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History presentation(final)

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History presentation(final) History presentation(final) Presentation Transcript

  • Done By Group 6: -Fabian -Crystal -Olivia -Syazwani Impact on the Hitler’s rule: Economic Impact
  • 3 main economic policies
    • To reduce unemployment
    • To build up the German weapons building industry
    • -->to create jobs and to make Germany a great military power again
    • 3. To achieve autarky (economic self-suffciency)  
    • To ensure that industries were not disrupted by strikes,
    • banned trade unions -> workers cannot negotiate for better pay ad working conditions
    • declared strikes illegal
    • trade union leaders arrested, placed in concentration camps
  • WORKING CONDITIONS
    • What is good:
    • German Labour Front(DAF) formed
    • keep support of workers
    • improve life of workers
    • Implemented 'Strength through joy' programme
    • ->Included cheap holidays, cruises and sporting activities etc.
  • WORKING CONDITIONS
    • What is good:
    • Working Conditions Partly improved
    • Workers still have an organization to represent them, protect their rights
    • DAF used by Nazis to control workers, ensure wages were fixed
    • What is bad:
    • Nazis used statistics to show that salary has increased BUT
    • -no increase in pay
    • -work longer hours instead
    WORKING CONDITIONS
  • Reduce Unemployment
    • policies introduced help to unemployment rate
    • These policies often involved taking away certain freedoms from employers
    • NO labour-saving machines
    • Employers needed permission before reducing their labour force
    • government tended to give work contracts to those companies that relied on manual labour rather than machines
  • Reduce Unemployment
    • Adolf Hitler also abolished taxation on new cars:
    • A great lover of cars himself, and influenced by the ideas of Henry Ford
    • Hitler wanted every family in Germany to own a car
    • even became involved in designing the Volkswagen (The People's Car)
  • Reduce Unemployment
    • Hitler also encouraged the mass production of radios:
    • he was not only concerned with reducing unemployment
    • Used as a propaganda machine
    • Youth unemployment was dealt with by the forming :
    • -the Voluntary Labour Service (VLS)
    • -the Voluntary Youth Service (VYS)
    • VYS planted forests, repaired river banks and helped reclaim wasteland
  • Reduce Unemployment
    • introducing measures that would encourage women to leave the labour market:
    • Women were dismissed
    • married women were paid 1000 marks to stay at home
  • Reduce Unemployment
    • By 1937 German unemployment had fallen from 6 million to 1 million
    • standard of living for those in employment did not improve
    • With the Nazis controlling the trade unions:
    • wage-rates did not increase with productivity
    • workers began to privately question his economic policies
  • NEW JOBS WERE CREATED
    • New government projects:
    • involve many workers
    • reduces unemployment
    • Bad: large sum of money spent
    • 2.Civil service expanded:
    • provide thousands of admin jobs
    • 3.Reintroduction of conscription:
    • reduce unemployment
  • NEW JOBS WERE CREATED
    • 4.National Labour Service(Reichsarbeitsdienst or RAD):
    • reduce unemployment
    • built schools, highways, hospitals
    • digging ditches on farms to assist irrigation, building the new autobahns, planting new forests etc
    • RAD men wore a military style uniform, lived in camps near to their work place and received only pocket money
    • men felt that at least the Nazi government was making the effort to improve their lot, compared to the weimar government
  • NEW JOBS WERE CREATED
    • X Hidden factors
    • -jobs available for men because women not working
    • -Jews removed from their jobs
    • Defied Treaty of Versailles:
    • -increased size of army from 100 000 to 1.4 million men
    • More weapons needed
    • More jobs created in factories
    • built more guns, tanks, battleships
    unemployment rate decreased drastically, from 6 million to 2.5 million when Hitler came into power.
  • BIG BUSINESSES BENEFITTED
    • Rearmament:
    • profitable for big businesses
    • coal, steel, chemical and transport sectors needed for
    • provide military and military-related supplies
    • Four-year Economic Plan:
    • to achieve economic self-sufficiency
    • unsuccessful
    • -> unable to develop viable oil and rubber substitutes
    • No benefits for small businesses
  • BIG BUSINESSES BENEFITTED
    • Four-year Economic Plan:
    • -> not treated as fair as those with big businesses
    • NOT ALL BUSINESSES BENIFITTED
    • -plan could not last when war broke out in 1939
    • -> unprepared to deal with it consequences
    • shortage of food and daily necessitites
  • Summary
    • Economic plan could not last
    • Kept making weapons for war
    • Stopped paying reparations to Allied Powers
    • Spending more money buying raw materials than making from sales
    • Food shortages and lack of daily necessities eg. clothing.
    • HITLER ONLY MANAGED TO REDUCE UNEMPLOYMENT,OVERALL, THE GERMAN ECONOMY DID NOT IMPROVE
  • Thank You