1 Fp Hightech Solutions

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1 Fp Hightech Solutions

  1. 1. Fire Protection Association of Pakistan
  2. 2. High-Tech Solutions to F i r e Safety P r o blems
  3. 4. Statistics from KMC Fire Service
  4. 6. 70% Fire Deaths in Pakistan are in homes
  5. 7. The Problem & The Solution
  6. 8. Who can be helpful to save the lives? Fire Brigade ?
  7. 9. Who else can be helpful to save these lives? <ul><li>Legislators </li></ul><ul><li>Architects & Planners </li></ul><ul><li>Approving Authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance People </li></ul><ul><li>Training Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Me & You </li></ul>
  8. 10. Structural Fire Protection in Buildings
  9. 11. Structural Fire Protection The danger to the occupants depends on the rate at which the fire spreads in the contents of the room and also on the linings of walls and ceilings
  10. 12. Structural Fire Protection <ul><li>Building Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of Structure </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Building Design </li></ul><ul><li>Compartmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Services in Buildings </li></ul>Structural Fire Protection Fire Door
  12. 14. Means of Escape <ul><li>An integral part of the building </li></ul><ul><li>whereby persons can escape from fire </li></ul><ul><li>to a place of safety </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Management Control </li></ul><ul><li>Occupancy </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the Building </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation Time </li></ul><ul><li>Exits </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Distance </li></ul>Means of Escape
  14. 16. 10 Plus Story Buildings on/off I.I. Chundrigar Road 1 Gul Tower 1 Al-Rahim Tower 1 Chapal Plaza 1 Muhammadi House 1 Uni Tower 2 Uni Centre 1 Uni Plaza 2 Habib Plaza Staircases Building
  15. 17. <ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Directional Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Illumination / Lighting </li></ul>Means of Escape SIGNS & LIGHTING
  16. 18. Fire Protection Systems in Buildings
  17. 19. Fire Protection Systems PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
  18. 20. Fire Protection Systems FIRE ALARM & DETECTION SYSTEMS Conventional & Addressable
  19. 21. Fire Protection Systems FIRE ALARM & DETECTION SYSTEMS SMOKE DETECTOR
  20. 22. Fire Protection Systems FIRE ALARM & DETECTION SYSTEMS FLAME DETECTOR
  21. 23. Fire Protection Systems FIRE ALARM & DETECTION SYSTEMS HEAT DETECTOR
  22. 24. <ul><li>Fire Growth </li></ul>STAGE 4 STAGE 1 STAGE 2 STAGE 3 VISIBLE SMOKE INTENSE HEAT FLAMING FIRE INCIPIENT STAGE - NO VISIBLE SMOKE TIME SMOKE DENSITY AND HEAT OUTPUT FLAME SPRINKLER PHOTO ION BEAM HEAT VESDA
  23. 25. Fire Protection Systems HOSE REELS
  24. 26. Fire Protection Systems FIRE HYDRANTS
  25. 27. Fire Protection Systems HOSE CABINETS
  26. 28. Fire Protection Systems DRY RISER CABINETS
  27. 29. Fire Protection Systems SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
  28. 30. Fire Protection Systems DRENCHERS
  29. 31. Fire Protection Systems PROJECTORS FOR TRANSFORMER
  30. 32. Fire Protection Systems WATER PROJECTORS IN OPERATION
  31. 33. Fire Protection Systems FOAM SYSTEMS (HX)
  32. 34. <ul><li>Carbondioxide Installations </li></ul><ul><li>Halon Installations </li></ul><ul><li>Powder Installations </li></ul><ul><li>Inert Gas Installations </li></ul>Fire Protection Systems OTHER INSTALLATIONS
  33. 35. Detection
  34. 36. <ul><li>Typical room in hotel </li></ul>Detector Sprinkler Alarm bell Fire AlarmPanel Bell Stair pressurisation fan Corridor Fire escape stair
  35. 37. <ul><li>Smoke detector activates alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke fills guest room </li></ul><ul><li>Alarm sounds in rooms and at lobby </li></ul><ul><li>Stairway fan pressurisation begins </li></ul>
  36. 38. <ul><li>Occupants make way to stairwell </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke slowly spills into corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Stairwell provides SAFE egress path to outside of building </li></ul>
  37. 39. <ul><li>Sprinklers in room operate, discharging water, controlling and extinguishing fire </li></ul><ul><li>Occupants exit from building </li></ul>
  38. 40. <ul><li>Occupants leave building to safe area </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke is discharged from building </li></ul>

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