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Millets For Food And Nutritional Security
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Millets For Food And Nutritional Security

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Presentation by Dr. Alpana Das, ICAR, Meghalaya

Presentation by Dr. Alpana Das, ICAR, Meghalaya

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  • 1. Millets for food and nutritional security Dr Alpana Das Sr. scientist (Biotechnology) Division of Plant Breeding ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region Umiam – 793103 Meghalaya
  • 2. Small millets have been traditionally the indispensable component of dryland farming system. Six small millets : finger millet (Eleusine coracana), foxtail millet (Setaria italica), kodo-millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum), proso millet (Panicum millaceum) barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea) little millet (Panicum sumatrnse) Finger millet and foxtail millet are grown in the north eastern region.
  • 3. Finger Millet Finger millet (ragi) is the most important of the small millets in India. It is a short duration crop usually grown under rainfed condition Area under finger millet cultivation in the north eastern region was 43,800 ha (2004) with production and productivity of 32, 300 t and 737 kg/ha respectively
  • 4. Finger millet is nutritionally superior to rice and wheat and it provides a cheap source of proteins, minerals and vitamins to the rural tribal population. Finger millet malt has shown many uses in health food formulations besides infant food. It is also grinded into flour which is used for making chapatis. According to an estimate hill farmers consume 80% millets, 10% other food grains, 7% vegetables and pulses.
  • 5. Varietal Improvement Twenty three (23) varietal trials were conducted in 23 locations with nine varieties. Muskey 5 (local variety) exhibited the mean highest yield over all the locations. The maximum yield of Muskey 5 in Meghalaya was 19.44q/ha and in Sikkim it yielded 18.46q/ha.
  • 6. Proximate composition of finger millet, rice and wheat (per 100 g) Composition Finger millet Rice (milled) Wheat Protein (g) 7.3 6.8 11.8 Fat (g) 1.3 0.5 1.5 Minerals (g) 2.7 0.6 1.5 Fibre (g) 3.6 0.2 1.2 Carbohydrate (g) 72.0 78.2 71.2 Calcium (mg) 344.0 45.0 41.0 Phosphorus (mg) 283.0 160.0 306.0 Thiamine (mg) 420.0 - - Edible matters 100.0 100.0 100.0
  • 7. Foxtail Millet Foxtail millet is grown in different parts of India, China, Japan, South and east Europe and North America. Foxtail millet is the food of the tribal people in most of the regions because of its high nutritive value. From the six varietal verification trials conducted in Meghalaya and Nagaland with 6 entries (SR11, SR16, PRK 1, SIA 325, PS 4 and KDR), PRK 1 yielded the best with 917kg/ha.
  • 8. Nutritive value of foxtail millet (per 100 g) Composition Foxtail millet Rice (milled) Wheat Protein (g) 12.3 6.8 11.8 Fat (g) 4.3 0.5 1.5 Minerals (g) 3.3 0.6 1.5 Fibre (g) 8.0 0.2 1.2 Carbohydrate (g) 60.9 78.2 71.2 Calcium (mg) 31.0 45.0 41.0 Phosphorus (mg) 290.0 160.0 306.0 Thiamine (mg) 590.0 - - Edible matters 79.0 100.0 100.0