillars of Islam.It was prescribed in the sixth year of the Hijrah [the migration of the messenger] [peace be upon him] from Makah to Madinah. A Muslim who denies the obligatory nature of Hajj becomes a disbeliever. A person who has the ability to make a Hajj and does not do so will be accountable on the day of Judgement.
Hajj is Obligatory with the Following Conditions• Muslim• Free• Sound state of mind• Adult• Healthy• Possession of extra wealth that suffices for transportation, provisions, and maintenance of one’s family or other financial obligations till return• Women require a Mahram
Hajj – Step by Step
HOW TO PERFORM HAJJ AT-TAMATTU’• Umrah will be performed first.• In order to do so a person must enter into Ihraam.
The Mawaqit• The mawaqit which it is not permissible for a person to pass except in the state of ihram are: – for the people of Madinah : Dhu’l-Hulayfah, – for the people of `Iraq : Dhatu-`Irq, – for the people of the Levant (al-Sham) : al-Juhfah, – for the people of Najd : Qarn al-Manazil, – for the people of Yemen : Yalamlam.• If one entered ihram before these mawaqit, it is valid.• The miqat of one who is in Makkah is the Haram for hajj and al-Hill for `umrah.
ENTERING INTO IHRAAM (Cont’d) any visible1. Use Itar (perfume) without leaving signs of its existence on the sheets of Ihraam. (sunnah)2. Perform 2 rakaats of Ihraam, with the head and shoulders covered. Recite in the 1st rakaat Sura Al-Kafiroon’ and in 2nd rakaat Al-Ikhlas. (mustahab)3. Males should remove their head cover and not cover the head until free from Ihraam. (fardh)4. Make intention for Umrah only and not Hajj.
ENTERING INTO IHRAAM (Cont’d) times, audibly5. Recite the following Talbiyah three for males and in a low voice for females. Labbayk Allahumma labbayk. Labbayk la shareeka laka labbayk. Innal hamda wan ni’mata laka wal mulk la shareeka lak. I am present. O Allah I am present. You have no partner, I am present. Indeed all praise and bounty is for You and the entire universe. You have no partner.6. Remember that from now onwards you are in the state of Ihraam and all restrictions of Ihraam apply.
The Talbiyah for Hajj & Umrahل ب ي ك ا لل ه م ل ب ي ك ل َّْ َ ّ ُ ّ َّْ َ ش ر ي ك ل ك ل ب يك َ ِْ َ َ َ َّْ ّ ْ َ ْ َ إ ِ ن ا ل ح م دَ و ّ ْ َ َ َ َ ال ن ع م ة ل ك
Forbidden Deeds during Ihram - Men• fusuq (sins) and• jidal (argument).• He should not kill game, nor point it out, nor direct to it.• He should not wear a shirt, nor pants, nor a turban, nor a cap, nor a gown.• No shoes that cover the entire feet and no socks
Forbidden Deeds during Ihram – Men• Wearing sewn garments• He should not cover his head, nor his face.• He should not apply perfume.• He should not wash his hair or beard with shampoo• He should not shave his head, nor his body hair, nor cut [anything from] his beard, nor [cut] his nails.• He should not wear a garment died with wirs , saffron or safflower, unless it has been washed and does not exude fragrance.
Forbidden Deeds during Ihram – Women• Using perfume• Covering the face• Wearing gloves
Permissible Deeds during Ihram• performing ghusl• entering a bath-house• taking shade under a house, or a canopy• Wearing glasses or a watch• Tying a belt around his waist to carry money.• Women may wear sewn clothing, shoes, and should cover their head
ARRIVING AT JEDDAH1. Proceed to Makkah.2. Arrange to put belongings at a safe place, hotel, etc.3. Take a rest if required and fix a time for Umrah.4. If you take a shower then remember not to use scented soap.5. Remember the location of your hotel.
The Pilgrims Route
TAWAF1. Enter Masjid Al-Haram, preferably from Babus Salaam with wudhu making intention of I’tikaaf2. Stop reciting Talbiyah and make intention for Tawaaf of Umrah whilst standing on the black line, facing Hajrul Aswad.3. Recite: Bismillahi Wa Allahu akbar and raise the hands and let them fall, in the way Takbeer Tahrima is done in Salaah. This is done only at the beginning of the first round of a Tawaaf and not in every round. Thereafter, do Istilaam, by raising the hands with the palms facing the approximate height of Hajrul Aswad. Recite Bismillahi wa Allahu akbar and kiss your hands. (sunnah)
Hateem / Hajr Ismail
Tawaf4. Proceed with the Tawaaf and do Istilaam in every round. Perform Raml (sunnah) in the first 3 rounds and Idhtiba’ (sunnah) in all seven rounds.5. After Tawaaf, perform two rakaats Sunnah of Tawaaf preferably at Maqaam Ibraahim. (Due to overcrowding, do not push to pray there but pray elsewhere in Haram).7. Before going for Sa’y make (the ninth) Istilaam of the Hajrul Aswad. (sunnah)
Every Tawaffollowed by sa’y will be performed with Idhtiba’ and Ramal
The foot prints of hazrat Ibrahim (AS)
The black stone
Sa’y1. Proceed to Safaa to begin sa’y2. Stand on the crop of the mount from where Ka’bah is visible, make dua. (sunnah)3. Do not do Istilaam, as is commonly done at these points.
Sa’y4. Proceed to Marwah Safaa to Marwah is one round and back to Marwah from Safaa is two rounds. Continue seven rounds in this manner.5. Males should lightly jog between the green lights and not the women. (mustahab)
Halaq/Qasr6. Males must shave or cut the hair within the boundaries of Haram. (fardh)• If cutting (qasr), at least one inch of all the hair must be cut. (fardh)• Females must trim approximately one inch from the end of their hair plaits. (fardh)You have now completed Umrah and you are out of Ihraam.
8th Dhul Hijjah (Yawm At-Tarwiyah)Before Fajr Salaah......1. Make ghusl (Sunnah), pray two rakaats (Sunnah) and wear the sheets of Ihraam (fardh).2. Recite Talbiyah making intention of Hajj only (wajib).
8th Dhul Hijjah (Yawm At-Tarwiyah )3. Leave for Mina (sunnah) after sunrise. (But nowadays due to the vast number of pilgrims, the guides start to locate everyone to their tents in Mina starting from late after Isha, buses carry on arriving in Mina throughout the entire night).4. Fajr. (If you arrive early in Mina).5. Zuhr, Asar, Maghrib, Esha.
9th of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawm Al-Arafah)In Mina1. Fajr.2. Leave for Arafat after sunrise.In Arafat3. Dhuhr and Asr will be prayed together4. Cannot leave Arafah before sunset.5. Leave for Muzdalifah after sunset without praying Maghrib.In Muzdalifah6. Pray Maghrib and Isha at Isha time.7. Collect 70 pebbles at Muzdalifah and a few extra.8. Stay overnight in Muzdalifah (Sunnah until Subh Sadiq).
10th Dhul-HijjahIn Muzdalifa1. Pray Fajr and leave for Mina a little before sunrise.In Mina1. Ramy (Wajib) of the Big Jamarah. Masnoon time is from sunrise till zawal. It is permissible after zawal until Maghrib and also after Maghrib until subh sadiq in necessity2. Stop recital of Talbiyah after pelting the first pebble.3. Sacrifice (Wajib).4. Shave or trim the hair (wajib)5. Now you are free from the restrictions of Ihraam and can dress into normal sewn clothes and the head can be covered.7. Leave for Makkah.
The NewJamaraat Site
10th of Dhul- HijjahIn Makkah8. Tawaaf of Ziyaarah (Fardh) with Raml (sunnah). Do Idhtiba (sunnah) as well if you are still wearing the clothes of ihram.9. Perform Sa’y (wajib) as mentioned under Umrah10. Return to Mina.
10th of Dhul- HijjahBack to Mina11. It is Sunnah to spend the night in Mina. Perform all Salahs on time.One may also spend the night in MakkahSimilarly the night of 11th and 12th Dhul-Hijjah may also be spent at Makkah
Mina at Night
11th of Dhul- Hijjah in Mina1. Ramy (pelting) of all three Jamarat (wajib) after zawal - sequence small to big.2. Sunnah until Maghrib and ok until Subh Sadiq if necessity.3. Mustahab to make Dua after pelting the small and middle Jamarat.4. All Salat on time
12th of Dhul-Hijjah in Mina1. Ramy of all three Jamarat (wajib) after zawal - sequence small to big.2. Sunnah until Maghrib and ok until Subh Sadiq in necessity.3. Mustahab to make Dua after pelting the small and middle Jamarat.4. You may leave for Makkah before sunset or else it is also ok to leave after sunset. If one stays in Mina until Subh Sadiq then the ramy of the jamarat as mentioned above will be wajib on the 13th Dhul-Hijjah as well.5. Perform Tawaaf Al-Widaa (Wajib) before departing Makkah. HAJJ COMPLETED