History presentation(final)


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History presentation(final)

  1. 1. Done By Group 6: -Fabian -Crystal -Olivia -Syazwani Impact on the Hitler’s rule: Economic Impact
  2. 2. 3 main economic policies <ul><li>To reduce unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>To build up the German weapons building industry </li></ul><ul><li>-->to create jobs and to make Germany a great military power again </li></ul><ul><li>3. To achieve autarky (economic self-suffciency)   </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>To ensure that industries were not disrupted by strikes, </li></ul><ul><li>banned trade unions -> workers cannot negotiate for better pay ad working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>declared strikes illegal </li></ul><ul><li>trade union leaders arrested, placed in concentration camps </li></ul>
  4. 4. WORKING CONDITIONS <ul><li>What is good: </li></ul><ul><li>German Labour Front(DAF) formed </li></ul><ul><li>keep support of workers </li></ul><ul><li>improve life of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented 'Strength through joy' programme </li></ul><ul><li>->Included cheap holidays, cruises and sporting activities etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. WORKING CONDITIONS <ul><li>What is good: </li></ul><ul><li>Working Conditions Partly improved </li></ul><ul><li>Workers still have an organization to represent them, protect their rights </li></ul><ul><li>DAF used by Nazis to control workers, ensure wages were fixed </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>What is bad: </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis used statistics to show that salary has increased BUT </li></ul><ul><li>-no increase in pay </li></ul><ul><li>-work longer hours instead </li></ul>WORKING CONDITIONS
  7. 7. Reduce Unemployment <ul><li>policies introduced help to unemployment rate </li></ul><ul><li>These policies often involved taking away certain freedoms from employers </li></ul><ul><li>NO labour-saving machines </li></ul><ul><li>Employers needed permission before reducing their labour force </li></ul><ul><li>government tended to give work contracts to those companies that relied on manual labour rather than machines </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reduce Unemployment <ul><li>Adolf Hitler also abolished taxation on new cars: </li></ul><ul><li>A great lover of cars himself, and influenced by the ideas of Henry Ford </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler wanted every family in Germany to own a car </li></ul><ul><li>even became involved in designing the Volkswagen (The People's Car) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reduce Unemployment <ul><li>Hitler also encouraged the mass production of radios: </li></ul><ul><li>he was not only concerned with reducing unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Used as a propaganda machine </li></ul><ul><li>Youth unemployment was dealt with by the forming : </li></ul><ul><li>-the Voluntary Labour Service (VLS) </li></ul><ul><li>-the Voluntary Youth Service (VYS) </li></ul><ul><li>VYS planted forests, repaired river banks and helped reclaim wasteland </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reduce Unemployment <ul><li>introducing measures that would encourage women to leave the labour market: </li></ul><ul><li>Women were dismissed </li></ul><ul><li>married women were paid 1000 marks to stay at home </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reduce Unemployment <ul><li>By 1937 German unemployment had fallen from 6 million to 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>standard of living for those in employment did not improve </li></ul><ul><li>With the Nazis controlling the trade unions: </li></ul><ul><li>wage-rates did not increase with productivity </li></ul><ul><li>workers began to privately question his economic policies </li></ul>
  12. 12. NEW JOBS WERE CREATED <ul><li>New government projects: </li></ul><ul><li>involve many workers </li></ul><ul><li>reduces unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Bad: large sum of money spent </li></ul><ul><li>2.Civil service expanded: </li></ul><ul><li>provide thousands of admin jobs </li></ul><ul><li>3.Reintroduction of conscription: </li></ul><ul><li>reduce unemployment </li></ul>
  13. 13. NEW JOBS WERE CREATED <ul><li>4.National Labour Service(Reichsarbeitsdienst or RAD): </li></ul><ul><li>reduce unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>built schools, highways, hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>digging ditches on farms to assist irrigation, building the new autobahns, planting new forests etc </li></ul><ul><li>RAD men wore a military style uniform, lived in camps near to their work place and received only pocket money </li></ul><ul><li>men felt that at least the Nazi government was making the effort to improve their lot, compared to the weimar government </li></ul>
  14. 14. NEW JOBS WERE CREATED <ul><li>X Hidden factors </li></ul><ul><li>-jobs available for men because women not working </li></ul><ul><li>-Jews removed from their jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Defied Treaty of Versailles: </li></ul><ul><li>-increased size of army from 100 000 to 1.4 million men </li></ul><ul><li>More weapons needed </li></ul><ul><li>More jobs created in factories </li></ul><ul><li>built more guns, tanks, battleships </li></ul>unemployment rate decreased drastically, from 6 million to 2.5 million when Hitler came into power.
  15. 15. BIG BUSINESSES BENEFITTED <ul><li>Rearmament: </li></ul><ul><li>profitable for big businesses </li></ul><ul><li>coal, steel, chemical and transport sectors needed for </li></ul><ul><li>provide military and military-related supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Four-year Economic Plan: </li></ul><ul><li>to achieve economic self-sufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>-> unable to develop viable oil and rubber substitutes </li></ul><ul><li>No benefits for small businesses </li></ul>
  16. 16. BIG BUSINESSES BENEFITTED <ul><li>Four-year Economic Plan: </li></ul><ul><li>-> not treated as fair as those with big businesses </li></ul><ul><li>NOT ALL BUSINESSES BENIFITTED </li></ul><ul><li>-plan could not last when war broke out in 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>-> unprepared to deal with it consequences </li></ul><ul><li>shortage of food and daily necessitites </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summary <ul><li>Economic plan could not last </li></ul><ul><li>Kept making weapons for war </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped paying reparations to Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Spending more money buying raw materials than making from sales </li></ul><ul><li>Food shortages and lack of daily necessities eg. clothing. </li></ul><ul><li>HITLER ONLY MANAGED TO REDUCE UNEMPLOYMENT,OVERALL, THE GERMAN ECONOMY DID NOT IMPROVE </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank You