Iain Bainbridge SNH @FTF2013

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Iain Bainbridge SNH @FTF2013

  1. 1. Biodiversity on the EdgeThe future of conservation in ScotlandDr Ian BainbridgeHead of ScienceScottish Natural Heritage
  2. 2. A matter of perspective
  3. 3. ScotlandSix parts water to one part land
  4. 4. Inshore and shelf subtidal sedimentsSue ScottSue ScottSue ScottPaul KayFireworks anemonePachycerianthus multiplicatusSea cucumbers Lapidoplax sp.Sea pens Pennatula phosphorea,Funiculina quadrangularis, Virgularia mirabilis.Nephrops norvegicus
  5. 5. Subtidal rockPaul KayPaul KaySue ScottSue ScottFlame shell Limaria hiansPeacock worms Sabella pavoninaSerpula vermicularis reefsKelp forest understorey of Dead man’sfingers, sponges and red algae
  6. 6. Scottish Government’s three pillars formarine nature conservation• protected sites• protected species• wider seas measures(e.g. marine planning)
  7. 7. Scotland’s protected area network
  8. 8. SNH/ SUE SCOTTSNH/PAUL NAYLORScottish MPA ProjectMPA Selection Guidelines
  9. 9. SNH/ SUE SCOTTMPA Search featuresmobile and low mobility speciesNorthern feather starBasking sharkSandeels Black Guillemot
  10. 10. Development of anMPA Network
  11. 11. Development of an MPA Network
  12. 12. Ongoing Cetorhinus maximus studiesPhotos R Graham, S Henderson
  13. 13. Providinginformation inplain English
  14. 14. St Kilda
  15. 15. Bass Rock
  16. 16. Key biodiversityseabirdsUria aalge
  17. 17. Key biodiversityseabirdsPuffinus puffinus
  18. 18. Key biodiversityseabirdsPuffinus puffinusmarine mammalsHalichoerus grypus
  19. 19. Coastal landforms – sea lochs to sand barsAscophyllum nodosum ecad mackaii, Loch Duich Culbin Bar
  20. 20. Coastal Grasslands - Uists machairs
  21. 21. Key biodiversitygrassland systemsmachair
  22. 22. Key biodiversitygrassland systemsmachaircorncrakeCrex crex
  23. 23. Key biodiversitygrassland systemsmachaircorncrakeCrex crexshorebirdsCalidris alpina
  24. 24. Key biodiversitygrassland systemsmachaircorncrakeCrex crexshorebirdsCalidris alpinaBombusdistinguendus
  25. 25. Key biodiversitygrassland systemsendemismPrimula scotica
  26. 26. Key issuesmanagement conflict?GeeseAnser albifrons flavirostrisfarming management
  27. 27. Key issuesmanagement conflict?GeeseAnser albifrons flavirostrisfarming managementHaliaeetus albicillareintroductions
  28. 28. Key issuesnon-native invasivesRatsRattus norvegicusRattus rattusandbreeding seabirds
  29. 29. UK Island Rat eradicationsEynhallowHandaCannaFidraAilsa CraigYnys SeiriolCardiganRamseyLundy Flat HolmLooeScillies
  30. 30. Non-native invasives - Canna rat eradication
  31. 31. Key issuesRats andbreeding seabirdsbigger islands - RumManx shearwatersPuffinus puffinusQuarantine issuesSt Kilda
  32. 32. Key issuesnon-native invasivesHedgehogsErinaceus europaeusand breeding wadersMinkMustela visonand seabirds
  33. 33. Atlantic woodlands - rainforest
  34. 34. Atlantic woodlands - rainforest
  35. 35. Atlantic woodlands - rainforest
  36. 36. Graphis scripta Metzgeria leptoneuraHypocreopis rhododendri Lobaria altissima
  37. 37. Hygrophilous ravinebryophytes• Bazzania trilobata
  38. 38. River systems
  39. 39. River systems
  40. 40. River systems
  41. 41. River systems
  42. 42. River systems
  43. 43. Caledonian pinewoods
  44. 44. Caledonian pinewoodsLoxia scoticaBlera fallax
  45. 45. Moorlands and uplandsHerbertus borealis in hepatic heath Borderscommunities Beinn Eighe Calluna vulgaris moors
  46. 46. PeatlandsSphagnummagellanicumPluvialisapricaria
  47. 47. SCOTTISH NATURAL HERITAGEEstablished in 1992 through the Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991• Non-departmental Public Body (NDPB)• Budget £58M (2012-13), SG-funded• Over 600 members of staff• 8 programmes of work• 8 specialist functional units• 7 operational units across Scotland• 34 offices across Scotland
  48. 48. Delivery through eight programmes• Socio-economic Development• Biodiversity Action• Protected Areas• Land and Freshwater• Wildlife management• The Sea• Climate Change• People and Landscape
  49. 49. Socio-economic developmentSupporting sustainable growthWorking with renewable energydevelopmentsProviding developmentadviceTransport and infrastructure
  50. 50. Socio-economic developmentEnvironment and tourismIncreasingly vital to ruraleconomy87% of visitors come forscenery and wildlifeCodes of best practice
  51. 51. Biodiversity ActionScottish Biodiversity StrategySpecies ActionAdopting an ecosystem approachNatural heritage surveillance
  52. 52. Non-native invasive speciesSpecies under threat
  53. 53. Protected AreasNational Nature Reservesmanagement and peopleNatura Sites; SPAs and SACsSSSIsSite condition monitoring
  54. 54. Land and FreshwaterLand and water managementStrategies for land and wateruseSustainable management ofsoilsSRDP and the naturalheritage
  55. 55. Wildlife managementWise use and management ofwildlife; Wildlife ManagementFrameworkManagement of deer populationsGoose management issuesWildlife crime assistanceBeavers, boar, wildlife conflicts
  56. 56. The SeaUnderstanding our marineenvironment: Marine AtlasSustainable coastalmanagementMarine Protected areasMarine environmentpolicy
  57. 57. Climate changeDelivering the climatechange planSNH’s contributionCarbon footprintPeatland managementprogrammeAdaptation and Mitigation
  58. 58. People and LandscapeIncreasing participation andinvolvementCreating better placesDelivering healthand well-beingLong-distance paths
  59. 59. People and landscapeCentral Scotland GreenNetworkUrban green spaceWild land and wildness mapsNational Scenic Areas

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