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“ EU involvement in sport matters: an opportunity for renewal?” Jacob Kornbeck  Willy Calewaert Chair Inaugural Lecture   ...
Willy  Calewaert , VUB, the European Commission… Introducing the lectures                                  
Introducing the lecturers Education and Training Doping Transfers, Licensing Systems, Players’ Agents Media HEPA (health-e...
<ul><li>Practitioners in the audience: </li></ul><ul><li>employees or elected leaders of sports organisations?  </li></ul>...
Vladimir Nabokov lectures about Cervantes’s Don Quijote Harvard,  s pring semester 1952 Professionals lecturing (2)
<ul><li>For you, a city, a region, 19 local authorities </li></ul><ul><li>VUB student life… </li></ul>What does “Brussels”...
<ul><li>For many other Europeans, a distant entity (“Brussels has decided”, “Brussels says we must”, “Brussels says we can...
<ul><li>M. P. C. M. van Schendelen:   Machiavelli in Brussels,  Amsterdam Univ. Pr., 2006: </li></ul><ul><li>“ an exceptio...
<ul><li>So what does this bureaucracy consist of? </li></ul><ul><li>European Parliament (directly elected) … in Brussels <...
<ul><li>The European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Directorates General comparable to Ministries </li></ul><ul><li>Commissi...
<ul><li>What can “Brussels” do? </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate (regulations, directives, etc.) … but only when explicitly empo...
<ul><li>“ The Union shall contribute to the promotion of European sporting issues, while taking account of the specific na...
<ul><li>“ The Union and the Member States shall foster cooperation with third countries and the competent international or...
<ul><li>Remember the discussions about the “specific nature of sport”? </li></ul><ul><li>IOC & FIFA statement on the Commi...
<ul><li>Building on theories of governance, we may understand inspiration as coming from: </li></ul><ul><li>A certain comm...
Special Eurobarometer 2010
Using  Eurobarometer survey data in the two highest categories (&quot;Regularly&quot;, &quot;With some regularity&quot;), ...
<ul><li>What can we do with such data? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare it with previous surveys (Special Eurobarometer, 2003, 20...
<ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation remains a factor to be counted with. </li></ul><ul><li>The relevant EU law ( acq...
2 nd  session Thursday, 2 December  Jacob Kornbeck  “ The ongoing fight against doping in sport” Language: English What yo...
3 rd  session Thursday January 27, 2011 Gianluca Monte “ Sport and the media: which role does the EU play?” Language: Engl...
4 th  session Thursday 10 February, 2011 Bart Ooijen “ EU perspective on Education and Training Qualifications in Sport” L...
5 th  session Thursday,  17 February, 2011, 6-7.30 pm Gianluca Monte   “ Transfers, licensing systems and players’ agents:...
6 th  session Thursday,  3 March, 2011, 6-7.30 pm Jacob Kornbeck  “ Play, not therapy: the EU’s role in promoting health-e...
7 tth  session Thursday, 31 March 2010, 6-7.30 pm Jacob Kornbeck  &quot;Looking into the future: the implementation of the...
Hoping there will be something for everybody to take home! See you soon… http:// ec.europa.eu/sport/index_en.html [email_a...
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Vub calewaert lecture 1 inaugural

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  1. 1. “ EU involvement in sport matters: an opportunity for renewal?” Jacob Kornbeck Willy Calewaert Chair Inaugural Lecture VUB, Brussels, Thursday, 18 November 2010, 6.15-7.15 pm
  2. 2. Willy Calewaert , VUB, the European Commission… Introducing the lectures                                  
  3. 3. Introducing the lecturers Education and Training Doping Transfers, Licensing Systems, Players’ Agents Media HEPA (health-enhancing physical activity) Chair Holder
  4. 4. <ul><li>Practitioners in the audience: </li></ul><ul><li>employees or elected leaders of sports organisations? </li></ul><ul><li>or from civil society in general? </li></ul><ul><li>teachers, health professionals, social workers and social pedagogues? </li></ul><ul><li>… but also government employees, consultants, etc.? </li></ul><ul><li>… Not to forget academics and students, of course ;-) </li></ul>Professionals lecturing (1)
  5. 5. Vladimir Nabokov lectures about Cervantes’s Don Quijote Harvard, s pring semester 1952 Professionals lecturing (2)
  6. 6. <ul><li>For you, a city, a region, 19 local authorities </li></ul><ul><li>VUB student life… </li></ul>What does “Brussels” mean? (1)
  7. 7. <ul><li>For many other Europeans, a distant entity (“Brussels has decided”, “Brussels says we must”, “Brussels says we can’t”…) </li></ul><ul><li>A convenient shorthand (“la Commission de Bruxelles”), but is it also fair? </li></ul>What does “Brussels” mean? (2)
  8. 8. <ul><li>M. P. C. M. van Schendelen: Machiavelli in Brussels, Amsterdam Univ. Pr., 2006: </li></ul><ul><li>“ an exceptionally small bureaucracy”, “volume and content overload” (p. 66) (…described by scholars already in the 1960s!) </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent references to “overload” (pp. 66, 84, 114, 257, 275, 293, 294) </li></ul><ul><li>“ EU myths”, including big bureaucracy, centralism, formal powers = real influence, elitism, democratic deficit… </li></ul>What does “Brussels” mean? (3)
  9. 9. <ul><li>So what does this bureaucracy consist of? </li></ul><ul><li>European Parliament (directly elected) … in Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Council of the European Union (Ministers from Member States) … in Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission (executive)… in Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Justice … in Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Auditors … in Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies (in various cities in Member States) </li></ul><ul><li>Delegations (around the world) </li></ul>What does “Brussels” mean? (4)
  10. 10. <ul><li>The European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Directorates General comparable to Ministries </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioners comparable to Ministers </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs Androulla Vassiliou, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism, Sport, Media and Youth, </li></ul><ul><li>Sport Unit in DG Education and Culture </li></ul>What does “Brussels” mean? (5)
  11. 11. <ul><li>What can “Brussels” do? </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate (regulations, directives, etc.) … but only when explicitly empowered to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster cooperation, exchange of information, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Manage funding programmes </li></ul><ul><li>NB: The Sport Unit is not the only Commission service having an impact on sport: </li></ul><ul><li>Applicable EU law (acquis communautaire) applies to sport </li></ul><ul><li>Case-law of the Court of Justice has been important (example: Bosman, 1995; Meca Medina and Majcen, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional funds support the construction of infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Programme support sport-related projects </li></ul>What does “Brussels” mean? (6)
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ The Union shall contribute to the promotion of European sporting issues, while taking account of the specific nature of sport, its structures based on voluntary activity and its social and educational function.” (Article 165 (1) TFEU) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Union action shall be aimed at: (…) developing the European dimension in sport, by promoting fairness and openness in sporting competitions and cooperation between bodies responsible for sports, and by protecting the physical and moral integrity of sportsmen and sportswomen, especially the youngest sportsmen and sportswomen.” (Article 165 (2) TFEU, 7th indent) </li></ul>Inspiration from Brussels? (1)
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ The Union and the Member States shall foster cooperation with third countries and the competent international organisations in the field of education and sport, in particular the Council of Europe.” (Article 165 (3) TFEU) </li></ul><ul><li>“ In order to contribute to the achievement of the objectives referred to in this Article: </li></ul><ul><li>— the European Parliament and the Council, acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure, after consulting the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, shall adopt incentive measures, excluding any harmonisation of the laws and regulations of the Member States, </li></ul><ul><li>— the Council, on a proposal from the Commission, shall adopt recommendations.” (Article 165 (4) TFEU) </li></ul>Inspiration from Brussels? (2)
  14. 14. <ul><li>Remember the discussions about the “specific nature of sport”? </li></ul><ul><li>IOC & FIFA statement on the Commission’s White Paper, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative voices from “sport for all” organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Voices from academia: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Het bestaande juridisch kader is immers voldoende flexibel opdat de specifieke eigenschappen van sport in overweging genomen kunnen worden.&quot; (Vermeersch, 2007, p. 80, in Scheerder, et al.: Europa in beweging) </li></ul></ul></ul>Inspiration from Brussels? (3)
  15. 15. <ul><li>Building on theories of governance, we may understand inspiration as coming from: </li></ul><ul><li>A certain common framework (including some amount of regulation). </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of knowledge, good practice, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual learning </li></ul><ul><li>For example: Sport participation in the EU… </li></ul>Inspiration from Brussels? (4)
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Special Eurobarometer 2010
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Using Eurobarometer survey data in the two highest categories (&quot;Regularly&quot;, &quot;With some regularity&quot;), we get the following ranking: Sweden: 22 + 50 = 72 Finland: 17 + 55 = 72 Denmark: 15 + 49 = 64 Ireland: 23 + 35 = 58 Netherlands: 5 + 51 = 56 Slovenia: 13 + 39 = 52 Luxembourg: 12 + 39 = 51 Belgium: 16 + 34 = 50 Germany: 9 + 40 = 49 Malta: 17 + 31 = 48 France: 13 + 35 = 48 United Kingdom: 14 + 32 = 46 Cyprus: 16 + 25 = 41 EU 27: 9 + 31 = 40 Spain: 12 + 27 = 39 Austria: 5 + 33 = 38 Lithuania: 14 + 22 = 36 Estonia: 7 + 27 = 34 Portugal: 9 + 24 = 33 Slovakia: 5 + 25 = 30 Italy: 3 + 26 = 29 Czech Republic: 5 + 23 = 28 Latvia: 8 + 19 = 27 Poland: 6 + 19 = 25 Hungary: 5 + 18 = 23 Romania: 8 + 13 = 21 Greece: 3 + 15 = 18 Bulgaria: 3 + 10 = 13 Inspiration from Brussels? (5)
  20. 20. <ul><li>What can we do with such data? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare it with previous surveys (Special Eurobarometer, 2003, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Compare it with academic literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g., Scheerder, J. & Van Tuyckom, C. (2007): Sportparticipatie in de Europese Unie. Vlaanderen vergeleken met her Europa van de 25. In: Scheerder, J.; Van Tuyckom, C. & Vermeersch, A. (eds): Europa in beweging. Sport vanuit Europees perspectief. Ghent: Academia Press, pp. 123-157) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross-tabulate with other types of information about the same countries </li></ul><ul><li>Use the data to build political cooperation (not binding) with Member States </li></ul><ul><li>Use the data to build a structured dialogue (not binding) with sports organisations on this </li></ul>Inspiration from Brussels? (6)
  21. 21. <ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation remains a factor to be counted with. </li></ul><ul><li>The relevant EU law ( acquis communautaire ) is still in force. </li></ul><ul><li>As a mixture of regulation and networking, this reality is best understood by drawing on governance theories. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, there is the crisis… </li></ul>Inspiration from Brussels? (7)
  22. 22. 2 nd session Thursday, 2 December Jacob Kornbeck “ The ongoing fight against doping in sport” Language: English What you can expect (1)
  23. 23. 3 rd session Thursday January 27, 2011 Gianluca Monte “ Sport and the media: which role does the EU play?” Language: English What you can expect (2)
  24. 24. 4 th session Thursday 10 February, 2011 Bart Ooijen “ EU perspective on Education and Training Qualifications in Sport” Language: Dutch What you can expect (3)
  25. 25. 5 th session Thursday, 17 February, 2011, 6-7.30 pm Gianluca Monte “ Transfers, licensing systems and players’ agents: the EU as a gatekeeper of the integrity of sport competitions?” Language: English What you can expect (4)
  26. 26. 6 th session Thursday, 3 March, 2011, 6-7.30 pm Jacob Kornbeck “ Play, not therapy: the EU’s role in promoting health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA).“ Language: English What you can expect (5)
  27. 27. 7 tth session Thursday, 31 March 2010, 6-7.30 pm Jacob Kornbeck &quot;Looking into the future: the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty in the field of sport“ Language: English What you can expect (6)
  28. 28. Hoping there will be something for everybody to take home! See you soon… http:// ec.europa.eu/sport/index_en.html [email_address]
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