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The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States
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The Court and the Cross: Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States

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  • 1. The Court and the Cross:Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States Frederick S. Lane FSLane3@gmail.com University of Science and Technology of China Hefei, China 14 June 2012 www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 2. Background • Attorney, Educational Consultant & Lecturer • Author of 7 Books • Computer Forensics Expert • 10 Years -- Burlington (VT) School Board • Technology & Privacy Specialist • Student Safety Advocatewww.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 3. Previous Bookswww.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 4. The Court and the Cross (2007) www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 5. Outline• Colonial Religious Freedom• The Bill of Rights• The Great Awakening & the Civil War• Evolution & “In God We Trust”• The Warren Court• The Rise of the Religious Right• The 2012 Presidential Electionwww.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 6. The Search for Religious Freedom www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 7. Official Religions of the Colonies • Congregationalist – New Hampshire (1790), Connecticut (1818), Massachusetts (1833) • Church of England/Episcopalian – Maryland (1776), North Carolina (1776), Florida (1783), Virginia (1786), Georgia (1789), South Carolina (1790) • No Established Church – Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 8. The 1 st Amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging thefreedom of speech, or of the press;or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 9. Jefferson’s “Wall of Separation” • 1802 Letter to Danbury Baptists • Writes that the 1st Amendment created “a wall of separation between church and State.”www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 10. The Second Great Awakening• 1790 to 1870, but primarily 1820-1840• Tremendous Influence on Social Policy – Temperance Movement – Suffragist Movement – Abolitionist Movement• Significant Role in Events Leading to Civil Warwww.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 11. The 14th AmendmentAll persons born or naturalized in the UnitedStates, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of theState wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of theUnited States; nor shall any State deprive anyperson of life, liberty, or property, without dueprocess of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 12. The Scopes Monkey Trial www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 13. “In God We Trust”www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 14. “In God We Trust”www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 15. Religion and the Supreme Court • 1962 – Engel v. Vitale – School-sponsored prayer is unconstitutional • 1963 – Abington School District v. Schempp – Bible reading in public schools unconstitutional • 1968 – Epperson v. Arkansas – Legislature cannot bar teaching of evolution • 1992 – Lee v. Weisman – School-sponsored graduation prayer is unconstitutional • 1999 – Cole v. Cleveland Bd. Of Education – School Board cannot open meeting with prayer • 2000 – Santa Fe Independent Sch. Dist. v. Doe – Student-led prayer at sporting event was unconstitutional www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 16. The Rise of the Religious Rightwww.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 17. The Rise of the Religious Rightwww.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 18. The Goals of the Religious Right • Reshape the Federal Court System and in Particular, the Supreme Court • Reversal of Roe v. Wade • Ban on Gay Marriage • School Prayer Amendment • Creationism / Intelligent Design • Ten Commandments in Public Spaces • Declaration of America as a “Christan Nation www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 19. 2012: An Important Election www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com
  • 20. The Court and the Cross:Understanding the Separation of Church and State in the United States Frederick S. Lane FSLane3@gmail.com University of Science and Technology of China Hefei, China 14 June 2012 www.FrederickLane.com www.CybertrapsfortheYoung.com

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