Comparatives And Superlatives

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Comparatives And Superlatives

  1. 1. Yohanna Leandro* English TeacherColegio Santa Cruz de la Nueva Baeza
  2. 2. Comparatives and Superlatives arespecial forms of adjectives. They are used to compare two or more things. Generally, comparatives are formed using -er and superlatives are formed using -est.
  3. 3. USE OF COMPARATIVESComparatives are used to compare two things. Youcan use sentences with “than”, or you can use aconjunction like “but”.a) Michael is taller than John.b) John is tall, but Michael is taller. Michael John
  4. 4. USE OF SUPERLATIVESSuperlatives are used to compare more than twothings. Superlative sentences usually use “the”,because there is only one superlative.a) Bryan is the tallest in the class.b) John is tall, and Michael is taller, but Bryan is thetallest. Bryan Michael John
  5. 5. Adjective form Comparative SuperlativeOnly one syllable, ending Add -st: widest, finest,in E. Examples: wide, Add -r: wider, finer, cuter cutestfine, cuteOnly one syllable, with Double the consonant, Double the consonant,one vowel and one and add -er: hotter, and add -est: hottest,consonant at the end. bigger, fatter biggest, fattestExamples: hot, big, fatOnly one syllable, withmore than one vowel or Add -er: lighter, neater, Add -est: lightest,more than one consonant faster neatest, fastestat the end. Examples:light, neat, fastTwo syllables, ending in Change y to i, then add Change y to i, then addY. Examples: happy, silly, -er: happier, sillier, -est: happiest, silliest,lonely lonelier loneliestTwo syllables or more, Use “more” before the Use “most” before thenot ending in Y. adjective: more modern, adjective: most modern,Examples: modern, more interesting, more most interesting, mostinteresting, beautiful beautiful beautiful
  6. 6. Irregular adjectives like good or bad change thespelling:a) GoodComparative: better thanSuperlative: the bestb) BadComparative: worse thanSuperlative: the worst
  7. 7. short - tall - fast - slow - talented - good - handsome - ugly - selfish
  8. 8. short - tall - popular - old - young - talented - good - beautiful - glamorous
  9. 9. new - old - popular - fun - boring - good - bad - violent - addictive

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