Innovation and leadershipFabrice Hénard-23 April 2013UPAEP, Puebla
The context calls for more innovation What have been the impacts of these evolutionson Higher Education? Has leadership proved to be impactful?
11/23/08 Expansion of the knowledge economy and growing middleclass in many developing nations = higher demand fortertiary education. Global massification of education, not yet saturated, The traditional age‐group for higher education is alsobroadening:a. The demand from mature students for higher educationis growing in many parts of the world.b. A lasting trend for some time.The knowledge economy has come
11/23/08 The world of Knowledge Economy is changing in itself :a. HE has become an aspiration for all,b. Science is increasingly global and increasingly perceivedas linked to human, social and economic progressc. Changes in the constituencies for knowledge (e.g. riskgovernance is a new field…)The Knowledge economy is changing itself
11/23/08 The 2008 financial crisis and the subsequent public debt crisishad many negative impacts especially ona. Business innovation and R&Db. Employment rate : Unemployment of highly skilled hasincreased Quarterly unemployment rate for high-skilledworkers for selected countries Yet, the crisis and the recovery have been uneven acrossindustries… and certain countries have better resisted thecrisis than others: China, Korea Business funded R&D, yearlygrowth rate remains highThe crisis has changed the settings of theknowledge economy
Overall, in response, governments introduced short- term measuresand longer-term reforms, a large bunch of them focusing on HE with:a. High priority and increased resources allocated to Higher Educationb. Increased budgets for higher education and universities(India, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, etc.)c. Development of HE capabilities including infrastructures(Canada,Colombia, France, India, etc.)d. Maintained or increased hiring of researchers at university duringeconomic downturn (Italy)e. Changes in the governance of HEIs : Reform of HEIs managementand funding: confirmed trend in many countries towards greaterautonomy and more competitive grant funding (away from „block‟funding) – introduction of performance- and indicator-basedallocation mechanisms• Strengthen evaluation of uni/programmesIn response, Govts introduced recoveringmeasures associated with HE reforms 1/2
In response, Govts introduced recoveringmeasures associated with HE reforms 2/2 Strengthen education for innovation… Improve the teaching of STEM New teaching methods: increased hours of instruction(Germany, Ireland, Norway), new curricula, standards(Australia, Ireland, UK), New assessment practices (Austria, Norway, Poland) Teacher training… Improving the teaching of entrepreneurship: Accelerate knowledge transfer to industry and society, Improving the conditions of technology transfer, Professionalisation, Raise awareness of IPRs in the research community (courses) and thegeneral publicABOVE ALL, CALLING FOR INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIVENESS!
What have been the impacts of suchchanges for Higher Education?Strengthen leadershipat all levels
Has leadership proved to be impactful? Addressing the needs for social and economicdevelopment Opting for an outward orientation Fostering institution-wide-change Better decision-making Overcoming obstacles Systematic monitoring
Innovation as a driver for change How can leadership help? Innovation for quality How to foster leadership for quality?
Innovation leads to changea. R&Db. Employers/studentsc. International mobilityd. Equity and drop out Innovation calls for experimentationa. AlternativeT&L practicesb. Disseminationc. Sustaining Innovation includes risksa. Constant changeb. Avant-garde frightens peopleInnovation as a driver for change
How? EncourageTeachersand students to beinnovators Be a learningorganisation Embed innovation in awider range of policiesHow can leadership help?Conditions: Tailored tomanagement Challenge thinkingand modus operandi Embedded in thewhole institution Strategicallydevelopped
An internal organisation in place Anyone should be a change agent Centralised vs. collegial Managing ≠improving qualityInnovation for qualityLeadership
Map distribution of responsibilities Create a leadership-friendly environment Establish appropriate organisational structuresHow to foster innovation for quality?