Wonder World Of Millets

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DDS Presentation during the North East Consultation on 'Millets' - 24th and 25th March 2010

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Wonder World Of Millets

  1. 1. WONDER WORLD OF MILLETS
  2. 2. India Leads Global Millet Consumption
  3. 3. India tops global list Country 5Year Average • India 9,041,765 • Nigeria 4,299,211 • Niger 1,733,793 • China 1,116,505 • Burkina Faso 856,337 • Mali 701,701 • Russian Federation 280,941
  4. 4. Wonder world of Millets • Capacity to flourish under low rainfall • Harsh soils • Low or no external inputs • God’s own crops
  5. 5. Wonder world of Millets • Offer superior food • Fodder and livelihood • Multiple Security • High Health • High Nutrition
  6. 6. Foods of Future • Currently 44% of total foodgrains • 75% pulses; 90% sorghum, millets • Add cultivation in another 25 million Ha • Nearly 60% of Indian production from millet fields • Fill gaps left by wheat and rice
  7. 7. Offer Fodder Security • Sorghum, Peal millet are excellent fodder • Grow upto 3 mt • Fresh or dried, support 5 heads of livestock/ha • All other millets are also fodder
  8. 8. Health & Nutritional Security • Storehouses of Nutrition • Both major nutrients and micronutrients • Can prevent India from being Diabetic Capital of the world
  9. 9. Storehouses of Nutrition Protein Fiber Minerals Iron Calcium Crop/Nutrituent (g) (g) (g) (mg) (mg) Pearl millet 10.6 1.3 2.3 16.9 38 Finger millet 7.3 3.6 2.7 3.9 344 Foxtail millet 12.3 8 3.3 2.8 31 Proso millet 12.5 2.2 1.9 0.8 14 Kodo millet 8.3 9 2.6 0.5 27 Little millet 7.7 7.6 1.5 9.3 17 Barnyard millet 11.2 10.1 15.2 11 Rice 6.8 0.2 0.6 0.7 10 Wheat 11.8 1.2 1.5 5.3 41
  10. 10. Protn Fibr Min Iron Cal CROP (g) (g) (g) (mg) (mg) Pearl millet [SAJJA] 10.6 1.3 2.3 16.9 38 Finger millet [RAGI] 7.3 3.6 2.7 3.9 344 Foxtail millet [KORRA] 12.3 8 3.3 2.8 31 Little millet 7.7 7.6 1.5 9.3 17 Rice 6.8 0.2 0.6 0.7 10 Wheat 11.8 1.2 1.5 5.3 41
  11. 11. Livelihood Security • Every hectare of millet field supports 100pd livelihoods • Together more than 100 mln people live on millet based livelihoods
  12. 12. Ecological Security • Grown in traditional fashion, millets fields are ecological fields • No chemical fertilisers, pesticides • Huge biodiversity
  13. 13. Wonder world of Millets • Biodiverse environment • Cereals, pulses, oilseeds • Baranaja, • Saat Dhan, • Pannendu Panta
  14. 14. Wonder world of Millets • Uncultivated foods • Food variety • Fodder variety • Self regenerating soils • Carbon fixation – climate change
  15. 15. Marginalising Millets • Name it Coarse Cereal not Nutricereal • No millet based PDS • Large fallowisation
  16. 16. Marginalising Millets • 35% shrinkage in millet area • 4 m Ha fallowed • Cheap PDS has demolished millet food culture • Plates of the poor to elite tables
  17. 17. Recapturing Millets • Crop of Food Sovereignty • Concept, not crop • New millet PDS • Control by the marginalised • MINI
  18. 18. Enabling people to seize the moment • Creating enabling conditions • Move away from the Rice-Wheat dependcy? • Resist organic monocultures? • Challenge the castles of dominant paradigm of agricultural research? • No hybrid, GE led organic
  19. 19. The Millet Moment • Handing millets the food destiny of India • Shaping the new food politics • Redesigning the farming landscape • Rainfed India leading the farming renaissance
  20. 20. DEMANDS FOR MILLETS • High priority in the National Food Security Act • Put millets into public food systems • Recognise millets as Climate Change Compliant Crops and promote their cultivation and consumption
  21. 21. MILLETS Future of Food and Farming
  22. 22. Climate Compliant Crops • High Heat, low rainfall • Drought conditions • High malnutrition • Millets as answers to all these challenges • Wheat & rice may disappear
  23. 23. Heat & The Millet • Sorghum and high heat • Bajra and high heat • Drought tolerance capabilities • Natural C4 crops • Thermally sensitive wheat • GHG producing paddy rice
  24. 24. Water guzzlers vs water conservers Comparision of Water Requirement of Different Crops (in mm) Pulses 2500 Bajra (Pearl millet) 2100 Ragi (Finger millet) 2000 Jowar (Sorghum millet) 1500 1250 Groundnut 1000 Maize 600 400 450 500 Cotton 500 300 350 350 Rice 0 Sugarcane Water requirement (mm)
  25. 25. Price Water Couper • One kg of paddy needs 3-4000 litres of water • If priced for water, will cost Rs.40 per kg @ one paise/litre; rice: Rs.70 • Every acre of paddy uses up 6 mln litres of water • Imagine the savings by millets
  26. 26. Rain Uncertain • Traditional millet farming systems, diversity • Early rain, normal rain, delayed rain, low rain, heavy rain: a solution for every rain • Non irrigated environments • Uniform experience all across India
  27. 27. Protein Fibr Min Iron Cal CROP (g) (g) (g) (mg) (mg) Pearl millet [SAJJA] 10.6 1.3 2.3 16.9 38 Finger millet [RAGI] 7.3 3.6 2.7 3.9 344 Foxtail millet [KORRA] 12.3 8 3.3 2.8 31 Little millet 7.7 7.6 1.5 9.3 17 Rice 6.8 0.2 0.6 0.7 10 Wheat 11.8 1.2 1.5 5.3 41
  28. 28. Carbon Sequesters • Traditional millet cropping systems • Legumes with sorghum and millets • Carbon sequestering capacity
  29. 29. Honouring Millets * ANNOUNCE • Biodiversity bonus • Water conservation bonus • Climate change bonus • Rs.5000/Ha for minor millets • Rs.2000/Ha for major millets • Peanuts in front of 140000 cr subsidy on chemical fertilisers
  30. 30. People - Climate • Food, nutrition and health Sovereign communities • Dryland communities where most poor and marginalised live • Non irrigated rainfed crops • Create multiple securities • Honour and build communities of the poor and the marginalised
  31. 31. Millets for North East • Konidhan; Dr Chaudhry • Mapping Millet Diversity • Value addition to existing dietary practices • Climate change and adaptability
  32. 32. Millets for North East • Nostalgia in Nagaland • Shifting Cultivation and Diversity • Farmers recollection of millet varieties in their diet
  33. 33. WE HAVE THE POWER TO HEAL THE PLANET

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